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Effects of activities of daily living-based dual-task training on upper extremity function, cognitive function, and quality of life in stroke patients
Hee-Su An, Deok-Ju Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2021;12(5):304-313.   Published online September 13, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2021.0177
  • 7,824 View
  • 190 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of daily living dual-task training focused on improving attention and executive function of the upper extremities, cognitive function, and quality of life in stroke patients.
Methods
We included 30 stroke patients who were hospitalized between July 2020 and October 2020. They were divided into experimental and control groups through randomization. The experimental group performed 20 minutes of dual-task training and received 10 minutes of conventional occupational therapy, while the control group performed 20 minutes of single-task training and received 10 minutes of conventional occupational therapy. Both groups underwent their respective rehabilitation for 30 minutes per session, 5 times per week for 5 weeks.
Results
Both groups showed significant improvements in upper extremity function, cognitive function, and quality of life; the experimental group showed higher results for all items. A significant between-group difference was observed in the magnitude of the changes.
Conclusion
In stroke patients, dual-task training that combined attention and executive function with daily living activities was found to be meaningful, as it encouraged active participation and motivation. This study is expected to be used as a foundation for future interventions for stroke patients.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Effect of Upper Limb Motor Rehabilitation on Cognition in Parkinson’s Disease: An Observational Study
    Valentina Varalta, Elisa Evangelista, Anna Righetti, Giovanni Morone, Stefano Tamburin, Alessandro Picelli, Cristina Fonte, Michele Tinazzi, Ilaria Antonella Di Vico, Andreas Waldner, Mirko Filippetti, Nicola Smania
    Brain Sciences.2022; 12(12): 1684.     CrossRef
Impact of Cognitive Aging on Health-Related Quality of Life in Menopausal Women
Kyoung Suk Lee, Mi Sook Jung, Mijung Kim, Kyeongin Cha, Eunyoung Chung
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(4):185-193.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.4.07
  • 4,525 View
  • 93 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Menopause is a well-known risk factor for accelerating cognitive aging in women. This study aimed to assess differences in cognitive function and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) according to menopausal status to determine whether the menopause significantly affects the relationship between cognitive function and HRQOL.

Methods

This was a cross-sectional comparative study with a convenience sample of 178 Korean women including 89 naturally menopausal women (65 ± 10 years) and 89 non-menopausal women (45 ± 8 years) who met the eligibility criteria and completed neuropsychological tests and self-report questionnaires about their HRQOL, cognitive function, depression, and sleep quality. Multiple regression analyses were performed within and between groups according to menopausal status.

Results

Menopausal women had significantly worse scores on neuropsychological performance and HRQOL than non-menopausal women. A better neuropsychological performance (β = 0.34) was solely associated with a better HRQOL in menopausal women, whilst socioeconomic variables were associated with HRQOL in non-menopausal women.

Conclusion

Menopause is an important risk factor for HRQOL, and the association between cognition and HRQOL may differ according to menopausal status. When developing programs for target groups to improve daily functioning and HRQOL, healthcare professionals need to pay more attention to this relationship.

Different Effects of Cognitive and Non-exercise Physical Leisure Activities on Cognitive Function by Age in Elderly Korean Individuals
Mi Sook Jung, Hyunli Kim, Yeji Lee, Mijung Kim, Eunyoung Chung
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017;8(5):308-317.   Published online October 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2017.8.5.04
  • 3,064 View
  • 37 Download
  • 6 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

We aimed to examine the effects of various leisure activities on cognitive impairment in young-old (aged 65–74 years) and old-old (aged ≥ 75 years) adults.

Methods

In total, 10,279 elderly Korean individuals from the 2014 Korean National Survey on Older Adults’ cohort were enrolled in our study. Cognitive impairment was assessed using the standardized score of the Mini-Mental State Examination for Dementia Screening, whereas leisure activities were recorded via self-reporting of the extent and type of leisure activity the subjects involved in over the past year. Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess the effect of leisure activities on cognitive impairment, while controlling for potential covariates.

Results

The subjects were more likely to participate in cognitive activities than in non-exercise physical activities. After controlling for selected covariates, involvement in cognitive activities was found to be a significant predictor of cognitive impairment in both the groups, whereas involvement in non-exercise physical activities was not a predictor of cognitive impairment in individuals aged ≥ 75 years. Moreover, depressive symptoms, rural residence, and hearing difficulties were common predictors of cognitive impairment among elderly-Korean-individuals.

Conclusion

Leisure activity involvement may help delay cognitive impairment, which is often concomitant with aging. Hence, an early intervention service may significantly benefit both young-old and old-old individuals.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Leisure activity and cognitive function among Chinese old adults: The multiple mediation effect of anxiety and loneliness
    Wenjun Li, Haiyan Sun, Wen Xu, Wenyuan Ma, Xin Yuan, Hao Wu, Changgui Kou
    Journal of Affective Disorders.2021; 294: 137.     CrossRef
  • Hearing Screening for Residents in Long-Term Care Homes Who Live with Dementia: A Scoping Review
    Fiona Höbler, Katherine S. McGilton, Walter Wittich, Kate Dupuis, Marilyn Reed, Shirley Dumassais, Paul Mick, M. Kathleen Pichora-Fuller
    Journal of Alzheimer's Disease.2021; 84(3): 1115.     CrossRef
  • Effects of non‐pharmacological therapies for people with mild cognitive impairment. A Bayesian network meta‐analysis
    Ying‐quan Wang, Rui‐xia Jia, Jing‐hong Liang, Jing Li, Sheng Qian, Jia‐yu Li, Yong Xu
    International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry.2020; 35(6): 591.     CrossRef
  • Do Musicians Have Better Mnemonic and Executive Performance Than Actors? Influence of Regular Musical or Theater Practice in Adults and in the Elderly
    Mathilde Groussard, Renaud Coppalle, Thomas Hinault, Hervé Platel
    Frontiers in Human Neuroscience.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Television Viewing and Cognitive Dysfunction of Korean Older Adults
    Mi Sook Jung, Eunyoung Chung
    Healthcare.2020; 8(4): 547.     CrossRef
  • Associated factors for cognition of physically independent elderly people living in residential care facilities for the aged in Sri Lanka
    Madushika Wishvanie Kodagoda Gamage, Chandana Hewage, Kithsiri Dedduwa Pathirana
    BMC Psychiatry.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
Hippocampus-dependent Task Improves the Cognitive Function after Ovariectomy in Rats
Songhee Cheon
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017;8(3):227-234.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2017.8.3.10
  • 2,887 View
  • 25 Download
  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Estrogen is an important hormone for cell growth, development, and differentiation by transcriptional regulation and modulation of intracellular signaling via second messengers. The reduction in the estrogen level after ovariectomy may lead to cognitive impairments associated with morphological changes in areas of the brain mediate memory. The aim of the present study was to find out the effect of tasks on the cognitive function after ovariectomy in rats.

Methods

The animals used in the experiment were 50 Sprague-Dawley female rats. This study applied a hippocampus-independent task (wheel running) and a hippocampus-dependent task (Morris water maze) after ovariectomy in rats and measured the cognitive performance (object-recognition and object-location test) and growth-associated protein 43 (GAP-43) and neurotrophin 3 (NT-3) expression in the hippocampus, which is an important center for memory and learning.

Results

There were meaningful differences between the hippocampus-independent and hippocampus-dependent task groups for the object-location test and GAP-43 and NT-3 expression in the hippocampus, but not the object-recognition test. However, the hippocampus-independent task group showed a significant improvement in the object-recognition test, compared to the control group.

Conclusion

These results suggest that hippocampus-dependent task training after ovariectomy enhances the hippocampus-related memory and cognitive function that are associated with morphological and functional changes in the cells of the hippocampus.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Targeting the TLR4/NF-κΒ Axis and NLRP1/3 Inflammasomes by Rosuvastatin: A Role in Impeding Ovariectomy-Induced Cognitive Decline Neuropathology in Rats
    Muhammed A. Saad, Muhammad Y. Al-Shorbagy, Hany H. Arab
    Molecular Neurobiology.2022; 59(7): 4562.     CrossRef
  • Estrogen Exerts Neuroprotective Effects in Vascular Dementia Rats by Suppressing Autophagy and Activating the Wnt/β-Catenin Signaling Pathway
    Yanyan Yang, Lei Zhao, Na Li, Congwei Dai, Nan Yin, Zhaoping Chu, Xiaoyan Duan, Xiaoli Niu, Ping Yan, Peiyuan Lv
    Neurochemical Research.2020; 45(9): 2100.     CrossRef
  • Modulation of aromatase by natural compounds—A pharmacophore guided molecular modelling simulations
    S. Rampogu, C. Park, M. Son, A. Baek, A. Zeb, G. Lee, K.W. Lee
    South African Journal of Botany.2019; 120: 230.     CrossRef
  • Early Stage Glycosylation Biomarkers in Alzheimer’s Disease
    Patricia Regan, Paula L. McClean, Thomas Smyth, Margaret Doherty
    Medicines.2019; 6(3): 92.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives