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2 "Mohsen Tabasi"
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Specification of Bacteriophage Isolated Against Clinical Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
Ahmad Nasser, Reza Azizian, Mohsen Tabasi, Jamil Kheirvari Khezerloo, Fatemah Sadeghpour Heravi, Morovat Taheri Kalani, Norkhoda Sadeghifard, Razieh Amini, Iraj Pakzad, Amin Radmanesh, Farid Azizi Jalilian
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(1):20-24.   Published online February 28, 2019
  • 9,066 View
  • 74 Download
  • 15 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF

The emergence of resistant bacteria is being increasingly reported around the world, potentially threatening millions of lives. Amongst resistant bacteria, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is the most challenging to treat. This is due to emergent MRSA strains and less effective traditional antibiotic therapies to Staphylococcal infections. The use of bacteriophages (phages) against MRSA is a new, potential alternate therapy. In this study, morphology, genetic and protein structure of lytic phages against MRSA have been analysed.


Isolation of livestock and sewage bacteriophages were performed using 0.4 μm membrane filters. Plaque assays were used to determine phage quantification by double layer agar method. Pure plaques were then amplified for further characterization. Sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and random amplification of polymorphic DNA were run for protein evaluation, and genotyping respectively. Transmission electron microscope was also used to detect the structure and taxonomic classification of phage visually.


Head and tail morphology of bacteriophages against MRSA were identified by transmission electron microscopy and assigned to the Siphoviridae family and the Caudovirales order.


Bacteriophages are the most abundant microorganism on Earth and coexist with the bacterial population. They can destroy bacterial cells successfully and effectively. They cannot enter mammalian cells which saves the eukaryotic cells from lytic phage activity. In conclusion, phage therapy may have many potential applications in microbiology and human medicine with no side effect on eukaryotic cells.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Characterization of a Vibrio parahaemolyticus-targeting lytic bacteriophage SSJ01 and its application in artificial seawater
    Jungu Kang, Yoonjee Chang
    Food Science and Biotechnology.2024; 33(6): 1505.     CrossRef
  • Isolation and encapsulation of bacteriophage with chitosan nanoparticles for biocontrol of multidrug-resistant methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from broiler poultry farms
    Mona M. Elsayed, Rasha M. Elkenany, Ayman Y. EL-Khateeb, Nehal M. Nabil, Maram M. Tawakol, Heba M. Hassan
    Scientific Reports.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • P1 Bacteriophage-Enabled Delivery of CRISPR-Cas9 Antimicrobial Activity Against Shigella flexneri
    Yang W. Huan, Vincenzo Torraca, Russell Brown, Jidapha Fa-arun, Sydney L. Miles, Diego A. Oyarzún, Serge Mostowy, Baojun Wang
    ACS Synthetic Biology.2023; 12(3): 709.     CrossRef
  • Staphylococcus aureus Dormancy: Waiting for Insurgency
    Ahmad Nasser, Shiva Jahanbakhshi, Mohammad Mehdi Soltan Dallal, Maryam Banar, Azin Sattari-Maraji, Taher Azimi
    Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology.2023; 24(15): 1898.     CrossRef
  • Recent advance on nanoparticles or nanomaterials with anti-multidrug resistant bacteria and anti-bacterial biofilm properties: A systematic review
    Farhad Moradi, Arshin Ghaedi, Zahra Fooladfar, Aida Bazrgar
    Heliyon.2023; 9(11): e22105.     CrossRef
  • Isolation and characterization of lytic bacteriophages from sewage at an egyptian tertiary care hospital against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus clinical isolates
    Safia Samir, Amira El-Far, Hend Okasha, Rania Mahdy, Fatima Samir, Sami Nasr
    Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences.2022; 29(5): 3097.     CrossRef
  • Staphylococcus aureus: Biofilm Formation and Strategies Against it
    Ahmad Nasser , Mohammad Mehdi Soltan Dallal, Shiva Jahanbakhshi, Taher Azimi, Leila Nikouei
    Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology.2022; 23(5): 664.     CrossRef
  • An Anti-MRSA Phage From Raw Fish Rinse: Stability Evaluation and Production Optimization
    Israa M. Abd-Allah, Ghadir S. El-Housseiny, Mohammad Y. Alshahrani, Samar S. El-Masry, Khaled M. Aboshanab, Nadia A. Hassouna
    Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Molecular mechanisms of Shigella effector proteins: a common pathogen among diarrheic pediatric population
    Ahmad Nasser, Mehrdad Mosadegh, Taher Azimi, Aref Shariati
    Molecular and Cellular Pediatrics.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • A Metal-Containing NP Approach to Treat Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA): Prospects and Challenges
    Wendy Wai Yeng Yeo, Sathiya Maran, Amanda Shen-Yee Kong, Wan-Hee Cheng, Swee-Hua Erin Lim, Jiun-Yan Loh, Kok-Song Lai
    Materials.2022; 15(17): 5802.     CrossRef
  • Electrochemical Biosensors for Pathogen Detection: An Updated Review
    Morteza Banakar, Masoud Hamidi, Zohaib Khurshid, Muhammad Sohail Zafar, Janak Sapkota, Reza Azizian, Dinesh Rokaya
    Biosensors.2022; 12(11): 927.     CrossRef
  • Isolation of a lytic bacteriophage for Helicobacter pylori
    Sara Khosravi, Razieh Amini, Mohammad Reza Arabestani, Seyed Saman Talebi, Farid Azizi Jalilian
    Gene Reports.2021; 23: 101107.     CrossRef
  • Bacteriophage Therapy for Critical and High-Priority Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria and Phage Cocktail-Antibiotic Formulation Perspective
    Gursneh Kaur, Ritika Agarwal, Rakesh Kumar Sharma
    Food and Environmental Virology.2021; 13(4): 433.     CrossRef
  • A comprehensive review of bacterial osteomyelitis with emphasis on Staphylococcus aureus
    Ahmad Nasser, Taher Azimi, Soheila Ostadmohammadi, Samaneh Ostadmohammadi
    Microbial Pathogenesis.2020; 148: 104431.     CrossRef
  • Characterization of the Three New Kayviruses and Their Lytic Activity Against Multidrug-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus
    Natalia Łubowska, Bartłomiej Grygorcewicz, Katarzyna Kosznik-Kwaśnicka, Agata Zauszkiewicz-Pawlak, Alicja Węgrzyn, Barbara Dołęgowska, Lidia Piechowicz
    Microorganisms.2019; 7(10): 471.     CrossRef
Phenotypic Assays to Determine Virulence Factors of Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) Isolates and their Correlation with Antibiotic Resistance Pattern
Mohsen Tabasi, Mohammad Reza Asadi Karam, Mehri Habibi, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Saeid Bouzari
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(4):261-268.   Published online August 31, 2015
  • 3,653 View
  • 23 Download
  • 50 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Urinary tract infection caused by uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) strains is one of the most important infections in the world. UPEC encode widespread virulence factors closely related with pathogenesis of the bacteria. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the presence of different phenotypic virulence markers in UPEC isolates and determine their correlation with antibiotic resistance pattern.
UPEC isolates from patients with different clinical symptoms of UTI were collected and screened for biofilm and hemolysin production, mannose resistant, and mannose sensitive hemagglutination (MRHA and MSHA, respectively). In addition, antimicrobial resistance pattern and ESBL-producing isolates were recorded.
Of the 156 UPEC isolates, biofilm and hemolysin formation was seen in 133 (85.3%) and 53 (34%) isolates, respectively. Moreover, 98 (62.8%) and 58 (37.2%) isolates showed the presence of Types 1 fimbriae (MSHA) and P fimbriae (MRHA), respectively. Our results also showed a relationship between biofilm formation in UPEC isolated from acute cystitis patients and recurrent UTI cases. Occurrence of UTI was dramatically correlated with the patients' profiles. We observed that the difference in antimicrobial susceptibilities of the biofilm and nonbiofilm former isolates was statistically significant. The UPEC isolates showed the highest resistance to ampicillin, tetracycline, amoxicillin, and cotrimoxazole. Moreover, 26.9% of isolates were ESBL producers.
This study indicated that there is a relationship between the phenotypic virulence traits of the UPEC isolates, patients' profiles, and antibiotic resistance. Detection of the phenotypic virulence factors could help to improve understanding of pathogenesis of UPEC isolates and better medical intervention.


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    Molecular Biology Reports.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Folia Microbiologica.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Infection and Drug Resistance.2023; Volume 16: 2043.     CrossRef
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    Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology.2023; 17(2): 931.     CrossRef
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    International Microbiology.2023; 27(1): 325.     CrossRef
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    O. A. Gromova, I. Yu. Torshin
    Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction.2023; 17(4): 485.     CrossRef
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    Journal of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Dis.2023; 11(3): 155.     CrossRef
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    Microorganisms.2023; 11(12): 2858.     CrossRef
  • Detection of Adhesion Encoding Genes, Antibacterial Susceptibility Test and Biofilm Formation of Uropathogenic Escherichia coli Isolated from Urinary Tract Infections in Children
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    International journal of health sciences.2022; : 1593.     CrossRef
  • Demonstrating the utility of Escherichia coli asymptomatic bacteriuria isolates’ virulence profile towards diagnosis and management—A preliminary analysis
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PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives