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Original Articles
An Investigation into Chronic Conditions and Diseases in Minors to Determine the Socioeconomic Status, Medical Use and Expenditure According to Data from the Korea Health Panel, 2015
Jong-Hoon Moon
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(6):343-350.   Published online December 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.6.04
  • 3,297 View
  • 134 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study compared the socioeconomic status, medical use and expenditures for infants (1–5 years), juveniles (6–12 years), and adolescents (13–19 years) with a chronic condition or disease to determine factors affecting health spending.

Methods

Data from 3,677 minors (< 20 years old, without disabilities) were extracted from the Korea Health Panel (2015) database.

Results

Minors with chronic conditions or diseases were older (juveniles, and adolescents; p < 0.001), and included a higher proportion of Medicaid recipients (p = 0.004), a higher use of hospital outpatient care (p < 0.001), and higher medical expenditure (p < 0.001) compared to minors without chronic conditions or diseases. Boys were more likely to have a chronic condition or disease than girls (p = 0.036). Adolescents and juveniles were more likely than infants to have a chronic condition or disease (p = 0.001). Medicaid recipients were more likely to have a chronic condition or disease than those who were not Medicaid recipients (p = 0.008). Minors who had been hospital outpatients were more likely to have a chronic condition or disease, compared with minors who had not been an outpatient (p = 0.001). Having a chronic condition or disease, was a factor increasing medical expenditure (p = 0.001). Medical expenditure was higher in infants than in juveniles and adolescents (p = 0.001). Infants had higher rates of medical use when compared with juveniles and adolescents (p = 0.001).

Conclusion

These findings suggest that systematic health care management for minors with chronic conditions or diseases, is needed.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Household income and maternal education in early childhood and activity-limiting chronic health conditions in late childhood: findings from birth cohort studies from six countries
    Nicholas James Spencer, Johnny Ludvigsson, Yueyue You, Kate Francis, Yara Abu Awad, Wolfgang Markham, Tomas Faresjö, Jeremy Goldhaber-Fiebert, Pär Andersson White, Hein Raat, Fiona Mensah, Lise Gauvin, Jennifer J McGrath
    Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.2022; 76(11): 939.     CrossRef
Development of a Food Safety and Nutrition Education Program for Adolescents by Applying Social Cognitive Theory
Jounghee Lee, Soyeon Jeong, Gyeongah Ko, Hyunshin Park, Youngsook Ko
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(4):248-260.   Published online August 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.05.005
  • 2,124 View
  • 17 Download
  • 7 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The purpose of this study was to develop an educational model regarding food safety and nutrition. In particular, we aimed to develop educational materials, such as middle- and high-school textbooks, a teacher’s guidebook, and school posters, by applying social cognitive theory.
Methods
To develop a food safety and nutrition education program, we took into account diverse factors influencing an individual’s behavior, such as personal, behavioral, and environmental factors, based on social cognitive theory. We also conducted a pilot study of the educational materials targeting middle-school students (n = 26), high-school students (n = 24), and dietitians (n = 13) regarding comprehension level, content, design, and quality by employing the 5-point Likert scale in May 2016.
Results
The food safety and nutrition education program covered six themes: (1) caffeine; (2) food additives; (3) foodborne illness; (4) nutrition and meal planning; (5) obesity and eating disorders; and (6) nutrition labeling. Each class activity was created to improve self-efficacy by setting one’s own goal and to increase self-control by monitoring one’s dietary intake. We also considered environmental factors by creating school posters and leaflets to educate teachers and parents. The overall evaluation score for the textbook was 4.0 points among middle- and high-school students, and 4.5 points among dietitians.
Conclusion
This study provides a useful program model that could serve as a guide to develop educational materials for nutrition-related subjects in the curriculum. This program model was created to increase awareness of nutrition problems and self-efficacy. This program also helped to improve nutrition management skills and to promote a healthy eating environment in middle- and high-school students.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Evaluating the Consistency Between Conceptual Frameworks and Factors Influencing the Safe Behavior of Iranian Workers in the Petrochemical Industry: Mixed Methods Study
    Azita Zahiri Harsini, Philip Bohle, Lynda R Matthews, Fazlollah Ghofranipour, Hormoz Sanaeinasab, Farkhondeh Amin Shokravi, Krishan Prasad
    JMIR Public Health and Surveillance.2021; 7(5): e22851.     CrossRef
  • Critical Consciousness of Food Systems as a Potential Lifestyle Intervention on Health Issues
    Sothy Eng, Carli Donoghue, Tricia Khun, Whitney Szmodis
    American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine.2020; 14(3): 258.     CrossRef
  • Development, Implementation, and Process Evaluation of a Theory-Based Nutrition Education Programme for Adults Living With HIV in Abeokuta, Nigeria
    Temitope K. Bello, Gerda J. Gericke, Una E. MacIntyre
    Frontiers in Public Health.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • What matters for higher education success of private educational institutions? Senior students’ perceptions in Malaysia
    Jayaraman Krishnaswamy, Zarif Hossain, Mohan Kumar Kavigtha, Annamalai Nagaletchimee
    Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education.2019; 11(3): 616.     CrossRef
  • Augmented reality of traditional food for nutrition education
    Cica Yulia, H Hasbullah, E.E. Nikmawati, S.R. Mubaroq, Cep Ubad Abdullah, Isma Widiaty, Ade Gafar Abdullah, Asep Bayu Dani Nandiyanto
    MATEC Web of Conferences.2018; 197: 16001.     CrossRef
  • Decreasing the use of edible oils in China using WeChat and theories of behavior change: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
    Rui Zhu, Xianglong Xu, Yong Zhao, Manoj Sharma, Zumin Shi
    Trials.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Chemicals as additives in food processing -a review
    KUMARESAN D, NITHYA SERMUGAPANDIAN, HEMASHREE S, RUBINI K R
    International Journal of Pharma and Bio Science.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
Does Skipping Breakfast and Being Overweight Influence Academic Achievement Among Korean Adolescents?
Yang Wha Kang, Jong-Hyock Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(4):220-227.   Published online August 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.05.004
  • 1,914 View
  • 22 Download
  • 11 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Health status and health behaviors are associated with academic achievement in children and adolescents. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether skipping breakfast and being overweight are related to academic achievement of Korean adolescents.
Methods
Cross-sectional data on a sample of 1,652 high-school seniors (942 males and 710 females) drawn from the 2004 Korea Education Employment Panel were analyzed.
Results
A higher proportion of males (15.3%) than females (6.1%) was overweight (p < 0.001); 37% of males and 41% of females reported skipping breakfast. Overall test scores were significantly higher for females than males (p < 0.05), and in language and foreign language subjects. However, both males and females who reported skipping breakfast had significantly lower scores in language, mathematics, and foreign language than those who did not report skipping breakfast. Overweight males had a lower probability than normal-weight males of having the highest language scores (OR = 0.52, p < 0.05), but there was no difference among females. Females who skipped breakfast had a lower probability of having the highest scores in language (OR = 0.41, p < 0.05), mathematics (OR = 0.24, p < 0.01), or foreign language (OR = 0.18, p < 0.01), while males had a lower probability of having the highest scores in language only (OR = 0.46, p < 0.05).
Conclusion
Skipping breakfast and being overweight are associated with poor academic achievement in Korean adolescents. Eating breakfast and weight control is being discussed as the overlooked factors that may influence better academic achievement.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Predicting the academic performance of middle- and high-school students using machine learning algorithms
    Suchithra Rajendran, S Chamundeswari, Akhouri Amitanand Sinha
    Social Sciences & Humanities Open.2022; 6(1): 100357.     CrossRef
  • Sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with breakfast skipping among high school students
    Ju‐Yeon Lee, Dahye Ban, Honey Kim, Seon‐Young Kim, Jae‐Min Kim, Il‐Seon Shin, Sung‐Wan Kim
    Nutrition & Dietetics.2021; 78(4): 442.     CrossRef
  • İstanbul İli Silivri İlçesi Lise Öğrencilerinde Depresyon Sıklığı ve İlişkili Risk Faktörleri
    Gülver GÜLEN, Ethem ERGİNÖZ, Cemal KOÇAK
    Türkiye Halk Sağlığı Dergisi.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effect of a nutritional education intervention on breakfast consumption among preparatory school students in Egypt
    Omnia S. Elseifi, Doaa M. Abdelrahman, Eman M. Mortada
    International Journal of Public Health.2020; 65(6): 893.     CrossRef
  • Impact of Dietary Patterns and Nutritional Status on the Academic Performance of Omani School Students
    Laila S. Al-Saadi , Amanat Ali , Mostafa I. Waly  , K.M. Al-Zuhaibi
    Journal of Pharmacy and Nutrition Sciences .2020; 10(3): 74.     CrossRef
  • Predictors of breakfast skipping among 14 to 16 years old adolescents in Jordan: The influential role of mothers
    Reem A. Ali, Nadin M. Abdel Razeq, Manal I. Al‐Kloub, Fatmeh A. Alzoubi
    International Journal of Nursing Practice.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association among Executive Function, Physical Activity, and Weight Status in Youth
    Vaida Borkertienė, Arvydas Stasiulis, Birutė Zacharienė, Laura Kyguolienė, Rasa Bacevičienė
    Medicina.2019; 55(10): 677.     CrossRef
  • SOCIAL SUPPORT TO TEENAGER BREAKFAST BEHAVIOR (Study at Sidoarjo Islamic State Senior High School)
    Angga Satria Prayogo, Muji Sulistyowati
    Jurnal PROMKES.2019; 7(1): 105.     CrossRef
  • The association between obesity and academic performance in youth: a systematic review
    C. C. A. Santana, J. O. Hill, L. B. Azevedo, T. Gunnarsdottir, W. L. Prado
    Obesity Reviews.2017; 18(10): 1191.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Reading a Picture Leaflet on Rhythm for Enhancement of Morning-Typed Life in Japanese Infants
    Misako Kawamata, Ryota Kawasumi, Fujiko Tsuji, Nozomi Taniwaki, Takahiro Kawada, Teruki Noji, Milada Krejci, Miyo Nakade, Hitomi Takeuchi, Tetsuo Harada
    Psychology.2017; 08(11): 1621.     CrossRef
  • Study on Skipping Breakfast in Adolescents Classified by Household Type
    Jaehong Park, Soye You
    The Korean Journal of Community Living Science.2017; 28(2): 329.     CrossRef
Timing of Spermarche and Menarche are Associated with Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior Among Korean Adolescents
Eun-Young Lee, Roman Pabayo, Ichiro Kawachi
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(4):266-272.   Published online August 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.04.010
  • 2,058 View
  • 16 Download
  • 14 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study examined the timing of menarche and spermarche and their associations with physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) after controlling for body mass index (BMI).
Methods
Multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine whether the timing of menarche in girls and spermarche in boys is associated with PA and SB independent of BMI in a nationally representative sample of Korean adolescents (13–18 years; N = 74,186).
Results
After controlling for age, family economic status, and BMI, early timing of spermarche among boys was associated with a higher likelihood of engaging in PA and a lower likelihood of engaging in SB for < 2 hours during weekdays. By contrast, boys with late timing of spermarche were less likely to engage in PA and more likely to engage in SB for < 2 hours. Among girls, early or late timing of menarche was associated with a higher likelihood of engaging in PA and a lower likelihood of engaging in SB.
Conclusion
Timing of menarche in girls and spermarche in boys could be a marker for PA and SB among Korean adolescents. To promote PA and discourage SB among Korean adolescents, school-based, grade-specific interventions can be tailored by the absence or presence of menarche/spermarche.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Association between healthy lifestyle pattern and early onset of puberty: based on a longitudinal follow-up study
    Yanhui Li, Di Gao, Manman Chen, Ying Ma, Li Chen, Jun Ma, Yanhui Dong
    British Journal of Nutrition.2022; : 1.     CrossRef
  • Indicators of nutritional status and physical activity level as factors associated with the onset of menarche of ten year old girls from Zadar county, Croatia
    Donata Vidaković Samaržija, Marjeta Mišigoj-Duraković, Lara Pavelić Karamatić
    International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and H.2021; 33(3): 219.     CrossRef
  • Coming of age in the Netherlands: An osteological assessment of puberty in a rural Dutch post‐medieval community
    Alette Anne Blom, Rachel Schats, Menno L.P. Hoogland, Andrea Waters‐Rist
    American Journal of Physical Anthropology.2021; 174(3): 463.     CrossRef
  • Association between Early Spermarche and Suicide Attempts in Boys: the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey
    Young-Ji Lee, In-Young Ahn, Bong-Jo Kim, Cheol-Soon Lee, Boseok Cha, So-Jin Lee, Jiyeong Seo, Jae-Won Choi, Youn Jung Lee, Eunji Lim, Dongyun Lee
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Longitudinal effects of biopsychosocial variables on physical activity after menarche
    Mara L. SANTOS, Thaisys B. SIMÕES, Lilian A. MONTEIRO, Jefferson S. NOVAES, Helder M. FERNANDES
    Minerva Pediatrics.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Early menarche as a risk factor for suicidal ideation in girls: The Korea youth risk behavior web-based survey
    Dongyun Lee, In-Young Ahn, Chul-Soo Park, Bong-Jo Kim, Cheol-Soon Lee, Boseok Cha, So-Jin Lee, Ji-Yeong Seo, Jae-Won Choi
    Psychiatry Research.2020; 285: 112706.     CrossRef
  • The First Ejaculation: A Male Pubertal Milestone Comparable to Menarche?
    Jordan A. Chad
    The Journal of Sex Research.2020; 57(2): 213.     CrossRef
  • Mediating effect of sleep satisfaction on the relationship between stress and self-rated health among Korean adolescents: A nationwide cross-sectional study
    Jaeyoung Lee
    Children and Youth Services Review.2020; 109: 104717.     CrossRef
  • A Systematic Literature Review of Factors Affecting the Timing of Menarche: The Potential for Climate Change to Impact Women’s Health
    Silvia P. Canelón, Mary Regina Boland
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2020; 17(5): 1703.     CrossRef
  • Exploring the relationship between adolescent biological maturation, physical activity, and sedentary behaviour: a systematic review and narrative synthesis
    Sarah A. Moore, Sean P. Cumming, Geremia Balletta, Katelynn Ramage, Joey C. Eisenmann, Adam D. G. Baxter-Jones, Stefan A. Jackowski, Lauren B. Sherar
    Annals of Human Biology.2020; 47(4): 365.     CrossRef
  • Inter-segment foot motion in girls using a three-dimensional multi-segment foot model
    Woo Young Jang, Dong Yeon Lee, Hae Woon Jung, Doo Jae Lee, Won Joon Yoo, In Ho Choi
    Gait & Posture.2018; 63: 184.     CrossRef
  • Meeting 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for Children and Youth and associations with psychological well-being among South Korean adolescents
    Eun-Young Lee, John C. Spence, Mark S. Tremblay, Valerie Carson
    Mental Health and Physical Activity.2018; 14: 66.     CrossRef
  • A moment of truth
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2016; 7(4): 211.     CrossRef
  • Biological and Social Determinants of Fertility Behaviour among the Jat Women of Haryana State, India
    Ketaki Chandiok, Prakash Ranjan Mondal, Chakraverti Mahajan, Kallur Nava Saraswathy
    Journal of Anthropology.2016; 2016: 1.     CrossRef
Articles
Changes in Human Immunodeficiency Virusrelated Knowledge and Stigmatizing Attitudes among Korean Adolescents from 2006 to 2011
Aeree Sohn, SungBok Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2012;3(2):107-112.   Published online June 30, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2012.04.006
  • 1,953 View
  • 19 Download
  • 8 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study assessed the prevalence and changes of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) knowledge and stigmatizing attitudes in 2006, 2008, and 2011.
Methods
Three cross-sectional surveys were conducted in 2006, 2008, and 2011. A cross-sectional sample of high school students in Seoul, South Korea was targeted. A self-administered questionnaire measuring general and transmission and discriminatory attitudes was used.
Results
Misconceptions about casual contact were widespread, even though the proportion responding incorrectly decreased significantly over the 5-year period. The respondents in all surveys displayed a high level of discrimination against those with HIV/AIDS in some situations, particularly in the idea of HIV/AIDS making the respondent feel disgusted (63.3% in 2006, 57.5% in 2008, and 52.6% in 2011), avoiding sitting with people with HIV/AIDS (50.6% in 2006, 50.5% in 2008, and 48.5% in 2011), and blaming those with HIV for becoming infected (46.6% in 2006, 42.8% in 2008, and 43.0% in 2011). Even though respondents had a high level of stigmatizing attitudes, the survey showed that the stigma has declined over the 5-year period.
Conclusion
The survey results showed that public health policy should recognize that HIV stigmatizing attitudes persist in Korea. This finding has implications for the development of intervention programs focusing on reducing the levels of discrimination.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Barriers and Facilitators toward HIV Testing and Health Perceptions among African-American Men Who Have Sex with Women at a South Side Chicago Community Health Center: A Pilot Study
    Ian J. Cooke, Rohan D. Jeremiah, Nataka J. Moore, Karriem Watson, Michael A. Dixon, Gregory L. Jordan, Marcus Murray, Mary K. Keeter, Courtney M. P. Hollowell, Adam B. Murphy
    Frontiers in Public Health.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Discrimination and Stigma
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2015; 6(3): 141.     CrossRef
  • Identifying Barriers to Human Immunodeficiency Virus Testing for Men Who Have Sex with Men in South Korea
    Aeree Sohn, Byonghee Cho, Harvey A. Kennedy
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2015; 6(3): 192.     CrossRef
  • Changing Patterns of HIV Epidemic in 30 Years in East Asia
    S. Pilar Suguimoto, Teeranee Techasrivichien, Patou Masika Musumari, Christina El-saaidi, Bhekumusa Wellington Lukhele, Masako Ono-Kihara, Masahiro Kihara
    Current HIV/AIDS Reports.2014; 11(2): 134.     CrossRef
  • HIV Stigmatization Harms Individuals and Public Health
    Jun Yong Choi
    Infection & Chemotherapy.2014; 46(2): 139.     CrossRef
  • What is Next for HIV/AIDS in Korea?
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2013; 4(6): 291.     CrossRef
  • Can Stigma Still Distort the Spectrum of a Disease?
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2012; 3(2): 65.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge, Attitudes, and Sexual Behaviors in HIV/AIDS and Predictors Affecting Condom Use among Men Who Have Sex with Men in South Korea
    Aeree Sohn, Byonghee Cho
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2012; 3(3): 156.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives