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Original Articles
Sex differences in weight perception and weight gain among Black college students in the USA
Jounghee Lee, Jaesin Sa, Jean-Philippe Chaput, James Heimdal, Beatrice Nelson, Beom-Young Cho, Elizabeth Kwon
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2021;12(2):96-104.   Published online April 29, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2021.12.2.07
  • 5,630 View
  • 121 Download
  • 2 Web of Science
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The aims of this study were to examine the prevalence of overweight/obesity and to explore sex differences in body weight perceptions and correlates of weight gain among Black students at 2 historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs) in the USA.
Methods
Participants completed a paper-based survey, and their height and weight were measured (67% completion rate).
Results
The overweight and obesity rates were 33.8% and 26.9%, respectively. More females than males accurately assessed their weight (p<0.05). Body weight underestimation was associated with male sex, excellent/very good perceived overall health, and not being informed by a doctor of having overweight or obesity (p<0.01). Higher odds of ≥5% weight gain were related to female sex, living on campus, and not being informed by a doctor of having overweight or obesity (p<0.05).
Conclusion
Given the high overweight and obesity rates among Black students, HBCUs in the USA should develop intervention strategies for the prevention and management of overweight and obesity. College health educators at HBCUs need to provide regular check-ups or health screenings that help male students perceive their weight accurately and prevent weight underestimation. It is important for HBCUs to monitor and address weight gain among Black students as early as possible.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Sociodemographic factors associated with weight perception of adolescents: A systematic review and meta‐analysis
    Kaihan Yang, Anqi Zhao, Yujie Xie, Zhanyi Xu, Yubinxin Peng, Haiyang Tang
    Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursin.2023; 36(2): 95.     CrossRef
Body Weight Misperception and Psychological Distress Among Children and Adolescents: The CASPIAN-V Study
Roya Riahi, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Ramin Heshmat, Mostafa Qorbani, Seyede Shahrbanoo Daniali, Roya Kelishadi
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(5):315-324.   Published online October 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.5.08
  • 5,286 View
  • 160 Download
  • 9 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Misperception of weight status is a risk factor that affects psychological health. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between weight misperception patterns and psychological distress among Iranian children and adolescents.

Methods

This was a cross-sectional nationwide study where data was collected from 14,440 students, aged 7–18 years who participated in the national school-based surveillance program (CASPIAN-V). The students’ weight perception and psychological distress were assessed by validated questionnaires. Weight misperception was classified as misperception of being either underweight or overweight with respect to actual weight.

Results

The rate of weight misperception in all study participants was 59.1%. In groups with a perception of being underweight or overweight, the risks of worthlessness, being worried, experiencing aggression, insomnia, or depression, were significantly higher than groups with an accurate weight perception (p < 0.05). The risk of anxiety in girls of normal weight who perceived themselves as underweight, decreased by 57% compared to girls with an accurate weight perception (OR: 0.43; 95% CI, 0.28–0.66).

Conclusion

Weight misperception is highly prevalent among Iranian children and adolescents and is associated with their psychological health status. Appropriate education intervention needs to be developed to improve the children and adolescents’ perception of their body weight status.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Body image and behavioural and emotional difficulties in German children and adolescents
    Lea Krause, Tanja Poulain, Wieland Kiess, Mandy Vogel
    BMC Pediatrics.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Extracting the Hidden Patterns Affecting Mental Health through Data Mining Techniques
    Maryam Jahanbakhsh, Asal Aghadavodian Jolfaee, Roya Kelishadi, Mohammad Sattari
    Journal of Advances in Medical and Biomedical Rese.2022; 30(140): 281.     CrossRef
  • Migrating Populations and Health: Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease and Metabolic Syndrome
    Talma Rosenthal, Rhian M. Touyz, Suzanne Oparil
    Current Hypertension Reports.2022; 24(9): 325.     CrossRef
  • Understanding the Turkish adolescents' weight perception: A cross‐sectional study
    Figen I. Esenay, Tufan A. Sezer
    Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursin.2022; 35(4): 349.     CrossRef
  • Scene Matching Method for Children’s Psychological Distress Based on Deep Learning Algorithm
    Junli Su, Wei Wang
    Complexity.2021; 2021: 1.     CrossRef
  • Weight self-perception in adolescents: evidence from a population-based study
    Mariana Contiero San Martini, Daniela de Assumpção, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros, Antônio de Azevedo Barros Filho, Josiemer Mattei
    Public Health Nutrition.2021; 24(7): 1648.     CrossRef
  • Childhood obesity prevention policies in Iran: a policy analysis of agenda-setting using Kingdon’s multiple streams
    Shahnaz Taghizadeh, Rahim Khodayari-Zarnaq, Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi
    BMC Pediatrics.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Stakeholders perspectives of barriers and facilitators of childhood obesity prevention policies in Iran: A Delphi method study
    Shahnaz Taghizadeh, Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Rahim Khodayari-Zarnaq
    BMC Public Health.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Between perception and reality: BMI in adolescence
    Alessia Margarito, Eleonora Guaitoli, Giovanni Di Trapani, Lorenzo Petrucci
    Journal of Advanced Health Care.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
Body-related Perspectives and Weight Control Methods of Korean-Chinese Nursing School Students in Yanbian, China: A Pilot Study
Jounghee Lee, Meixiang Jin, Heejung Son, Wenying Cui
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017;8(4):275-281.   Published online August 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2017.8.4.08
  • 3,725 View
  • 26 Download
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study aimed at identifying the current nutrition knowledge, body-related perspectives, and weight control behaviors of Korean-Chinese college students.

Methods

We conducted a pilot study by employing a healthy weight education program targeting Korean-Chinese nursing school students at the Yanbian University of Science and Technology in Yanbian, China.

Results

This pilot study included 40 participants (38 women and 2 men; mean age, 20.5 years). The current weight status of the participants was as follows: 7.9% underweight, 78.9% normal weight, 7.9% overweight, and 5.3% obese. However, nearly two-thirds of the participants were dissatisfied with their current body size (43.6% a little dissatisfied; 20.5% very dissatisfied). Fifty percent of the participants perceived their current body size as being either slightly fat (35.0%) or very fat (15.0%). The following unhealthy weight control methods were commonly used among the 24 participants who practiced weight control: (1) laxatives or diuretics (91.7%), (2) saunas or spas (87.5%), and (3) a one-food diet (79.2%). In addition, the nutrition knowledge of the participants increased by 24 points from 117 points (pretest) to 141 points (posttest) through the healthy weight education program.

Conclusion

The findings of this study indicate an urgent need to educate Korean-Chinese college students on healthy weight control methods and body-related perspectives.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Predictors of Weight-Control Behavior in Healthy Weight and Overweight Korean Middle-Aged Women
    Ae-Kyung Chang, Sun-Hui Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2022; 19(12): 7546.     CrossRef
  • Epidemiology of health risk behavior among university students
    Tomires Campos Lopes, Gabriel Gastélum-Cuadras, Artur Luís Bessa de Oliveira, Gabriel El-Corab Esteves, Andréa Carmen Guimarães, João Rafael Valentim-Silva, Estélio Henrique Martin Dantas
    REVISTA CIÊNCIAS EM SAÚDE.2021; 11(2): 73.     CrossRef
  • Is undergraduate nursing education sufficient for patient’s nutrition care in today’s pandemics? Assessing the nutrition knowledge of nursing students: An integrative review
    Bobbi B. Laing, Jennifer Crowley
    Nurse Education in Practice.2021; 54: 103137.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives