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Short Communication
Percentage Body Fat is As a Good Indicator for Determining Adolescents Who Are Overweight or Obese: A Cross-Sectional Study in Vietnam
Le Thu Trang, Nguyen Nam Trung, Dinh-Toi Chu, Nguyen Thi Hong Hanh
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(2):108-114.   Published online April 30, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.2.10
  • 3,934 View
  • 53 Download
  • 9 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

To identify trends in percentage body fat (PBF) in adolescents to determine gender-specific classification thresholds for being overweight and obese.

Methods

A cross-sectional study of 899 adolescents (11 to 14.5 years) from Hanoi and Nam Dinh was conducted in Vietnam. PBF, subcutaneous fat and percentage of lean mass were measured directly using OMRON HBF 375 scales to measure bioelectrical impedance.

Results

PBF decreased in boys with increasing age (p < 0.001). The difference in PBF between boys and girls, significantly increased with age after 12.5 years (p < 0.001). There was a stronger correlation between PBF and fat content (Pearson’s r = 0.860, p < 0.0001) than that between (BMI) and fat content (Pearson’s r = 0.521, p < 0.0001). The prevalence of being overweight or obese in girls was similar when determined by PBF or BMI. Hanoi had higher rates of adolescents being overweight or obese compared with Nam Dinh.

Conclusion

PBF provides a more accurate body assessment for being overweight or obese in adolescents compared with BMI.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Associations Between Body Composition, Leptin, and Vitamin D Varied by the Body Fat Percentage in Adolescents
    Rapheeporn Khwanchuea, Chuchard Punsawad
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Psychiatric symptoms are not associated with circulating CRP concentrations after controlling for medical, social, and demographic factors
    Leandra K. Figueroa-Hall, Bohan Xu, Rayus Kuplicki, Bart N. Ford, Kaiping Burrows, T. Kent Teague, Sandip Sen, Hung-Wen Yeh, Michael R. Irwin, Jonathan Savitz, Martin P. Paulus
    Translational Psychiatry.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effects of School-Based Physical Activity Programs on Health-Related Physical Fitness of Korean Adolescents: A Preliminary Study
    Eui-Jae Lee, Wi-Young So, Hyun-Su Youn, Jooyoung Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2021; 18(6): 2976.     CrossRef
  • Bone Health and Its Positive Relationships with Body Composition in Malaysian Schoolchildren: Findings from a Cross-Sectional Study
    Hui Chin Koo, Geok Pei Lim, Satvinder Kaur, Kai Quin Chan, Keh En Chan, Casey Chung, Michelle Wong, Ugunesh Danaselvam
    Children.2021; 8(7): 569.     CrossRef
  • Obesity parameters in relation to lung function levels in a large Chinese rural adult population
    Xiang Zeng, Dongling Liu, Zhen An, Huijun Li, Jie Song, Weidong Wu
    Epidemiology and Health.2021; 43: e2021047.     CrossRef
  • Changes to cardiovascular risk factors over 7 years: a prospective cohort study of in situ urbanised residents in the Chaoyang District of Beijing
    Zhe Li, Shicheng Yu, Xiaoyan Han, Jianjun Liu, Hongyan Yao
    BMJ Open.2020; 10(3): e033548.     CrossRef
  • Effect of Body Fat Percentage on Muscle Damage Induced by High-Intensity Eccentric Exercise
    Eun-Jung Yoon, Jooyoung Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2020; 17(10): 3476.     CrossRef
  • Body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio misclassification of overweight and obesity in Chinese military personnel
    Qingqing Zhu, Binbin Huang, Qiaoli Li, Liqian Huang, Wenbo Shu, Lin Xu, Qiongying Deng, Ziliang Ye, Chunyan Li, Peng Liu
    Journal of Physiological Anthropology.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Identification of the most appropriate existing anthropometric index for home-based obesity screening in children and adolescents
    X.F. Ye, W. Dong, L.L. Tan, Z.R. Zhang, Y.L. Qiu, J. Zhang
    Public Health.2020; 189: 20.     CrossRef
Original Articles
Factors Affecting Body Image Discordance Amongst Korean Adults Aged 19–39 Years
Hye-Young Jang, Jung-Won Ahn, Mi-Kyeong Jeon
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(4):197-206.   Published online August 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.4.09
  • 4,055 View
  • 41 Download
  • 5 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study was designed to investigate factors affecting the discordance between body image and body mass index amongst Korean adults aged 19–39 years.

Methods

Data (N = 59,361) from the 2014 Korean Community Health Survey was analyzed using descriptive analysis, chi-square test, and logistic regression analysis.

Results

To examine the factors affecting body image discordance as observed in 43.1% of participants, the group was subdivided into underestimation and overestimation. There were 36.0% of participants that were body image discordant underestimators and 7.1% were overestimators. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the underestimators tended to be men, graduated from high school, married, current/ex-smokers, ex-drinkers, had between 5 to 9 hours sleep (inclusive), had fair to good self-rated health, and demonstrated healthy weight control behavior, relative to the reference group. In comparison, overestimators tended to be in the 19–29 year group and had signs of depression. The OR of individuals who were men, married, and had healthy weight control behavior was significantly lower in the overestimators group.

Conclusion

These findings show that tailored interventions to promote accurate body awareness should be based on the type of body image discordance. In addition, it is necessary to develop and implement a program of body image improvement that considers the factors affecting body weight discordance.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Awareness of body mass index and its associated factors: A cross‐sectional study
    Yong Kang Cheah, Kuang Kuay Lim, Hasimah Ismail, Ruhaya Salleh, Chee Cheong Kee, Kuang Hock Lim, Yoon Ling Cheong
    Nursing & Health Sciences.2022; 24(3): 726.     CrossRef
  • Gender differences in factors associated with body weight misperception
    Su Yeon Kye, Keeho Park
    Public Health Nutrition.2021; 24(9): 2483.     CrossRef
  • Body Schema Self-Awareness and Related Dream Content Modifications in Amputees Due to Cancer
    Alessandra Giordano, Michele Boffano, Raimondo Piana, Roberto Mutani, Alessandro Cicolin
    Brain Sciences.2021; 11(12): 1625.     CrossRef
  • Body image before and after coronary artery bypass graft surgery: comparison and its contributing factors
    Mohsen Adib-Hajbaghery, Sedigheh Miranzadeh, Mahsa Tahmouresi, Ismail Azizi-Fini
    BMC Psychology.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Correlations between Excessive Body Mass Index, Body Perception, Physical Activity, and Respiratory Functions among Youths in an Urban Setting of Vietnam
    Lan. P. T. Nguyen, Bach X. Nguyen, Tam T. Ngo, Yen H. N. Nguyen, Hang T. Phan
    BioMed Research International.2020; 2020: 1.     CrossRef
Does Skipping Breakfast and Being Overweight Influence Academic Achievement Among Korean Adolescents?
Yang Wha Kang, Jong-Hyock Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(4):220-227.   Published online August 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.05.004
  • 1,913 View
  • 22 Download
  • 11 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Health status and health behaviors are associated with academic achievement in children and adolescents. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether skipping breakfast and being overweight are related to academic achievement of Korean adolescents.
Methods
Cross-sectional data on a sample of 1,652 high-school seniors (942 males and 710 females) drawn from the 2004 Korea Education Employment Panel were analyzed.
Results
A higher proportion of males (15.3%) than females (6.1%) was overweight (p < 0.001); 37% of males and 41% of females reported skipping breakfast. Overall test scores were significantly higher for females than males (p < 0.05), and in language and foreign language subjects. However, both males and females who reported skipping breakfast had significantly lower scores in language, mathematics, and foreign language than those who did not report skipping breakfast. Overweight males had a lower probability than normal-weight males of having the highest language scores (OR = 0.52, p < 0.05), but there was no difference among females. Females who skipped breakfast had a lower probability of having the highest scores in language (OR = 0.41, p < 0.05), mathematics (OR = 0.24, p < 0.01), or foreign language (OR = 0.18, p < 0.01), while males had a lower probability of having the highest scores in language only (OR = 0.46, p < 0.05).
Conclusion
Skipping breakfast and being overweight are associated with poor academic achievement in Korean adolescents. Eating breakfast and weight control is being discussed as the overlooked factors that may influence better academic achievement.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Predicting the academic performance of middle- and high-school students using machine learning algorithms
    Suchithra Rajendran, S Chamundeswari, Akhouri Amitanand Sinha
    Social Sciences & Humanities Open.2022; 6(1): 100357.     CrossRef
  • Sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with breakfast skipping among high school students
    Ju‐Yeon Lee, Dahye Ban, Honey Kim, Seon‐Young Kim, Jae‐Min Kim, Il‐Seon Shin, Sung‐Wan Kim
    Nutrition & Dietetics.2021; 78(4): 442.     CrossRef
  • İstanbul İli Silivri İlçesi Lise Öğrencilerinde Depresyon Sıklığı ve İlişkili Risk Faktörleri
    Gülver GÜLEN, Ethem ERGİNÖZ, Cemal KOÇAK
    Türkiye Halk Sağlığı Dergisi.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effect of a nutritional education intervention on breakfast consumption among preparatory school students in Egypt
    Omnia S. Elseifi, Doaa M. Abdelrahman, Eman M. Mortada
    International Journal of Public Health.2020; 65(6): 893.     CrossRef
  • Impact of Dietary Patterns and Nutritional Status on the Academic Performance of Omani School Students
    Laila S. Al-Saadi , Amanat Ali , Mostafa I. Waly  , K.M. Al-Zuhaibi
    Journal of Pharmacy and Nutrition Sciences .2020; 10(3): 74.     CrossRef
  • Predictors of breakfast skipping among 14 to 16 years old adolescents in Jordan: The influential role of mothers
    Reem A. Ali, Nadin M. Abdel Razeq, Manal I. Al‐Kloub, Fatmeh A. Alzoubi
    International Journal of Nursing Practice.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association among Executive Function, Physical Activity, and Weight Status in Youth
    Vaida Borkertienė, Arvydas Stasiulis, Birutė Zacharienė, Laura Kyguolienė, Rasa Bacevičienė
    Medicina.2019; 55(10): 677.     CrossRef
  • SOCIAL SUPPORT TO TEENAGER BREAKFAST BEHAVIOR (Study at Sidoarjo Islamic State Senior High School)
    Angga Satria Prayogo, Muji Sulistyowati
    Jurnal PROMKES.2019; 7(1): 105.     CrossRef
  • The association between obesity and academic performance in youth: a systematic review
    C. C. A. Santana, J. O. Hill, L. B. Azevedo, T. Gunnarsdottir, W. L. Prado
    Obesity Reviews.2017; 18(10): 1191.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Reading a Picture Leaflet on Rhythm for Enhancement of Morning-Typed Life in Japanese Infants
    Misako Kawamata, Ryota Kawasumi, Fujiko Tsuji, Nozomi Taniwaki, Takahiro Kawada, Teruki Noji, Milada Krejci, Miyo Nakade, Hitomi Takeuchi, Tetsuo Harada
    Psychology.2017; 08(11): 1621.     CrossRef
  • Study on Skipping Breakfast in Adolescents Classified by Household Type
    Jaehong Park, Soye You
    The Korean Journal of Community Living Science.2017; 28(2): 329.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives