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2 "Menstrual hygiene products"
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Menstrual hygiene management and its determinants among adolescent girls in low-income urban areas of Delhi, India: a community-based study
Suneela Garg, Nidhi Bhatnagar, Mongjam Meghachandra Singh, Saurav Basu, Amod Borle, Yamini Marimuthu, Falak Azmi, Yomri Dabi, Indu Bala
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2022;13(4):273-281.   Published online August 31, 2022
  • 3,960 View
  • 277 Download
  • 3 Web of Science
  • 5 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) in developing countries is linked to human rights, social justice, and the education and empowerment of young girls. The objective of this study was to assess menstrual hygiene practices and their determinants among adolescent girls, including school dropouts, and the effects of pad distribution programs in urban resettlement areas of Delhi, India.
A cross-sectional study was conducted from March 2019 to February 2020 in urban resettlement colonies and 2 villages of Delhi among 1,130 adolescent girls aged 10 to 19 years, who were interviewed face to face.
In total, 954 participants (84.4%) used only disposable sanitary pads, 150 (13.3%) used both sanitary pads and cloths, and 26 (2.3%) used only cloths (n=1,130). Most school-going girls utilized the scheme for pad distribution, but only two-thirds of the girls who were out of school utilized the scheme. In the adjusted analysis, girls with lower educational status, those who had dropped out of school, and those from the Muslim religious community were more likely to use cloths for MHM.
More than 4 out of 5 adolescent girls in Delhi in low-income neighborhoods preferred sanitary pads for MHM. The government free pad scheme reached near-universal utilization among school-going girls (97%), but the subsidized pad scheme for girls who did not attend school was insufficiently utilized (75%).


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Factors Associated with Exclusive Use of Hygienic Methods during Menstruation among Adolescent Girls (15–19 Years) in Urban India: Evidence from NFHS-5
    Doli Roy, Nuruzzaman Kasemi, Manik Halder, Malasree Majumder
    Heliyon.2024; 10(8): e29731.     CrossRef
  • Enhancement of Health-related Quality of Life among School-going Adolescent Girls with Improvement in Menstrual Hygiene Knowledge and Practices
    Akanksha Goyal, Sunita Agarwal
    Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences.2024; 12(1): 73.     CrossRef
  • Menstrual Hygiene Problems and Challenges Faced by Adolescent Females in Rural Areas: A Narrative Review
    Vijiya Kashyap, Sonali G Choudhari
    Cureus.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Perceived difficulties in maintaining menstrual hygiene practices among indigenous adolescents during seasonal water scarcity periods in Bandarban hill district of Bangladesh: A cross-sectional study
    Imdadul Haque Talukdar, M.A. Rifat, Plabon Sarkar, Nobonita Saha, Mesfin Kassaye Tessma, Md. Ibrahim Miah
    International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental.2023; 254: 114268.     CrossRef
  • Menstrual hygiene practices among adolescent women in rural India: a cross-sectional study
    Aditya Singh, Mahashweta Chakrabarty, Shivani Singh, Rakesh Chandra, Sourav Chowdhury, Anshika Singh
    BMC Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
Use of Menstrual Sanitary Products in Women of Reproductive Age: Korea Nurses’ Health Study
Hansol Choi, Nam-Kyoo Lim, Heeja Jung, Oksoo Kim, Hyun-Young Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2021;12(1):20-28.   Published online February 1, 2021
  • 10,195 View
  • 274 Download
  • 9 Web of Science
  • 13 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material

The use of menstrual hygiene products and its effect on women’s health remains under studied. Patterns of menstrual hygiene product use and the rationale behind choices among Korean women aged 18–45 years were examined.


This cross-sectional study was a part of the Korea Nurses’ Health Study. A total of 20,613 nurses participated, and 8,658 nurses participated in Module 7 which included a menstrual hygiene products-related survey. The data were collected through the mobile survey using a self-reported questionnaire. Participants’ use of menstrual hygiene products and related characteristics were analyzed using frequency (percentage) or mean (SD).


The most common types of menstrual hygiene products across all age groups were disposable menstrual pads (89.0%), followed by cloth menstrual pads (4.5%), tampons (4.2%), and only 1.6% used a menstrual cup. Disposable menstrual pads were the most common across all age groups, but in those aged under 30 years this was followed by tampon use (6%). The most important criteria when choosing a menstrual hygiene product was comfort for disposable menstrual pads (31.3%) and tampons (41.5%), natural ingredients or organic products for cloth menstrual pads (51.4%), and custom fit for the menstrual cup (50.7%). However, for all menstrual hygiene products (except cloth menstrual pads), there was a higher proportion of anxiety than perception of safety, and low awareness of toxic shock syndrome.


It is important for women to use menstrual hygiene products with confidence. More research is needed to better understand potential health effects of menstrual hygiene products.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • MIMA 2.0 - Compact and portable Multifunctional IoT integrated Menstrual Aid
    Kumar J. Jyothish, Shreya Shivangi, Amish Bibhu, Subhankar Mishra, Sulagna Saha
    Internet of Things.2024; 25: 101075.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge, attitude, and practice of menstrual hygiene at a medical and health sciences university ‎
    Rajani Dube, Huma Zaidi, Shehla Shafi Khan
    Journal of Advanced Pharmacy Education and Researc.2024; 14(1): 63.     CrossRef
  • Gynecological and Obstetric Crisis in Gaza Conflict Area: A Call for Action
    Ibraheem Alkhawaldeh, Hamza Alsalhi, Mostafa Moawad, Yasmeen Jamal Alabdallat
    JAP Academy Journal.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Examining menstrual health experiences in Philadelphia, PA: A qualitative investigation
    Allison R Casola, Oriana Pando, Lynette Medley, Brianna Kunes, Nya McGlone, Olivia Rea
    Women's Health.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Exploring Menstrual Hygiene Practices and Awareness of Menstrual Cups Among Nursing Professionals: A Cross-Sectional Survey
    Medha Davile, Neha Gangane, Mubashshera F Khan, Shalini Dange, Shuchita Mundle
    Cureus.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Reusable period products: use and perceptions among young people in Victoria, Australia
    Caitlin Ramsay, Julie Hennegan, Caitlin H. Douglass, Sarah Eddy, Alexandra Head, Megan S. C. Lim
    BMC Women's Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Exploratory systematic review and meta-analysis on period poverty
    Gayathri Delanerolle, Xiao-Jie Yang, Heitor Cavalini, Om P Kurmi, Camilla Mørk Røstvik, Ashish Shetty, Lucky Saraswat, Julie Taylor, Sana Sajid, Shanaya Rathod, Jian-Qing Shi, Peter Phiri
    World Journal of Meta-Analysis.2023; 11(5): 196.     CrossRef
  • Key findings on women’s reproductive health: the Korea Nurses’ Health Study
    Chiyoung Cha, Heeja Jung
    Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing.2023; 29(2): 81.     CrossRef
  • Nonconventional Menstrual Hygiene Products and its Usage among Reproductive age Group Women in India – A Cross-Sectional Study
    Dharmaraj Rock Britto, Neethu George, Abdul Malik Shagirunisha Rizvana, Josephin Shalini Ratchagar, Tamilarasan Muniyapillai, Karthikeyan Kulothungan
    Journal of Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Scienc.2023; 18(3): 357.     CrossRef
  • Assessment of knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding menstruation and menstrual hygiene among early-reproductive aged women in Bangladesh: a cross-sectional survey
    Abu Bakkar Siddique, Sudipto Deb Nath, Mahfuza Mubarak, Amena Akter, Sanjida Mehrin, Mst Jemi Hkatun, Antara Parvine Liza, M. Ziaul Amin
    Frontiers in Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Use and perceptions on reusable and non-reusable menstrual products in Spain: A mixed-methods study
    Laura Medina-Perucha, Tomàs López-Jiménez, Anna Sofie Holst, Constanza Jacques-Aviñó, Jordina Munrós-Feliu, Cristina Martínez-Bueno, Carme Valls-Llobet, Diana Pinzón Sanabria, Mª Mercedes Vicente-Hernández, Anna Berenguera, Muhammad Shahzad Aslam
    PLOS ONE.2022; 17(3): e0265646.     CrossRef
  • Women’s attitudes toward certification logos, labels, and advertisements for organic disposable sanitary pads: results from a multi-city cross-sectional survey
    Hayeon Kim, Jinyoung Jung, Yun-Kyoung Song, Taegwon Chang, Sungmin Park, Jiwon Park, Kyungim Kim
    BMC Women's Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Sanitation and hygiene practices of secondary school students from Mtwara town in Tanzania
    Obadia Kyetuza Bishoge, Ademola Kabir Aremu, Dickson Dare Ajayi, Sayoki Godfrey Mfinanga
    International Journal of Health Promotion and Educ.2022; : 1.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives