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Insufficient weight management in pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus
Kyunghee Han, Dong Wook Kwak, Hyun Mee Ryu, Hyun-Young Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2022;13(4):242-251.   Published online August 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2022.0182
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  • 52 Download
Graphical AbstractGraphical Abstract AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study investigated whether weight was managed appropriately in pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and examined the association between insufficient gestational weight gain (GWG) and adverse pregnancy outcomes.
Methods
The study included 235 pregnant women with GDM from the Korean Pregnancy Outcome Study. GWG from the second to the third trimester (kg/wk) and total GWG (kg) were classified as insufficient, appropriate, or excessive according to the 2009 Institute of Medicine guidelines. Adverse pregnancy outcomes included maternal (hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, preterm birth, cesarean delivery, and delivery complications) and infant (low birth weight, high birth weight, neonatal intensive care unit admission, and congenital anomalies) outcomes.
Results
The proportion of pregnant women with GDM who had insufficient GWG from the second to the third trimester was 52.3%, and that of participants with total insufficient GWG was 48.1%. There were no significant associations between insufficient GWG from the second to the third trimester and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Participants with total insufficient GWG had a significantly lower risk of preterm birth (odds ratio [OR], 0.17; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.05–0.60) and high birth weight (OR, 0.23; 95% CI, 0.07–0.80).
Conclusion
Our findings suggest the importance of appropriate weight management and the need for GWG guidelines for pregnant women with GDM.
Psychological outcomes of the COVID-19 pandemic among pregnant women in Indonesia: a cross-sectional study
Rahmah Hida Nurrizka, Yuri Nurdiantami, Feda Anisah Makkiyah
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2021;12(2):80-87.   Published online April 29, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2021.12.2.05
  • 4,064 View
  • 206 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The objective of this study was to analyze the psychological outcomes of pregnant women during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in several areas that are epicenters for the spread of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in Indonesia.
Methods
This cross-sectional study used data obtained from an online survey administered to 120 women who were pregnant and gave birth during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. The psychological condition of pregnant women was measured using the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale-21 questionnaire which was modified for conditions experienced during the COVID-19 pandemic. We classified pregnant women into 2 groups according to their psychological condition: pregnant women who experienced anxiety and pregnant women who did not experience anxiety or felt normal. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was undertaken for the 2 groups. This study also used univariate analysis and bivariate analysis.
Results
The results of the ROC analysis resulted in a cutoff score of 3.56. The proportion of respondents who felt anxious was 53.3% and the proportion of respondents who did not feel anxious or felt normal was 46.7%. Anxiety was most common among pregnant women with high education levels, gestational age <19 weeks, and working pregnant women.
Conclusion
Maternal health services need to be performed with strict health protocols, complemented by pregnancy counseling services. This will provide a feeling of comfort and safety as pregnant women receive health services and give birth.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Risk factors for depression and anxiety in pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic: Evidence from meta-analysis
    Yupeng Luo, Kui Zhang, Mengxue Huang, Changjian Qiu, Ali Rostami
    PLOS ONE.2022; 17(3): e0265021.     CrossRef
Gender-based Violence Among Pregnant Women of Syangja District, Nepal
Samjhana Gurung, Jeevan Acharya
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(2):101-107.   Published online April 30, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2015.11.010
  • 2,097 View
  • 17 Download
  • 8 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study aims to determine prevalence of gender-based violence among pregnant women attending an antenatal care (ANC) clinic.
Methods
Between September 2014 and December 2014, a cross-sectional study was conducted among 202 pregnant women attending the antenatal ward of the Primary Healthcare Centre (PHC) of Syangja district, Nepal. The data were collected using semistructure questionnaires with face-to-face interviews. SPSS software (IBM Corp, Armonk, NY, USA) was used for analysis the data.
Results
The prevalence rate of gender-based violence was found to be 91.1% (184). Most of the respondents (87%) faced economic violence followed by psychological (53.8%), sexual (41.8%), and physical (4.3%) violence. Women experienced: (1) psychological violence with most complaining of angry looks followed by jealousy or anger while talking with other men, insults using abusive language and neglect; (2) economic violence with most complaining of financial hardship, denial of basic needs and an insistence on knowing where respondents were and restricting them to parents' home or friends/relatives' houses (jealousy); (3) physical violence by slapping, pushing, shaking, or throwing something at her, twisting arm or pulling hair, and punching and kicking; and (4) sexual violence by physically forcing her to have sexual intercourse without consent, and hurting or causing injury to private parts. Most (100%) of the perpetrators were found to be husbands and mothers-in-law (10.7%) who violated them rarely.
Conclusion
The prevalence of gender-based violence (GBV) among pregnant women attending the ANC clinic was greater in the Syangja district of Nepal. Women's empowerment, economic autonomy, sensitization, informal or formal training regarding GBV for men and women, and the need for large-scale population-based surveys are the major recommendations of this study.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Gebelikte aile içi şiddete maruz kalmanın postpartum depresyon ve maternal bağlanmaya etkisi
    Ayten TAŞPINAR, Seher SARIKAYA KARABUDAK, Ayden ÇOBAN, Filiz ADANA
    Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi.2021; : 94.     CrossRef
  • Is there an association between fertility and domestic violence in Nepal?
    Sarah Raifman, Mahesh Puri, Jennet Arcara, Nadia Diamond-Smith
    AJOG Global Reports.2021; 1(2): 100011.     CrossRef
  • Intimate partner violence among pregnant women attending antenatal care services in the rural Gambia
    Joseph W. Jatta, Ararso Baru, Olufunmilayo I. Fawole, Oladosu A. Ojengbede, Yong-hui Dang
    PLOS ONE.2021; 16(8): e0255723.     CrossRef
  • Factors associated with contraceptive use in rural Nepal: Gender and decision-making
    Preeti K. Mahato, Zoë A. Sheppard, Edwin van Teijlingen, Nisa De Souza
    Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare.2020; 24: 100507.     CrossRef
  • Experiences and Perceptions of Abused Turkish Women Regarding Violence Against Women
    Emel Bahadir-Yilmaz, Fatma Oz
    Community Mental Health Journal.2019; 55(4): 686.     CrossRef
  • Intimate Partner Violence in Relation to Husband Characteristics and Women Empowerment: Evidence from Nepal
    Sujan Gautam, Hyoung-Sun Jeong
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2019; 16(5): 709.     CrossRef
  • Criticality as Ideological Becoming: Developing English Teachers for Critical Pedagogy in Nepal
    Bal Krishna Sharma, Prem Phyak
    Critical Inquiry in Language Studies.2017; 14(2-3): 210.     CrossRef
  • In Bangla There Is No Word for Vagina <br>—Reflections on Language, Sexual Health, and Women’s Access to Healthcare in Resource-Limited Countries
    Annekathryn Goodman, Mithila Faruque, Rachel M. Clark
    Health.2016; 08(12): 1244.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives