Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives



Page Path
HOME > Search
1 "emotional reactions"
Article category
Publication year
Original Article
Mediating and Moderating Effects in Ageism and Depression among the Korean Elderly: The Roles of Emotional Reactions and Coping Reponses
Il-Ho Kim, Samuel Noh, Heeran Chun
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(1):3-11.   Published online February 28, 2016
  • 2,421 View
  • 23 Download
  • 19 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
This study evaluated the relationship between ageism and depression, exploring the stress-mediating and stress-moderating roles of emotional reactions and coping behaviors.
Data were from the 2013 Ageism and Health Study (n = 816), a cross-sectional survey of urban and rural community-dwelling seniors aged 60–89 years in South Korea. Participants with at least one experience of ageism reported on their emotional reactions and coping responses. The measure yielded two types of coping: problem-focused (taking formal action, confrontation, seeking social support) and emotion-focused (passive acceptance, emotional discharge).
Although ageism was significantly associated with depressive symptoms (B = 0.27, p < 0.0001), the association was entirely mediated by emotional reactions such as anger, sadness, and powerlessness. Problem-focused coping, especially confrontation and social support, seemingly reduced the impact of emotional reactions on depression, whereas emotion-focused coping exacerbated the adverse effects.
These findings support the cultural characterization explanation of ageism and related coping processes among Korean elderly and suggest that regulating emotional reactions may determine the efficacy of coping with ageism.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Changes in perceived ageism during the COVID-19 pandemic: impact on quality of life and mental well-being among Dutch adults aged 55 and older
    Lotte P. Brinkhof, J. M. J. Murre, S. de Wit, H. J. Krugers, K. R. Ridderinkhof
    Aging & Mental Health.2023; : 1.     CrossRef
  • Association Between Self-Perceived Stigma and Quality of Life Among Urban Chinese Older Adults: The Moderating Role of Attitude Toward Own Aging and Traditionality
    Tao Sun, Shu-E Zhang, Meng-yao Yan, Ting-hui Lian, Yi-qi Yu, Hong-yan Yin, Chen-xi Zhao, Yan-ping Wang, Xiao Chang, Ke-yu Ji, Si-yu Cheng, Xiao-he Wang, Xian-hong Huang, De-pin Cao
    Frontiers in Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • You’re Too Old for That! Ageism and Prescriptive Stereotypes in the Workplace
    Elizabeth A Hanrahan, Courtney L Thomas, Lisa M Finkelstein, Mo Wang
    Work, Aging and Retirement.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Ageism and Psychological Well-Being Among Older Adults: A Systematic Review
    Hyun Kang, Hansol Kim
    Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine.2022; 8: 233372142210870.     CrossRef
  • The Subjective Experience of Ageism: The Perceived Ageism Questionnaire (PAQ)
    Lotte P. Brinkhof, Sanne de Wit, Jaap M. J. Murre, Harm J. Krugers, K. Richard Ridderinkhof
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2022; 19(14): 8792.     CrossRef
  • Depressive Symptoms and Ageism among Nursing Home Residents: The Role of Social Support
    Dongjuan Xu, Yaqi Wang, Ming Li, Meng Zhao, Zhenhua Yang, Kefang Wang
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2022; 19(19): 12105.     CrossRef
  • Coping Style, Insomnia, and Psychological Distress Among Persons With Gastrointestinal Cancer
    Gaorong Lv, Di Zhao, Guopeng Li, Qing Wang, Miao Zhou, Yiming Gao, Xiangyu Zhao, Ping Li
    Nursing Research.2022; 71(6): 450.     CrossRef
  • Assessing knowledge and ageist attitudes and behaviors toward older adults among undergraduate nursing students
    Mohammad Rababa, Tariq Al-Dwaikat, Maysa H. Almomani
    Gerontology & Geriatrics Education.2021; 42(3): 347.     CrossRef
  • Day-to-Day Variability in Subjective Age and Ageist Attitudes and Their Association With Depressive Symptoms
    Ehud Bodner, Amit Shrira, Yaakov Hoffman, Yoav S Bergman, Shevaun Neupert
    The Journals of Gerontology: Series B.2021; 76(5): 836.     CrossRef
  • Association of nurses’ characteristics and level of knowledge with ageist attitudes toward older adults: a systematic review
    Mohammad Rababa, Ammar M. Hammouri, Sami Al-Rawashdeh
    Working with Older People.2021; 25(1): 21.     CrossRef
  • Associations of perceived poor societal treatment among the oldest-old
    M Knuutila, TE Lehti, H Karppinen, H Kautiainen, TE Strandberg, KH Pitkala
    Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics.2021; 93: 104318.     CrossRef
  • Ageism and the Factors Affecting Ageism among Korean Nursing Students: A Cross-Sectional Study
    Jiyeon Ha, Juah Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2021; 18(4): 1798.     CrossRef
  • Psychometrics of Persian Version of the Ageism Survey Among an Iranian Older Adult Population During COVID-19 Pandemic
    Hamid Sharif Nia, Long She, Ratneswary Rasiah, Fatemeh Khoshnavay Fomani, Omolhoda Kaveh, Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Lida Hosseini
    Frontiers in Public Health.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Global reach of ageism on older persons’ health: A systematic review
    E-Shien Chang, Sneha Kannoth, Samantha Levy, Shi-Yi Wang, John E. Lee, Becca R. Levy, Antony Bayer
    PLOS ONE.2020; 15(1): e0220857.     CrossRef
  • The Role of Socio-demographics in Adoption of Religious–Spiritual and Other Coping Strategies Among Muslim Chronic Patients with Hepatitis C in Pakistan
    Malik Muhammad Sohail, Saeed Ahmad, Fauzia Maqsood
    Journal of Religion and Health.2020; 59(1): 234.     CrossRef
  • Association of nurses' level of knowledge and attitudes to ageism toward older adults: Cross‐sectional study
    Mohammad Rababa, Ammar M. Hammouri, Issa M. Hweidi, Julie L. Ellis
    Nursing & Health Sciences.2020; 22(3): 593.     CrossRef
  • How does ageism influence frailty? A preliminary study using a structural equation model
    Bo Ye, Junling Gao, Hua Fu, Hao Chen, Wenjing Dong, Ming Gu
    BMC Geriatrics.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Ageism, Attitudes Toward Aging, and Body Satisfaction by Subjective Socioeconomic and Health Status Among Older Women
    Haekyung Yu, Minsun Lee
    Fashion & Textile Research Journal.2019; 21(5): 586.     CrossRef
  • Where are we now in relation to determining the prevalence of ageism in this era of escalating population ageing?
    Donna M. Wilson, Begoña Errasti-Ibarrondo, Gail Low
    Ageing Research Reviews.2019; 51: 78.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives