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Original Article
Noncommunicable Disease Risk Factors Among Adolescent Boys and Girls in Bangladesh: Evidence From a National Survey
Nushrat Jahan Urmy, Md. Mokbul Hossain, Abu Ahmed Shamim, Md. Showkat Ali Khan, Abu Abdullah Mohammad Hanif, Mehedi Hasan, Fahmida Akter, Dipak Kumar Mitra, Moyazzam Hossaine, Mohammad Aman Ullah, Samir Kanti Sarker, SM Mustafizur Rahman, Md. Mofijul Islam Bulbul, Malay Kanti Mridha
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(6):351-364.   Published online December 22, 2020
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  • 3 Web of Science
  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF

To assess the prevalence of noncommunicable disease (NCD) risk factors and the factors associated with the coexistence of multiple risk factors (≥ 2 risk factors) among adolescent boys and girls in Bangladesh.


Data on selected NCD risk factors collected from face to face interviews of 4,907 boys and 4,865 girls in the national Nutrition Surveillance round 2018–2019, was used. Descriptive analysis and multivariable logistic regression were performed.


The prevalence of insufficient fruit and vegetable intake, inadequate physical activity, tobacco use, and being overweight/obese was 90.72%, 29.03%, 4.57%, and 6.04%, respectively among boys; and 94.32%, 50.33%, 0.43%, and 8.03%, respectively among girls. Multiple risk factors were present among 34.87% of boys and 51.74% of girls. Younger age (p < 0.001), non-slum urban (p < 0.001) and slum residence (p < 0.001), higher paternal education (p = 0.001), and depression (p < 0.001) were associated with the coexistence of multiple risk factors in both boys and girls. Additionally, higher maternal education (p < 0.001) and richest wealth quintile (p = 0.023) were associated with the coexistence of multiple risk factors in girls.


The government should integrate specific services into the existing health and non-health programs which are aimed at reducing the burden of NCD risk factors.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Co-occurrence of non-communicable disease risk factors among adolescents in Jos, Nigeria
    Olutomi Y. Sodipo, Tolulope O. Afolaranmi, Hadiza A. Agbo, Esther A. Envuladu, Luret A. Lar, Emilia A. Udofia, Ayuba I. Zoakah
    African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Me.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Comparing Adolescents at Risk and Not at Risk of Non-Communicable Disease in Terms of Body Composition and Physical Activity in the Eastern Cape, South Africa
    Sisanda Mvula, Maya Maria Van Gent, Rudolph Leon van Niekerk
    Physical Activity and Health.2024; 8(1): 60.     CrossRef
  • Assessment of Risk Factors for Non-communicable Diseases among Young Adults in Kerala, India
    Ahana Salam, Jayakrishnan Thayyil, Nithya Girija, Anjali Lakshmanan, Sruthikrishna Punathukandi, Anupama Raj Karattuthazhathu
    Preventive Medicine: Research & Reviews.2024; 1(4): 194.     CrossRef
  • Dietary patterns and indicators of cardiometabolic risk among rural adolescents: A cross-sectional study at 15-year follow-up of the MINIMat cohort
    Mohammad Redwanul Islam, Syed Moshfiqur Rahman, Katarina Selling, Pieta Näsänen-Gilmore, Maria Kippler, Eero Kajantie, Anisur Rahman, Jesmin Pervin, Eva-Charlotte Ekström
    Frontiers in Nutrition.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Assuring Bangladesh’s future: non-communicable disease risk factors among the adolescents and the existing policy responses
    Tuhin Biswas, Peter Azzopardi, Syeda Novera Anwar, Tim David de Vries, Luis Manuel Encarnacion-Cruz, Md. Mehedi Hasan, M. Mamun Huda, Sonia Pervin, Rajat Das Gupta, Dipak Kumar Mitra, Lal B. Rawal, Abdullah Al Mamun
    Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Lifestyle practices predisposing adolescents to non communicable diseases in Delhi
    Amod L. Borle, Navya Gangadharan, Saurav Basu
    Dialogues in Health.2022; 1: 100064.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives