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Brief Report
Lyme Disease and YouTubeTM: A Cross-Sectional Study of Video Contents
Corey H. Basch, Lindsay A. Mullican, Kwanza D. Boone, Jingjing Yin, Alyssa Berdnik, Marina E. Eremeeva, Isaac Chun-Hai Fung
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017;8(4):289-292.   Published online August 31, 2017
  • 5,038 View
  • 33 Download
  • 12 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material

Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne disease. People seek health information on Lyme disease from YouTubeTM videos. In this study, we investigated if the contents of Lyme disease-related YouTubeTM videos varied by their sources.


Most viewed English YouTubeTM videos (n = 100) were identified and manually coded for contents and sources.


Within the sample, 40 videos were consumer-generated, 31 were internet-based news, 16 were professional, and 13 were TV news. Compared with consumer-generated videos, TV news videos were more likely to mention celebrities (odds ratio [OR], 10.57; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.13–52.58), prevention of Lyme disease through wearing protective clothing (OR, 5.63; 95% CI, 1.23–25.76), and spraying insecticides (OR, 7.71; 95% CI, 1.52–39.05).


A majority of the most popular Lyme disease-related YouTubeTM videos were not created by public health professionals. Responsible reporting and creative video-making facilitate Lyme disease education. Partnership with YouTubeTM celebrities to co-develop educational videos may be a future direction.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Identifying Trusted Sources of Lyme Disease Prevention Information Among Internet Users Connected to Academic Public Health Resources: Internet-Based Survey Study
    Heather L Kopsco, Rayda K Krell, Thomas N Mather, Neeta P Connally
    JMIR Formative Research.2023; 7: e43516.     CrossRef
  • Identifying Potential Lyme Disease Cases Using Self-Reported Worldwide Tweets: Deep Learning Modeling Approach Enhanced With Sentimental Words Through Emojis
    Elda Kokoe Elolo Laison, Mohamed Hamza Ibrahim, Srikanth Boligarla, Jiaxin Li, Raja Mahadevan, Austen Ng, Venkataraman Muthuramalingam, Wee Yi Lee, Yijun Yin, Bouchra R Nasri
    Journal of Medical Internet Research.2023; 25: e47014.     CrossRef
  • Approaches to Research Ethics in Health Research on YouTube: Systematic Review
    Joshua P Tanner, Courtney Takats, Hannah Stuart Lathan, Amy Kwan, Rachel Wormer, Diana Romero, Heidi E Jones
    Journal of Medical Internet Research.2023; 25: e43060.     CrossRef
  • Leveraging machine learning approaches for predicting potential Lyme disease cases and incidence rates in the United States using Twitter
    Srikanth Boligarla, Elda Kokoè Elolo Laison, Jiaxin Li, Raja Mahadevan, Austen Ng, Yangming Lin, Mamadou Yamar Thioub, Bruce Huang, Mohamed Hamza Ibrahim, Bouchra Nasri
    BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Assessing Public Tick Identification Ability and Tick Bite Riskiness Using Passive Photograph-Based Crowdsourced Tick Surveillance
    Heather L Kopsco, Roland J Duhaime, Thomas N Mather, Holly Gaff
    Journal of Medical Entomology.2021; 58(2): 837.     CrossRef
  • Spray Safe, Play Safe: Story-Based Films Increase Homeowner Confidence About Backyard Tick Management
    Victoria L Hornbostel, Rayda K Krell, Jennifer J Reid, Brittany L Schappach, Scott Volpe, Neeta P Connally, Holly Gaff
    Journal of Medical Entomology.2021; 58(2): 857.     CrossRef
  • Cross‐sectional study on the quality of oral lichen planus videos on YouTube™
    Antonio Romano, Dorina Lauritano, Fausto Fiori, Marco Di Petrillo, Iquebal Hasan, Alberta Lucchese, Rosario Serpico, Dario Di Stasio
    Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine.2021; 50(2): 220.     CrossRef
  • Experience and knowledge of Lyme disease: A scoping review of patient-provider communication
    Anna T. Nesgos, Laura C. Harrington, Emily M. Mader
    Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases.2021; 12(4): 101714.     CrossRef
  • The Coronavirus Intervention in Ethiopia and the Challenges for Implementation
    Hagos Nigussie
    Frontiers in Communication.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Lyme disease prevention: A content analysis of Canadian patient group and government websites
    Audrey‐Ann Journault, Lucie Richard, Cécile Aenishaenslin
    Zoonoses and Public Health.2020; 67(2): 177.     CrossRef
  • Mapping tweets to a known disease epidemiology; a case study of Lyme disease in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland
    John S.P. Tulloch, Roberto Vivancos, Rob M. Christley, Alan D. Radford, Jenny C. Warner
    Journal of Biomedical Informatics.2019; 100: 100060.     CrossRef
  • Eastern Equine Encephalitis and YouTube videos: A content analysis
    Corey H. Basch, Elizabeth B. Blankenship, Isaac Chun-Hai Fung, Christina C. Yarborough, R. Christopher Rustin, Jingjing Yin
    Infection, Disease & Health.2018; 23(4): 197.     CrossRef
Original Article
Autochthonous Lyme Borreliosis in Humans and Ticks in Korea
Shinje Moon, Jin Gwack, Kyu Jam Hwang, Donghyuk Kwon, Suyeon Kim, Yoontae Noh, Jongyul Roh, E-hyun Shin, Kyungjin Jeong, Wonseok Seok, Seung-Ki Youn
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2013;4(1):52-56.   Published online February 28, 2013
  • 3,356 View
  • 18 Download
  • 17 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objective: This study aimed at finding epidemiological and clinical features of autochthonous Lyme borreliosis in humans through epidemiological investigations and identifying its vectors and pathogens through analysis of ticks.
Epidemiological investigations, including review of the retrospective medical records and patient interviews, were conducted in two cases that occurred in 2012. To identify the vectors and pathogens, ticks were collected between September 23 and October 6, 2012 from the area where the tick bite in the first patient occurred. The ticks were classified, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests and cultures were performed.
The first patient, a 46-year-old female, visited a forest in Gangwon province, which was 900 m above sea level, where the tick bite occurred. Two weeks after the tick bite, erythema migrans (12 × 6 cm2 in size) appeared on the site of tick bite, along with fever, chill, fatigue, myalgia, and arthralgia on shoulders, knees, and hips. The second patient, a 44-year-old male, visited a mountain in Gangwon province, which was 1200 m above sea level, where a tick bite occurred. One month after the tick bite, erythema migrans appeared at the site of the tick bite, along with fatigue, myalgia, and arthralgia on the right shoulder and temporomandibular joint. Indirect fluorescent antibody testing and Western blotting were carried out in these two cases for diagnosis, and positive findings were obtained. As a result, Lyme borreliosis could be confirmed. To estimate the pathogens and vectors, the ticks were collected. A total of 122 ticks were collected and only two species, Haemaphysalis japonica and Haemaphysalis flava, were identified. PCR and culture were performed on ticks. However, Borrelia burgdo rferi sensu lato was not isolated from any collected ticks.
This study is significant to confirm Lyme borreliosis officially at first by the national surveillance system, although identification of the mites and pathogens failed.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
    В. О. Паничев, М. А. Андрейчин, А. С. Сверстюк
    Інфекційні хвороби.2023; (1): 18.     CrossRef
  • Surveillance and Molecular Identification ofBorreliaSpecies in Ticks Collected at U.S. Army Garrison Humphreys, Republic of Korea, 2018–2019
    Seung-Ho Lee, Sung-Tae Chong, Heung-Chul Kim, Terry A Klein, Kyungmin Park, Jingyeong Lee, Jeong-Ah Kim, Won-Keun Kim, Jin-Won Song, Sarah Hamer
    Journal of Medical Entomology.2022; 59(1): 363.     CrossRef
  • De novo transcriptome sequencing and comparative profiling of the ovary in partially engorged and fully engorged Haemaphysalis flava ticks
    Yu Zhao, Zhe-Hui Qu, Feng-Chao Jiao
    Parasitology International.2021; 83: 102344.     CrossRef
  • Characterization of AV422 from Haemaphysalis flava ticks in vitro
    Lei Liu, Hao Tang, De-yong Duan, Jin-bao Liu, Jie Wang, Li-li Feng, Tian-yin Cheng
    Experimental and Applied Acarology.2021; 84(4): 809.     CrossRef
  • iSeq 100 for metagenomic pathogen screening in ticks
    Ju Yeong Kim, Myung-hee Yi, Alghurabi Areej Sabri Mahdi, Tai-Soon Yong
    Parasites & Vectors.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Study on the Epidemiological Features of Lyme Disease in Korea between 2011 and 2018
    Choong Won Seo
    The Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science.2019; 51(4): 436.     CrossRef
  • Cathepsin L—a novel cysteine protease from Haemaphysalis flava Neumann, 1897
    Yali Sun, Lan He, Long Yu, Jiaying Guo, Zheng Nie, Qin Liu, Junlong Zhao
    Parasitology Research.2019; 118(5): 1581.     CrossRef
  • Tick saliva microbiomes isolated from engorged and partially fed adults of Haemaphysalis flava tick females
    X.‐M. He, T.‐Y. Cheng
    Journal of Applied Entomology.2018; 142(1-2): 173.     CrossRef
  • Molecular detection of Rickettsia species in ticks collected from the southwestern provinces of the Republic of Korea
    Yoontae Noh, Yeong Seon Lee, Heung-Chul Kim, Sung-Tae Chong, Terry A. Klein, Ju Jiang, Allen L. Richards, Hae Kyeong Lee, Su Yeon Kim
    Parasites & Vectors.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Borrelia Species Detected in Ticks Feeding on Wild Korean Water Deer (Hydropotes inermis) Using Molecular and Genotypic Analyses
    D. VanBik, S. H. Lee, M. G. Seo, B. R. Jeon, Y. K. Goo, S. J. Park, M. H. Rhee, O. D. Kwon, T. H. Kim, P.J.L. Geraldino, D. Kwak
    Journal of Medical Entomology.2017; 54(5): 1397.     CrossRef
  • Serological Detection of Borrelia burgdorferi among Horses in Korea
    Seung-Hun Lee, Sun-Hee Yun, Eunsang Choi, Yong-Soo Park, Sang-Eun Lee, Gil-Jae Cho, Oh-Deog Kwon, Dongmi Kwak
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology.2016; 54(1): 97.     CrossRef
  • De novo assembly and analysis of midgut transcriptome of Haemaphysalis flava and identification of genes involved in blood digestion, feeding and defending from pathogens
    Xing-Li Xu, Tian-Yin Cheng, Hu Yang, Zhi-Hui Liao
    Infection, Genetics and Evolution.2016; 38: 62.     CrossRef
  • Enolase, a plasminogen receptor isolated from salivary gland transcriptome of the ixodid tick Haemaphysalis flava
    Xing-Li Xu, Tian-Yin Cheng, Hu Yang
    Parasitology Research.2016; 115(5): 1955.     CrossRef
  • Seasonal Patterns of Ticks in Pocheon and Cheolwon, Republic of Korea
    Yong Chil Shin, In Yong Lee, Jang Hoon Seo
    Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science.2015; 47(3): 147.     CrossRef
  • Epidemiological Features and Clinical Manifestations of Lyme Borreliosis in Korea during the Period 2005^|^ndash;2012
    Shinje Moon, Yeongseon Hong, Kyu-Jam Hwang, Suyeon Kim, Jihye Eom, Donghyok Kwon, Ji-Hyuk Park, Seung-Ki Youn, Aeree Sohn
    Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases.2015; 68(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Insight into the Pathogenesis of Lyme Disease
    Ok Sarah Shin
    Journal of Bacteriology and Virology.2014; 44(1): 10.     CrossRef
  • Epidemic Intelligence Service Officers and Field Epidemiology Training Program in Korea
    Geun-Yong Kwon, Shinje Moon, Wooseok Kwak, Jin Gwack, Chaeshin Chu, Seung-Ki Youn
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2013; 4(4): 215.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives