Article 9(6); Dec 2018
Editorial
How Much Caffeine is Too Much for Young Adolescents?
Hae-Wol Cho
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(6):287-288.   Published online December 31, 2018
Original Articles
Obesity, Hypertension, and Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus: The Interrelationships and the Determinants among Adults in Gaza City, Palestine
Mohammed S. Ellulu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(6):289-298.   Published online December 31, 2018
Objectives

To describe the distribution of social factors, lifestyle habits and anthropometric measurements according to hypertension and Type-2 diabetes.

Methods

A cross-sectional study was conducted in Gaza City, Palestine that included 379 patients (20–60 years) who had hypertension and/or diabetes. Three groups of patients were involved; 106 hypertensive (HT), 109 diabetic (T2DM) and 164 hypertensive diabetics (HT + T2DM).

Results

The HT + T2DM group...

Health Related Nutritional Knowledge and Dietary Behavior Regarding Caffeine Intake among High School Students in Yongin Region
Seong Yeong Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(6):299-308.   Published online December 31, 2018
Objectives

We aimed to examine health-related nutritional knowledge and dietary behavior related to caffeine intake among high school students (n = 310) in the Yongin region of Korea.

Methods

Data were collected using a face-to-face survey, and analyzed using chi-square test, t- test, and logistic regression analysis.

Results

The level of caffeine intake in respondents was divided into low (< 30 mg/d; n = 208)...

Neck Pain in Adults with Forward Head Posture: Effects of Craniovertebral Angle and Cervical Range of Motion
Dae-Hyun Kim, Chang-Ju Kim, Sung-Min Son
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(6):309-313.   Published online December 31, 2018
Objectives

The purpose of this study was to determine whether the cranial vertebral angle (CVA) and the range of motion (ROM) was different between participants with a forward head posture (FHP), with or without pain.

Methods

Forty-four participants who had FHP participated in this study. The FHP was assessed digitally by measuring a lateral view the CVA for each subject. A cervical ROM...

A Preliminary Study to Determine Comprehensive Research and Development Plans for Promoting Mental Health Services
Chul Eung Kim, Young-Mi Ko, Sang-Uk Lee, SungKu Choi, Kiwan Han, Se Jin Park, MinKyung Jo, Yu Kyong Park, Hye Young Lee, Subin Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(6):314-324.   Published online December 31, 2018
Objectives

The aim of this study was to analyze research and development projects in mental health services in Korea, using priority evaluation of mental health promotion policies to determine direction of the service.

Methods

An online survey was conducted that targeted experts in the mental health service regarding promotion of mental health in Korea in 2016. The survey was based on 32 policy...

Association between Beta-lactam Antibiotic Resistance and Virulence Factors in AmpC Producing Clinical Strains of P. aeruginosa
Sanaz Dehbashi, Hamed Tahmasebi, Mohammad Reza Arabestani
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(6):325-333.   Published online December 31, 2018
Objectives

The purpose of this study was to determine the presence of IMP and OXA genes in clinical strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) that are carriers of the ampC gene.

Methods

In this study, 105 clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa were collected. Antibiotic resistance patterns were determined using the disk diffusion method. The strains carrying AmpC enzymes were characterized by a combination...

Anti-Human Rhinovirus 1B Activity of Dexamethasone viaGCR-Dependent Autophagy Activation
Jae-Sug Lee, Seong-Ryeol Kim, Jae-Hyoung Song, Yong-Pyo Lee, Hyun-Jeong Ko
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(6):334-339.   Published online December 31, 2018
Objectives

Human rhinoviruses (HRVs) are the major cause of the common cold. Currently there is no registered, clinically effective, antiviral chemotherapeutic agent to treat diseases caused by HRVs. In this study, the antiviral activity of dexamethasone (DEX) against HRV1B was examined.

Methods

The anti–HRV1B activity of DEX was assessed by sulforhodamine B assay in HeLa cells, and by RT-PCR in the lungs of...

Intra-Oral Factors Influencing Halitosis in Young Women
Ho Sun Shon, Kyoung Ok Kim, Jae Kwan Jung, Eun Jong Cha, Su Ok Lee, Kyung Ah Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(6):340-347.   Published online December 31, 2018
Objectives

The aim of this research was to determine intra-oral factors that affect halitosis in young women.

Methods

This study was performed between March 2014 to May 2014, and included 35 women in their 20s with good oral health. Correlation and logistic regression analyses were performed to investigate the change in halitosis immediately, and 1 hour after scaling.

Results

In both oral gas (OG) and...

Chemical Constituents of Essential Oils Possessing Anti-Influenza A/WS/33 Virus Activity
Hwa-Jung Choi
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(6):348-353.   Published online December 31, 2018
Objectives

This study was conducted to determine whether essential oils had anti-influenza A/WS/33 virus activity and whether there were specific compounds associated with this activity.

Methods

There were 63 essential oils evaluated for anti-influenza (A/WS/33 virus) activity using a cytopathic effect reduction method. The chemical composition of the anti-influenza essential oils was phytochemically analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.

Results

The antiviral assays demonstrated that 11...

Effects of Injection Laryngoplasty with Hyaluronic Acid in Patients with Vocal Fold Paralysis
Geun-Hyo Kim, Jae-Seok Lee, Chang-Yoon Lee, Yeon-Woo Lee, In-Ho Bae, Hee-June Park, Byung-Joo Lee, Soon-Bok Kwon
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(6):354-361.   Published online December 31, 2018
Objectives

The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of injection laryngoplasty (IL) with hyaluronic acid in patients with vocal fold paralysis (VFP).

Methods

A total of 50 patients with VFP participated in this study. Pre- and post-IL assessments were performed, which included analyzing the sustained vowel /a/ phonation, and the patient reading 1 Korean sentence from the “Walk” passage that...

Corrigendums
Corrigendum to “Epidemiological Characterization of Imported Systemic Mycoses Occurred in Korea” [Osong Public Health Res Perspect 2018;9(5):255–60]
Seung-Hak Cho, Young-Bin Yu, Je-Seop Park, Keun-Dol Yook, Young-Kwon Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(6):362-362.   Published online December 31, 2018
Corrigendum to “Evaluation of Potency on Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoid for Adult Vaccines by In Vivo Toxin Neutralization Assay Using National Reference Standards”[Osong Public Health Res Perspect 2018;9(5):278–82]
Chan Woong Choi, Jae Hoon Moon, Jae Ok Kim, Si Hyung Yoo, Hyeon Guk Kim, Jung-Hwan Kim, Tae Jun Park, Sung Soon Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(6):363-363.   Published online December 31, 2018

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