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Antibiotic Resistance Patterns and Serotypes of Salmonella spp. Isolated at Jeollanam-do in Korea
Ki-Bok Yoon, Byung-Joon Song, Mi-Yeong Shin, Hyun-Cheol Lim, Yeon-Hee Yoon, Doo-Young Jeon, Hoon Ha, Soo-In Yang, Jung-Beom Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017;8(3):211-219.   Published online June 30, 2017
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  • 47 Download
  • 16 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF

Few long-term studies have been conducted on the serotype and antibiotic resistance patterns of Salmonella speices (spp.) The aim of this study was to determine the serotypes and antibiotic resistance patterns of Salmonella spp. isolated at Jeollanam-do in Korea from 2004 to 2014.


A total of 276 Salmonella samples were evaluated. Serotyping was carried out according to the Kauffmann–White scheme. Antibiotic susceptibility was determined using the Vitek II system with an AST-N169 card.


A total of 22 different serotypes were identified, and the major serotypes were Salmonella Enteritidis (116 strains, 42.0%) and Salmonella Typhimurium (60 strains, 21.7%). The highest resistance was observed in response to nalidixic acid (43.4%), followed by ampicillin (40.5%) and tetracycline (31.6%). Resistance to nalidixic acid was detected in 81.0% of S. Enteritidis. Multidrug resistance was detected in 43.3% of Salmonella spp. S. Enteritidis and S. Typhimurium presented the highest resistance (98.3%) and multidrug resistance rate (73.3%), respectively. The most highly observed antibiotic resistance pattern among Salmonella spp. in this study was ampicillin-chloramphenicol (14 strains, 5.7%),


Overall, S. Enteritidis and S. Typhimurium showed higher antibiotic resistance than the other Salmonella serotypes tested in this study. Our study will provide useful information for investigating the sources of Salmonella infections, as well as selecting effective antibiotics for treatment.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Serotype Occurrence, Virulence Profiles, Antimicrobial Resistance and Molecular Characterization of Salmonella Isolated from Hospitalized Patients with Gastroenteritis in Great Tunisia between 2010 and 2020
    Walid Oueslati, Mohamed Ridha Rjeibi, Hayet Benyedem, Mounir Jebali, Fatma Souissi, Rachid Selmi, Mohamed Sélim El Asli, Farouk Barguellil, Abdelfettah Ettriqui
    Antibiotics.2023; 12(3): 526.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella enterica serovars Enteritidis and Typhimurium isolated from retail chicken meat in Wasit markets, Iraq
    Manal H. G. Kanaan
    Veterinary World.2023; : 455.     CrossRef
  • In Vitro Characterization of Probiotic Potential of Limosilactobacillus fermentum against Salmonella Gallinarum Causing Fowl Typhoid
    Adnan Mehmood, Muhammad Nawaz, Masood Rabbani, Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq
    Animals.2023; 13(8): 1284.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella spp. isolated from duck farms in Jeollanam-do Province, South Korea
    Sin-Wook Park, Keon Kim, Chang-Yun Je, Chang-Hyeon Choi, Sang-Gyue Choi, Jong-Soo Lim, Ok-Mi Jeong, Guk-Hyun Suh, Chang-Min Lee
    Korean Journal of Veterinary Service.2023; 46(3): 211.     CrossRef
  • Trends in ESBLs and PABLs among enteric Salmonella isolates from children in Gwangju, Korea: 2014–2018
    Kwang Gon Kim, Jin Jung, Ji Hyun Shin, Hye Jung Park, Min Ji Kim, Jin Jong Seo, Young Ok Kim, Su-Ya Lee, Chang-Yee Cho, Tae Sun Kim
    Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection.2022; 55(2): 199.     CrossRef
  • Serotype Distribution and Antimicrobial Resistance of Salmonella Isolates in Korea between 2016 and 2017
    Si Hyun Kim, Gyung-Hye Sung, Eun Hee Park, In Yeong Hwang, Gyu Ri Kim, Sae Am Song, Hae Kyung Lee, Young Uh, Young Ah Kim, Seok Hoon Jeong, Jong Hee Shin, Kyeong Seob Shin, Jaehyeon Lee, Joseph Jeong, Young Ree Kim, Dongeun Yong, Miae Lee, Yu Kyung Kim, N
    Annals of Laboratory Medicine.2022; 42(2): 268.     CrossRef
  • Clinically healthy household dogs and cats as carriers of multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica with variable R plasmids
    Thanich Chantharothaiphaichit, Dusadee Phongaran, Sunpetch Angkittitrakul, Surasit Aunpromma, Rungtip Chuanchuen
    Journal of Medical Microbiology .2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Phenotypic and molecular characterization of Salmonella Enteritidis isolates
    Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi.2021; 68(2): 113.     CrossRef
  • Модели антибиотикорезистентности сальмонелл
    А. М. Мендыбаева, Р. М. Рыщанова, P. O. Сеилханова
    Innovations and Food Safety.2021; (3): 14.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of fluoroquinolone-resistantSalmonellaserotypes in Iran: a meta-analysis
    Farzad Khademi, Hamid Vaez, Fahimeh Ghanbari, Mohsen Arzanlou, Jafar Mohammadshahi, Amirhossein Sahebkar
    Pathogens and Global Health.2020; 114(1): 16.     CrossRef
  • Systematic Evaluation of Whole Genome Sequence-Based Predictions of Salmonella Serotype and Antimicrobial Resistance
    Ashley L. Cooper, Andrew J. Low, Adam G. Koziol, Matthew C. Thomas, Daniel Leclair, Sandeep Tamber, Alex Wong, Burton W. Blais, Catherine D. Carrillo
    Frontiers in Microbiology.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of antibiotic resistant Salmonella spp. strains in shrimp farm source waters of Nagapattinam region in South India
    Akalesh Patel, Geevaretnam Jeyasekaran, Robinson Jeyashakila, Theivasigamani Anand, Lidiya Wilwet, Neeraj Pathak, Asha Hema Malini, Neethirajan Neethiselvan
    Marine Pollution Bulletin.2020; 155: 111171.     CrossRef
  • Characterization and Antimicrobial Resistance of Escherichia coli and Its Serotypes Isolated from Poultry Feed in Relation to Seasons in Karachi, Pakistan
    Shajeela Iram, Mehmood ul Hassan, Tabinda Khawaja
    Jundishapur Journal of Health Sciences.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Identifying the mechanism underlying treatment failure for Salmonella Paratyphi A infection using next-generation sequencing – a case report
    Hye-Ran Park, Dong-Min Kim, Na-Ra Yun, Choon-Mee Kim
    BMC Infectious Diseases.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Characteristics of third-generation cephalosporin-resistant Salmonella from retail chicken meat produced by integrated broiler operations
    Hye Young Jeon, Kwang Won Seo, Yeong Bin Kim, Dong Kyu Kim, Shin Woo Kim, Young Ju Lee
    Poultry Science.2019; 98(4): 1766.     CrossRef
  • Comparative Study on Antibiotic Resistance and DNA Profiles ofSalmonella entericaSerovar Typhimurium Isolated from Humans, Retail Foods, and the Environment in Shanghai, China
    Zengfeng Zhang, Chenyang Cao, Bin Liu, Xuebin Xu, Yanfei Yan, Shenghui Cui, Sheng Chen, Jianghong Meng, Baowei Yang
    Foodborne Pathogens and Disease.2018; 15(8): 481.     CrossRef
Prevalent Multidrug-resistant Nonvaccine Serotypes in Pneumococcal Carriage of Healthy Korean Children Associated with the Low Coverage of the Seven-valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine
Sungkyoung Lee, Ji-Hye Kim, Seong-Han Kim, Misun Park, Songmee Bae
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2013;4(6):316-322.   Published online December 31, 2013
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  • 16 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Our previous longitudinal multicenter-based carriage study showed that the average carriage rate of Streptococcus pneumoniae was 16.8% in 582 healthy children attending kindergarten or elementary school in Seoul, Korea. We assessed serotype-specific prevalence and antimicrobial resistance among colonizing pneumococcal isolates from young children in the era of low use of the seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7).
Serotypes were determined by an agglutination test with specific antisera or by a multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay. An antimicrobial susceptibility test was performed with broth microdilution in Korean 96-well panels from Dade-MicroScan (Sacramento, CA, USA).
Pneumococcal colonization patterns were dynamic and longterm persistent carriage was rare, which indicated a sequential turnover of pneumococcal strains. Of the 369 pneumococci (except for 23 killed isolates), 129 (34.9%) isolates were PCV7 vaccine serotypes (VTs); 213 (57.8%) isolates were nonvaccine serotypes (NVTs); and the remaining 27 (7.2%) isolates were nontypable (NT). The highest rates of multidrug resistance (MDR) were observed in VTs (86.0%; 111/129 isolates) and NVTs (70.0%; 149/213 isolates).
This study overall showed the frequent carriage of VTs and NVTs with MDR in healthy children attending kindergarten or elementary school. Efforts should be directed toward reducing the extensive prescription of antibiotics and using new broader vaccines to reduce the expansion of MDR strains of NVTs in our community.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Characterization of Pneumococcal Colonization Dynamics and Antimicrobial Resistance Using Shotgun Metagenomic Sequencing in Intensively Sampled South African Infants
    Rendani I. Manenzhe, Felix S. Dube, Meredith Wright, Katie Lennard, Stephanie Mounaud, Stephanie W. Lo, Heather J. Zar, William C. Nierman, Mark P. Nicol, Clinton Moodley
    Frontiers in Public Health.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Encouraging rational antibiotic use in childhood pneumonia: a focus on Vietnam and the Western Pacific Region
    Nguyen T. K. Phuong, Tran T. Hoang, Pham H. Van, Lolyta Tu, Stephen M. Graham, Ben J. Marais
    Pneumonia.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Burden of bacterial upper respiratory tract pathogens in school children of Nepal
    Sangita Thapa, Shishir Gokhale, Annavarapu Laxminarasimha Sharma, Lokendra Bahadur Sapkota, Shamshul Ansari, Rajendra Gautam, Sony Shrestha, Puja Neopane
    BMJ Open Respiratory Research.2017; 4(1): e000203.     CrossRef
  • Bacterial Density, Serotype Distribution and Antibiotic Resistance of Pneumococcal Strains from the Nasopharynx of Peruvian Children Before and After Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine 7
    Christiane R. Hanke, Carlos G. Grijalva, Sopio Chochua, Mathias W. Pletz, Claudia Hornberg, Kathryn M. Edwards, Marie R. Griffin, Hector Verastegui, Ana I. Gil, Claudio F. Lanata, Keith P. Klugman, Jorge E. Vidal
    Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal.2016; 35(4): 432.     CrossRef
Distribution of Virulence Genes and Their Association of Serotypes in Pathogenic Escherichia coli Isolates From Diarrheal Patients in Korea
Seung-Hak Cho, Kyung-Hwan Oh, Seong-Han Kim, Hee-Bok Oh, Mi-Sun Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2010;1(1):29-35.   Published online December 31, 2010
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  • 21 Download
  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
To characterise the genetic and serological diversity of pathogenic Escherichia coli, we tested 111 E coli strains isolated from diarrhoeal patients in Korea between 2003 and 2006.
The isolates were tested through polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and slide agglutination method for the detection of virulence genes and serotypes, respectively. To compare the expression of Shiga toxin (stx)-1 and stx2 genes, real-time quantitative reverse-transcriptase PCR and rapid exprssion assay, reversed-passive latex agglutination, were performed.
Forty-nine Shiga toxin-producing E coli (STEC) strains and 62 non-STEC strains, including 20 enteropathogenic E coli, 20 enterotoxigenic E coli, 20 enteroaggregative E coli, and 2 enteroinvasive E coli were randomly chosen from the strains isolated from diarrhoeal patients in Korea between 2003 and 2006. PCR analysis indicated that locus of enterocyte effacement pathogenicity island, that is, eaeA, espADB, and tir genes were present in STEC, enteropathogenic E coli, and enteroinvasive E coli. Quorum sensing-related gene luxS was detected in most of pathogenic E coli strains. Major serotypes of the STEC strains were O157 (26%) and O26 (20%), whereas the non-STEC strains possessed various serotypes. Especially, all the strains with serotype O157 carried stx2 and the tested virulence factors. Of the STEC strains, the data of real-time quantitative reverse-transcriptase PCR and reversed-passive latex agglutination tests showed that messenger RNA- and protein expression of stx2 gene were higher than those of stx1 gene.
Our results provide the epidemiological information regarding the trend of STEC and non-STEC infections in the general population and show the fundamental data in association of serotypes with virulence genes in diarrhoeagenic E coli strains from Korea.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Comparative Analysis of Human and Animal E. coli: Serotyping, Antimicrobial Resistance, and Virulence Gene Profiling
    Mahmoud M. Bendary, Marwa I. Abdel-Hamid, Walaa A. Alshareef, Hanan M. Alshareef, Rasha A. Mosbah, Nasreen N. Omar, Mohammad M. Al-Sanea, Majid Alhomrani, Abdulhakeem S. Alamri, Walaa H. Moustafa
    Antibiotics.2022; 11(5): 552.     CrossRef
  • Antimicrobial peptide human β-defensin-2 improves in vitro cellular viability and reduces pro-inflammatory effects induced by enteroinvasive Escherichia coli in Caco-2 cells by inhibiting invasion and virulence factors’ expression
    Alessandra Fusco, Vittoria Savio, Brunella Perfetto, Roberto Mattina, Giovanna Donnarumma
    Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Distribution of Pathogenicity Island Markers and H-Antigen Types of Escherichia coli O25b/ST131 Isolates from Patients with Urinary Tract Infection in Iran
    Masoumeh Rasoulinasab, Fereshteh Shahcheraghi, Mohammad Mehdi Feizabadi, Bahram Nikmanesh, Azade Hajihasani, Shahram Sabeti, Mohammad Mehdi Aslani
    Microbial Drug Resistance.2021; 27(3): 369.     CrossRef
  • Development and validation of a predictive model for pathogenic Escherichia coli in fresh‐cut produce
    You Jin Kim, Ju Yeon Park, Soo Hwan Suh, Mi‐Gyeong Kim, Hyo‐Sun Kwak, Soon Han Kim, Eun Jeong Heo
    Food Science & Nutrition.2021; 9(12): 6866.     CrossRef
  • In vitro antibacterial activity of poly (amidoamine)-G7 dendrimer
    Mitra Gholami, Rashin Mohammadi, Mohsen Arzanlou, Fakhraddin Akbari Dourbash, Ebrahim Kouhsari, Gharib Majidi, Seyed Mohsen Mohseni, Shahram Nazari
    BMC Infectious Diseases.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Occurrence of pathogenic Escherichia coli in commercially available fresh vegetable products in Korea
    Hyun Jung Kim, Minseon Koo, A-Ram Jeong, Seung-Youb Baek, Joon-Il Cho, Soon-Ho Lee, In-Gyun Hwang
    Journal of the Korean Society for Applied Biologic.2014; 57(3): 367.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives