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Volume 6(5); Oct 2015
Editorial
Norovirus outbreaks occurred in different settings in the Republic of Korea
Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(5):281-282.   Published online October 31, 2015
Original Articles
Exposure of Infants to Aflatoxin M1 from Mother's Breast Milk in Ilam, Western Iran
Farajollah Maleki, Soghra Abdi, Elaham Davodian, Karimeh Haghani, Salar Bakhtiyari
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(5):283-287.   Published online October 31, 2015
Objectives

Aflatoxins as a highly toxic group of mycotoxins are present in the environment and foodstuff. These have been reported to cause serious health problems in humans. Since aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) is excreted into breast milk, investigating the exposure of infants to AFM1 is of special concern.

Methods

In the present study, breast milk samples were collected from 85 lactating mothers in Ilam...

Modeling Chagas Disease at Population Level to Explain Venezuela's Real Data
Gilberto González-Parra, Benito M. Chen-Charpentier, Moises Bermúdez
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(5):288-301.   Published online October 31, 2015
Objectives

In this paper we present an age-structured epidemiological model for Chagas disease. This model includes the interactions between human and vector populations that transmit Chagas disease.

Methods

The human population is divided into age groups since the proportion of infected individuals in this population changes with age as shown by real prevalence data. Moreover, the age-structured model allows more accurate information regarding...

The Determinants of Research and Development Investment in the Pharmaceutical Industry: Focus on Financial Structures
Munjae Lee, Mankyu Choi
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(5):302-309.   Published online October 31, 2015
Objectives

This study analyzes the influence of the financial structure of pharmaceutical companies on R&D investment to create a next-generation profit source or develop relatively cost-effective drugs to maximize enterprise value.

Methods

The period of the empirical analysis is from 2000 to 2012. Financial statements and comments in general and internal transactions were extracted from TS-2000 of the Korea Listed Company Association (KLCA),...

Financial Analysis of National University Hospitals in Korea
Munjae Lee
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(5):310-317.   Published online October 31, 2015
Objectives

This paper provides information for decision making of the managers and the staff of national university hospitals.

Methods

In order to conduct a financial analysis of national university hospitals, this study uses reports on the final accounts of 10 university hospitals from 2008 to 2011.

Results

The results of comparing 2008 and 2011 showed that there was a general decrease in total assets, an...

Brief Reports
Epidemics of Norovirus GII.4 Variant in Outbreak Cases in Korea, 2004–2012
Sunyoung Jung, Hyun Ju Jeong, Bo-Mi Hwang, Cheon-Kwon Yoo, Gyung Tae Chung, Hyesook Jeong, Yeon-Ho Kang, Deog-Yong Lee
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(5):318-321.   Published online October 31, 2015

Norovirus GII.4 is recognized as a worldwide cause of nonbacterial outbreaks. In particular, the GII.4 variant occurs every 2–3 years according to antigenic variation. The aim of our study was to identify GII.4 variants in outbreaks in Korea during 2004–2012. Partial VP1 sequence of norovirus GII.4-related outbreaks during 2004–2012 was analyzed. The partial VP1 sequence was detected with reverse transcription-polymerase...

Occurrence of Norovirus GII.4 Sydney Variant-related Outbreaks in Korea
Sunyoung Jung, Bo-Mi Hwang, Hyun Ju Jeong, Gyung Tae Chung, Cheon-Kwon Yoo, Yeon-Ho Kang, Deog-Yong Lee
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(5):322-326.   Published online October 31, 2015

Human noroviruses are major causative agents of food and waterborne outbreaks of nonbacterial acute gastroenteritis. In this study, we report the epidemiological features of three outbreak cases of norovirus in Korea, and we describe the clinical symptoms and distribution of the causative genotypes. The incidence rates of the three outbreaks were 16.24% (326/2,007), 4.1% (27/656), and 16.8% (36/214), respectively. The...

Osong Public
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Print ISSN: 2210-9099
Online ISSN: 2233-6052

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