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Short Communication
Socio-demographic disparities in the eating behaviour of Malaysian children during the COVID-19 lockdown
Sabrina Premila Joseph Louis, Tan Seok Tyug
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2021;12(3):196-199.   Published online May 26, 2021
  • 6,871 View
  • 137 Download
  • 3 Web of Science
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the eating behaviour of Malaysian children aged 2 to 11 years old during the Movement Control Order (MCO) due to the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.
A total of 204 Malaysian parents of children aged 2 to 11 years old were recruited for this study using a combination of purposive and snowball sampling approaches. Parents were required to fill an online questionnaire hosted on Google Forms, which consisted of socio-demographic characteristics (including child’s gender, age, and ethnicity, as well as parental income during the MCO) and a 35-item list from the Children’s Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ). Data analysis was conducted by further stratifying the children's eating behaviour according to socio-demographic characteristics.
No significant differences were observed in the eating behaviour of the children across age and parental income groups during the MCO. Malaysian Indian children had significantly lower mean scores for the food responsiveness (2.50±0.64) and emotional over-eating (2.13±0.72) subscales than Malaysian Chinese children. Girls had a significantly higher mean score for the slowness in eating subscale during the MCO than boys.
Children’s eating behaviour were comparable across socio-demographic characteristics. Nonetheless, the findings of the current study provide an overview of Malaysian children's eating behaviour during the MCO.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Social determinants of self-reported psychological distress during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study
    Seok Tyug Tan, Louisa Lee
    Psychology, Health & Medicine.2023; 28(2): 419.     CrossRef
  • Changes in Dietary Intake Patterns and Weight Status during the COVID-19 Lockdown: A Cross-Sectional Study Focusing on Young Adults in Malaysia
    Seok Tyug Tan, Chin Xuan Tan, Seok Shin Tan
    Nutrients.2022; 14(2): 280.     CrossRef
  • Food security during the COVID-19 home confinement: A cross-sectional study focusing on adults in Malaysia
    Seok Tyug Tan, Chin Xuan Tan, Seok Shin Tan
    Human Nutrition & Metabolism.2022; 27: 200142.     CrossRef
Original Article
Assessment of Weight Shift Direction in Chronic Stroke Patients
So Hyun Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(3):118-121.   Published online June 30, 2018
  • 4,351 View
  • 43 Download
  • 8 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF

In patients who have suffered a stroke, the measurement of center of pressure excursion in all directions including oblique direction, anterior-medial, anterior-lateral, posterior-medial, and posterior-lateral side is important for determining balance instability but no research has been reported.


This study investigated weight shift in all directions to determine balance instability in stroke patients, including the oblique direction, using the multi-directional functional reach test.


Eleven subjects participated. Multi-directional functional reach test consisted of moving the unaffected arm as far as possible in 8 directions. The directions were as follows; anterior, middle of anterior and lateral in unaffected side, lateral in unaffected side, and middle of the posterior and lateral in unaffected side, posterior, middle of posterior and lateral in affected side, lateral in affected side, middle of anterior and lateral in affected side.


Movement was the lowest in the affected posterior-lateral side, followed by affected posterior, affected anterior-lateral, non-affected posterior lateral, affected lateral, non-affected lateral, non-affected anterior-lateral and anterior side (p < 0.05).


Center of pressure excursion of the affected posterior-lateral side was the most challenging for stroke patients and their reach was lowest from posterior, to lateral, and anterior directions, whilst patients could move less on the affected side compared with the non-affected side.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Immediate effects of circular trunk movements on reach distance and centre of pressure distance during a multidirectional seated reach task in participants with post-stroke hemiparesis: a non-randomised controlled trial
    Ryohei Nabeya, Hiromi Fujii, Toshiaki Sato
    International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitatio.2024; 31(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Analysis of Forward Sitting Functional Reach Test in Hemiplegic Stroke
    Hirofumi HIRANO, Shinichirou ISHII, Taku YONEYAMA, Sumiko YAMAMOTO
    The Japanese Journal of Ergonomics.2024; 60(2): 134.     CrossRef
  • Effects of galvanic vestibular stimulation on postural righting reactions in hemiplegia
    Akari Horikawa, Kazu Amimoto, Shota Horikawa, Ken Hiramoto, Masaki Nishio, Jun Yoshino, Yumi Ikeda
    Neuroscience Letters.2024; 827: 137735.     CrossRef
  • Oblique direction reach test: evaluating psychometric properties in stroke population
    Rinita Mascarenhas, Akshatha Nayak, Abraham M. Joshua, Shyam K. Krishnan, Vani Lakshmi R. Iyer, Jaya Shanker Tedla, Ravi Shankar Reddy
    PeerJ.2023; 11: e16562.     CrossRef
  • Effects of the different intensities of task-oriented training on the upper extremity motor function and self-care ability of stroke survivors: study protocol for a multiarm parallel-group randomised controlled trial in a tertiary hospital in China
    Shengfeng Liu, Kai Zhang, Xuecha Li, Chunxiang Li, Mengsi Peng
    BMJ Open.2023; 13(12): e074106.     CrossRef
  • Efficacy of sitting balance training with delayed visual feedback among patients with stroke: a randomized crossover clinical trial
    Kota Sawa, Kazu Amimoto, Abdul Chalik Meidian, Keisuke Ishigami, Takuya Miyamoto, Chika Setoyama, Rikuya Suzuki, Miko Tamura, Mitsusuke Miyagami
    Journal of Physical Therapy Science.2022; 34(8): 540.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of the Effect of SPIDER System Therapy on Weight Shifting Symmetry in Chronic Stroke Patients—A Randomized Controlled Trial
    Paulina Magdalena Ostrowska, Rafał Studnicki, Marcin Rykaczewski, Dawid Spychała, Rita Hansdorfer-Korzon
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2022; 19(23): 16214.     CrossRef
  • Normative reference values for functional, lateral, and oblique direction reach tests in Saudi children aged six to 15 years old and psychometric properties of the oblique direction reach test
    JS Tedla, DR Sangadala, K Gular, RS Reddy, MS Alshahrani, I Ahmad, M Abohashrh
    Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice.2021; 24(4): 576.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives