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Original Articles
Enrolment Phase Results of the Tabari Cohort Study: Comparing Family History, Lipids and Anthropometric Profiles Among Diabetic Patients
Mahmood Moosazadeh, Mahdi Afshari, Kaveh Jafari, Motahareh Kheradmand, Zahra Kashi, Mohsen Aarabi, Adeleh Bahar, Mohammad Khademloo
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(5):289-294.   Published online October 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.5.05
  • 3,537 View
  • 59 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Different factors are responsible for the silent epidemic of diabetes mellitus in developing and developed countries. This study aimed to determine the role of demographic factors, lipid profile, family history (the estimation of genetic association) and anthropometric factors on diabetes onset.

Methods

Data from the enrolment phase of the Tabari Cohort study was applied for this study and included 10,255 participants aged between 35–70 years. Anthropometric variables were measured by trained staff using standard tools. Blood specimens were collected for lipid profile and blood glucose measurements. Data analyses were performed using SPSS version 24, with univariate and multivariate logistic regression.

Results

The prevalence of diabetes mellitus was estimated to be 17.2% in the cohort population, 15.6% in men, and 18.3% in women. The adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for age groups 40–49, 50–59 and over 60 were 2.58 (2.20–3.69), 5.80 (4.51–7.48) and 8.72 (6.67–11.39), respectively. In addition, the odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for 2 (or more), and 1 affected family member were 4.12 (3.55–4.90) and 2.34 (2.07–2.65), respectively. Triglyceride concentrations more than 500, and abnormal high-density lipoprotein levels increased the odds of diabetes mellitus by 3.29- and 1.18-fold, respectively.

Conclusion

The current study showed that old age and a family history were strong predictors for diabetes mellitus.

Citations

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  • Prevalence and determinants of diabetes and prediabetes in southwestern Iran: the Khuzestan comprehensive health study (KCHS)
    Sanam Hariri, Zahra Rahimi, Nahid Hashemi-Madani, Seyyed Ali Mard, Farnaz Hashemi, Zahra Mohammadi, Leila Danehchin, Farhad Abolnezhadian, Aliasghar Valipour, Yousef Paridar, Mohammad Mahdi Mir-Nasseri, Alireza Khajavi, Sahar Masoudi, Saba Alvand, Bahman
    BMC Endocrine Disorders.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
Waist Circumference and Spirometric Measurements in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Ali Alavi Foumani, Mohammad Masoud Neyaragh, Zahra Abbasi Ranjbar, Ehsan Kazemnezhad Leyli, Shima Ildari, Alireza Jafari
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(4):240-245.   Published online August 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.4.07
  • 3,681 View
  • 33 Download
  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the waist circumference of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), had an impact on lung function.

Methods

There were 180 patients with COPD recruited into this prospective cross-sectional study. The age, weight, body mass index and waist circumference (WC) were measured. Spirometry parameters including forced vital capacity (FVC), and forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1), were measured and FEV1/FVC calculated.

Results

The mean FEV1/FVC in both normal weight and overweight patients, did not statistically significantly correlate with WC. The COPD assessment test, positively correlated with WC ( p = 0.031). A positive correlation with body mass index ( p < 0.001), smoking ( p = 0.027), and global initiative for chronic obstructive lung disease score ( p = 0.009), were observed to positively associate with WC. WC, age, C-reactive protein, duration of disease, and gender (male), were observed to be statistically significant risk factors for the severity of COPD.

Conclusion

WC was not observed to impact upon lung function in this study but it was a predictive factor for COPD severity in patients.

Citations

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  • Blood Levels of Indicators of Lower Respiratory Tract Damage in Chronic Bronchitis in Patients with Abdominal Obesity
    Elena V. Kashtanova, Yana V. Polonskaya, Evgeniia V. Striukova, Liliia V. Shcherbakova, Evgenii A. Kurtukov, Viktoriya S. Shramko, Ekaterina M. Stakhneva, Yulia I. Ragino
    Diagnostics.2022; 12(2): 299.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and its correlation with body mass index, airflow obstruction, dyspnea, and exercise index and C-reactive protein
    DSuresh Kumar, Richard Samuel, ViolaSavy DSouza, MadhuKeshava Bangera
    Indian Journal of Respiratory Care.2022; 11(4): 314.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of chronic bronchitis against a background of abdominal obesity in young people aged 25–44 in Novosibirsk
    Yu. I. Ragino, E. A. Kurtukov, D. V. Denisova, Ya. V. Polonskaya, L. V. Shcherbakova
    Bulletin of Siberian Medicine.2021; 20(1): 105.     CrossRef
  • Abdominal obesity and the level of markers of lower respiratory tract damage in patients with chronic bronchitis
    E.V. Kashtanova, Ya.V. Polonskaya, L.V. Scherbakova, I.I. Logvinenko, E.F. Kurtukov, D.V. Denisova, Yu.I. Ragino
    Profilakticheskaya meditsina.2021; 24(5): 35.     CrossRef
Multilevel Analysis of Socio-Demographic Disparities in Adulthood Obesity Across the United States Geographic Regions
Baksun Sung, Amin Etemadifar
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(3):137-144.   Published online June 30, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.3.04
  • 3,562 View
  • 47 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The objective of this study was to examine the socio-demographic disparities in obesity among US adults across 130 metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas.

Methods

This study used data from the 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and Selected Metropolitan/Micropolitan Area Risk Trend of 159,827 US adults aged 18 years and older. Data were analyzed using the multilevel linear regression models.

Results

According to individual level analyses, socio-demographic disparities in obesity exist in the United States. Individuals with low socioeconomic status were associated with a higher body mass index. The participants from the Midwest United States tend to have higher body mass index than those who from the South. According to metropolitan and micropolitan statistical area level analyses, secondly, there were significant differences in obesity status between different areas and the relation of obesity with 5 socio-demographic factors varied across different areas. According to geospatial mapping analyses, even though obesity status by metropolitan and micropolitan statistical area level has improved overtime, differences in body mass index between United States regions are increasing from 2007 to 2015.

Conclusion

Socio-demographic and regional disparities in obesity status persist among US adults. Hence, these findings underscore the need to take socio-environmental factors into account when planning obesity prevention on vulnerable populations and areas.

Citations

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  • Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)-Authorized Grocery, Convenience, Dollar, and Restaurant or Delivery Service Settings Are Associated With Increased Obesity Prevalence in Virginia
    Bailey Houghtaling, David Kniola, Sarah Misyak
    American Journal of Health Promotion.2021; 35(1): 127.     CrossRef
  • The effects of the built environment on the general health, physical activity and obesity of adults in Queensland, Australia
    Siqin Wang, Yan Liu, Jack Lam, Mei-Po Kwan
    Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology.2021; 39: 100456.     CrossRef
  • Exposure to air pollutants and the gut microbiota: a potential link between exposure, obesity, and type 2 diabetes
    Maximillian J. Bailey, Noopur N. Naik, Laura E. Wild, William B. Patterson, Tanya L. Alderete
    Gut Microbes.2020; 11(5): 1188.     CrossRef
Short Communication
Percentage Body Fat is As a Good Indicator for Determining Adolescents Who Are Overweight or Obese: A Cross-Sectional Study in Vietnam
Le Thu Trang, Nguyen Nam Trung, Dinh-Toi Chu, Nguyen Thi Hong Hanh
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(2):108-114.   Published online April 30, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.2.10
  • 3,935 View
  • 53 Download
  • 9 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

To identify trends in percentage body fat (PBF) in adolescents to determine gender-specific classification thresholds for being overweight and obese.

Methods

A cross-sectional study of 899 adolescents (11 to 14.5 years) from Hanoi and Nam Dinh was conducted in Vietnam. PBF, subcutaneous fat and percentage of lean mass were measured directly using OMRON HBF 375 scales to measure bioelectrical impedance.

Results

PBF decreased in boys with increasing age (p < 0.001). The difference in PBF between boys and girls, significantly increased with age after 12.5 years (p < 0.001). There was a stronger correlation between PBF and fat content (Pearson’s r = 0.860, p < 0.0001) than that between (BMI) and fat content (Pearson’s r = 0.521, p < 0.0001). The prevalence of being overweight or obese in girls was similar when determined by PBF or BMI. Hanoi had higher rates of adolescents being overweight or obese compared with Nam Dinh.

Conclusion

PBF provides a more accurate body assessment for being overweight or obese in adolescents compared with BMI.

Citations

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  • Associations Between Body Composition, Leptin, and Vitamin D Varied by the Body Fat Percentage in Adolescents
    Rapheeporn Khwanchuea, Chuchard Punsawad
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Psychiatric symptoms are not associated with circulating CRP concentrations after controlling for medical, social, and demographic factors
    Leandra K. Figueroa-Hall, Bohan Xu, Rayus Kuplicki, Bart N. Ford, Kaiping Burrows, T. Kent Teague, Sandip Sen, Hung-Wen Yeh, Michael R. Irwin, Jonathan Savitz, Martin P. Paulus
    Translational Psychiatry.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effects of School-Based Physical Activity Programs on Health-Related Physical Fitness of Korean Adolescents: A Preliminary Study
    Eui-Jae Lee, Wi-Young So, Hyun-Su Youn, Jooyoung Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2021; 18(6): 2976.     CrossRef
  • Bone Health and Its Positive Relationships with Body Composition in Malaysian Schoolchildren: Findings from a Cross-Sectional Study
    Hui Chin Koo, Geok Pei Lim, Satvinder Kaur, Kai Quin Chan, Keh En Chan, Casey Chung, Michelle Wong, Ugunesh Danaselvam
    Children.2021; 8(7): 569.     CrossRef
  • Obesity parameters in relation to lung function levels in a large Chinese rural adult population
    Xiang Zeng, Dongling Liu, Zhen An, Huijun Li, Jie Song, Weidong Wu
    Epidemiology and Health.2021; 43: e2021047.     CrossRef
  • Changes to cardiovascular risk factors over 7 years: a prospective cohort study of in situ urbanised residents in the Chaoyang District of Beijing
    Zhe Li, Shicheng Yu, Xiaoyan Han, Jianjun Liu, Hongyan Yao
    BMJ Open.2020; 10(3): e033548.     CrossRef
  • Effect of Body Fat Percentage on Muscle Damage Induced by High-Intensity Eccentric Exercise
    Eun-Jung Yoon, Jooyoung Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2020; 17(10): 3476.     CrossRef
  • Body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio misclassification of overweight and obesity in Chinese military personnel
    Qingqing Zhu, Binbin Huang, Qiaoli Li, Liqian Huang, Wenbo Shu, Lin Xu, Qiongying Deng, Ziliang Ye, Chunyan Li, Peng Liu
    Journal of Physiological Anthropology.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Identification of the most appropriate existing anthropometric index for home-based obesity screening in children and adolescents
    X.F. Ye, W. Dong, L.L. Tan, Z.R. Zhang, Y.L. Qiu, J. Zhang
    Public Health.2020; 189: 20.     CrossRef
Original Articles
Comparison of Foot Structure, Function, Plantar Pressure and Balance Ability According to the Body Mass Index of Young Adults
Se-Yeon Park, Du-Jin Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(2):102-107.   Published online April 30, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.2.09
  • 4,050 View
  • 176 Download
  • 13 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study compared foot arch height, plantar fascia thickness, a range of motion assessments of the ankle joint, strength of the ankle joint, plantar pressure, and balance between obese and normal weight young adults.

Methods

Fifty-two participants were required for the present study design to achieve 80% power, 0.8 effect size (η2), and an alpha level of 0.05. The participants were categorized to normal weight or obese groups based on BMI (≤ 24 kg/m2 and ≥ 25 kg/m2, respectively). The foot and ankle disability index and Sport survey were completed by the participants before the measurements. Foot arch height was measured using the navicular drop test, and plantar fascia thickness was measured using ultrasound. Plantar pressure and balance tests were also conducted, followed by ankle joint range of motion and strength tests.

Results

Foot arch height and plantar fascia thickness was significantly higher in the obese group compared with the normal weight group (p < 0.01). There were significant differences in eversion of ankle strength, plantar pressure in the big toe and heel and anterior-posterior balance between normal and obese weight groups (p < 0.05).

Conclusion

Obese young adults had more abnormalities in the medial longitudinal arch, plantar fascia, and plantar pressure as well as weakened ankle eversion strength and balance problems compared with the normal weight group.

Citations

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  • Characteristics of Plantar Pressure with Foot Postures and Lower Limb Pain Profiles in Taiwanese College Elite Rugby League Athletes
    Tong-Hsien Chow, Yih-Shyuan Chen, Chin-Chia Hsu, Chin-Hsien Hsu
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2022; 19(3): 1158.     CrossRef
  • Traceable Features of Static Plantar Pressure Characteristics and Foot Postures in College Students with Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy
    Tong-Hsien Chow
    Journal of Personalized Medicine.2022; 12(3): 394.     CrossRef
  • Elite Tennis Players Experiencing High-Arched Supination and Cuboids Dropped Foot Syndromes in Daily Normal Gait
    Tong-Hsien Chow, Chin-Chia Hsu
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2022; 19(15): 8897.     CrossRef
  • Association between flat foot prevalence and nutritional status in schoolchildren
    Sonja Susnjevic, Dragana Milijasevic, Dusica Maric, Olja Niciforovic-Surkovic, Vesna Mijatovic-Jovanovic, Snezana Ukropina
    Srpski arhiv za celokupno lekarstvo.2022; 150(1-2): 59.     CrossRef
  • Relationship between total weight-bearing response of the navicular and talus bones and weight-bearing response of hindfoot valgus in normal foot arch
    Masafumi Maruyama, Arito Yozu, Yoshikazu Okamoto, Hitoshi Shiraki
    The Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicin.2021; 10(2): 75.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Two Foot-Ankle Interventions on Foot Structure, Function, and Balance Ability in Obese People with Pes Planus
    Du-Jin Park, Kyung-Sun Lee, Se-Yeon Park
    Healthcare.2021; 9(6): 667.     CrossRef
  • An Investigation of Regional Plantar Soft Tissue Hardness and Its Potential Correlation with Plantar Pressure Distribution in Healthy Adults
    Maimaitirexiati Helili, Xiang Geng, Xin Ma, Wenming Chen, Chao Zhang, Jiazhang Huang, Xu Wang, Estefanía Peña
    Applied Bionics and Biomechanics.2021; 2021: 1.     CrossRef
  • Relationships between Plantar Pressure Distribution and Rearfoot Alignment in the Taiwanese College Athletes with Plantar Fasciopathy during Static Standing and Walking
    Tong-Hsien Chow, Yih-Shyuan Chen, Chin-Chia Hsu
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2021; 18(24): 12942.     CrossRef
  • Three-Dimensional Ankle Exercise with Combined Isotonic Technique for an Obese Subject with Plantar Fasciitis: A Case Study
    Kyung-Sun Lee, Du-Jin Park
    Medicina.2020; 56(4): 190.     CrossRef
  • Mixed factors affecting plantar pressures and center of pressure in obese children: Obesity and flatfoot
    Shiyang Yan, Ruoyi Li, Bi Shi, Ruoli Wang, Luming Yang
    Gait & Posture.2020; 80: 7.     CrossRef
  • Body weight-dependent foot loads, assessed in terms of BMI and adiposity, in school-aged children: a cross sectional study
    Beata Szczepanowska-Wolowiec, Paulina Sztandera, Ireneusz Kotela, Marek Zak
    Scientific Reports.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Impact of Overweight and Obesity on Plantar Pressure in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review
    Liliana Catan, Elena Amaricai, Roxana Ramona Onofrei, Calin Marius Popoiu, Emil Radu Iacob, Corina Maria Stanciulescu, Simona Cerbu, Delia Ioana Horhat, Oana Suciu
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2020; 17(18): 6600.     CrossRef
  • Standard reference values of weight and maximum pressure distribution in healthy adults aged 18–65 years in Germany
    D. Ohlendorf, K. Kerth, W. Osiander, F. Holzgreve, L. Fraeulin, H. Ackermann, D. A. Groneberg
    Journal of Physiological Anthropology.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
Obesity, Hypertension, and Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus: The Interrelationships and the Determinants among Adults in Gaza City, Palestine
Mohammed S. Ellulu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(6):289-298.   Published online December 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.6.02
  • 3,769 View
  • 112 Download
  • 5 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

To describe the distribution of social factors, lifestyle habits and anthropometric measurements according to hypertension and Type-2 diabetes.

Methods

A cross-sectional study was conducted in Gaza City, Palestine that included 379 patients (20–60 years) who had hypertension and/or diabetes. Three groups of patients were involved; 106 hypertensive (HT), 109 diabetic (T2DM) and 164 hypertensive diabetics (HT + T2DM).

Results

The HT + T2DM group were older and had a higher body mass index compared to HT and T2DM groups. There were 62.3% patients who were female, 49.2% were highly educated HT patients, and 49.3% patients had a low level of education and were HT + T2DM. There were 55.8% patients who lived in large families. Patients who were passive smokers or never smoked before were mostly HT + T2DM, while active smokers and past smokers had T2DM. There were 48.2% patients who were highly physically active who had HT, 40.9% whom were moderately active had T2DM, and 53.8% of patients who had a low level of activity were HT + T2DM. Multivariate linear regression showed that having a diseased mother, living in a large family, being a past or passive smoker, or never having smoked, having a low or moderate level of activity, and having HT or HT + T2DM, were significantly associated with an increased body mass index.

Conclusion

Parental health/disease conditions and environmental factors (social network and lifestyle habits) played the greatest role in the development of obesity and disease.

Citations

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  • Association between endothelial nitric oxide synthase and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system polymorphisms, blood pressure and training status in normotensive/pre-hypertension and hypertensive older adults: a pilot study
    Roberta Fernanda da Silva, Riccardo Lacchini, Lucas Cezar Pinheiro, Letícia Perticarrara Ferezin, José Eduardo Tanus-Santos, Marcelo Rizzatti Luizon, Thiago José Dionísio, Carlos Ferreira Santos, Thaís Amanda Reia, André Mourão Jacomini, Ana Maria Guilmo
    Clinical and Experimental Hypertension.2021; 43(7): 661.     CrossRef
  • Breakfast characteristics, perception, and reasons of skipping among 8th and 9th-grade students at governmental schools, Jenin governance, West Bank
    Manal Badrasawi, Ola Anabtawi, Yaqout Al-Zain
    BMC Nutrition.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Advanced Molecular Imaging (MRI/MRS/1H NMR) for Metabolic Information in Young Adults with Health Risk Obesity
    Khin Thandar Htun, Jie Pan, Duanghathai Pasanta, Montree Tungjai, Chatchanok Udomtanakunchai, Thanaporn Petcharoen, Nattacha Chamta, Supak Kosicharoen, Kiattisak Chukua, Christopher Lai, Suchart Kothan
    Life.2021; 11(10): 1035.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and Predictors of Co-occurring Hypertension and Depression Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults
    Cicily A. Gray, Omar T. Sims, Hyejung Oh
    Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities.2020; 7(2): 365.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes and Its Association with Added Sugar Intake in Citizens and Refugees Aged 40 or Older in the Gaza Strip, Palestine
    Majed Jebril, Xin Liu, Zumin Shi, Mohsen Mazidi, Akram Altaher, Youfa Wang
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2020; 17(22): 8594.     CrossRef
Factors Affecting Body Image Discordance Amongst Korean Adults Aged 19–39 Years
Hye-Young Jang, Jung-Won Ahn, Mi-Kyeong Jeon
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(4):197-206.   Published online August 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.4.09
  • 4,056 View
  • 41 Download
  • 5 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study was designed to investigate factors affecting the discordance between body image and body mass index amongst Korean adults aged 19–39 years.

Methods

Data (N = 59,361) from the 2014 Korean Community Health Survey was analyzed using descriptive analysis, chi-square test, and logistic regression analysis.

Results

To examine the factors affecting body image discordance as observed in 43.1% of participants, the group was subdivided into underestimation and overestimation. There were 36.0% of participants that were body image discordant underestimators and 7.1% were overestimators. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the underestimators tended to be men, graduated from high school, married, current/ex-smokers, ex-drinkers, had between 5 to 9 hours sleep (inclusive), had fair to good self-rated health, and demonstrated healthy weight control behavior, relative to the reference group. In comparison, overestimators tended to be in the 19–29 year group and had signs of depression. The OR of individuals who were men, married, and had healthy weight control behavior was significantly lower in the overestimators group.

Conclusion

These findings show that tailored interventions to promote accurate body awareness should be based on the type of body image discordance. In addition, it is necessary to develop and implement a program of body image improvement that considers the factors affecting body weight discordance.

Citations

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  • Awareness of body mass index and its associated factors: A cross‐sectional study
    Yong Kang Cheah, Kuang Kuay Lim, Hasimah Ismail, Ruhaya Salleh, Chee Cheong Kee, Kuang Hock Lim, Yoon Ling Cheong
    Nursing & Health Sciences.2022; 24(3): 726.     CrossRef
  • Gender differences in factors associated with body weight misperception
    Su Yeon Kye, Keeho Park
    Public Health Nutrition.2021; 24(9): 2483.     CrossRef
  • Body Schema Self-Awareness and Related Dream Content Modifications in Amputees Due to Cancer
    Alessandra Giordano, Michele Boffano, Raimondo Piana, Roberto Mutani, Alessandro Cicolin
    Brain Sciences.2021; 11(12): 1625.     CrossRef
  • Body image before and after coronary artery bypass graft surgery: comparison and its contributing factors
    Mohsen Adib-Hajbaghery, Sedigheh Miranzadeh, Mahsa Tahmouresi, Ismail Azizi-Fini
    BMC Psychology.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Correlations between Excessive Body Mass Index, Body Perception, Physical Activity, and Respiratory Functions among Youths in an Urban Setting of Vietnam
    Lan. P. T. Nguyen, Bach X. Nguyen, Tam T. Ngo, Yen H. N. Nguyen, Hang T. Phan
    BioMed Research International.2020; 2020: 1.     CrossRef
Study on Cardiopulmonary Function, Maximal Oxygen Uptake, and Obesity Index according to Smoking Status in Middle-Aged and Older Office Workers
Deok-Ju Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(3):95-100.   Published online June 30, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.3.02
  • 3,966 View
  • 107 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

To investigate the effect of smoking upon cardiopulmonary function, maximal oxygen uptake, and obesity index, in middle-aged and older workers to propose guidelines on healthcare for these age groups.

Methods

This study analyzed medical data from 2,753 white-collar workers aged 50 years or older from workplaces located in Seoul, South Korea. Blood pressure (BP), resting heart rate, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), and body mass index (BMI) of each subject were measured. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS 21.0.

Results

In the smoking group BP and resting heart rate were significantly higher than in the non-smoking and smoking-cessation groups (p < 0.05). In addition, VO2max was lower in the smoking group compared to the other 2 groups. BP closely correlated with resting heart rate, abdominal fat ratio, and BMI. BMI was the highest in the group that stopped smoking and, BMI and abdominal fat ratio negatively correlated with VO2max.

Conclusion

Smoking increases the risk of cardiopulmonary disease but obesity may be caused by stopping smoking. Therefore, healthcare guidelines on smoking cessation should also include nutritional advice.

Citations

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  • Smoking Status on Bone Health and Osteoporosis Prevalence
    Vu H. Nguyen
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2018; 9(4): 213.     CrossRef
Comparison of Hypertension Prediction Analysis Using Waist Measurement and Body Mass Index by Age Group
So Hyun Park, Seong-Gil Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(2):45-49.   Published online April 30, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.2.02
  • 3,581 View
  • 90 Download
  • 5 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The purpose of this study was to evaluate hypertension with simple anthropometry data related to obesity in Korean adults and identify whether age specific waist circumference (WC) may be a useful screening tool for determining hypertension.

Methods

Subjects (n = 571) were classified into 3 groups by age; young (18–39 years), middle aged (40–64 years), and old aged (≥ 65 years). Correlations between demographic and anthropometric parameters and hypertension were performed using Spearman correlation analysis. Logistic regression analysis and ROC (receiver operating characteristics) curves were also analyzed for correlations with hypertension.

Results

Spearman correlation analyses, age, gender, WC, and body mass index were positively correlated with hypertension. When logistic regression analysis was performed, increased age and increased WC was associated with a higher incidence of hypertension, although gender and body mass index were not significantly related to hypertension. In ROC analysis of WC for hypertension demonstrated that patients in the old age group showed higher WC cutoff value than patients in the young and middle aged groups.

Conclusion

The findings of this study demonstrate that WC may be a useful predictor of hypertension incidence among demographic and anthropometric factors in Korean adults. In addition, WC in the young population was more sensitive to the incidence of hypertension than in the elderly population.

Citations

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  • Relationship between Cardiometabolic Factors and the Response of Blood Pressure to a One-Year Primary Care Lifestyle Intervention in Metabolic Syndrome Patients
    Elisa Marin-Couture, Marie-Josée Filion, Ryma Boukari, Khursheed Jeejeebhoy, Rupinder Dhaliwal, Paula Brauer, Dawna Royall, David M. Mutch, Doug Klein, Angelo Tremblay, Caroline Rhéaume
    Metabolites.2022; 12(9): 861.     CrossRef
  • A hybrid machine learning approach for hypertension risk prediction
    Min Fang, Yingru Chen, Rui Xue, Huihui Wang, Nilesh Chakraborty, Ting Su, Yuyan Dai
    Neural Computing and Applications.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Role of Lifestyle Factors in Controlling Blood Pressure among Hypertensive Patients in Two Health Facilities in Urban Ghana: A Cross-Sectional Study
    Emefa Modey Amoah, Darlene Esinam Okai, Adom Manu, Amos Laar, Joseph Akamah, Kwasi Torpey
    International Journal of Hypertension.2020; 2020: 1.     CrossRef
  • Obesity and hypertension: the role of criteria
    D P Tsygankova, K E Krivoshapova, S A Maksimov, E V Indukaeva, E B Shapovalova, G V Artamonova, O L Barbarash
    Systemic Hypertension.2019; 16(1): 32.     CrossRef
  • Watch Your Waistline
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2018; 9(2): 43.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives