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Original Articles
Impact of long COVID-19 on posttraumatic stress disorder as modified by health literacy: an observational study in Vietnam
Han Thi Vo, Tien Duc Dao, Tuyen Van Duong, Tan Thanh Nguyen, Binh Nhu Do, Tinh Xuan Do, Khue Minh Pham, Vinh Hai Vu, Linh Van Pham, Lien Thi Hong Nguyen, Lan Thi Huong Le, Hoang Cong Nguyen, Nga Hoang Dang, Trung Huu Nguyen, Anh The Nguyen, Hoan Van Nguyen, Phuoc Ba Nguyen, Hoai Thi Thanh Nguyen, Thu Thi Minh Pham, Thuy Thi Le, Thao Thi Phuong Nguyen, Cuong Quoc Tran, Kien Trung Nguyen
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2024;15(1):33-44.   Published online February 19, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2023.0261
  • 1,144 View
  • 75 Download
Graphical AbstractGraphical Abstract AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has increased, particularly among individuals who have recovered from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection. Health literacy is considered a “social vaccine” that helps people respond effectively to the pandemic. We aimed to investigate the association between long COVID-19 and PTSD, and to examine the modifying role of health literacy in this association. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at 18 hospitals and health centers in Vietnam from December 2021 to October 2022. We recruited 4,463 individuals who had recovered from COVID-19 infection for at least 4 weeks. Participants provided information about their sociodemographics, clinical parameters, health-related behaviors, health literacy (using the 12-item short-form health literacy scale), long COVID-19 symptoms and PTSD (Impact Event Scale-Revised score of 33 or higher). Logistic regression models were used to examine associations and interactions. Results: Out of the study sample, 55.9% had long COVID-19 symptoms, and 49.6% had PTSD. Individuals with long COVID-19 symptoms had a higher likelihood of PTSD (odds ratio [OR], 1.86; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.63–2.12; p<0.001). Higher health literacy was associated with a lower likelihood of PTSD (OR, 0.98; 95% CI, 0.97–0.99; p=0.001). Compared to those without long COVID-19 symptoms and the lowest health literacy score, those with long COVID-19 symptoms and a 1-point health literacy increment had a 3% lower likelihood of PTSD (OR, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.96–0.99; p=0.001). Conclusion: Health literacy was found to be a protective factor against PTSD and modified the negative impact of long COVID-19 symptoms on PTSD.
Drug resistance and the genotypic characteristics of rpoB and katG in rifampicin- and/or isoniazid-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in central Vietnam
Thi Binh Nguyen Nguyen, Thi Kieu Diem Nguyen, Van Hue Trương, Thi Tuyet Ngoc Tran, van Bao Thang Phan, Thi Tuyen Nguyen, Hoang Bach Nguyen, Viet Quynh Tram Ngo, Van Tuan Mai, Paola Molicotti
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2023;14(5):347-355.   Published online October 18, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2023.0124
  • 1,391 View
  • 89 Download
Graphical AbstractGraphical Abstract AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Tuberculosis (TB) and drug-resistant TB (DR-TB) are national health burdens in Vietnam. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of rifampicin (RIF) and/or isoniazid (isonicotinic acid hydrazide, INH) resistance in patients with suspected TB, and applied appropriate techniques to help rapidly target DR-TB. Methods: In total, 1,547 clinical specimens were collected and cultured using the BACTEC MGIT system (Becton Dickinson and Co.). A resazurin microtiter assay (REMA) was used to determine the proportions of RIF and/or INH resistance. A real-time polymerase chain reaction panel with TaqMan probes was employed to identify the mutations of rpoB and katG associated with DR-TB in clinical isolates. Genotyping of the identified mutations was also performed. Results: A total of 468 Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates were identified using the REMA. Of these isolates, 106 (22.6%) were found to be resistant to 1 or both antibiotics. Of the resistant isolates, 74 isolates (69.8%) were resistant to isoniazid (INH) only, while 1 isolate (0.94%) was resistant to RIF only. Notably, 31 isolates (29.24%) were resistant to both antibiotics. Of the 41 phenotypically INH-resistant isolates, 19 (46.3%) had the Ser315Thr mutation. There were 8 different rpoB mutations in 22 (68.8%) of the RIF-resistant isolates. The most frequently detected mutations were at codons 531 (37.5%), 526 (18.8%), and 516 (6.3%). Conclusion: To help prevent new cases of DR-TB in Vietnam, it is crucial to gain a comprehensive understanding of the genotypic DR-TB isolates.
Short Communication
What Makes Vietnamese (Not) Attend Periodic General Health Examinations? A 2016 Cross-sectional Study
Quan-Hoang Vuong, Quang-Hoi Vu, Thu-Trang Vuong
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017;8(2):147-154.   Published online April 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2017.8.2.07
  • 4,499 View
  • 28 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives

General health examinations (GHE) have become an increasingly common measure for preventive medicine in Vietnam. However, little is known about the factors among Viet-namese people who attend or miss GHE. Budget or time constraints remain to be evaluated for better-informed policy making. This study investigates factors affecting behaviors in attending periodic GHE. The main objectives are as follows: (1) to explore empirical relationships between influencing factors and periodic GHE frequencies, and (2) to predict the probabilities of attending GHE under associated conditions.

Methods

The study used a 2,068-observational dataset, obtained from a Vietnamese survey in 2016. The analysis was then performed using the methods of baseline-category logits for establishing relationships between predictor and response variables.

Results

Significant relationships were found among the expenditure and time consumption, health priority and sensitivity to health data, insurance status, and frequency of GHE, with most p-values = 0.01.

Conclusion

Generally, people attended the GHE when they had the resources and health priorities (72.7% probability). Expenditure and time remain key obstacles to the periodic GHE. Health priority and health data are important in improving rates for GHEs. Health insurance should play a positive role in promoting the GHE.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Multiple Chronic Conditions and Disability among Vietnamese Older Adults: Results from the Vietnamese Aging and Care Survey (VACS)
    Christina E. Miyawaki, Joshua M. Garcia, Kim N. Nguyen, Van Ta Park, Kyriakos S. Markides
    Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities.2024; 11(3): 1800.     CrossRef
  • Sex Differences and Psychological Factors Associated with General Health Examinations Participation: Results from a Vietnamese Cross-Section Dataset
    Quan-Hoang Vuong, Kien-Cuong Nghiem, Viet-Phuong La, Thu-Trang Vuong, Hong-Kong Nguyen, Manh-Toan Ho, Kien Tran, Thu-Hong Khuat, Manh-Tung Ho
    Sustainability.2019; 11(2): 514.     CrossRef
  • Health Care Payments in Vietnam: Patients’ Quagmire of Caring for Health versus Economic Destitution
    Andre Pekerti, Quan-Hoang Vuong, Tung Ho, Thu-Trang Vuong
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2017; 14(10): 1118.     CrossRef
  • Psychological and Socio-Economic Factors Affecting Social Sustainability through Impacts on Perceived Health Care Quality and Public Health: The Case of Vietnam
    Quan-Hoang Vuong, Thu-Trang Vuong, Tung Ho, Ha Nguyen
    Sustainability.2017; 9(8): 1456.     CrossRef
Original Article
Childhood Obesity Is a High-risk Factor for Hypertriglyceridemia: A Case-control Study in Vietnam
Nguyen Thi Hong Hanh, Le Thi Tuyet, Duong Thi Anh Dao, Yang Tao, Dinh-Toi Chu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017;8(2):138-146.   Published online April 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2017.8.2.06
  • 4,352 View
  • 37 Download
  • 14 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

To investigate the relationship between dyslipidemia and obesity status among Viet-namese adolescents.

Methods

In this case-control study, 282 adolescents (6–11 years), including 88 obese cases and 194 normal-weight controls, were recruited from a population-based cross-sectional study from two provinces in Vietnam. The anthropometric, blood lipid, and other laboratory test results of the study subjects were analyzed.

Results

Obese children tended to have more visceral fat (Pearson’s r = 0.795, p < 0.0001) than subcutaneous fat (Pearson’s r = 0.754, p < 0.0001), and this difference was associated with an increase in blood triglyceride level (Pearson’s r = 0.232, p < 0.05) and a strikingly high rate of hypertriglyceridemia (38.6%). We also found that birth weight and parental body mass index were related to the status of obesity among the study subjects. However, only birth weight was significantly higher in the obese group than in the normal weight group. These findings indicate the effect of prenatal nutrition on childhood obesity. Furthermore, high-birth weight children had a surprisingly high rate of obesity.

Conclusion

Together, our data suggest that obesity increased the risk for hypertriglyceridemia, which was, at least partially, due to prenatal nutrition.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Nutritional status and related factors in Vietnamese students in 2022
    Thu Nguyen Thi, Nhat-Le Bui, Hue Vu Thi, Suong Mai Vu Ngoc, Anh Dao Ngo, Toan Nguyen Truong, Khanh-Huyen Nguyen, Viet Hoa Nguyen, Ngoc Minh Nguyen, Kien Trinh, Dinh-Toi Chu
    Clinical Nutrition Open Science.2024; 54: 140.     CrossRef
  • Associations between dietary copper intake and hypertriglyceridemia among children and adolescents in the US
    Yumeng Shi, Huan Hu, Zuxiang Wu, Ji Wu, Zhiqiang Chen, Xiaoshu Cheng, Ping Li
    Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases.2023; 33(4): 809.     CrossRef
  • Association of Platelet-Monocyte Ratio with Dyslipidemia in Saudi Arabia: A Large, Population-Based Study
    Mohammad A. Alfhili, Ghada A. Alotaibi, Mohammed Alfaifi, Yousef Almoghrabi, Jawaher Alsughayyir
    Life.2023; 13(8): 1685.     CrossRef
  • Patterns of Dyslipidemia in the Anemic and Nonanemic Hypertensive Saudi Population: A Cross-Sectional Study
    Mohammad A Alfhili, Jawaher Alsughayyir, Ahmed M Basudan, Hazem K Ghneim, Mohammed Alfaifi, Hassan S Alamri, Zuhier A Awan, Mohammed R Algethami
    International Journal of General Medicine.2022; Volume 15: 7895.     CrossRef
  • Eating Behaviors in Relation to Child Weight Status and Maternal Education
    Priscilla Ayine, Vaithinathan Selvaraju, Chandra M. K. Venkatapoorna, Yida Bao, Philippe Gaillard, Thangiah Geetha
    Children.2021; 8(1): 32.     CrossRef
  • Ranking of a wide multidomain set of predictor variables of children obesity by machine learning variable importance techniques
    Helena Marcos-Pasero, Gonzalo Colmenarejo, Elena Aguilar-Aguilar, Ana Ramírez de Molina, Guillermo Reglero, Viviana Loria-Kohen
    Scientific Reports.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Early childhood factors associated with obesity at age 8 in Vietnamese children: The Young Lives Cohort Study
    Tuyen Nguyen, Karen Sokal-Gutierrez, Maureen Lahiff, Lia Fernald, Susan L. Ivey
    BMC Public Health.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Changes in the prevalence of obesity and hypertension and demographic risk factor profiles in China over 10 years: two national cross-sectional surveys
    Yongze Li, Di Teng, Xiaoguang Shi, Xiaochun Teng, Weiping Teng, Zhongyan Shan, Yaxin Lai
    The Lancet Regional Health - Western Pacific.2021; 15: 100227.     CrossRef
  • Hypertension in a mountainous province of Vietnam: prevalence and risk factors
    Khanh Do Nam, Nhon Bui Van, Long Vo Hoang, Toan Pham Duc, Thu Tran Thi Ha, Viet Tran Tuan, Phong Phan Dinh, Huong Trinh Thi Thu, Pau Loke Show, Vu Thi Nga, Le Bui Minh, Dinh-Toi Chu
    Heliyon.2020; 6(2): e03383.     CrossRef
  • The APOA5‐rs662799 Polymorphism Is a Determinant of Dyslipidemia in Vietnamese Primary School Children
    Nguyen T. H. Hanh, Bui T. Nhung, Le T. Hop, Le T. Tuyet, Duong T. A. Dao, Nguyen T. T. Thu, Tran Quang Binh
    Lipids.2020; 55(6): 683.     CrossRef
  • An update on obesity: Mental consequences and psychological interventions
    Dinh-Toi Chu, Nguyen Thi Minh Nguyet, Vu Thi Nga, Nguyen Vu Thai Lien, Duc Duy Vo, Nguyen Lien, Vo Truong Nhu Ngoc, Le Hoang Son, Duc-Hau Le, Vu Bich Nga, Pham Van Tu, Ta Van To, Luu Song Ha, Yang Tao, Van-Huy Pham
    Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &.2019; 13(1): 155.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and Risk Factors of Hypertension in the Vietnamese Elderly
    Nhon Bui Van, Long Vo Hoang, Tung Bui Van, Hao Nguyen Si Anh, Hien Tran Minh, Khanh Do Nam, Tuan Ngo Tri, Pau Loke Show, Vu Thi Nga, Deepak B. Thimiri Govinda Raj, Dinh-Toi Chu
    High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention.2019; 26(3): 239.     CrossRef
  • Association between salivary amylase enzyme activity and obesity in Saudi Arabia
    Norah Mubarak Aldossari, Eman E. El Gabry, Gihan E.H. Gawish
    Medicine.2019; 98(23): e15878.     CrossRef
  • An update on physical health and economic consequences of overweight and obesity
    Dinh-Toi Chu, Nguyen Thi Minh Nguyet, Thien Chu Dinh, Nguyen Vu Thai Lien, Khanh-Hoang Nguyen, Vo Truong Nhu Ngoc, Yang Tao, Le Hoang Son, Duc-Hau Le, Vu Bich Nga, Adam Jurgoński, Quoc-Hung Tran, Pham Van Tu, Van-Huy Pham
    Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &.2018; 12(6): 1095.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives