Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives



Page Path
HOME > Search
1 "Mohammed S. Ellulu"
Article category
Publication year
Original Article
Obesity, Hypertension, and Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus: The Interrelationships and the Determinants among Adults in Gaza City, Palestine
Mohammed S. Ellulu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(6):289-298.   Published online December 31, 2018
  • 6,184 View
  • 128 Download
  • 8 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF

To describe the distribution of social factors, lifestyle habits and anthropometric measurements according to hypertension and Type-2 diabetes.


A cross-sectional study was conducted in Gaza City, Palestine that included 379 patients (20–60 years) who had hypertension and/or diabetes. Three groups of patients were involved; 106 hypertensive (HT), 109 diabetic (T2DM) and 164 hypertensive diabetics (HT + T2DM).


The HT + T2DM group were older and had a higher body mass index compared to HT and T2DM groups. There were 62.3% patients who were female, 49.2% were highly educated HT patients, and 49.3% patients had a low level of education and were HT + T2DM. There were 55.8% patients who lived in large families. Patients who were passive smokers or never smoked before were mostly HT + T2DM, while active smokers and past smokers had T2DM. There were 48.2% patients who were highly physically active who had HT, 40.9% whom were moderately active had T2DM, and 53.8% of patients who had a low level of activity were HT + T2DM. Multivariate linear regression showed that having a diseased mother, living in a large family, being a past or passive smoker, or never having smoked, having a low or moderate level of activity, and having HT or HT + T2DM, were significantly associated with an increased body mass index.


Parental health/disease conditions and environmental factors (social network and lifestyle habits) played the greatest role in the development of obesity and disease.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Factors associated with physical inactivity among Palestinians with type 2 diabetes mellitus treated in resource-limited settings
    Ramzi Shawahna, Mohammad Jaber, Arob Zmiro, Sewar Kashkoush
    Scientific Reports.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Analysis of the nutritional status in the Palestinian territory: a review study
    Enas A. Assaf, Haleama Al Sabbah, Ayoub Al-Jawadleh
    Frontiers in Nutrition.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The hypertension cascade of care in the midst of conflict: the case of the Gaza Strip
    Bassam A. Abu Hamad, Zeina Jamaluddine, Gloria Safadi, Marie-Elizabeth Ragi, Raeda El Sayed Ahmad, Eszter P. Vamos, Sanjay Basu, John S. Yudkin, Mohammed Jawad, Christopher Millett, Hala Ghattas
    Journal of Human Hypertension.2022; 37(10): 957.     CrossRef
  • Association between endothelial nitric oxide synthase and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system polymorphisms, blood pressure and training status in normotensive/pre-hypertension and hypertensive older adults: a pilot study
    Roberta Fernanda da Silva, Riccardo Lacchini, Lucas Cezar Pinheiro, Letícia Perticarrara Ferezin, José Eduardo Tanus-Santos, Marcelo Rizzatti Luizon, Thiago José Dionísio, Carlos Ferreira Santos, Thaís Amanda Reia, André Mourão Jacomini, Ana Maria Guilmo
    Clinical and Experimental Hypertension.2021; 43(7): 661.     CrossRef
  • Breakfast characteristics, perception, and reasons of skipping among 8th and 9th-grade students at governmental schools, Jenin governance, West Bank
    Manal Badrasawi, Ola Anabtawi, Yaqout Al-Zain
    BMC Nutrition.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Advanced Molecular Imaging (MRI/MRS/1H NMR) for Metabolic Information in Young Adults with Health Risk Obesity
    Khin Thandar Htun, Jie Pan, Duanghathai Pasanta, Montree Tungjai, Chatchanok Udomtanakunchai, Thanaporn Petcharoen, Nattacha Chamta, Supak Kosicharoen, Kiattisak Chukua, Christopher Lai, Suchart Kothan
    Life.2021; 11(10): 1035.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and Predictors of Co-occurring Hypertension and Depression Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults
    Cicily A. Gray, Omar T. Sims, Hyejung Oh
    Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities.2020; 7(2): 365.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes and Its Association with Added Sugar Intake in Citizens and Refugees Aged 40 or Older in the Gaza Strip, Palestine
    Majed Jebril, Xin Liu, Zumin Shi, Mohsen Mazidi, Akram Altaher, Youfa Wang
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2020; 17(22): 8594.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives