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Chronic kidney disease in Indonesia: evidence from a national health survey
Puti Sari Hidayangsih, Dwi Hapsari Tjandrarini, Noor Edi Widya Sukoco, Nikson Sitorus, Ika Dharmayanti, Feri Ahmadi
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2023;14(1):23-30.   Published online February 14, 2023
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Graphical AbstractGraphical Abstract AbstractAbstract PDF
Several previous studies have stated that consuming certain foods and beverages might increase the risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD). This study aimed to examine the relationships of food and beverage consumption with other risk factors for CKD. Methods: Data sources included the 2018 Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) and the National Socio-Economic Survey (Susenas), which were analyzed using a cross-sectional design. The study samples were households from 34 provinces in Indonesia, and the analysis was performed with provincial aggregates. Data were analyzed using risk factor analysis followed by linear regression to identify relationships with CKD. Results: The prevalence of CKD in Indonesia was 0.38%. The province with the highest prevalence was North Kalimantan (0.64%), while the lowest was found in West Sulawesi (0.18%). Five major groups were formed from 15 identified risk factors using factor analysis. A linear regression model presented 1 significant selected factor (p=0.006, R2 =31%). The final model of risk factors included water quality, consumption of fatty foods, and a history of diabetes. Conclusion: Drinking water quality, fatty food consumption, and diabetes are associated with CKD. There is a need to monitor drinking water, as well as to promote health education and provide comprehensive services for people with diabetes, to prevent CKD.
Relationship Between Water Intake and Metabolic/Heart Diseases: Based on Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Soobin Jang, Chunhoo Cheon, Bo-Hyoung Jang, Sunju Park, So-Mi Oh, Yong-Cheol Shin, Seong-Gyu Ko
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(5):289-295.   Published online October 31, 2016
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The aim of this study was to identify the correlation between adequate water intake and the prevalence of metabolic/heart diseases.
We analyzed the data from the 2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. All participants were divided into Group Above Adequate Intake (n = 736) and Group Below Adequate Intake (n = 4,819) according to water intake. The thresholds were 1.8 L for men and 1.4 L for women based on the World Health Organization report findings. Logistic regression analyses were performed to verify the correlation between water intake and prevalence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, myocardial infarction, and angina pectoris.
There were significant differences between the two groups in terms of the following variables: age, smoking, alcohol, stress, dietary supplements, body weight, physical activity, total calorie intake, water intakes from food, and sodium intake. Participants in Group Above Adequate Intake showed a higher prevalence of hypertension [odds ratio (OR) = 1.22; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.58–2.55], diabetes mellitus (OR = 1.38; 95% CI, 0.51–3.73), angina pectoris (OR = 0.94; 95% CI, 0.47–1.86), and myocardial infarction (OR = 5.36; 95% CI, 0.67–43.20) than those in Group Below Adequate Intake, whereas the latter showed a slightly higher prevalence of dyslipidemia (OR = 2.25; 95% CI, 0.88–57.84) than the former.
There was no statistically significant association between water intake and any of the metabolic/heart diseases. However, further studies on water intake are needed to confirm our findings.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Low daily water intake profile—is it a contributor to disease?
    Lawrence E Armstrong, Michael F Bergeron, Colleen X Muñoz, Stavros A Kavouras
    Nutrition and Health.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Water intake and risk of type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies
    Nasim Janbozorgi, Ramesh Allipour, Kurosh Djafarian, Sakineh Shab-Bidar, Mostafa Badeli, Maryam Safabakhsh
    Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &.2021; 15(4): 102156.     CrossRef
  • Changes in feed consumption and water intake among broiler chickens subjected to melatonin treatment during the hot-dry season
    Victor Olusegun Sinkalu, Joseph Olusegun Ayo, Joseph Olajide Hambolu, Alexander Babatunde Adelaiye, Friday Ocheja Zakari, Tagang Aluwong
    Tropical Animal Health and Production.2020; 52(2): 717.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of Dietary Habit and Nutritional Intake of Korean Elderly: Data from Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013∼2015
    Gyusang Han, Eunju Yang
    Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life.2018; 28(4): 258.     CrossRef
  • Water intake from foods and beverages and risk of mortality from CVD: the Japan Collaborative Cohort (JACC) Study
    Renzhe Cui, Hiroyasu Iso, Ehab S Eshak, Koutatsu Maruyama, Akiko Tamakoshi
    Public Health Nutrition.2018; 21(16): 3011.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives