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Childhood Obesity Is a High-risk Factor for Hypertriglyceridemia: A Case-control Study in Vietnam
Nguyen Thi Hong Hanh, Le Thi Tuyet, Duong Thi Anh Dao, Yang Tao, Dinh-Toi Chu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017;8(2):138-146.   Published online April 30, 2017
  • 4,453 View
  • 37 Download
  • 14 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF

To investigate the relationship between dyslipidemia and obesity status among Viet-namese adolescents.


In this case-control study, 282 adolescents (6–11 years), including 88 obese cases and 194 normal-weight controls, were recruited from a population-based cross-sectional study from two provinces in Vietnam. The anthropometric, blood lipid, and other laboratory test results of the study subjects were analyzed.


Obese children tended to have more visceral fat (Pearson’s r = 0.795, p < 0.0001) than subcutaneous fat (Pearson’s r = 0.754, p < 0.0001), and this difference was associated with an increase in blood triglyceride level (Pearson’s r = 0.232, p < 0.05) and a strikingly high rate of hypertriglyceridemia (38.6%). We also found that birth weight and parental body mass index were related to the status of obesity among the study subjects. However, only birth weight was significantly higher in the obese group than in the normal weight group. These findings indicate the effect of prenatal nutrition on childhood obesity. Furthermore, high-birth weight children had a surprisingly high rate of obesity.


Together, our data suggest that obesity increased the risk for hypertriglyceridemia, which was, at least partially, due to prenatal nutrition.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Nutritional status and related factors in Vietnamese students in 2022
    Thu Nguyen Thi, Nhat-Le Bui, Hue Vu Thi, Suong Mai Vu Ngoc, Anh Dao Ngo, Toan Nguyen Truong, Khanh-Huyen Nguyen, Viet Hoa Nguyen, Ngoc Minh Nguyen, Kien Trinh, Dinh-Toi Chu
    Clinical Nutrition Open Science.2024; 54: 140.     CrossRef
  • Associations between dietary copper intake and hypertriglyceridemia among children and adolescents in the US
    Yumeng Shi, Huan Hu, Zuxiang Wu, Ji Wu, Zhiqiang Chen, Xiaoshu Cheng, Ping Li
    Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases.2023; 33(4): 809.     CrossRef
  • Association of Platelet-Monocyte Ratio with Dyslipidemia in Saudi Arabia: A Large, Population-Based Study
    Mohammad A. Alfhili, Ghada A. Alotaibi, Mohammed Alfaifi, Yousef Almoghrabi, Jawaher Alsughayyir
    Life.2023; 13(8): 1685.     CrossRef
  • Patterns of Dyslipidemia in the Anemic and Nonanemic Hypertensive Saudi Population: A Cross-Sectional Study
    Mohammad A Alfhili, Jawaher Alsughayyir, Ahmed M Basudan, Hazem K Ghneim, Mohammed Alfaifi, Hassan S Alamri, Zuhier A Awan, Mohammed R Algethami
    International Journal of General Medicine.2022; Volume 15: 7895.     CrossRef
  • Eating Behaviors in Relation to Child Weight Status and Maternal Education
    Priscilla Ayine, Vaithinathan Selvaraju, Chandra M. K. Venkatapoorna, Yida Bao, Philippe Gaillard, Thangiah Geetha
    Children.2021; 8(1): 32.     CrossRef
  • Ranking of a wide multidomain set of predictor variables of children obesity by machine learning variable importance techniques
    Helena Marcos-Pasero, Gonzalo Colmenarejo, Elena Aguilar-Aguilar, Ana Ramírez de Molina, Guillermo Reglero, Viviana Loria-Kohen
    Scientific Reports.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Early childhood factors associated with obesity at age 8 in Vietnamese children: The Young Lives Cohort Study
    Tuyen Nguyen, Karen Sokal-Gutierrez, Maureen Lahiff, Lia Fernald, Susan L. Ivey
    BMC Public Health.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Changes in the prevalence of obesity and hypertension and demographic risk factor profiles in China over 10 years: two national cross-sectional surveys
    Yongze Li, Di Teng, Xiaoguang Shi, Xiaochun Teng, Weiping Teng, Zhongyan Shan, Yaxin Lai
    The Lancet Regional Health - Western Pacific.2021; 15: 100227.     CrossRef
  • Hypertension in a mountainous province of Vietnam: prevalence and risk factors
    Khanh Do Nam, Nhon Bui Van, Long Vo Hoang, Toan Pham Duc, Thu Tran Thi Ha, Viet Tran Tuan, Phong Phan Dinh, Huong Trinh Thi Thu, Pau Loke Show, Vu Thi Nga, Le Bui Minh, Dinh-Toi Chu
    Heliyon.2020; 6(2): e03383.     CrossRef
  • The APOA5‐rs662799 Polymorphism Is a Determinant of Dyslipidemia in Vietnamese Primary School Children
    Nguyen T. H. Hanh, Bui T. Nhung, Le T. Hop, Le T. Tuyet, Duong T. A. Dao, Nguyen T. T. Thu, Tran Quang Binh
    Lipids.2020; 55(6): 683.     CrossRef
  • An update on obesity: Mental consequences and psychological interventions
    Dinh-Toi Chu, Nguyen Thi Minh Nguyet, Vu Thi Nga, Nguyen Vu Thai Lien, Duc Duy Vo, Nguyen Lien, Vo Truong Nhu Ngoc, Le Hoang Son, Duc-Hau Le, Vu Bich Nga, Pham Van Tu, Ta Van To, Luu Song Ha, Yang Tao, Van-Huy Pham
    Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &.2019; 13(1): 155.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and Risk Factors of Hypertension in the Vietnamese Elderly
    Nhon Bui Van, Long Vo Hoang, Tung Bui Van, Hao Nguyen Si Anh, Hien Tran Minh, Khanh Do Nam, Tuan Ngo Tri, Pau Loke Show, Vu Thi Nga, Deepak B. Thimiri Govinda Raj, Dinh-Toi Chu
    High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention.2019; 26(3): 239.     CrossRef
  • Association between salivary amylase enzyme activity and obesity in Saudi Arabia
    Norah Mubarak Aldossari, Eman E. El Gabry, Gihan E.H. Gawish
    Medicine.2019; 98(23): e15878.     CrossRef
  • An update on physical health and economic consequences of overweight and obesity
    Dinh-Toi Chu, Nguyen Thi Minh Nguyet, Thien Chu Dinh, Nguyen Vu Thai Lien, Khanh-Hoang Nguyen, Vo Truong Nhu Ngoc, Yang Tao, Le Hoang Son, Duc-Hau Le, Vu Bich Nga, Adam Jurgoński, Quoc-Hung Tran, Pham Van Tu, Van-Huy Pham
    Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &.2018; 12(6): 1095.     CrossRef
Prevalence of Dyslipidemia and Hypertension in Indian Type 2 Diabetic Patients with Metabolic Syndrome and its Clinical Significance
Dhananjay Yadav, Meerambika Mishra, Arvind Tiwari, Prakash Singh Bisen, Hari Mohan Goswamy, G.B.K.S. Prasad
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(3):169-175.   Published online June 30, 2014
  • 3,361 View
  • 29 Download
  • 17 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
The present study was designed to estimate the prevalence of dyslipidemia and hypertension based on the National Cholesterol Educational Programme Adult Treatment Panel III definition of metabolic syndrome (MetS). The study also focuses on prevalence for MetS with respect to the duration of disease in Gwalior–Chambal region of Madhya Pradesh, India.
Type 2 diabetic patients (n = 700) were selected from a cross-sectional study that is regularly being conducted in the School of Studies in Biochemistry, Jiwaji University Gwalior, India. The period of our study was from January 2007 to October 2009. Dyslipidemia and hypertension were determined in type 2 diabetic patients with MetS as per National Cholesterol Educational Programme Adult Treatment Panel III criteria.
The mean age of the study population was 54 ± 9.3 years with 504 (72%) males and 196 (28%) females. The prevalence of MetS increased with increased duration of diabetes in females; however, almost constant prevalence was seen in the males. Notable increase in the dyslipidemia (64.1%) and hypertension (49%) in type 2 diabetic patients were seen. The steep increase in dyslipidemia and hypertension could be the reason for the growing prevalence of diabetes worldwide. The study also noted a close association between age and occurrence of MetS.
Individual variable of MetS appears to be highly rampant in diabetic population. Despite treatment, almost half of patients still met the criteria for MetS. Effective treatment of MetS components is required to reduce cardiovascular risk in diabetes mellitus hence accurate and early diagnosis to induce effective treatment of MetS in Indian population will be pivotal in the prevention of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Complete blood count inflammation derived indexes as predictors of metabolic syndrome in type 2 diabetes mellitus
    Almir Fajkić, Rijad Jahić, Edin Begić, Amela Dervišević, Avdo Kurtović, Orhan Lepara
    Technology and Health Care.2024; : 1.     CrossRef
  • Mapping multimorbidity from diabetes mellitus and its association with depressive symptoms among older people of India: a cross-sectional study from a nationally representative survey
    Gayatri Khanal, Y. Selvamani, J. Kezia Angeline
    International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Co.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Metabolic Syndrome Frequency in Type 2 Diabetics Using International Diabetes Federation (IDF) Criteria Analysis
    Sheena Kumari, Disha K Kataria, Sona Kumari, Riya Rani, Neha Ahuja, FNU Partab, Sooraj Raja, Hafsa Asif, FNU Sanam, Mohsin Ali
    Cureus.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Utilization of Hypolipidemic Drugs, Patterns, and Factors Affecting Dyslipidemia Among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus at a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in South India
    Sandeep Khot, Ananya Chakraborty, Savitha Vijaykumar
    Cureus.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Real-World Observational Study on Vildagliptin With Insulin (VIL-INS) or Vildagliptin and Metformin With Insulin (VIL-MET-INS) Therapy in Indian Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
    P Panneerselvam, Dibakar Biswas, Hema Singh, K Dilip Kumar, P Ravi Kumar, Pramila Kalra, Santosh Revankar, Sona Warrier
    Cureus.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Magnitude and Determinants of Diabetic Retinopathy Among Indian Diabetic Patients Undergoing Telescreening in India
    Rajiv Khandekar, Tamilarasan Senthil, Malathi Nainappan, Deepak P. Edward
    Telemedicine and e-Health.2022; 28(2): 176.     CrossRef
  • An experimental study of rosuvastatin’s analgesic effect and its interaction with etoricoxib, tramadol, amlodipine, and amitriptytline in albino mice
    Prafull Mohan, Ashok Kumar Sharma, Sharmila Sinha, R. Sabarad
    Medical Journal Armed Forces India.2022; 78: S61.     CrossRef
  • Receptor for Advanced Glycation End Product, Organ Crosstalk, and Pathomechanism Targets for Comprehensive Molecular Therapeutics in Diabetic Ischemic Stroke
    Nivedita L. Rao, Greeshma B. Kotian, Jeevan K. Shetty, Bhaskara P. Shelley, Mackwin Kenwood Dmello, Eric C. Lobo, Suchetha Padar Shankar, Shellette D. Almeida, Saiqa R. Shah
    Biomolecules.2022; 12(11): 1712.     CrossRef
  • Metabolic and Energy Imbalance in Dysglycemia-Based Chronic Disease
    Sanjay Kalra, Ambika Gopalakrishnan Unnikrishnan, Manash P Baruah, Rakesh Sahay, Ganapathi Bantwal
    Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets .2021; Volume 14: 165.     CrossRef
  • Association between diet quality scores, adiposity, glycemic status and nutritional biomarkers among Indian population with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A cross-sectional study
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    Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health.2020; 8(1): 53.     CrossRef
  • The Impact of BMI Categories on Metabolic Abnormality Development in Chinese Adults Who are Metabolically Healthy: A 7-Year Prospective Study

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    Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets .2020; Volume 13: 819.     CrossRef
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    Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &.2019; 13(1): 356.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes and Prediabetes in the Gwalior-Chambal Region of Central India
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    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2019; 16(23): 4708.     CrossRef
    Ponnana Raja Kumar, Siripurapu Sasikala
    Journal of Evidence Based Medicine and Healthcare.2018; 5(1): 43.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and pattern of co morbidity among type2 diabetics attending urban primary healthcare centers at Bhubaneswar (India)
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  • Dyslipidemia Prevalence in Iranian Adult Men: The Impact of Population-Based Screening on the Detection of Undiagnosed Patients
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    The World Journal of Men's Health.2015; 33(3): 167.     CrossRef
  • Association of high-density lipoprotein with development of metabolic syndrome components: a five-year follow-up in adults
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PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives