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Original Articles
Comparative study of the intestinal parasitism profiles between communities across the 5 municipalities of the Barranquilla metropolitan area, Colombia
Luz A. Sarmiento-Rubiano, Margarita Filott, Lucila Gómez, Marianella Suarez-Marenco, María C. Sarmiento, Jimmy E. Becerra
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2021;12(5):333-341.   Published online October 20, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2021.0181
  • 2,779 View
  • 85 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The aim of this study was to compare the rate of parasitism and intestinal parasitism profiles of children who live in relatively proximal communities across the 5 municipalities of the Barranquilla metropolitan area, Colombia.
Methods
In total, 986 fecal samples from children aged 1 to 10 were analyzed using a direct method (physiological saline and lugol) and the zinc sulfate flotation technique. A comparative analysis of the parasitism profiles between sampling locations (7 schools and 3 health centers providing growth and development services) was conducted using principal component analysis (PCA). The presence of Taenia solium antibodies was evaluated by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method in 269 serum samples from the same group of children.
Results
The overall prevalence of intestinal parasitism was 57.6% (range, 42.1%–77.6%) across the sampling areas. The prevalence of helminthiasis was between 4.1% and 23.7%, and that of intestinal protozoa was between 38.2% and 73.5%. PCA showed that the parasite profiles of each sampling location shared no common characteristics. A total of 3.0% of the serum samples were positive for T. solium antibodies.
Conclusion
The intestinal parasitism profiles between relatively proximal sampling locations with similar geographic conditions were vastly different, indicating the need to study each small ecological niche on a localized scale to develop more cost-effective interventions for controlling intestinal parasitism.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • An update on the distribution of Blastocystis subtypes in the Americas
    Paula Jiménez, Marina Muñoz, Juan David Ramírez
    Heliyon.2022; 8(12): e12592.     CrossRef
Enteroparasitism and Risk Factors Associated with Clinical Manifestations in Children and Adults of Jalisco State in Western Mexico
María de la Luz Galván-Ramírez, Ana Luisa Madriz-Elisondo, Cynthia Guadalupe Temores Ramírez, Jorge de Jesús Romero Rameño, Dania Araceli de la O Carrasco, Marco Antonio Cardona López
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(1):39-48.   Published online February 28, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.1.08
  • 6,186 View
  • 112 Download
  • 10 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

To determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with intestinal parasites in the population of San Juan Cosala, Jalisco, Mexico.

Methods

A total of 277 samples from 104 participants were analysed using direct smear, flotation, formaldehyde/ethyl acetate, and modified Kinyoun’s acid-fast stain methods. The Graham method was applied only for samples from children under 12 years of age for the diagnosis of Enterobius vermicularis.

Results

The prevalence of parasite infections in the study population was 77.9% including: Entamoeba histolytica/E. dispar/E. moshkovskii/E. bangladeshi (37.5%), Giardia intestinalis (11.5%); commensals: Endolimax nana (44.2%), Entamoeba coli (27.9%), Chilomastix mesnili (6.7%) and Iodamoeba bütschlii, (2.9%); emerging intestinal protozoans: Blastocystis spp. (49%), Cryptosporidium spp. (7.7%) and Cyclospora cayetanensis (2.9%); and helminths: Enterobius vermicularis (18.3%) and Ascaris lumbricoides (5.8%). The results also showed that 58.64% of the studied population presented polyparasitism. A significant association was found between protozoan infections and housewives, and houses that were not built with concrete ceilings, brick walls and cement floors (p < 0.05).

Conclusion

Polyparasitism was observed in over half the study population. The most prevalent parasite was Blastocystis spp, whilst the prevalence of helminths was less than that of protozoans. The risk factors for infection to intestinal parasites were being a housewife and not having solid brick, cement and concrete materials for house construction.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Intestinal parasite infections associated with sociodemographic and seasonal factors in the Western Amazon
    Gustavo Henrique Sinhorin, Ana Carolina Gomes Carneiro, Beatrice Emeli Silva Farias, Patrícia de Almeida, Antônio Ralph Medeiros-Sousa, Leonardo Augusto Kohara Melchior, Andreia Fernandes Brilhante
    Parasitology Research.2023; 122(2): 419.     CrossRef
  • Enterobiasis among Yemeni children: a cross-sectional study
    Abdulelah H. Al-Adhroey, Yahya A. Al-Ansi, Mohammed A. Al-Kholani, Abdulrahman H. Amer, Marwan M. Al-Khyat, Fadia H. Al Hubaishi, Radhwan H. Aziz, Ebrahim S. Al-Khateeb, Souad A. Al-Gabri, Tawfik M. Al-Gabri
    Journal of Parasitic Diseases.2022; 46(3): 722.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of human cryptosporidiosis in the Americas: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Higor Wilson Jann, Mauro Jorge Cabral-Castro, João Victor Barreto Costa, Alba Cristina Miranda de Barros Alencar, José Mauro Peralta, Regina Helena Saramago Peralta
    Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São P.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Intestinal protozoa and helminths in ulcerative colitis and the influence of anti-parasitic therapy on the course of the disease
    Abdurakhim Toychiev, Behzod Navruzov, Dinora Pazylova, Nikolay Davis, Najiya Badalova, Svetlana Osipova
    Acta Tropica.2021; 213: 105755.     CrossRef
  • Contamination of fresh produce sold on the Italian market with Cyclospora cayetanensis and Echinococcus multilocularis
    Alessandra Barlaam, Tamirat T. Temesgen, Kristoffer R. Tysnes, Laura Rinaldi, Nicola Ferrari, Anna R. Sannella, Giovanni Normanno, Simone M. Cacciò, Lucy J. Robertson, Annunziata Giangaspero
    Food Microbiology.2021; 98: 103792.     CrossRef
  • The role of environmental factors in the realization of the epidemic process on ascariasis
    Anton A. Martsev
    Hygiene and sanitation.2021; 100(3): 218.     CrossRef
  • Epidemiology of Intestinal Parasites in Pediatric Patients: Example of Ordu Province
    Emine YURDAKUL ERTÜRK, Ülkü KARAMAN, Yeliz KAŞKO ARICI, Cemil ÇOLAK, Gamze YOLALAN, Şermin TOP
    Online Türk Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Molecular genotyping of Blastocystis spp. in wild mammals from Mexico
    Fernando Martinez-Hernandez, Jose Alejandro Martinez-Ibarra, Eduardo Lopez-Escamilla, Claudia Villanueva-Garcia, Claudia Irais Muñoz-Garcia, Emilio Rendon-Franco, Pablo Maravilla, Guiehdani Villalobos
    Parasitology Research.2020; 119(1): 97.     CrossRef
  • The association between the lack of safe drinking water and sanitation facilities with intestinal Entamoeba spp infection risk: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Hamid Atabati, Hamid Kassiri, Ehsan Shamloo, Mitra Akbari, Ali Atamaleki, Fatemeh Sahlabadi, Nguyen Thi Thuy Linh, Ali Rostami, Yadolah Fakhri, Amin Mousavi Khaneghah, Chia Kwung Fan
    PLOS ONE.2020; 15(11): e0237102.     CrossRef
  • Cyclospora cayetanensis and Cyclosporiasis: An Update
    Sonia Almeria, Hediye N. Cinar, Jitender P. Dubey
    Microorganisms.2019; 7(9): 317.     CrossRef
Epidemiological Aspects of Visceral Leishmaniasis in Larestan and Ghiro-Karzin Counties, Southwest of Iran
Nasiri Zahra, Keshavarzi Davood, Akbari Morteza, Soltani Zahra
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(2):81-85.   Published online April 30, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.2.07
  • 4,060 View
  • 32 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Leishmania parasites are the causative agents of leishmaniasis. The Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) form of the disease is fatal if not treated in most cases. This study examined the epidemiological aspects of VL in two southwest counties of Iran.

Methods

This was a retrospective study of hospitalized patients with a laboratory confirmation of VL from Larestan and Ghiro-Karzin Counties.

Results

For Larestan county, a decline in the incidence of VL has been observed from 2004 to 2015. Significantly more males (n = 14) than females (n = 6) were infected with VL in this county (p < 0.05), >95% of cases in children under 5 years of age. In Ghiro-Karzin county, the results were similar to a decline in VL infection from 2004 to 2015, and slightly more males (n = 14) than females (n = 11). Similarly, the majority of the patients infected with VL were children under 5 years old (88%).

Conclusion

The results from this study indicate that although the incidence of VL infection has reduced over time, VL was more prevalent in boys under 5 years old, suggesting that more attention to controlling the parasite and its vector are required.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Efficacy and safety of single-dose liposomal amphotericin B in patients with visceral leishmaniasis in Bangladesh: a real-life experience
    Md. Rezaul Ekram, Mohammad Robed Amin, Mohammad Jahid Hasan, Md. Abdullah Saeed Khan, Rajib Nath, Pranab Kumar Mallik, Alex Lister, Monjur Rahman
    Journal of Parasitic Diseases.2021; 45(4): 903.     CrossRef
Prevalence and Risk Factors of Intestinal Parasite Infection among Schoolchildren in the Peripheral Highland Regions of Huanuco, Peru
Byungjin Choi, Bongyoung Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017;8(5):302-307.   Published online October 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2017.8.5.03
  • 3,691 View
  • 56 Download
  • 9 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Schoolchildren in developing countries are at greater risk of intestinal parasitic infections. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and assess the risk factors of intestinal parasite infection among schoolchildren in rural areas of Peru.

Methods

A volunteer team from the Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) conducted a campaign for parasite eradication called “Chao parasitos” at five schools in the peripheral highland regions of Huanuco in October 2013. The study collected questionnaires and stool samples from children of participating schools. Entamoeba coli, Iodamoeba buschii, and Chilomastix mesnil were classified as nonpathogenic parasites.

Results

The overall prevalence of intestinal parasite infection in the students was 100% (185/185). Among them, 25.9% (48/185) were infected only with nonpathogenic parasites whereas 74.1% (137/185) were infected with at least one pathogenic parasite. Ascaris lumbricoides was the most commonly detected (37.3%, 69/185), followed by Giardia lamblia (15.1%, 28/185) and I. buschii (11.9%, 22/185). Among lifestyle practices associated with parasitic infection, the rate of washing hands before meals was significantly lower in the students with pathogenic parasites compared to those with nonpathogenic parasites (77.4%, 106/137 vs. 93.8%, 45/48, p = 0.025).

Conclusion

The prevalence of intestinal parasite was 100%. Both personal hygiene and water supply facilities are required to eradicate parasite infection in rural areas of Peru.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Intestinal parasitic infection among rural schoolchildren in Taiz, Yemen: School-based assessment of the prevalence and associated risk factors
    T. Alharazi
    Helminthologia.2022; 59(3): 233.     CrossRef
  • Systematic Review Of Risk Factor Of Intestinal Parasite Infection
    Nur Afidah Novitasari, Mohammad Zainal Fatah
    Media Gizi Kesmas.2021; 10(1): 165.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infections among Children in Europe over the Last Five Years
    Maria Kantzanou, Maria A. Karalexi, Georgia Vrioni, Athanasios Tsakris
    Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease.2021; 6(3): 160.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infections and Associated Risk Factors among the First-Cycle Primary Schoolchildren in Sasiga District, Southwest Ethiopia
    Baye Sitotaw, Wakgari Shiferaw
    Journal of Parasitology Research.2020; 2020: 1.     CrossRef
  • Relative Frequency of Blastocystis Subtypes 1, 2, and 3 in Urban and Periurban Human Populations of Arequipa, Peru
    Kasandra Ascuña-Durand, Renzo S. Salazar-Sánchez, Ricardo Castillo-Neyra, Jorge Ballón-Echegaray
    Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease.2020; 5(4): 178.     CrossRef
  • Enteroparasitosis in patients attended by the health public service: epidemiology and spatial distribution
    Andressa Barros Ibiapina, Janaína Soares Leal, Pedro Ricardo Alves de Santana, Marcelo Ribeiro Mesquita, Tito Lívio da Cunha Lopes, Débora Cavalcante Braz
    Scientia Medica.2020; 30(1): e34764.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections and associated risk factors among Jawi primary school children, Jawi town, north-west Ethiopia
    Baye Sitotaw, Haileyesus Mekuriaw, Destaw Damtie
    BMC Infectious Diseases.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Anti-parasitic activity of polyether ionophores
    Michał Antoszczak, Dietmar Steverding, Adam Huczyński
    European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry.2019; 166: 32.     CrossRef
  • Intestinal parasitic infections and associated factors in children of three rural schools in Colombia. A cross-sectional study
    Paula C. Hernández, Liliana Morales, Jacqueline Chaparro-Olaya, Diana Sarmiento, Juan Felipe Jaramillo, Gustavo A. Ordoñez, Fabian Cortés, Lizeth K. Sánchez, Michael E. Grigg
    PLOS ONE.2019; 14(7): e0218681.     CrossRef
Prevalence of Clonorchis sinensis Infections Along the Five Major Rivers in Republic of Korea, 2007
Hyun-Kyung Kim, Hyeng-Il Cheun, Byung-Suk Cheun, Ki-Yeon Lee, Tong-Soo Kim, Sang-Eun Lee, Won-ja Lee, Shin-Hyeong Cho
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2010;1(1):43-49.   Published online December 31, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2010.12.010
  • 1,966 View
  • 11 Download
  • 19 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The prevalence of Clonorchis sinensis infection was investigated among residents of the five major river basins, that is, Hangang, Nakdonggang, Seomjingang, Yeongsangang, and Geumgang River basins in Korea.
Methods
From January to December 2007, a total of 31,268 stool samples were collected from 29 localities and examined by the formalin-ether sedimentation technique.
Results
Intestinal parasite eggs and/or protozoan cysts were detected from 2957 (9.5%) inhabitants. Number of residents harbouring helminth eggs in the faeces was 2542 (8.1%) for C. sinensis, 255 (0.8%) for Heterophyes spp., 36 (0.1%) for Echinostoma spp., 30 (0.1%) for Trichuris trichiura, 8 (0.03%) for Ascaris lumbricoides, 7 (0.02%) for Gymnophalloide seoi, and 50 (0.02%) for Trichostrongylus orientalis. Number of residents harbouring protozoan cysts in the faeces was 133 (1.3%) for Entamoeba spp. and 50 (0.2%) for Giardia lamblia. The positive rates of C. sinensis in Nakdonggang, Seomjingang, Yeongsangang, Geumgang, and Hangang River basins were 12.2%, 9.5%, 3.3%, 3.0%, and 1.0%, respectively. The egg positive rate of C. sinensis was higher in male (10.6%) than in female (6.1%), and the age group of 50s had the highest positive rate (10.4%).
Conclusion
The result of this study revealed little decrease in positive rate of C. sinensis compared with the result of southern endemic areas of Korea in 2006.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Infection Characteristics of Clonorchis sinensis Metacercariae in Fish from Republic of Korea
    Woon-Mok Sohn
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology.2022; 60(2): 79.     CrossRef
  • High Endemicity with Clonorchis sinensis Metacercariae in Fish from Yongjeon-cheon (Stream) in Cheongsong-gun, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Korea
    Woon-Mok Sohn, Byoung-Kuk Na, Shin-Hyeong Cho, Hee Il Lee, Myoung-Ro Lee, Jung-Won Ju, Gou Ok Kim
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology.2021; 59(1): 97.     CrossRef
  • Survey of Zoonotic Trematode Metacercariae in Fish from Water Systems of Geum-gang (River) in Republic of Korea
    Woon-Mok Sohn, Byoung-Kuk Na, Shin-Hyeong Cho, Cheon-Hyeon Kim, Min-Ah Hwang, Kyeong-Woo No, Jai-Dong Kim
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology.2021; 59(1): 23.     CrossRef
  • Risk Factors for Clonorchis sinensis Infection in Residents of Binyang, Guangxi: A Cross-Sectional and Logistic Analysis Study
    Meng Xu, Yanyan Jiang, Jianhai Yin, Shengkui Cao, Yujuan Shen, Jianping Cao
    Frontiers in Public Health.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and Infection Intensity of Zoonotic Trematode Metacercariae in Fish from Soyang-cheon (Stream), in Wanju-gun, Jeollabuk-do, Korea
    Woon-Mok Sohn, Byoung-Kuk Na, Shin-Hyeong Cho, Jung-Won Ju, Cheon-Hyeon Kim, Min-Ah Hwang, Kyeong-Woo No, Jong-Ho Park
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology.2021; 59(3): 265.     CrossRef
  • Survey of Zoonotic Trematode Metacercariae in Fish from Irrigation Canal of Togyo-jeosuji (Reservoir) in Cheorwon-gun, Gangwon-do, Republic of Korea
    Woon-Mok Sohn, Byoung-Kuk Na, Shin-Hyeong Cho, Hee Il Lee, Jung-Won Ju, Myoung-Ro Lee, Eun-Joo Lim, Sung Yong Son, Eunmi Ko, Jaeseok Choi
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology.2021; 59(4): 427.     CrossRef
  • Endemicity of Zoonotic Trematode Metacercariae in Fish from Deokcheon-gang (River) in Sancheong-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do, Republic of Korea
    Woon-Mok Sohn, Byoung-Kuk Na, Shin-Hyeong Cho, Hee Il Lee, Jung-Won Ju, Myoung-Ro Lee, Jeong-Gil Park, Jihee Ahn
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology.2021; 59(5): 523.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of Clonorchis sinensis infection in fish in South‐East Asia: A systematic review and meta‐analysis
    Ying Zhang, Qing‐Long Gong, Qing‐Bo Lv, Yang‐Yuan Qiu, Yan‐Chun Wang, Hong‐Yu Qiu, Xin‐Rui Guo, Jun‐Feng Gao, Qiao‐Cheng Chang, Chun‐Ren Wang
    Journal of Fish Diseases.2020; 43(11): 1409.     CrossRef
  • Infection Status with Clonorchis sinensis Metacercariae in Fish from Yangcheon (Stream) in Sancheong-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do, Korea
    Woon-Mok Sohn, Byoung-Kuk Na, Shin-Hyeong Cho, Jung-Won Ju
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology.2019; 57(2): 145.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence, Species Distribution, and Related Factors of Fish-Borne Trematode Infection in Ninh Binh Province, Vietnam
    Anh Kieu Thi Tran, Hoa Thuy Doan, Anh Ngoc Do, Van Thi Nguyen, Su Xuan Hoang, Huong Thu Thi Le, Hoa Thi Hoang, Nam Hoang Le, Quyen Bao Thi Le, Tran-Anh Le
    BioMed Research International.2019; 2019: 1.     CrossRef
  • Infection Status with Digenetic Trematode Metacercariae in Fishes from Coastal Lakes in Gangwon-do, Republic of Korea
    Woon-Mok Sohn, Byoung-Kuk Na, Shin-Hyeong Cho, Soon-Won Lee
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology.2019; 57(6): 681.     CrossRef
  • Recombinant adenylate kinase 3 from liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis for histochemical analysis and serodiagnosis of clonorchiasis
    Soon Bin Kwon, Paul Kim, Hae Sun Woo, Tae Yun Kim, Ju Yeong Kim, Hye Min Lee, Yun Soo Jang, Eun-Min Kim, Tai-Soon Yong, Baik Lin Seong
    Parasitology.2018; 145(12): 1531.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and Intensity of Clonorchis sinensis Metacercariae in Freshwater Fish from Wicheon Stream in Gunwi-gun, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Korea
    Woon-Mok Sohn, Byoung-Kuk Na, Shin-Hyeong Cho, Jung-Won Ju, Dong-Chul Son
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology.2018; 56(1): 41.     CrossRef
  • Epidemiological and Clinical Parameters Features of Patients with Clonorchiasis in the Geum River Basin, Republic of Korea
    Hee-Eun Shin, Myoung-Ro Lee, Jung-Won Ju, Byong-Suk Jeong, Mi-Yeoun Park, Keoung-Sook Lee, Shin-Hyeong Cho
    Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Disea.2017; 2017: 1.     CrossRef
  • A new method for estimating the prevalence of clonorchiasis in Korea
    Jin-Young Jeong, Jin Yong Lee, Byung-Suk Chung, Younghyun Choi, Allison Baer Alley, Hyun Joo Kim
    Medicine.2017; 96(13): e6536.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of Clonorchis sinensis Infection among Residents along 5 Major Rivers in the Republic of Korea
    Young-Il Jeong, Hee-Eun Shin, Sang-Eun Lee, Hyeng-Il Cheun, Jung-Won Ju, Jung-Yeon Kim, Mi Yeoun Park, Shin-Hyeong Cho
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology.2016; 54(2): 215.     CrossRef
  • Trematode Metacercariae in Freshwater Fish from Water Systems of Hantangang and Imjingang in Republic of Korea
    Woon-Mok Sohn, Byoung-Kuk Na, Shin-Hyeong Cho, Soon-Won Lee, Seung-Bong Choi, Won-Seok Seok
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology.2015; 53(3): 289.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and Risk Factors of Clonorchiasis among Residents of Riverside Areas in Muju-gun, Jeollabuk-do, Korea
    Do-Soon Park, Sung-Jin Na, Shin Hyeong Cho, Kyung Ja June, Young-Chae Cho, Young-Ha Lee
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology.2014; 52(4): 391.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and Risk Factors of Clonorchiasis among the Populations Served by Primary Healthcare Posts along Five Major Rivers in South Korea
    Kyung Ja June, Shin Hyeong Cho, Won Ja Lee, Chunmi Kim, Kyung-Soon Park
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2013; 4(1): 21.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives