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PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives

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Original Articles
Changing Disease Trends in the Northern Gyeonggi-do Province of South Korea from 2002 to 2013: A Big Data Study Using National Health Information Database Cohort
Young Soo Kim, Dong-Hee Lee, Hiun Suk Chae, Kyungdo Han
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(5):248-254.   Published online October 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.5.06
  • 3,394 View
  • 71 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

To investigate the chronological patterns of diseases in Northern Gyeonggi-do province, South Korea, and compare these with national data.

Methods

A National Health Insurance cohort based on the National Health Information Database (NHID Cohort 2002–2013) was used to perform a retrospective, population-based study (46,605,433 of the target population, of which 1,025,340 were randomly sampled) to identify disease patterns from 2002 to 2013. Common diseases including malaria, cancer (uterine cervix, urinary bladder, colon), diabetes mellitus, psychiatric disorders, hypertension, intracranial hemorrhage, bronchitis/bronchiolitis, peptic ulcer, and end stage renal disease were evaluated.

Results

Uterine cervix cancer, urinary bladder cancer and colon cancer had the greatest rate of increase in Northern Gyeonggi-do province compared with the rest of the country, but by 2013 the incidence of these cancers had dropped dramatically. Acute myocardial infarction and end stage renal disease also increased over the study period. Psychiatric disorders, diabetes mellitus, hypertension and peptic ulcers showed a gradual increase over time. No obvious differences were found for intracranial hemorrhage or bronchitis/bronchiolitis between the Northern Gyeonggi-do province and the remaining South Korean provinces. Malaria showed a unique time trend, only observed in the Northern Gyeonggi province, peaking in 2004, 2007 and 2009 to 2010.

Conclusion

This study showed that the Northern Gyeonggi-do province population had a different disease profile over time, compared with collated data for the remaining provinces in South Korea. “Big data” studies using the National Health Insurance cohort database can provide insight into the healthcare environment for healthcare providers, stakeholders and policymakers.

Regional Differences of Mental Health Status and Associated Factors: Based on the Community Health Survey
Ji Hye Lim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(4):175-184.   Published online August 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.4.06
  • 3,889 View
  • 32 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The aim of this study was to determine whether there were differences in mental health specific to regions in Korea, and the factors that affected mental health status.

Methods

Data from the 2016 Community Health Survey in Korea were used; 224,421 health survey participants provided responses on mental health issues, demographics, and health behavior, and were included in the study.

Results

A statistically significant difference was observed in the incidence of mental health status between different regions of Korea. Independent variables that affected mental health were sex, age, marital status, household income, economic activity, whether living with dementia patients, self-reported health status, smoking, alcohol drinking, sleep time, and chronic diseases. Risk factors associated with symptoms of depression were gender (female), bereavement or being divorced, low household income, family member with dementia, poor self-reported health status, currently smoking, level of physical activity, insufficient hours of sleep and suffering from chronic diseases.

Conclusion

This study suggests that a standardized healthcare policy is needed to reduce regional variation in mental health. In the future, similar studies that include medical expenses for mental healthcare and relevant variables according to regions of Korea should be conducted.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Factors Affecting Activity Limitation in the Elderly: Data Processed from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2016
    Jong-Hoon Moon
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2019; 10(3): 117.     CrossRef
  • Depression Status in Korea
    Soo Kyung Koo
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2018; 9(4): 141.     CrossRef
Regional Disparity and Factors Influencing Unmet Medical Needs: A Study Based on the Sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2015)
Ji Hye Lim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017;8(5):295-301.   Published online October 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2017.8.5.02
  • 2,436 View
  • 21 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study aimed to determine regional differences and the factors that affect unmet medical needs.

Methods

Data from the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2015) were used, and 4,946 health survey participants who provided responses on medical utilization and health behavior were included in the study.

Results

A statistically significant difference was observed in the incidence rate of unmet medical needs in terms of region. The independent variables that affected unmet medical needs were sex, age, education, region, household income, insurance type, smoking status, self-reported health status, and stress awareness. Gender (female), lower education level, rural residents, lowest household income, poor self-reported health status, and stress awareness increased the probability of unmet medical needs.

Conclusion

Our findings suggested that different policies and approaches should be considered for each population that is at risk to address the primary cause of the unmet medical needs. Further studies that include medical expenses and the relevant variables of an area should be conducted in the future.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Not One for All
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2017; 8(5): 293.     CrossRef
Meeting Report
The First Meeting of the National Control Laboratories for Vaccines and Biologicals in the Western Pacific in 2016
Hokyung Oh, Jinho Shin, Manabu Ato, Xiao Ma, David Williams, Kiwon Han, Yang Jin Kim, Hyunggoo Kang, Kikyung Jung, Kentaro Hanada, Masaki Ochiai, Pham Van Hung, Sangmi Park, Chiyoung Ahn
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017;8(1):91-103.   Published online February 28, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2017.8.1.13
  • 3,096 View
  • 50 Download
  • 5 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF

The first meeting of the National Control Laboratories for Vaccines and Biologicals in the Western Pacific Region was held on September 1–2, 2016 in Seoul, the Republic of Korea. The meeting objectives were to share results of current research and to promote collaboration between the National Control Laboratories. To this end, we first discussed each country’s current status of research on quality control of biologicals. Next, we reviewed quality control of snake venom and antivenom production and the progress of a collaborative study on the Korean reference standard candidate for snake venom. We also discussed the establishment of the second regional reference standard antivenom and the characterization of the Vero cell genome landscape and its application to quality control. Moreover, we also reflected on the importance of collaboration among interested parties participating in this meeting. In conclusion, the meeting initiated networking between the national control laboratories in the Western Pacific region and paved the way to continue collaboration, which will eventually improve the region’s capacity for quality control of biologicals.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Effect of Agkistrodon halys antivenom in patients bit by green pit viper and the prognostic role of the disease – a retrospective cohort study
    Zhong-Yi Zeng, Pei-Ying Huang, Jia-Yu Du, Yu-Xiang Liu, Shi-Gong Guo, Lin-Sheng Zeng, Cong-Cong Zhang, Yi Li
    Clinical Toxicology.2022; 60(7): 808.     CrossRef
  • Determination of the potency of a cell-based seasonal quadrivalent influenza vaccine using a purified primary liquid standard
    Hitoshi Takahashi, Takao Fujimoto, Fumiaki Horikoshi, Tae Uotani, Mie Okutani, Noriko Shimasaki, Itsuki Hamamoto, Takato Odagiri, Eri Nobusawa
    Biologicals.2020; 68: 32.     CrossRef
  • The 2nd Meeting of National Control Laboratories for Vaccines and Biologicals in the Western Pacific
    Hokyung Oh, Jinho Shin, Chung Keel Lee, Masaki Ochiai, Kiyoko Nojima, Chang Kweng Lim, Sanj Raut, Irene Lisovsky, Stella Williams, Ki Young Yoo, Dong-Yeop Shin, Manabu Ato, Qiang Ye, Kiwon Han, Chulhyun Lee, Naery Lee, Ji Young Hong, Kikyung Jung, Pham Va
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2018; 9(3): 133.     CrossRef
  • Measles control in Australia – threats, opportunities and future needs
    C. Raina MacIntyre, Elizabeth Kpozehouen, Mohana Kunasekaran, Kathleen Harriman, Stephen Conaty, Alexander Rosewell, Julian Druce, Nicolee Martin, Anita E. Heywood, Heather F. Gidding, James Wood, Sonya Nicholl
    Vaccine.2018; 36(30): 4393.     CrossRef
  • A Collaborative Study to Establish the Second Korean National Reference Standard for Snake Venom
    Kiwon Han, Kikyung Jung, Hokyung Oh, Hojin Song, Sangmi Park, Ji-Hye Kim, Garam Min, Byung-Hwa Lee, Hyun-sik Nam, Yang Jin Kim, Manabu Ato, Jayoung Jeong, Chiyoung Ahn
    Toxicological Research.2018; 34(3): 191.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives