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Original Article
Barriers, Attitudes, and Dietary Behaviors Regarding Sodium Reduction in the Elderly Korean–Chinese Population in Yanbian, China
Jounghee Lee, Wenying Cui, Meixiang Jin
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017;8(3):185-194.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2017.8.3.05
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  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This research investigated the barriers, attitudes, and dietary behaviors related to sodium reduction among the elderly Korean–Chinese population in Yanbian, China.

Methods

We conducted this pilot study using both descriptive research and a focus group interview at the elderly community center in Yanbian.

Results

In total, 21 elderly Korean–Chinese (average age, 71 years) were examined. The findings showed that the top three barriers to sodium reduction were 1) the difficulties associated with having meals with others, 2) a preference for liquid based-dishes, and 3) the lack of taste in low-sodium dishes. Although the participants strongly believed that a reduced-sodium diet would improve their health, they were poorly aware of the amount of sodium in various foods and dishes. In particular, the focus group interviews with eight participants (mean age, 67 years) revealed that salt-preserved foods (e.g., Korean pickled cabbage called ‘kimchi’ and soybean paste) were frequently consumed as part of their food culture, and that very salty dishes were served at restaurants, both of which lead to a high sodium intake.

Conclusion

This study provides useful preliminary data to help design a nutrition intervention program for sodium reduction that targets the elderly Korean–Chinese population in China.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Assessing Dietary Salt Intake and Pilot-Testing a Home-Based Intervention to Lower Salt Intake Among Filipino College Students
    Angelo Joaquin M. Armas, Jade Alexie E. Aranda, Hyacintha S. Arcos, Ferdinand L. Arellano, Clarissa Bernette L. Arguelles, Angelo Martin M. Arreza, Mark Anthony G. Arriza, Charlene Kristine A. Ascan, Gian Carlo S. Torres
    Journal of Community Health Nursing.2024; 41(1): 57.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) of Malay Elderly on Salt Intake and Its Relationship With Blood Pressure
    Hasnah Haron, NurAisyah Farhana Kamal, Hanis Mastura Yahya, Suzana Shahar
    Frontiers in Public Health.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Is a Hypertension Diagnosis Associated With Improved Dietary Outcomes Within 2 to 4 Years? A Fixed‐Effects Analysis From the China Health and Nutrition Survey
    Tania C. Aburto, Penny Gordon‐Larsen, Jennifer M. Poti, Annie G. Howard, Linda S. Adair, Christy L. Avery, Barry M. Popkin
    Journal of the American Heart Association.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Gaps in awareness and control of hypertension: a cross-sectional study in Chinese urban adults
    Ai Zhao, Shengjie Tan, Ignatius Man-Yau Szeto, Yan Wang, Liping Meng, Ting Li, Wenzhi Zhao, Meichen Wang, Yumei Zhang
    Journal of Human Hypertension.2018; 32(6): 423.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives