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Factors influencing quality of life in caregivers of adolescents with developmental disabilities
Joung Woo Joung
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2022;13(4):298-307.   Published online August 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2021.0158
  • 405 View
  • 17 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Caring for adolescents with developmental disabilities (DD) is stressful and challenging, and mothers usually provide care for these children in Korea. This study aimed to identify factors influencing quality of life (QoL) in mothers of adolescents with DD.
Methods
A predictive design was used. Data were collected from a web-based survey administered to a convenience sample of 154 mothers of adolescents with DD from October to November 2020. Data were analyzed using the t-test, analysis of variance, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression.
Results
Perceived health, depression, and family strength were significantly correlated with QoL. Multiple regression showed that family strength, perceived health, depression, and monthly household income influenced the participants’ QoL, and these factors accounted for 69.2% of variance in QoL. Family strength was the factor most strongly affecting QoL (β=0.39).
Conclusion
The study results indicate that health professionals and policy-makers need to pay attention to the overall QoL and physical and psychological health of mothers of adolescents with DD. Since our findings raise the importance of family strength in the QoL of this population, programs to improve family strength need to be implemented and strengthened. Interventions to improve perceived health and decrease depression should be applied, and knowledge on adolescent characteristics and changes should be delivered to caregivers when providing education and consultations. The findings will be helpful for developing educational and counseling programs for this population.
Predictors of health-related quality of life in Koreans with cardiovascular disease
Jung-Hye Lim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2022;13(1):62-70.   Published online February 22, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2021.0286
  • 1,843 View
  • 60 Download
  • 1 Citations
Graphical AbstractGraphical Abstract AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study aimed to identify the predictors of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Korean adults with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with a stratified multistage probability sampling design. Data from the 2016 to 2019 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (n=32,379) were used. Among the participants aged 19 years or older (n=25,995), 1,081 patients with CVD were extracted after excluding those with missing data and those who had cancer. The participants’ HRQoL was measured using the three-level EuroQoL Group’s five-dimension questionnaire (EQ-5D) scale. Data were analyzed using the t-test, one-way analysis of variance, and general linear regression for complex samples. Results: The most potent predictors of HRQoL in Korean adults with CVD were limited activity (β =−0.103, p <0.001), poor perceived health (β =−0.089, p <0.001), depression (β =−0.065, p<0.01), low household income (β=−0.033, p<0.05), unemployment (β=−0.023, p<0.05), and older age (β=−0.002, p<0.01), which explained 37.2% of the variance. Conclusion: Comprehensive interventions that address both physical and mental factors and social systems that provide financial help need to be implemented to improve the HRQoL of Korean adults with CVD.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Factors associated with health-related quality of life in patients with coronary heart disease
    Febio Gutama, Melisa Intan Barliana, Irma Melyani Puspitasari
    Pharmacia.2022; 69(3): 771.     CrossRef
Effects of activities of daily living-based dual-task training on upper extremity function, cognitive function, and quality of life in stroke patients
Hee-Su An, Deok-Ju Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2021;12(5):304-313.   Published online September 13, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2021.0177
  • 7,467 View
  • 180 Download
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of daily living dual-task training focused on improving attention and executive function of the upper extremities, cognitive function, and quality of life in stroke patients.
Methods
We included 30 stroke patients who were hospitalized between July 2020 and October 2020. They were divided into experimental and control groups through randomization. The experimental group performed 20 minutes of dual-task training and received 10 minutes of conventional occupational therapy, while the control group performed 20 minutes of single-task training and received 10 minutes of conventional occupational therapy. Both groups underwent their respective rehabilitation for 30 minutes per session, 5 times per week for 5 weeks.
Results
Both groups showed significant improvements in upper extremity function, cognitive function, and quality of life; the experimental group showed higher results for all items. A significant between-group difference was observed in the magnitude of the changes.
Conclusion
In stroke patients, dual-task training that combined attention and executive function with daily living activities was found to be meaningful, as it encouraged active participation and motivation. This study is expected to be used as a foundation for future interventions for stroke patients.
Validity and reliability of the Health-Related Quality of Life Instrument with 8 Items (HINT-8) in Korean breast cancer patients
Juyoung Kim, Min-Woo Jo, Hyeon-Jeong Lee, Sei-Hyun Ahn, Byung Ho Son, Jong Won Lee, Sae Byul Lee
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2021;12(4):254-263.   Published online August 5, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2021.0005
  • 3,753 View
  • 87 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
This study evaluated the validity and reliability of the Health-Related Quality of Life Instrument with 8 Items (HINT-8) in postoperative breast cancer patients in South Korea.
Methods
The study included 300 breast cancer patients visiting a tertiary hospital. We measured health-related quality of life (HRQoL) using the HINT-8, the 5-level EQ-5D version (EQ-5D-5L), and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast (FACT-B). Discriminatory ability, known-group validity, and convergent validity were assessed. Reliability was evaluated with the Cohen kappa, weighted kappa, and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC).
Results
The EQ-5D-5L indexes (p<0.001) and EQ visual analogue scale (VAS) scores (p<0.001) were significantly higher in subjects with no problems in each item of the HINT-8 than in those with problems. The FACT-B total scores were also higher in subjects without problems on the HINT-8. Older age, lower education level, and comorbidities were associated with a lower HINT-8 index. The HINT-8 index was correlated with the EQ-5D-5L index and the EQ VAS, with correlation coefficients of 0.671 (p<0.001) and 0.577 (p<0.001), respectively. The correlation coefficients between the HINT-8 and the FACT-B ranged from 0.390 to 0.714. The ICC was 0.690 (95% confidence interval, 0.580–0.780).
Conclusion
The HINT-8 showed appropriate validity for capturing HRQoL in postoperative breast cancer patients.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Health-related quality of life among cancer patients and survivors and its relationship with current employment status
    Woorim Kim, Kyu-Tae Han, Seungju Kim
    Supportive Care in Cancer.2022; 30(5): 4547.     CrossRef
  • Associations between Food Groups and Health-Related Quality of Life in Korean Adults
    Shamirah Nabbosa, Sunghee Lee
    Nutrients.2022; 14(17): 3643.     CrossRef
  • Validity of the Health-Related Quality of Life Instrument with 8 Items (HINT-8) in the Korean Elderly: A Cross-Sectional Study
    Seon-Ha Kim, Miok Kim
    Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing.2022; 24(3): 248.     CrossRef
Impact of fatigue on quality of life among breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy
Fares Mohammed Saeed Muthanna, Mahmathi Karuppannan, Bassam Abdul Rasool Hassan, Ali Haider Mohammed
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2021;12(2):115-125.   Published online April 29, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2021.12.2.09
  • 4,860 View
  • 225 Download
  • 5 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Fatigue is the most frequently reported symptom experienced by cancer patients and has a profound effect on their quality of life (QOL). The study aimed to determine the impact of fatigue on QOL among breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy and to identify the risk factors associated with severe fatigue incidence.
Methods
This was an observational prospective study carried out at multiple centers. In total, 172 breast cancer patients were included. The Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue Questionnaire was used to measure QOL, while the Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI) was used to assess the severity of fatigue.
Results
The total average mean and standard deviation of QOL were 84.58±18.07 and 4.65±1.14 for BFI scores, respectively. A significant association between fatigue and QOL was found in linear and multiple regression analyses. The relationships between fatigue severity and cancer stage, chemotherapy dose delay, dose reduction, chemotherapy regimen, and ethnicity were determined using binary logistic regression analysis.
Conclusion
The findings of this study are believed to be useful for helping oncologists effectively evaluate, monitor, and treat fatigue related to QOL changes.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Anatomical Sites OF Superficial Basal Cell Cancers Demonstrate Higher Rates of Mixed Histology
    Zahid Sarfaraz Khan, Asim Muhammad, Muhammad Ataullah, Syeda Gulrukh Saba Shah, Tehmina Naushin, Hina Mir, Nabiha Naeem, Ziyad Ahmad, Sudhair Abbas Bangash, Irfan Ullah
    Pakistan BioMedical Journal.2022; : 44.     CrossRef
  • Glycated Albumin's Clinical Effectiveness in The Diabetes Diagnosis
    Summeira Jabeen Shah, Hajira Ishaq, Hina Hakeem, Saima Shaheen, Sikandar Ali Khan, Sosan Rauf, Hina Mir, Sudhair Abbas Bangash, Muhammad Ali, Irfan Ullah
    Pakistan BioMedical Journal.2022; : 176.     CrossRef
  • Post stroke intervention trial in fatigue (POSITIF): Randomised multicentre feasibility trial
    Gillian Mead, David Gillespie, Mark Barber, Allan House, Steff Lewis, Hannah Ensor, Simiao Wu, Trudie Chalder
    Clinical Rehabilitation.2022; 36(12): 1578.     CrossRef
  • Quality of Life and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Receiving Chemotherapy at Oncology Hospitals in Vietnam After the Third Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic
    Hanh TH Nguyen, Khanh Linh Duong, Son T Nguyen, Quy Trinh, Hao TL Hoang, Toan Q Phung, Hsiang-Wen Lin, Huong TL Nguyen
    Cancer Management and Research.2022; Volume 14: 2429.     CrossRef
  • Effects of traditional Chinese medicine exercise therapy on cancer-related fatigue, anxiety and sleep quality in cancer patients
    Lihao Jiang, Ju Ouyang, Xianfeng Du
    Medicine.2021; 100(44): e27681.     CrossRef
Health-Related Quality of Life and its Associated Factors in COVID-19 Patients
Morteza Arab-Zozani, Fatemah Hashemi, Hossein Safari, Mahmood Yousefi, Hosein Ameri
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(5):296-302.   Published online October 22, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.5.05
  • 8,913 View
  • 418 Download
  • 45 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is one of the most important outcome measures for patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate HRQoL and related factors in Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients.

Methods

A total of 420 COVID-19 patients who had been discharged from hospital were selected using a systematic sampling. The EuroQol 5-dimensional-5 levels (EQ-5D-5L) questionnaire along with medical records of the patients were used to gather the data. The t test and analysis of variance were employed to test the difference between mean EQ-5D-5L scores, and the BetaMix model was used to investigate factors associated with EQ-5D-5L scores.

Results

The mean score for the patients who completed the EQ-5D-5L questionnaire (n = 409) was 0.6125. The EQ-5D-5L scores were significantly higher in males, patients with younger age, those with a low level of education, the employed, patients who worked in uncrowded workplaces, patients without diabetes, and those who were not admitted to intensive care unit. The BetaMix model showed that gender, age, education, employment status, having diabetes, heart failure, and admission to the intensive care unit were significant independent predictors of the EQ-5D-5L index values.

Conclusion

The mean score for EQ-5D-5L in COVID-19 patients was low in this study. Some of the factors, especially aging and having diabetes, should be considered in the aftercare of patients to improve their HRQoL.

Citations

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  • Health related quality of life in adults with asthma: a systematic review to identify the values of EQ-5D-5L instrument
    Somayeh Afshari, Hosein Ameri, Rajab Ali Daroudi, Maryam Shiravani, Hassan Karami, Ali Akbari Sari
    Journal of Asthma.2022; 59(6): 1203.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of perceived fears of COVID-19 virus infection and its relationship to health-related quality of life among patients with diabetes mellitus in Egypt during pandemic: a developing country single-center study
    Mohamed Abdelghani, Mohamed G. Hamed, Amira Said, Eman Fouad
    Diabetology International.2022; 13(1): 108.     CrossRef
  • Post‐acute COVID‐19 syndrome (PCS) and health‐related quality of life (HRQoL)—A systematic review and meta‐analysis
    Preeti Malik, Karan Patel, Candida Pinto, Richa Jaiswal, Raghavendra Tirupathi, Shreejith Pillai, Urvish Patel
    Journal of Medical Virology.2022; 94(1): 253.     CrossRef
  • Infección grave por SARS-CoV-2: valoración clínica y evaluación funcional biomecánica al mes del alta hospitalaria
    A. Ezzeddine Angulo, J.M. Elía Martínez, V. Iñigo Huarte, I. Máñez Añón, J.M. Tenías Burillo, F. Peydro de Moya
    Rehabilitación.2022; 56(2): 142.     CrossRef
  • Quality of life and other patient-reported outcomes in adult Lebanese patients with type 2 diabetes during COVID-19 pandemic
    E. Naous, M. Boulos, G. Sleilaty, A. A. Achkar, M.-H. Gannagé-Yared
    Journal of Endocrinological Investigation.2022; 45(4): 763.     CrossRef
  • Economic evaluations of inactivated COVID-19 vaccines in six Western Pacific and South East Asian countries and regions: A modeling study
    Yawen Jiang, Dan Cai, Si Shi
    Infectious Disease Modelling.2022; 7(1): 109.     CrossRef
  • Psychological Symptoms in COVID-19 Patients: Insights into Pathophysiology and Risk Factors of Long COVID-19
    Angel Yun-Kuan Thye, Jodi Woan-Fei Law, Loh Teng-Hern Tan, Priyia Pusparajah, Hooi-Leng Ser, Sivakumar Thurairajasingam, Vengadesh Letchumanan, Learn-Han Lee
    Biology.2022; 11(1): 61.     CrossRef
  • Health-related quality of life among COVID-19 individuals: A cross-sectional study in Tamil Nadu, India
    Suganya Barani, Tarun Bhatnagar, Meenakumari Natarajan, Kumari Gayathri, Harshal Bhimrao Sonekar, Akhil Sasidharan, T.S. Selvavinayagam, Bhavani Shankara Bagepally
    Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health.2022; 13: 100943.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of post-COVID health status using the EuroQol-5D-5L scale
    Siddhi Hegde, Shreya Sreeram, Kaushik R Bhat, Vaishnavi Satish, Sujith Shekar, Mahesh Babu
    Pathogens and Global Health.2022; 116(8): 498.     CrossRef
  • European Respiratory Society statement on long COVID follow-up
    Katerina M. Antoniou, Eirini Vasarmidi, Anne-Marie Russell, Claire Andrejak, Bruno Crestani, Marion Delcroix, Anh Tuan Dinh-Xuan, Venerino Poletti, Nicola Sverzellati, Michele Vitacca, Martin Witzenrath, Thomy Tonia, Antonio Spanevello
    European Respiratory Journal.2022; 60(2): 2102174.     CrossRef
  • Quality of life of COVID 19 patients after discharge: Systematic review
    H. M. R. K. G. Nandasena, M. L. Pathirathna, A. M. M. P. Atapattu, P. T. S. Prasanga, Mohamed A Yassin
    PLOS ONE.2022; 17(2): e0263941.     CrossRef
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    Abdene Weya Kaso, Habtamu Endashaw Hareru, Taha Kaso, Gebi Agero, Mohd Saeed
    BioMed Research International.2022; 2022: 1.     CrossRef
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    Eduardo Augusto Barbosa Figueiredo, Whesley Tanor Silva, Sabrina Pinheiro Tsopanoglou, Débora Fernandes de Melo Vitorino, Luciano Fonseca Lemos de Oliveira, Keity Lamary Souza Silva, Hiago Daniel Herédia Luz, Matheus Ribeiro Ávila, Lucas Fróis Fernandes d
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    Shorouk Mohsen, Ragaa El-Masry, Olfat Farag Ali, Doaa Abdel-Hady
    Global Health Research and Policy.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Quality of life (QoL) among COVID-19 recovered healthcare workers in Bangladesh
    Md Utba Rashid, Md Abdullah Saeed Khan, Koustuv Dalal, Soumik Kha Sagar, Mosharop Hossian, Sabrina Yesmin Barsha, Miah Md. Akiful Haque, Mohammad Ali Hossain, Mohammad Hayatun Nabi, Mohammad Delwer Hossain Hawlader
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    VANLALFAKZELI, VARADHA PAYANGOTT, ABUBAKER SIDDIQ
    International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutic.2022; : 1.     CrossRef
  • The Persistent Symptoms and Decreased Quality of Life of COVID-19 Patients (A 3-month Follow-up after Discharge)
    Nur Farhanah, Charles Budiman, Muchlis Achsan Udji Sofro, Budi Riyanto, Suharyo Hadisaputro, Muhammad Hussein Gasem
    Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences.2022; 10(B): 1419.     CrossRef
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    Pathavee Waewwab, Wirichada Pan-ngum, Sukhontha Siri, Bhophkrit Bhopdhornangkul, Wiriya Mahikul
    Frontiers in Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Patterns in the relationship between acute COVID-19/long COVID-19 and quality of life: A cross-sectional study of patients attending a tertiary care hospital in Turkey
    Hakan Tuzun, Cansu Özbaş, Burkay Budak, Gizem Altunay, FN Baran Aksakal
    Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine.2022; 15(6): 274.     CrossRef
  • The effect of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) according to gender on health-related quality of life
    Betül ÇİFTÇİ
    Journal of Health Sciences and Medicine.2022; 5(4): 1030.     CrossRef
  • Health-Related Quality of Life of Moroccan COVID-19 Survivors: A Case-Control Study
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    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2022; 19(14): 8804.     CrossRef
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    Healthcare.2022; 10(8): 1414.     CrossRef
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    Merili Tamson, Rainer Reile, Diana Sokurova, Kaire Innos, Eha Nurk, Kaia Laidra, Sigrid Vorobjov
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2022; 19(15): 9060.     CrossRef
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    Quality of Life Research.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Mohammed Ayalew, Bedilu Deribe, Siraj Hussen, Semira Defar, Abel Gedefaw
    Frontiers in Psychiatry.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Esma DEMİRHAN, Sevgi ATAR, Günay ER, İpek OKUTAN, Ömer KURU
    The European Research Journal.2022; : 1.     CrossRef
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    Revista Cuidado y Salud Pública.2022; 2(1): 56.     CrossRef
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    Medicina.2022; 58(10): 1500.     CrossRef
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    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2022; 11(21): 6478.     CrossRef
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    Archives of Public Health.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    PLOS ONE.2021; 16(10): e0259164.     CrossRef
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    Md. Injamul Haq Methun, M. Sheikh Giash Uddin, Iqramul Haq, Md. Asaduzzaman Noor, Md. Jakaria Habib, Md. Ismail Hossain, Ahmed Abdus Saleh Saleheen, Sutopa Roy, Shatabdi Shamrita Ume, Md. Rukonozzaman Rukon, Md. Amit Hasan, Md. Jahangir Alam
    Indian Journal of Medical Sciences.2021; 74: 15.     CrossRef
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    Abdene Weya Kaso, Gebi Agero, Zewdu Hurisa, Taha Kaso, Helen Ali Ewune, Alemayehu Hailu
    Health and Quality of Life Outcomes.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Cardiovascular diseases, social and demographic factors, and quality of life in convalescents of COVID-19-associated pneumonia three months after hospital discharge
    O.A. Guskova, E.I. Yaroslavskaya, B.Yu. Prilenskii, T.I. Petelina
    Profilakticheskaya meditsina.2021; 24(11): 36.     CrossRef
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    RajaRam Mahto, Arshath Jyothi, Aparna Dileep, Archana Shukla, Aleena Gauri
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Factors Influencing Self-Rated Oral Health in Elderly People Residing in the Community: Results from the Korea Community Health Survey, 2016
Jong-Hoon Moon, Sung-Jin Heo, Jin-Hwa Jung
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(4):245-250.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.4.14
  • 3,830 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The aim of this study was to examine the factors influencing perceived oral health in elderly individuals residing in the community.

Methods

This study used raw data from the Korea community health survey, 2016. Of the 64,223 participants that were elderly (aged ≥ 65 years), 61,280 (95.4%) were included for analysis. Self-rated oral health was the dependent variable and 6 independent variables including age, gender, type of area of residence (metropolitan or provincial), educational level, income, and living status with spouse were assessed. Oral function was studied based on mastication, pronunciation, and use of dentures, and oral health behavior included brushing teeth after breakfast, after lunch, after dinner, and before sleep). The EQ-5D questionnaire measured health-related quality of life (mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression).

Results

Among the general characteristics, age, gender, educational level, income, and living status with spouse were the factors that affected self-rated oral health. Mastication, pronunciation, use of dentures, and brushing after lunch, dinner, and before sleep were the factors that influenced self-rated oral function. All domains of the EQ-5D (pain/discomfort, mobility, self-care, usual activities, and anxiety/depression) were factors that affected self-rated oral health.

Conclusion

The results of the current investigation suggest that the development of management and education strategies for oral health promotion in the elderly, should focus on improving oral function and oral health behavior, taking into account the socio-economic and demographic characteristics that have been shown to be associated with poor self-rated oral function.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Oral health-related quality of life, probable depression and probable anxiety: evidence from a representative survey in Germany
    André Hajek, Hans-Helmut König
    BMC Oral Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Factors Associated with Self‐reported Oral Health Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults in a Rural Province of Thailand
    Yaowapa Chantaraboot, Nithimar Sermsuti-anuwat
    Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare.2022; Volume 15: 2111.     CrossRef
  • Self-rated oral health among elderly patients attending a university dental hospital in Thailand: a telephone-based cross-sectional survey study
    Nithimar Sermsuti-anuwat, Narongrit Nampikul, Rawitsara Suwannimit, Weerachon Panthueng
    PeerJ.2022; 10: e14191.     CrossRef
  • Older adults’ perceptions of oral health and its influence on general health: A deductive direct content analysis
    Maria Snogren, Irene Eriksson, Maria Browall, Kristina Ek
    Nordic Journal of Nursing Research.2022; : 205715852211248.     CrossRef
  • Oral health status and behavior in elderly Koreans with periodontal disease
    Sae‐Rom Lee, Mi Ah Han, Jong Park, So Yeon Ryu, So Yeong Kim
    Journal of Public Health Dentistry.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
Health-Related Quality of Life Based on Comorbidities Among Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease
Jieun Cha, Dallong Han
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(4):194-200.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.4.08
  • 3,855 View
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  • 8 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The aim of this study was to investigate comorbidities in patients with end-stage renal disease, and to compare health-related quality of life (HRQOL) according to the type, and number of comorbidities.

Methods

A total of 250 adults undergoing hemodialysis were recruited at local clinics. HRQOL was measured using the 12-item Medical Outcomes Study Short Form questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, analysis of variance, and t test.

Results

Around 70.8% of patients with end stage renal disease had 1 or more comorbidities, and the most common comorbidities were hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. HRQOL was significantly different based on the number of comorbidities (F = 9.83, p < 0.001). The effect of comorbidities on the scores for mental health domains of the HRQOL questionnaire was not conclusive compared with the scores for the physical domain which were conclusive. Among the comorbidities, diabetes was associated with a lower quality of life.

Conclusion

The customized management of diabetic and hypertensive patients is necessary for the early detection and prevention of chronic kidney disease, and slowing the progression of renal disease and managing cardiovascular risk factors is essential.

Citations

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  • Health Literacy and Change in Health-Related Quality of Life in Dialysed Patients
    Ivana Skoumalova, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Jaroslav Rosenberger, Maria Majernikova, Peter Kolarcik, Daniel Klein, Andrea F. de Winter, Jitse P. van Dijk, Sijmen A. Reijneveld
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2022; 19(2): 620.     CrossRef
  • Physical Activity and Health-Related Quality of Life of Patients on Hemodialysis with Comorbidities: A Cross-Sectional Study
    Yu-Hui Wu, Yu-Juei Hsu, Wen-Chii Tzeng
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2022; 19(2): 811.     CrossRef
  • Disease Knowledge, Self-Efficacy, and Quality of Life in Patient With Hypertensive Nephropathy
    Yen-Yen Chen, Mei-Chen Lee, Shu-Fang Vivienne Wu, Yueh-Min Liu, Hui-Mei Chen
    Clinical Nursing Research.2022; 31(6): 1179.     CrossRef
  • The mediating effect of self‐efficacy in the relationship between mental health and quality of life in patients with hypertensive nephrology
    Mei‐Chen Lee, Yen‐Yen Chen, Chun‐Yi Tai, Shu‐Fang Vivienne Wu
    Journal of Advanced Nursing.2022; 78(9): 2827.     CrossRef
  • The relationship between grip strength with health-related quality of life and mortality in hemodialysis patients
    Clara S. A. Sugizaki, Hellen C. N. Rodrigues, Jéssica F. M. Ivo, Ana T. V. S. Freitas, Maria L. F. Stringhini, Sérgio A. R. Paiva, Marcos F. Minicucci, Maria R. G. Peixoto, Nara A. Costa
    Nutrire.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Factors Affecting Quality of Life in Hemodialysis Patients
    Ade Yonata, Nurul Islamy, Achmad Taruna, Lukman Pura
    International Journal of General Medicine.2022; Volume 15: 7173.     CrossRef
  • Health related quality of life of patients undergoing in-centre hemodialysis in Rwanda: a cross sectional study
    Gloria Shumbusho, Celestin Hategeka, Marianne Vidler, Jules Kabahizi, Marla McKnight
    BMC Nephrology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Short Form-6 Dimension (SF-6D) Validity and Reliability in Hemodialysis Patients
    Anisa Zulfa Fatihah, Tri Murti Andayani, Nanang Munif Yasin
    JURNAL FARMASI DAN ILMU KEFARMASIAN INDONESIA.2021; 8(2): 150.     CrossRef
Impact of Cognitive Aging on Health-Related Quality of Life in Menopausal Women
Kyoung Suk Lee, Mi Sook Jung, Mijung Kim, Kyeongin Cha, Eunyoung Chung
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(4):185-193.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.4.07
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Menopause is a well-known risk factor for accelerating cognitive aging in women. This study aimed to assess differences in cognitive function and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) according to menopausal status to determine whether the menopause significantly affects the relationship between cognitive function and HRQOL.

Methods

This was a cross-sectional comparative study with a convenience sample of 178 Korean women including 89 naturally menopausal women (65 ± 10 years) and 89 non-menopausal women (45 ± 8 years) who met the eligibility criteria and completed neuropsychological tests and self-report questionnaires about their HRQOL, cognitive function, depression, and sleep quality. Multiple regression analyses were performed within and between groups according to menopausal status.

Results

Menopausal women had significantly worse scores on neuropsychological performance and HRQOL than non-menopausal women. A better neuropsychological performance (β = 0.34) was solely associated with a better HRQOL in menopausal women, whilst socioeconomic variables were associated with HRQOL in non-menopausal women.

Conclusion

Menopause is an important risk factor for HRQOL, and the association between cognition and HRQOL may differ according to menopausal status. When developing programs for target groups to improve daily functioning and HRQOL, healthcare professionals need to pay more attention to this relationship.

A Study on the Physical Activities, Mental Health, and Health-Related Quality of Life of Osteoarthritis Patients
Deok-Ju Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(6):368-375.   Published online December 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.6.07
  • 4,025 View
  • 210 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The purpose of this study was to investigate the physical activities, mental health, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of osteoarthritis patients.

Methods

This study was conducted using data from the first year of the 7th Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey. There were 8,150 participants included in the survey, and 665 participants had been diagnosed with osteoarthritis. This study analyzed the measurements of physical activities, depression, and HRQOL in participants with osteoarthritis.

Results

The mean age of the participants was 67 ± 9.9 years and 83.1% were female. Participants rarely engaged in work-related physical activity, and engaged in leisure-related physical activities infrequently. Most of the participants (85.9%) did not do regular exercise, but 1/3 of the participants walked for over 10 minutes a day. “Pain/discomfort” had the least impact upon HRQOL, and among the depression subcategories, “difficult to sleep and tiredness” had the most impact. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that an adverse HRQOL score was statistically significantly associated with “location changes/physical activities” (p < 0. 01), “depression” (p < 0.001) and “age” (p < 0.001).

Conclusion

Exercise programs should be in place which are manageable in everyday life for the elderly (> 65 years). Changes in daily routine so that patients become more active, should be supported by the family and community, together with assistance in managing psychological problems such as depression.

Citations

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  • Investigation on the association between diabetes distress and productivity among patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus in the primary healthcare institutions
    Yingqi Xu, Gabrielle Yin Yern Tong, Joyce Yu-Chia Lee
    Primary Care Diabetes.2020; 14(5): 538.     CrossRef
Factors Affecting Activity Limitation in the Elderly: Data Processed from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2016
Jong-Hoon Moon
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(3):117-122.   Published online June 30, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.3.02
  • 3,992 View
  • 34 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The aim of this study was to compare the sociodemographic characteristics, depression, and the health-related quality of life outcome, among the Korean elderly population, with and without activity limitation.

Methods

The data used was drawn from the raw data of the seventh Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (N = 8,150). There were 1,632 records for individuals aged 65 or older extracted from the seventh Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey database, 199 of those had missing responses (n = 1,433). Differences within the sociodemographic characteristic, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and the EuroQol-5 Dimension were analyzed using logistic regression analysis according to the presence or absence of activity limitation.

Results

The prevalence of activity limitation among the elderly individuals surveyed was 19.9%. In the unadjusted regression analysis, the odds ratios of all independent variables (age, gender, education level, type of region, family income, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, all 5 domains of the EuroQol-5 Dimension) between the elderly individuals with and without activity limitation, were significant. Although, in the adjusted logistic regression analysis, it was observed that the only factors that were significantly associated with activity limitation were the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, EuroQol-5 Dimension, type of region, and family income.

Conclusion

These findings demonstrated that activity limitation in elderly individuals is associated with the sociodemographic characteristics of family income and type of region of residence, as well as depression and the health-related quality of life outcome.

Citations

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  • Associations between Depressive Symptoms and Satisfaction with Meaningful Activities in Community-Dwelling Japanese Older Adults
    Michio Maruta, Hyuma Makizako, Yuriko Ikeda, Hironori Miyata, Atsushi Nakamura, Gwanghee Han, Suguru Shimokihara, Keiichiro Tokuda, Takuro Kubozono, Mitsuru Ohishi, Kounosuke Tomori, Takayuki Tabira
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2020; 9(3): 795.     CrossRef
The Effects of Restricted Physical Activity on Health-Related Quality of Life in Adult Patients with Depression
Deok-Ju Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(2):85-92.   Published online April 30, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.2.07
  • 5,297 View
  • 68 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The objective was to identify restricted physical activity in patients with depression, and to determine the effects of that restricted activity, on their health-related quality of life (HRQOL).

Methods

Data was analysed from Year 1 of the 7th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VII-1). From a total sample of 8,150 subjects, 277 adults aged ≥19 years who were diagnosed with depression were selected. The results were derived using restricted activity and HRQOL data measured from the subjects.

Results

Most of the participants were females ≥ 50 years old. HRQOL scores were high in the “self-care” dimension and low in the “pain/discomfort” and “anxiety/depression” dimensions. Their restricted activity due to illness in the past year, led to increases in participants being bedridden or absent from work. Many participants reported being bedridden for more than 3 months. A higher number of absences owing to illness in the past year, and longer durations of being bedridden, had a negative impact on HRQOL. Age, marital status, educational level, income level, and occupation were the sociodemographic variables that had an impact on HRQOL.

Conclusion

Patients with depression experiencing stress in their daily lives should take measures to avoid illness and pain that may lead to them becoming bedridden, and employ lifestyle habits with support from families and community health promotion centres, where mental health counselling can be accessed.

Treatment with Sofosbuvir and Daclatasvir (with or without Ribavirin) Improves Patient Reported Outcomes in Hepatitis C
Lucas Pereira Jorge de Medeiros, Mario Barreto Correa Lima, Marcia Maria Amêndola Pires, Alessandra Mendonça Almeida Maciel, Renata Barboza Vianna Medeiros, Mariana Dermínio Donadel, Isabela Martins Becattini Pereira, Fábio Marchon Leão, Luiz Eduardo Amorim Correa Lima Pires, Helio Rzetelna, Carlos Eduardo Brandão-Mello
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(2):50-58.   Published online April 30, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.2.03
  • 3,413 View
  • 35 Download
  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

To evaluate the impact of 3 treatment regimens upon health-related quality of life and work productivity using patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in chronic hepatitis C infected patients: sofosbuvir (SOF) + daclatasvir (DCV); SOF + DCV + ribavirin (RBV); SOF + simeprevir (SMV).

Methods

4 questionnaires were used to evaluate PROs before, during and after treatment: Short Form-36 (SF-36), Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire (CLDQ) - hepatitis C virus (HCV), Work Productivity and Activity Index, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue (FACIT-F).

Results

Of the global sample of 55 patients included in this study; SOF + DCV (n = 10); SOF + DCV + RBV (n = 29); SOF + SMV (n = 16) all had a statistically significant improvement in SF-36, CLDQ and FACIT-F scores during and post-treatment. No statistically significant differences in the PRO questionnaire values were observed between the distinct treatment regimens. The SOF and SMV patient groups presented higher mean PRO variations during and post-treatment, compared to the other groups: SF-36 functional capacity (16.1); SF-36 mental health (21.4); CLDQ activity (1.8); CLDQ emotional function (1.2); FACIT-F physical well-being (8.0); Total FACIT-F (21.6).

Conclusion

Treatment with SOF + DCV, with or without RBV, results in an improved PRO similar to treatment with SOF + SMV in chronic hepatitis C patients.

Citations

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  • Health-related quality of life in people receiving opioid agonist treatment and treatment for hepatitis C virus infection
    Olav Dalgard, Alain H. Litwin, Oren Shibolet, Jason Grebely, Ronald Nahass, Frederick L. Altice, Brian Conway, Edward J. Gane, Anne F. Luetkemeyer, Cheng-Yuan Peng, David Iser, Isaias Noel Gendrano, Michelle M. Kelly, Barbara A. Haber, Heather Platt, Amy
    Journal of Addictive Diseases.2022; : 1.     CrossRef
  • Impact of sofosbuvir and daclastavir on health-related quality of life in patients co-infected with hepatitis C and human immunodeficiency virus
    Evy Yunihastuti, Fhadilla Amelia, Arini Ika Hapsari, Bramantya Wicaksana, Veritea Natali, Alvina Widhani, Andri Sanityoso Sulaiman, Teguh Harjono Karjadi
    Health and Quality of Life Outcomes.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Health-related quality of life and fatigue in patients with chronic hepatitis C with therapy with direct-acting antivirals agents interferon-free
    Raíssa Neves Fagundes, Lincoln Eduardo Villela Vieira de Castro Ferreira, Fábio Heleno de Lima Pace, Yury E. Khudyakov
    PLOS ONE.2020; 15(8): e0237005.     CrossRef
  • Efficacy and safety of sofosbuvir-based pangenotypic direct-acting antiviral agents for chronic hepatitis C patients without genotype determination
    Juan Li, Dong-Bo Wu, Wei Jiang, Xue-Bin Chen, Gui-Bao Xiao, Yong-Hong Wang, Meng-Lan Wang, Ya-Chao Tao, En-Qiang Chen
    Medicine.2020; 99(43): e22726.     CrossRef
Quality of Life of Chronic Hepatitis C Patients and Its Associated Factors
Hoo Jeung Cho, Euna Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017;8(2):124-129.   Published online April 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2017.8.2.04
  • 3,028 View
  • 27 Download
  • 7 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study aimed to investigate the factors affecting the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC).

Methods

This study is based on a descriptive survey and involved 125 gastroenterology outpatients visiting a university hospital in South Korea as the participants. HRQOL was assessed using the Liver Disease Quality of Life 1.0, which consisted of Short Form-36 (SF-36) and the Liver Disease Targeted Scale. Data were collected from December 2015 to April 2016, which were then analyzed through multiple regression analysis.

Results

HRQOL had a statistically significant correlation with age, sex, educational level, living type, employment status, monthly income level, and comorbidity status. This study showed that age > 51 years, female sex, high educational level, living alone, unemployment status, low monthly income, and presence of comorbidity had negative effects on the HRQOL of patients with CHC (R2 = 8.7%–34.6%).

Conclusion

Based on the result of this study, intervention for patients with CHC needs to be developed to enhance their HRQOL. The findings can serve as a useful reference for nursing personnel in the development of therapeutic plans to upgrade the care of CHC patients.

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  • Risk factors of severe hepatotoxicity among HIV-1 infected individuals initiated on highly active antiretroviral therapy in the Northwest Region of Cameroon
    Lem Edith Abongwa, Anthony Kebira Nyamache, Fokunang Charles, Judith Torimiro, Nshom Emmanuel, Irénée Domkam, Mbu Eyongetah, Beriyuy Jude, Fung Holgar Mua, Sama Bella, Tankou Colman Tamboh, Erna Charlene Moungang, Victorine Ngum, Paul Okemo
    BMC Gastroenterology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Cathepsin B and Plasma Kallikrein Are Reliable Biomarkers to Discriminate Clinically Significant Hepatic Fibrosis in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis-C Infection
    Alexia de Cassia Oliveira Zanelatto, Gilmar de Souza Lacerda, Camila de Melo Accardo, Natalia Fonseca do Rosário, Andréa Alice da Silva, Guacyara Motta, Ivarne Luis dos Santos Tersariol, Analucia Rampazzo Xavier
    Microorganisms.2022; 10(9): 1769.     CrossRef
  • Impact of newer direct-acting antiviral drugs based on quality-adjusted life years: A prospective pharmacoeconomic study in hepatitis C patientsImpact of newer direct-acting antiviral drugs based on quality-adjusted life years: A prospective pharmacoecono
    BhavyaH Vyas, NishitaH Darji, DevangA Rana, KaushalY Vyas, SupriyaD Malhotra
    Perspectives in Clinical Research.2021; 12(2): 76.     CrossRef
  • Exploring Perception of Chronic Hepatitis C: An Idiographic Case Study
    Hana Arshad, Subha Malik
    Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research.2020; 34(4): 735.     CrossRef
  • Changes in Quality of Life of Chronic Hepatitis C Patients Participating in Clinical Trial
    Hoo-Jeung CHO, Euna PARK
    JOURNAL OF FISHRIES AND MARINE SCIENCES EDUCATION.2018; 30(5): 1725.     CrossRef
  • Treatment with Sofosbuvir and Daclatasvir (with or without Ribavirin) Improves Patient Reported Outcomes in Hepatitis C
    Lucas Pereira Jorge de Medeiros, Mario Barreto Correa Lima, Marcia Maria Amêndola Pires, Alessandra Mendonça Almeida Maciel, Renata Barboza Vianna Medeiros, Mariana Dermínio Donadel, Isabela Martins Becattini Pereira, Fábio Marchon Leão, Luiz Eduardo Amor
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2018; 9(2): 50.     CrossRef
  • Quality of life in Brazilian patients with treated or untreated chronic hepatitis C
    Cássio Marques Perlin, Vinicius Lins Ferreira, Helena Hiemisch Lobo Borba, Astrid Wiens, Cláudia Alexandra Pontes Ivantes, Luana Lenzi, Roberto Pontarolo
    Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São P.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
The Relationship between Health Behavior and General Health Status: Based on 2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Chunhoo Cheon, So-Mi Oh, Soobin Jang, Jeong-Su Park, Sunju Park, Bo-Hyoung Jang, Yong-Cheol Shin, Seong-Gyu Ko
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(1):28-33.   Published online February 28, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2013.12.003
  • 2,070 View
  • 26 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The aim of the present study is to investigate the relationship between health behavior and general health status.
Methods
We used data from the 2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Mental health was measured by stress recognition and depression. Dietary habit was measured by mixed grain diet. Life pattern was measured by sleeping time and working pattern. Physical activity was measured by walking and exercise. We defined general health status as Euro Quality of Life-5 Dimension (EQ-5Dindex), Euro Quality of Life Visual Analogue Scale (EQ-5Dvas), number of people experienced lying in a sickbed for the last one month, number of days lying in a sickbed for the last one month, and activity limitations.
Results
Mental health, dietary habit, life pattern, and physical activity have seven factors. Most of the factors have a significant correlation with EQ-5Dindex, EQ-5Dvas, number of people experienced lying in a sickbed for the last one month, number of days lying in a sickbed for the last one month, and activity limitations.
Conclusion
Health behavior and general health status have a positive correlation.

Citations

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  • Clustering of Health-Related Behavior Patterns and Demographics. Results From the Population-Based KORA S4/F4 Cohort Study
    Matthias Rabel, Michael Laxy, Barbara Thorand, Annette Peters, Lars Schwettmann, Filip Mess
    Frontiers in Public Health.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Patients with Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain of 3–6-Month Duration Already Have Low Levels of Health-Related Quality of Life and Physical Activity
    Javid Majlesi
    Current Pain and Headache Reports.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives