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Original Articles
Factors Affecting Smoking Cessation Success of Heavy Smokers Registered in the Intensive Care Smoking Cessation Camp (Data from the National Tobacco Control Center)
Hansol Yeom, Hee-Sook Lim, Jihyun Min, Seoni Lee, Yoon-Hyung Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(5):240-247.   Published online October 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.5.05
  • 6,645 View
  • 119 Download
  • 6 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors involved in the success of smoking cessation in heavy smokers enrolled in an intensive care smoking cessation camp program.

Methods

Heavy smokers enrolled in the program were classified into a success (n = 69) or failure (n = 29) group, according to whether they maintained smoking cessation for 6 months after the end of the program. Demographics, smoking behaviors, and smoking cessation-related characteristics were analyzed.

Results

Statistically significantly more participants in the success group had a spouse (98.6%; p = 0.008) compared with participants in the failure group (82.8%). However, multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that having a spouse was not an independent factor in smoking cessation (p = 0.349). A significant difference in the frequency of counseling between the success and failure groups was observed (p = 0.001), with 72.5% of those who received counseling on 3–5 occasions for 6 months after the end of program successfully quit smoking, indicating that those who received more counseling had a higher likelihood of smoking cessation success. This was confirmed as an independent factor by multivariate logistic regression (p < 0.005). Furthermore, a graduate school level of education or higher, indicated a statistically greater success rate compared to those that were less well educated (p = 0.043). This was also observed as a significant independent factor using multivariate logistic regression (p = 0.046).

Conclusion

Education level, marital status, and the number of counseling sessions were significant factors contributing to smoking cessation success.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Sigara Bırakma Polikliniğine Başvuran Bireylerde Tedavi Başarısını Etkileyen Faktörler
    Derya KOCAKAYA, Hatice ŞENOL, Sezer ASLAN, Ahmed Mahmud ÇIRAKOĞLU, Merve ÇAKIR, Hatice TELCİ, Mehmet ÇETİNKAYA, Sehnaz OLGUN, Ayşe Nilüfer ÖZAYDIN, Ceyhan BERRİN
    Bağımlılık Dergisi.2022; 23(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Smoking cessation rates in elderly and nonelderly smokers after participating in an intensive care smoking cessation camp
    Jae-Kyeong Lee, Yu-Il Kim, Sun-Seog Kweon, In-Jae Oh, Yong-Soo Kwon, Hong-Joon Shin, Yu-Ri Choe, Ha-Young Park, Young-Ok Na, Hwa-Kyung Park
    Medicine.2022; 101(30): e29886.     CrossRef
  • Patterns and predictors of smoking relapse among inpatient smoking intervention participants: a 1-year follow-up study in Korea
    Seung Eun Lee, Chul-Woung Kim, Hyo-Bin Im, Myungwha Jang
    Epidemiology and Health.2021; 43: e2021043.     CrossRef
  • Factors affecting smoking initiation and cessation among adult smokers in Fiji: A qualitative study
    Masoud Mohammadnezhad, Mondha Kengganpanich
    Tobacco Induced Diseases.2021; 19(December): 1.     CrossRef
  • “STOP the PUFF! Tayo’y mag bagong BAGA, SIGARILYO ay ITIGIL”: A Pilot Community-based Tobacco Intervention Project in an Urban Settlement
    Irene Salve D Joson-Vergara, Julie T Li-Yu
    Journal of Medicine, University of Santo Tomas.2021; 5(1): 586.     CrossRef
  • Smoking cessation correlates with a decrease in infection rates following total joint arthroplasty
    Christina Herrero, Alex Tang, Amy Wasterlain, Scott Sherman, Joseph Bosco, Claudette Lajam, Ran Schwarzkopf, James Slover
    Journal of Orthopaedics.2020; 21: 390.     CrossRef
Effects of Anti-Smoking Public Service Announcements on the Attitudes of Korean College Students toward Smoking
Kyoung Won Cho, Jakyoung Lee, Ji-hye Ryu, Soo Jeong Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017;8(6):397-404.   Published online December 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2017.8.6.07
  • 3,077 View
  • 40 Download
  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives

This study aimed to identify the effects of anti-smoking public service announcements on the attitudes of Korean college students toward smoking.

Methods

This study involved students via convenience sampling from seven universities who were randomly assigned to four groups. All groups completed a preliminary questionnaire, before being shown a public service announcement twice, and then completed a post viewing questionnaire.

Results

For announcements with positive messages, the proportion of changes in beliefs and attitudes were 39.1% and 19.8%, respectively, whereas those with negative messages showed a greater proportion of changes in the beliefs (59.7%) and attitudes (40.3%). After adjusting for sex and change in belief, the message types and smoking status were identified as factors affecting the change in the participants attitudes. A negative message resulted in a greater change in attitudes (odds ratio [OR], 3.047; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.847–5.053). Ever-smokers including current smokers showed a greater positive change in attitude than never-smokers (OR, 6.965; 95% CI, 4.107–11.812).

Conclusion

This study found that positive anti-smoking public service announcements were more effective on attitude change than negative messages. Additionally these announcements were more effective among viewers who were current smokers or had a prior smoking experience.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Encouraging Firework Safety Through Public Service Announcements
    Stefano Cardin, Rachel Faber, Daniel Miller, Mary Elizabeth Gibson, Brett Lewellyn
    The Journal of Hand Surgery.2022; 47(6): 574.     CrossRef
  • Maintenance of Tobacco Abstinence—Effect of Anti-Tobacco Propaganda (Media) Messages
    Laxmi Kumari, Meenakshi Sood, Sandhya Gupta
    Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences and Humanitie.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association between Community Violence, Disorder and School Environment with Bullying among School Adolescents in Sao Paulo – Brazil
    Catarina Machado Azeredo, Emanuele Souza Marques, Letícia Martins Okada, Maria Fernanda Tourinho Peres
    Journal of Interpersonal Violence.2022; : 088626052211012.     CrossRef
  • Interaction Between Smoking Cigarettes and Alcohol Consumption on Sexual Experience in High School Students
    Soo Jeong Kim, Kyoung Won Cho
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2019; 10(5): 274.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives