Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives

OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Search

Page Path
HOME > Search
8 "knowledge"
Filter
Filter
Article category
Keywords
Publication year
Authors
Original Articles
Use, Awareness, Knowledge and Beliefs of Medication During Pregnancy in Malaysia
Ahmad Habeeb Hattab Dala Ali Alani, Bassam Abdul Rasool Hassan, Azyyati Mohd Suhaimi, Ali Haider Mohammed
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(6):373-379.   Published online December 22, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.6.05
  • 4,662 View
  • 170 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives

This study aimed to assess medication use in pregnant women in Malaysia by measuring use, knowledge, awareness, and beliefs about medications.

Methods

This was an observational, cross-sectional study involving a total of 447 pregnant women who attended the Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinic, Hospital Kuala Lumpur (HKL), Malaysia. A validated, self-administered questionnaire was used to collect participant data.

Results

Most of pregnant women had taken medication during pregnancy and more than half of them (52.8%) showed a poor level of knowledge about the medication use during pregnancy. Eighty-three percent had a poor level of awareness and 56.5% had negative beliefs. Age and education level were significantly associated with the level of knowledge regarding medication use during pregnancy. Multiparous pregnant women, and pregnant women from rural areas were observed to have a higher level of awareness compared with those who lived in urban areas. Use of medication during pregnancy was determined to be significantly associated with education level, and race.

Conclusion

Although there was prevalent use of medication among pregnant women, many had negative beliefs, and insufficient knowledge and awareness about the risks of taking medication during pregnancy. Several sociodemographic characteristics were significantly associated with the use (race and education level), level of knowledge (age and education level), awareness (parity and place of residence), and beliefs (race, education level, and occupation status) towards medication use during pregnancy.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Beliefs of Medication Use in Pregnancy in an Urban Tertiary Care Center
    Jamil Kazma, Tarek Araji, Aneka Khilnani, John van den Anker, Homa K. Ahmadzia
    The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Intervention Effects in Using an Application Compared with a Module with Pictures on Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of the Pregnant Women in North Sumatra, Indonesia
    Herna Rinayanti Manurung, Heru Santoso, Kintoko Rochadi, Juanita Juanita
    Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences.2022; 10(E): 121.     CrossRef
  • Modern drug self-medication and associated factors among pregnant women at Settat city, Morocco
    Samia Chergaoui, Omaima Changuiti, Abdelghafour Marfak, Elmadani Saad, Abderraouf Hilali, Ibtissam Youlyouz Marfak
    Frontiers in Pharmacology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
Effects of Anti-Smoking Public Service Announcements on the Attitudes of Korean College Students toward Smoking
Kyoung Won Cho, Jakyoung Lee, Ji-hye Ryu, Soo Jeong Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017;8(6):397-404.   Published online December 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2017.8.6.07
  • 3,095 View
  • 40 Download
  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives

This study aimed to identify the effects of anti-smoking public service announcements on the attitudes of Korean college students toward smoking.

Methods

This study involved students via convenience sampling from seven universities who were randomly assigned to four groups. All groups completed a preliminary questionnaire, before being shown a public service announcement twice, and then completed a post viewing questionnaire.

Results

For announcements with positive messages, the proportion of changes in beliefs and attitudes were 39.1% and 19.8%, respectively, whereas those with negative messages showed a greater proportion of changes in the beliefs (59.7%) and attitudes (40.3%). After adjusting for sex and change in belief, the message types and smoking status were identified as factors affecting the change in the participants attitudes. A negative message resulted in a greater change in attitudes (odds ratio [OR], 3.047; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.847–5.053). Ever-smokers including current smokers showed a greater positive change in attitude than never-smokers (OR, 6.965; 95% CI, 4.107–11.812).

Conclusion

This study found that positive anti-smoking public service announcements were more effective on attitude change than negative messages. Additionally these announcements were more effective among viewers who were current smokers or had a prior smoking experience.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Encouraging Firework Safety Through Public Service Announcements
    Stefano Cardin, Rachel Faber, Daniel Miller, Mary Elizabeth Gibson, Brett Lewellyn
    The Journal of Hand Surgery.2022; 47(6): 574.     CrossRef
  • Maintenance of Tobacco Abstinence—Effect of Anti-Tobacco Propaganda (Media) Messages
    Laxmi Kumari, Meenakshi Sood, Sandhya Gupta
    Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences and Humanitie.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association between Community Violence, Disorder and School Environment with Bullying among School Adolescents in Sao Paulo – Brazil
    Catarina Machado Azeredo, Emanuele Souza Marques, Letícia Martins Okada, Maria Fernanda Tourinho Peres
    Journal of Interpersonal Violence.2022; : 088626052211012.     CrossRef
  • Interaction Between Smoking Cigarettes and Alcohol Consumption on Sexual Experience in High School Students
    Soo Jeong Kim, Kyoung Won Cho
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2019; 10(5): 274.     CrossRef
Knowledge Management Enablers and Process in Hospital Organizations
Hyun-Sook Lee
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017;8(1):26-33.   Published online February 28, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2017.8.1.04
  • 3,358 View
  • 100 Download
  • 9 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This research aimed to investigate the effects of knowledge management enablers, such as organizational structure, leadership, learning, information technology systems, trust, and collaboration, on the knowledge management process of creation, storage, sharing, and application.

Methods

Using data from self-administered questionnaires in four Korean tertiary hospitals, this survey investigated the main organizational factors affecting the knowledge management process in these organizations. A total of 779 questionnaires were analyzed using SPSS 18.0 and AMOS 18.0.

Results

The results showed that organizational factors affect the knowledge management process differently in each hospital organization.

Conclusion

From a managerial perspective, the implications of these factors for developing organizational strategies that encourage and foster the knowledge management process are discussed.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Knowledge management effects and performance in health care: a systematic literature review
    Ritva Kosklin, Johanna Lammintakanen, Tuula Kivinen
    Knowledge Management Research & Practice.2022; : 1.     CrossRef
  • Leadership, healthcare and knowledge management
    Guilherme Agnolin, Lúcia Worma, Édis Mafra Lapolli, Cristiano José Castro de Almeida Cunha
    International Journal for Innovation Education and.2022; 10(10): 61.     CrossRef
  • Alignment of knowledge management process with clinical process to support evidence based decision in healthcare improvements: The case of selected Ethiopian hospitals
    Mniyichel Belay, Amare Desta, Steve Smithson, Million Meshesha
    Knowledge and Process Management.2021; 28(1): 3.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge management enablers affecting patient care: The perspective of registered nurses in South West Nigeria
    Olateju J. Ajanaku, Stephen Mutula
    SA Journal of Information Management.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • A gestão do conhecimento em contexto hospitalar: uma scoping review
    Andreia Mesquita, Diana Santos, Vítor Raposo
    Revista de Investigação & Inovação em Saúde.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Structural Equation Modeling to Explore the Relationship Between Organizational Culture Dimensions and Implementation of Knowledge Management in Teaching Hospitals
    Ahmad Rahbar, Amir Ashkan Nasiripour, Mahmood Mahmoodi-Majdabadi
    Health Scope.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Improvement of Innovation Ability of Hospital Managers and Construction of Competitive Strategy
    Li Han, Jing Li, Wenfeng Chen
    International Journal of Circuits, Systems and Sig.2020; 14: 751.     CrossRef
  • Modeling the Pathways of Knowledge Management Towards Social and Economic Outcomes of Health Organizations
    Ion Popa, Simona Ștefan
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2019; 16(7): 1114.     CrossRef
  • Implementation of Knowledge Management in Chinese Hospitals
    Qiao-yuan Yan, Fei Xiang, Xiao-xu Shi, Qin Zhu
    Current Medical Science.2018; 38(2): 372.     CrossRef
AIDS Awareness: Indispensible Prerequisite Among Fishermen Population
Swapna B. Shetty, Darshan D. Divakar, M.H.N. Dalati, Sajith Vellappally, Sukumaran Anil, Marey A. Alshehry, Baher Felemban, Al S. Mamdouh, Obaid A. Alshahrani
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(5):327-333.   Published online October 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.09.003
  • 1,965 View
  • 24 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Fishermen are among the most vulnerable groups for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS with reported high prevalence. Poor knowledge base has been evidenced by a few studies. The present study was conducted to assess the knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS among fishermen of the Kutch coast, Gujarat, India.
Methods
A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 950 fishermen of the Kutch coast, in the months of January–February 2015. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS of fishermen was assessed using structured interview schedules with 12 questions. The information on socio-demographic characteristics was also obtained. Chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used for statistical analysis. The confidence level and level of significance were fixed at 95% and 5%, respectively.
Results
A major proportion of participants (57.2%) had no access to any potential source of information and had never heard about HIV/AIDS (65.1%). Some of them were aware of modes of transmission of AIDS but only a few of them knew about the methods of prevention. Only 23.1% of participants were observed with appropriate knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS. Bivariate and multivariate analysis revealed significant variation in the proportion of participants with appropriate knowledge with age and educational status.
Conclusion
Overall, the knowledge of the fishermen community in the present study was evidenced to be poor creating an alarming situation demanding educative interventions as a part of AIDS control programs.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Prolonged Release of Anti-Retroviral Efavirenz From System Using ZIF-8 as Carrier
    Alinne Élida Gonçalves Alves Tabosa, Aline Silva Ferreira, Natália Millena da Silva, Débora Dolores Souza da Silva Nascimento, Leslie Raphael de Moura Ferraz, José Yago Rodrigues Silva, Severino Alves Junior, Rosali Maria Ferreira da Silva, Larissa Araúj
    Current HIV Research.2020; 18(6): 396.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of HIV infection and uptake of HIV/AIDS services among fisherfolk in landing Islands of Lake Victoria, north western Tanzania
    Anthony Kapesa, Namanya Basinda, Elias C. Nyanza, Martha F. Mushi, Ola Jahanpour, Sospatro E. Ngallaba
    BMC Health Services Research.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
Knowledge and Attitude Toward Informed Consent Among Private Dental Practitioners in Bathinda City, Punjab, India
Vivek V. Gupta, Nagesh Bhat, Kailash Asawa, Mridula Tak, Salil Bapat, Pulkit Chaturvedi
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(2):73-78.   Published online April 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.12.005
  • 2,051 View
  • 17 Download
  • 6 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
A study was conducted with the purpose to assess the knowledge and attitude towards informed consent among private dental practitioners in Bathinda City, Punjab, India.
Methods
A cross-sectional survey was conducted among all private dental practitioners in Bathinda City. A self-administered structured questionnaire consisting of 14 items was used to assess their knowledge and attitude regarding informed consent. The response format was based on a 3-point Likert scale. One-way analysis of variance, independent sample t test, and stepwise multiple linear regression analysis were utilized for statistical analysis. Confidence level and level of significance were set at 95% and 5%, respectively.
Results
The mean scores for knowledge and attitude were 19.37 ± 31.82 and 9.40 ± 1.72, respectively. Analysis revealed that qualification and years of experience was statistically significant among both dependent variables (p ≤ 0.05).
Conclusion
An unbalanced knowledge of informed consent among the current dentists has suggested the need for awareness programs to fill the knowledge gaps and instill positive attitudes.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Knowledge, attitude, and practice of dental practitioners toward the medicolegal system: A cross-sectional questionnaire study
    Ruchika Kallianpur, Treville Pereira, Subraj Shetty, Swati Gotmare, Christina Pereira, AK Anjali
    Muller Journal of Medical Sciences and Research.2022; 13(1): 35.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge and Practices Regarding Informed Consent among Dental Practitioners
    Hira Butt, Darab Fatima, Fareeha Irum, Amna Nauman Khan, Nauman rauf Khan, Fizza Tahir
    Journal of Gandhara Medical and Dental Science.2022; 9(3): 3.     CrossRef
  • Practice and Factors Associated with Informed Consenting Process for Major Surgical Procedures Among Health-Care Workers, South Eastern Ethiopia
    Wogene Negash, Nega Assefa, Negga Baraki, Tara Wilfong
    International Journal of General Medicine.2021; Volume 14: 7807.     CrossRef
  • Dental negligence: It is time to overcome it
    Shail Kumari, SunilKumar Mishra, Ramesh Chowdhary
    Scientific Dental Journal.2020; 4(2): 39.     CrossRef
  • Anaesthetists’ knowledge of South African Law pertaining to informed consent in an academic centre
    A Mamoojee, A Alli
    Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analge.2018; 24(6): 155.     CrossRef
  • Conocimiento del consentimiento informado clínico en profesionales en formación en salud
    Manuel Fernando Galván Meléndez, Héctor Manuel Huerta Guerrero, Matilde Galindo Burciaga, Ana Angélica Barrientos Ramos, María Elena Morales Castro
    Investigación en Educación Médica.2016; 5(18): 108.     CrossRef
Factors Affecting Hospital Employees' Knowledge Sharing Intention and Behavior, and Innovation Behavior
Hyun Sook Lee, Seong Ae Hong
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(3):148-155.   Published online June 30, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.04.006
  • 2,228 View
  • 17 Download
  • 24 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
To investigate the factors affecting employees' knowledge sharing intention, knowledge sharing behavior, and innovation behavior of the four top-ranked university hospitals in South Korea.
Methods
Data were collected from employees at three university hospitals in Seoul, Korea and one university hospital in Gyeonggi-Do, Korea through self-administered questionnaires. The survey was conducted from May 29, 2013 to July 17, 2013. A total of 779 questionnaires were analyzed by SPSS version 18.0 and AMOS version 18.0.
Results
Factors affecting hospital employees' knowledge sharing intention, knowledge sharing behavior, and innovation behavior are reciprocity, behavioral control, and trust.
Conclusion
It is important to select employees who have a propensity for innovation and continuously educate them about knowledge management based on trust.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  


  • Gazi Journal of Economics and Business.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • A taxonomy of knowledge risks for healthcare organizations
    Basel Hammoda, Susanne Durst
    VINE Journal of Information and Knowledge Manageme.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Trust and knowledge sharing in project teams in construction industry of Pakistan: moderating role of perceived behavioral control
    Saif Ul Haq, Kamran Aziz Khan, Hira Hafeez, Muhammad Ahsan Chughtai
    Kybernetes.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Linking online and offline intergenerational knowledge transfer to younger employees’ innovative work behaviors: evidence from Chinese hospitals
    Changyu Wang, Yihong Dong, Zixi Ye, Jiaojiao Feng
    Journal of Knowledge Management.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Improving Knowledge-Sharing Intentions: A Study in Indonesian Service Industries
    David Afandy, Agus Gunawan, Jol Stoffers, Yoke Pribadi Kornarius, Angela Caroline
    Sustainability.2022; 14(14): 8305.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge sharing of health technology among clinicians in integrated care system: The role of social networks
    Zhichao Zeng, Qingwen Deng, Wenbin Liu
    Frontiers in Psychology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Study of Social media impacts on social capital and employee performance – evidence from Tunisia Telecom
    Hanen Louati, Slim Hadoussa
    Journal of Decision Systems.2021; 30(2-3): 118.     CrossRef
  • Influence of knowledge sharing, innovation passion and absorptive capacity on innovation behaviour in China
    Pinghao Ye, Liqiong Liu, Joseph Tan
    Journal of Organizational Change Management.2021; 34(5): 894.     CrossRef
  • The nexus between organisational culture and knowledge sharing in a government department in Botswana
    Kakale Osupile, Ushe Makambe
    International Journal of Public Sector Management.2021; 34(2): 118.     CrossRef
  • The Relationship Between Preschool Teachers’ Proactive Personality and Innovative Behavior: The Chain-Mediated Role of Error Management Climate and Self-Efficacy
    Baocheng Pan, Zhanmei Song, Youli Wang
    Frontiers in Psychology.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Impact of personal and organizational factors on knowledge sharing attitude of university teachers in Pakistan
    Javaria Javaid, Saira Soroya, Khalid Mahmood
    The Electronic Library.2020; 38(2): 317.     CrossRef
  • Structural Equation Modeling to Explore the Relationship Between Organizational Culture Dimensions and Implementation of Knowledge Management in Teaching Hospitals
    Ahmad Rahbar, Amir Ashkan Nasiripour, Mahmood Mahmoodi-Majdabadi
    Health Scope.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • A new model for investigating the factors influencing the innovation in medical services
    Bo Yang, Shujuan Ye, Mohammadreza Bandarchi
    VINE Journal of Information and Knowledge Manageme.2020; 50(4): 669.     CrossRef
  • Development and Validation of a Knowledge Management Questionnaire for Hospitals and Other Healthcare Organizations
    Ioanna Karamitri, Fotis Kitsios, Michael A. Talias
    Sustainability.2020; 12(7): 2730.     CrossRef
  • Factors that influence knowledge management systems to improve knowledge transfer in local government: A case study of Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality, Eastern Cape, South Africa
    Samuel S. Ncoyini, Liezel Cilliers
    SA Journal of Human Resource Management.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Inclusion Is Important . . . But How Do I Include? Examining the Effects of Leader Engagement on Inclusion, Innovation, Job Satisfaction, and Perceived Quality of Care in a Diverse Nonprofit Health Care Organization
    Kim C. Brimhall
    Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly.2019; 48(4): 716.     CrossRef
  • Authentic leadership, knowledge sharing, and employees’ creativity
    Ali Zeb, Nor Hazana Abdullah, Altaf Hussain, Adnan Safi
    Management Research Review.2019; 43(6): 669.     CrossRef
  • The Critical Role of Workplace Inclusion in Fostering Innovation, Job Satisfaction, and Quality of Care in a Diverse Human Service Organization
    Kim C. Brimhall, Michálle E. Mor Barak
    Human Service Organizations: Management, Leadershi.2018; 42(5): 474.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge sharing, visibility improvement and productivity growth: Evidence from agro-industry manufacturing firm
    Kevin Natalardo, Oki Sunardi, P. Puspitasari, A.H. Suryanto, T. Lenggo Ginta, I. Srikun, A. Ayu Permanasari, M. Niaz Akhtar, M. Sharifi Jebeli, Y. Rohmat Aji Pradana, D. Zakariya Lubis, A. Larasati, A. Dwi Astuti
    MATEC Web of Conferences.2018; 204: 03002.     CrossRef
  • The Factors affecting Knowledge Sharing at the Iranian Ministry of Sports
    Rahmatollah Gholipour Souteh, Mohammad Reza Esmaeili, Habib Honari, Mohammad Hoseein Ghorbani
    Annals of Applied Sport Science.2018; 6(1): 87.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge management practices in healthcare settings: a systematic review
    Ioanna Karamitri, Michael A. Talias, Thalia Bellali
    The International Journal of Health Planning and M.2017; 32(1): 4.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge Sharing as a Powerful Base for Management
    Leila Shahmoradi, Reza Safdari, Zakieh Piri, Arezoo Dehghani Mahmodabadi, Somayeh Shahmoradi, Ahmadreza Farzaneh Nejad
    The Health Care Manager.2017; 36(2): 176.     CrossRef
  • Authentic leadership and its impact on creativity of nursing staff: A cross sectional questionnaire survey of Indian nurses and their supervisors
    Nishtha Malik, Rajib Lochan Dhar, Subhash Chander Handa
    International Journal of Nursing Studies.2016; 63: 28.     CrossRef
  • Hospitals as innovators in the health-care system: A literature review and research agenda
    Taran Thune, Andrea Mina
    Research Policy.2016; 45(8): 1545.     CrossRef
Articleses
Changes in Human Immunodeficiency Virusrelated Knowledge and Stigmatizing Attitudes among Korean Adolescents from 2006 to 2011
Aeree Sohn, SungBok Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2012;3(2):107-112.   Published online June 30, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2012.04.006
  • 1,957 View
  • 19 Download
  • 8 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study assessed the prevalence and changes of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) knowledge and stigmatizing attitudes in 2006, 2008, and 2011.
Methods
Three cross-sectional surveys were conducted in 2006, 2008, and 2011. A cross-sectional sample of high school students in Seoul, South Korea was targeted. A self-administered questionnaire measuring general and transmission and discriminatory attitudes was used.
Results
Misconceptions about casual contact were widespread, even though the proportion responding incorrectly decreased significantly over the 5-year period. The respondents in all surveys displayed a high level of discrimination against those with HIV/AIDS in some situations, particularly in the idea of HIV/AIDS making the respondent feel disgusted (63.3% in 2006, 57.5% in 2008, and 52.6% in 2011), avoiding sitting with people with HIV/AIDS (50.6% in 2006, 50.5% in 2008, and 48.5% in 2011), and blaming those with HIV for becoming infected (46.6% in 2006, 42.8% in 2008, and 43.0% in 2011). Even though respondents had a high level of stigmatizing attitudes, the survey showed that the stigma has declined over the 5-year period.
Conclusion
The survey results showed that public health policy should recognize that HIV stigmatizing attitudes persist in Korea. This finding has implications for the development of intervention programs focusing on reducing the levels of discrimination.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Barriers and Facilitators toward HIV Testing and Health Perceptions among African-American Men Who Have Sex with Women at a South Side Chicago Community Health Center: A Pilot Study
    Ian J. Cooke, Rohan D. Jeremiah, Nataka J. Moore, Karriem Watson, Michael A. Dixon, Gregory L. Jordan, Marcus Murray, Mary K. Keeter, Courtney M. P. Hollowell, Adam B. Murphy
    Frontiers in Public Health.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Discrimination and Stigma
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2015; 6(3): 141.     CrossRef
  • Identifying Barriers to Human Immunodeficiency Virus Testing for Men Who Have Sex with Men in South Korea
    Aeree Sohn, Byonghee Cho, Harvey A. Kennedy
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2015; 6(3): 192.     CrossRef
  • Changing Patterns of HIV Epidemic in 30 Years in East Asia
    S. Pilar Suguimoto, Teeranee Techasrivichien, Patou Masika Musumari, Christina El-saaidi, Bhekumusa Wellington Lukhele, Masako Ono-Kihara, Masahiro Kihara
    Current HIV/AIDS Reports.2014; 11(2): 134.     CrossRef
  • HIV Stigmatization Harms Individuals and Public Health
    Jun Yong Choi
    Infection & Chemotherapy.2014; 46(2): 139.     CrossRef
  • What is Next for HIV/AIDS in Korea?
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2013; 4(6): 291.     CrossRef
  • Can Stigma Still Distort the Spectrum of a Disease?
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2012; 3(2): 65.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge, Attitudes, and Sexual Behaviors in HIV/AIDS and Predictors Affecting Condom Use among Men Who Have Sex with Men in South Korea
    Aeree Sohn, Byonghee Cho
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2012; 3(3): 156.     CrossRef
HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Stigmatizing Attitudes, and Related Behaviors and Factors that Affect Stigmatizing Attitudes against HIV/AIDS among Korean Adolescents
Aeree Sohn, SungBok Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2012;3(1):24-30.   Published online December 31, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2012.01.004
  • 2,014 View
  • 14 Download
  • 27 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study examined the sex differentials for specific aspects of knowledge regarding HIV, stigmatizing attitudes toward people with HIV/AIDS (PWHAs) and sexual behavior. In addition, the factors that affect stigmatizing attitudes toward PWHAs were investigated.
Methods
The population of this study comprised of senior high students in Seoul, Korea. Eight high schools were selected randomly and 1566 adolescents participated in the survey. A total sample of 1548 cases (18 cases were excluded) was used for analysis. A self-administered questionnaire measuring their general and transmission and discriminatory attitudes was used.
Results
The level of HIV/AIDS knowledge among Korean adolescents was low, as indicated by a correct response rate of 54% (7.0 out of 13). The students answered correctly about HIV transmission by kissing at 50.2%, toilets at 59.4%, cup sharing at 57.4%, and daily school life at 60.5%. The level of discriminatory attitudes towards HIV-infected persons was high. Boys reported a higher proportion of sexual experience (7.0% vs. 2.6%, OR=2.89, p < 0.001). Only 39.0% used a condom during their last sexual encounter and more girls (53.3%) than boys (35.3%) reported using a condom.
Conclusions
These findings highlight the need for increasing HIV knowledge, reducing HIV stigma, and providing sex education focusing on safer sex practices.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Comprehensive knowledge about HIV/AIDS and associated factors among women of reproductive age in sub-Saharan Africa: a multilevel analysis using the most recent demographic and health survey of each country
    Achamyeleh Birhanu Teshale, Yigizie Yeshaw, Adugnaw Zeleke Alem, Hiwotie Getaneh Ayalew, Alemneh Mekuriaw Liyew, Zemenu Tadesse Tessema, Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema, Misganaw Gebrie Worku, Tesfa Sewunet Alamneh
    BMC Infectious Diseases.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Knowledge of HIV/AIDS transmission modes and attitudes toward HIV/AIDS infected people and the level of HIV/AIDS awareness among the general population in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional study
    Fadi S. Qashqari, Radi T. Alsafi, Saeed M. Kabrah, Rayda'a A. AlGary, Sara A. Naeem, Malak S. Alsulami, Hatim Makhdoom
    Frontiers in Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and Correlates of Comprehensive HIV/AIDS Knowledge among Women Aged 15–49 Years in Pakistan
    Hira Siddique, Saira Abbas, Muhammad Rizwan Safdar, Muhammad Atif Ayoub, Mahnoor Shahzad
    Pakistan Journal of Health Sciences.2022; : 167.     CrossRef
  • Positive attitudes towards persons living with HIV in North Kosovo: The university students' perspective
    Marija Milic, Jelena Dotlic, Tatjana Gazibara, Milan Parlic, Desmond Nicholson, Katarina Mitic, Dragoslav Lazic, Jasmina Stevanovic
    Health & Social Care in the Community.2021; 29(4): 1100.     CrossRef
  • Suboptimal medication adherence in young women living with HIV infection: a Korean nationwide claims study
    Eunyoung Lee, Jungmee Kim, Ji Hwan Bang, Jin Yong Lee
    AIDS Care.2021; 33(7): 938.     CrossRef
  • What do patients consulting in a free sexual health center know about HIV transmission and post-exposure prophylaxis?
    Christelle Duteil, Elise de La Rochebrochard, Prescillia Piron, Christophe Segouin, Pénélope Troude
    BMC Public Health.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards people living with HIV/AIDS in Lebanon
    Lara Youssef, Souheil Hallit, Hala Sacre, Pascale Salameh, Michelle Cherfan, Marwan Akel, Mira Hleyhel, Anthony J. Santella
    PLOS ONE.2021; 16(3): e0249025.     CrossRef
  • Effect of a confirmatory testing algorithm on early acute HIV diagnosis in Korea
    Jin-Sook Wang, Hyo-Jung Sim, Su-Jin Park, Gye-Ryeng Park, Chun Kang, Yoon-Seok Chung
    Medicine.2021; 100(17): e25632.     CrossRef
  • Factors affecting stigma communication towards people living with HIV/AIDS
    Hye-Won Kim, Hyejin Yang
    The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing .2021; 27(2): 163.     CrossRef
  • HIV/AIDS: Are our secondary school students in Zaria metropolis receiving adequate communication from their families?
    FahadAbubakar Saulawa, ZaharaddeenShuaibu Babandi, Aminu Lawal, UmarMuhammad Umar, HalimaOmolara Olorukooba, AbdulhakeemAbayomi Olorukooba
    Nigerian Journal of Medicine.2021; 30(4): 426.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge and attitudes on HIV/AIDS and HIV testing among basic school students in Tamale Metropolis, Ghana
    Alfred Brown Kwarteng, Yulia Skokova, Williams Agyemang-Duah
    Journal of Public Health.2020; 28(2): 181.     CrossRef
  • “Who knows more, and why?” Explaining socioeconomic-related inequality in knowledge about HIV in Malawi
    Gowokani Chijere Chirwa
    Scientific African.2020; 7: e00213.     CrossRef
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) stigma among general population in Isfahan metropolis in Central Iran
    Fatemeh Ebrahimi, Setayesh Sindarreh, Maryam Nasirian
    Journal of HIV/AIDS & Social Services.2020; 19(3): 220.     CrossRef
  • The Symbolic Meaning of HIV: Understanding Lecturers’ Ambivalence over Teaching HIV to Dietetic Students
    Mutiara Tirta Prabandari Lintang Kusuma, Tandalayo Kidd, Nancy Muturi, Sandra Butin Procter, Linda Yarrow, Wei-Wen Hsu
    Journal of the International Association of Provid.2020; 19: 232595822093975.     CrossRef
  • A cross-sectional survey to assess the risk factors associated with stigmatizing attitudes towards patients with podoconiosis among rural youth in southern Ethiopia
    Kibur Engdawork, Gail Davey, Desta Ayode, Colleen M McBride, Getnet Tadele
    Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medi.2020; 114(12): 995.     CrossRef
  • Sexual risk behaviours and HIV knowledge and beliefs of Shan migrants from Myanmar living with HIV in Chiang Mai, Thailand
    Amporn Jirattikorn, Arunrat Tangmunkongvorakul, Patou Masika Musumari, Arratee Ayuttacorn, Kriengkrai Srithanaviboonchai, Cathy Banwell, Matthew Kelly
    International Journal of Migration, Health and Soc.2020; 16(4): 543.     CrossRef
  • HPV Vaccination and Korean American College Women: Cultural Factors, Knowledge, and Attitudes in Cervical Cancer Prevention
    Minjin Kim, Haeok Lee, Peter Kiang, Teri Aronowitz, Lisa Kennedy Sheldon, Ling Shi, Sun Kim, Jeroan Allison
    Journal of Community Health.2019; 44(4): 646.     CrossRef
  • Children’s Thinking about HIV/AIDS Causality, Prevention, and Social Interaction
    Carol K. Sigelman
    Journal of Child and Family Studies.2018; 27(10): 3288.     CrossRef
  • Human Papillomavirus: A Qualitative Study of Korean American Female College Students’ Attitudes Toward Vaccination

    Minjin Kim, Haeok Lee, Peter Kiang, Deogwoon Kim
    Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing.2017; 21(5): E239.     CrossRef
  • Identifying Barriers to Human Immunodeficiency Virus Testing for Men Who Have Sex with Men in South Korea
    Aeree Sohn, Byonghee Cho, Harvey A. Kennedy
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2015; 6(3): 192.     CrossRef
  • Discrimination and Stigma
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2015; 6(3): 141.     CrossRef
  • Changing Patterns of HIV Epidemic in 30 Years in East Asia
    S. Pilar Suguimoto, Teeranee Techasrivichien, Patou Masika Musumari, Christina El-saaidi, Bhekumusa Wellington Lukhele, Masako Ono-Kihara, Masahiro Kihara
    Current HIV/AIDS Reports.2014; 11(2): 134.     CrossRef
  • What is Next for HIV/AIDS in Korea?
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2013; 4(6): 291.     CrossRef
  • Changes in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-related Knowledge and Stigmatizing Attitudes among Korean Adolescents from 2006 to 2011
    Aeree Sohn, SungBok Park
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2012; 3(2): 107.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge, Attitudes, and Sexual Behaviors in HIV/AIDS and Predictors Affecting Condom Use among Men Who Have Sex with Men in South Korea
    Aeree Sohn, Byonghee Cho
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2012; 3(3): 156.     CrossRef
  • Can Stigma Still Distort the Spectrum of a Disease?
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2012; 3(2): 65.     CrossRef
  • Human Diseases 101: Nature Versus Nurture
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2012; 3(1): 1.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives