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Short Communication
Percentage Body Fat is As a Good Indicator for Determining Adolescents Who Are Overweight or Obese: A Cross-Sectional Study in Vietnam
Le Thu Trang, Nguyen Nam Trung, Dinh-Toi Chu, Nguyen Thi Hong Hanh
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(2):108-114.   Published online April 30, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.2.10
  • 3,935 View
  • 53 Download
  • 9 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

To identify trends in percentage body fat (PBF) in adolescents to determine gender-specific classification thresholds for being overweight and obese.

Methods

A cross-sectional study of 899 adolescents (11 to 14.5 years) from Hanoi and Nam Dinh was conducted in Vietnam. PBF, subcutaneous fat and percentage of lean mass were measured directly using OMRON HBF 375 scales to measure bioelectrical impedance.

Results

PBF decreased in boys with increasing age (p < 0.001). The difference in PBF between boys and girls, significantly increased with age after 12.5 years (p < 0.001). There was a stronger correlation between PBF and fat content (Pearson’s r = 0.860, p < 0.0001) than that between (BMI) and fat content (Pearson’s r = 0.521, p < 0.0001). The prevalence of being overweight or obese in girls was similar when determined by PBF or BMI. Hanoi had higher rates of adolescents being overweight or obese compared with Nam Dinh.

Conclusion

PBF provides a more accurate body assessment for being overweight or obese in adolescents compared with BMI.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Associations Between Body Composition, Leptin, and Vitamin D Varied by the Body Fat Percentage in Adolescents
    Rapheeporn Khwanchuea, Chuchard Punsawad
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Psychiatric symptoms are not associated with circulating CRP concentrations after controlling for medical, social, and demographic factors
    Leandra K. Figueroa-Hall, Bohan Xu, Rayus Kuplicki, Bart N. Ford, Kaiping Burrows, T. Kent Teague, Sandip Sen, Hung-Wen Yeh, Michael R. Irwin, Jonathan Savitz, Martin P. Paulus
    Translational Psychiatry.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effects of School-Based Physical Activity Programs on Health-Related Physical Fitness of Korean Adolescents: A Preliminary Study
    Eui-Jae Lee, Wi-Young So, Hyun-Su Youn, Jooyoung Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2021; 18(6): 2976.     CrossRef
  • Bone Health and Its Positive Relationships with Body Composition in Malaysian Schoolchildren: Findings from a Cross-Sectional Study
    Hui Chin Koo, Geok Pei Lim, Satvinder Kaur, Kai Quin Chan, Keh En Chan, Casey Chung, Michelle Wong, Ugunesh Danaselvam
    Children.2021; 8(7): 569.     CrossRef
  • Obesity parameters in relation to lung function levels in a large Chinese rural adult population
    Xiang Zeng, Dongling Liu, Zhen An, Huijun Li, Jie Song, Weidong Wu
    Epidemiology and Health.2021; 43: e2021047.     CrossRef
  • Changes to cardiovascular risk factors over 7 years: a prospective cohort study of in situ urbanised residents in the Chaoyang District of Beijing
    Zhe Li, Shicheng Yu, Xiaoyan Han, Jianjun Liu, Hongyan Yao
    BMJ Open.2020; 10(3): e033548.     CrossRef
  • Effect of Body Fat Percentage on Muscle Damage Induced by High-Intensity Eccentric Exercise
    Eun-Jung Yoon, Jooyoung Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2020; 17(10): 3476.     CrossRef
  • Body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio misclassification of overweight and obesity in Chinese military personnel
    Qingqing Zhu, Binbin Huang, Qiaoli Li, Liqian Huang, Wenbo Shu, Lin Xu, Qiongying Deng, Ziliang Ye, Chunyan Li, Peng Liu
    Journal of Physiological Anthropology.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Identification of the most appropriate existing anthropometric index for home-based obesity screening in children and adolescents
    X.F. Ye, W. Dong, L.L. Tan, Z.R. Zhang, Y.L. Qiu, J. Zhang
    Public Health.2020; 189: 20.     CrossRef
Original Articles
Associations Between Estimated Desaturase Activity and Insulin Resistance in Korean Boys
Young Sim Choi, Han Byul Jang, Ju Yeon Park, Hye-Ja Lee, Jae-Heon Kang, Kyung-Hee Park, Jong Ho Lee, Sang Ick Park, Jihyun Song
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(5):251-257.   Published online October 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.08.008
  • 2,022 View
  • 15 Download
  • 8 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Obesity in childhood increases the risk of obesity in adulthood, and is predictive of the development of metabolic disorders. The fatty acid compositions of various tissues, including blood, are associated with obesity and obesity-associated disorders. Thus, tracking plasma phospholipid (PL) features and metabolic parameters in young individuals may strengthen the utility of fatty acid composition as an early biomarker of future metabolic disorders.
Methods
Anthropometric and blood biochemical data were obtained from 131 Korean males aged 10.5 ± 0.4 years, and followed up at 2 years. We analyzed the plasma PL fatty acids according to obesity. Obese children were defined as those with a body mass index (BMI) greater than the 85th percentile for age and gender, based on Korean child growth standards.
Results
Activities of lipid desaturases, stearyl-CoAD (SCD-16,16:1n-7/16:0), delta-6D (D6D, 20:3n-6/18:2n-6), and delta-5D (D5D, 20:4n-6/20:3n-6), were estimated. Obese individuals had significantly higher proportions of palmitoleic acid (16:1n-7) and dihomo-gamma linolenic acid (DGLA, 20:3n-6) at both baseline and follow-up than did lean individuals. The activities of SCD-16 and D6D were higher in obese than lean boys. The baseline SCD-16 activity level was positively associated with the baseline waist circumference (WC) and the metabolic risk score. The baseline D6D level was positively associated with WC and also with the homeostasis model of assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), a surrogate marker of insulin resistance (IR), and metabolic risk score at both baseline and follow-up.
Conclusion
In young Korean males, higher D6D activity predicts the future development of IR and associated metabolic disorders including dyslipidemia.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Palmitoleic and Dihomo-γ-Linolenic Acids Are Positively Associated With Abdominal Obesity and Increased Metabolic Risk in Children
    Man-Chin Hua, Hui-Min Su, Ming-Wei Lai, Tsung-Chieh Yao, Ming-Han Tsai, Sui-Ling Liao, Shen-Hao Lai, Jing-Long Huang
    Frontiers in Pediatrics.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Is Palmitoleic Acid a Plausible Nonpharmacological Strategy to Prevent or Control Chronic Metabolic and Inflammatory Disorders?
    Camila O. de Souza, Gretchen K. Vannice, José C. Rosa Neto, Philip C. Calder
    Molecular Nutrition & Food Research.2018; 62(1): 1700504.     CrossRef
  • Associations Among Fatty Acids, Desaturase and Elongase, and Insulin Resistance in Children
    Lori M. Beccarelli, Rachel Erin Scherr, John W. Newman, Alison G. Borkowska, Ira J. Gray, Jessica D. Linnell, Carl L. Keen, Heather M. Young
    Journal of the American College of Nutrition.2018; 37(1): 44.     CrossRef
  • Continuous cardiometabolic risk score definitions in early childhood: a scoping review
    M. Kamel, B. T. Smith, G. Wahi, S. Carsley, C. S. Birken, L. N. Anderson
    Obesity Reviews.2018; 19(12): 1688.     CrossRef
  • FADS1-FADS2 gene cluster confers risk to polycystic ovary syndrome
    Ye Tian, Wei Zhang, Shigang Zhao, Yinhua Sun, Yuehong Bian, Tailai Chen, Yanzhi Du, Jiangtao Zhang, Zhao Wang, Tao Huang, Yingqian Peng, Ping Yang, Han Zhao, Zi-Jiang Chen
    Scientific Reports.2016;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association of plasma fatty acid composition with plasma irisin levels in normal weight and overweight/obese children
    A. Viitasalo, J. Ågren, T. Venäläinen, J. Pihlajamäki, J. Jääskeläinen, A. Korkmaz, M. Atalay, T. A. Lakka
    Pediatric Obesity.2016; 11(4): 299.     CrossRef
  • Linoleic acid and the pathogenesis of obesity
    Shaan S. Naughton, Michael L. Mathai, Deanne H. Hryciw, Andrew J. McAinch
    Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators.2016; 125: 90.     CrossRef
  • Effect of Exercise and Calorie Restriction on Tissue Acylcarnitines, Tissue Desaturase Indices, and Fat Accumulation in Diet-Induced Obese Rats
    Venkatesh Gopalan, Navin Michael, Seigo Ishino, Swee Shean Lee, Adonsia Yating Yang, K. N. Bhanu Prakash, Jadegoud Yaligar, Suresh Anand Sadananthan, Manami Kaneko, Zhihong Zhou, Yoshinori Satomi, Megumi Hirayama, Hidenori Kamiguchi, Bin Zhu, Takashi Hori
    Scientific Reports.2016;[Epub]     CrossRef
Experiences of Health Related Lifestyles in High Body Fat but Non-obese Female College Students in Korea
Jeongsoo Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(1):68-73.   Published online February 28, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.01.004
  • 3,591 View
  • 17 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The purpose of this study was to describe and understand the lifestyles of non-obese female college students with high body fat (HBF).
Methods
The interview data were collected from 18 female students [body mass index (BMI) <23 kg/m2 and body fat ratio ≥30%] and analyzed by using descriptive phenomenology of Colaizzi. The procedural steps described the phenomenon of interest, collected participants' descriptions of the phenomenon, extracted the meaning of significant statements, organized the meanings into clusters, wrote exhaustive descriptions and then incorporated data into an exhaustive description.
Results
The results in 153 restatements, 36 constructed meanings, 22 themes, seven theme clusters, and three categories were deduced. The three categories were: diminished daily concerns of health, changes in living habits by stressors, and perceived unbalance in health.
Conclusion
This study describes non-obese female university students' experiences with HBF and their lifestyles. The findings have important implications for health promotion for non-obese female university students with HBF and must be considered when developing education courses for preparing adults.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The effect of physical activity intervention and nutritional habits on anthropometric measures in elementary school children: the health oriented pedagogical project (HOPP)
    Nandu Goswami, Irhad Trozic, Maren Valand Fredriksen, Per Morten Fredriksen
    International Journal of Obesity.2021; 45(8): 1677.     CrossRef
  • Experiences in Healthy Dieting of Male College Students with Obesity in Korea
    Jeong Soo Kim
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2015; 6(1): 59.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives