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Volume 5(4); Aug 2014
Editorial
Summing Up Again
Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(4):177-178.   Published online August 31, 2014
Review Article
Management of Hospital Infection Control in Iran: A Need for Implementation of Multidisciplinary Approach
Setareh Mamishi, Babak Pourakbari, Mostafa Teymuri, Abdolreza Babamahmoodi, Shima Mahmoudi
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(4):179-186.   Published online August 31, 2014
Nosocomial, or hospital-acquired, infections are considered the most common complications affecting hospitalized patients. According to results obtained from studies conducted in the Children Medical Center Hospital, a teaching children's hospital and a tertiary care referral unit in Tehran, Iran, improvements in infection control practices in our hospital seem necessary. The aim of this study was to identify risk management and...
Original Articles
The Recency Period for Estimation of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Incidence by the AxSYM Avidity Assay and BED-Capture Enzyme Immunoassay in the Republic of Korea
Hye-Kyung Yu, Tae-Young Heo, Na-Young Kim, Jin-Sook Wang, Jae-Kyeong Lee, Sung Soon Kim, Mee-Kyung Kee
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(4):187-192.   Published online August 31, 2014
Objectives Measurement of the incidence of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is very important for epidemiological studies. Here, we determined the recency period with the AxSYM avidity assay and the BED-capture enzyme immunoassay (BED-CEIA) in Korean seroconverters. Methods Two hundred longitudinal specimens from 81 seroconverters with incident HIV infections that had been collected at the Korea National Institute of Health were subjected to...
High Prevalence of Class 1 to 3 Integrons Among Multidrug-Resistant Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli in Southwest of Iran
Mohammad Kargar, Zahra Mohammadalipour, Abbas Doosti, Shahrokh Lorzadeh, Alireza Japoni-Nejad
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(4):193-198.   Published online August 31, 2014
Objectives Horizontal transfer of integrons is one of the important factors that can contribute to the occurrence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of integrons among MDR Escherichia coli strains isolated from stool specimens and investigate the associations between the existence of integrons and MDR properties in the southwest of Iran. Methods There were 164 E. coli strains...
Knowledge of Diabetes Mellitus: Does Gender Make a Difference?
Patrício Fernando Lemes dos Santos, Poliana Rodrigues dos Santos, Graziele Souza Lira Ferrari, Gisele Almeida Amaral Fonseca, Carlos Kusano Bucalen Ferrari
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(4):199-203.   Published online August 31, 2014
Objective Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease considered an important public health problem. In recent years, its prevalence has been exponentially rising in many developing countries. Chronic complications of DM are important causes of morbidity and mortality among patients, which impair their health and quality of life. Knowledge on disease prevention, etiology, and management is essential to deal with parents,...
Relationship between Serum Levels of Body Iron Parameters and Insulin Resistance and Metabolic Syndrome in Korean Children
Hye-Ja Lee, Han Byul Jang, Ji Eun Park, Kyung-Hee Park, Jae Heon Kang, Sang Ick Park, Jihyun Song
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(4):204-210.   Published online August 31, 2014
Objectives An increase in serum ferritin and levels of the cleaved soluble form of transferrin receptor (sTfR) are related to several metabolic conditions. We evaluated the relationship between body iron status indicators, including ferritin and sTfR, and insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Korean children. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1350 children in Korea. Anthropometrical parameters; lipid profiles; levels of...
A Novel Approach for Predicting Disordered Regions in A Protein Sequence
Meijing Li, Seong Beom Cho, Keun Ho Ryu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(4):211-218.   Published online August 31, 2014
Objectives A number of published predictors are based on various algorithms and disordered protein sequence properties. Although many predictors have been published, the study of protein disordered region prediction is ongoing because different prediction methods can find different disordered regions in a protein sequence. Methods Therefore we have used a new approach to find the more varying disordered regions for more efficient and...
Dental Procedures, Oral Practices, and Associated Anxiety: A Study on Late-teenagers
Rahul Bhola, Reema Malhotra
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(4):219-232.   Published online August 31, 2014
Objectives The study aims to determine the degree of anxiety pertaining to dental procedures and various oral hygiene practices among college teenagers. Methods Corah's Modified Dental Anxiety Scale was administered on a randomly chosen sample of 100 Indian college students (50 males and 50 females) of Delhi University, belonging to the age group of 17–20 years. Results Descriptive statistical computations revealed 12.14 years as the...
A Differential Equation Model for the Dynamics of Youth Gambling
Tae Sug Do, Young S. Lee
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(4):233-241.   Published online August 31, 2014
Objectives We examine the dynamics of gambling among young people aged 16–24 years, how prevalence rates of at-risk gambling and problem gambling change as adolescents enter young adulthood, and prevention and control strategies. Methods A simple epidemiological model is created using ordinary nonlinear differential equations, and a threshold condition that spreads gambling is identified through stability analysis. We estimate all the model parameters...

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