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Solitary and Social Drinking in South Korea: An Exploratory Study
Ju Moon Park, Aeree Sohn, Chanho Choi
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(6):365-372.   Published online December 22, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.6.04
  • 7,077 View
  • 149 Download
  • 5 Web of Science
  • 5 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study aimed to identify differences in drinking norms, heavy drinking, and motives between types of drinkers (abstainers, solitary, and social drinkers) in a representative sample of Korean adults.

Methods

An online survey of people registered on the electoral roll were randomly invited to be part of the “National Korean Drinking Culture Study” conducted in 2018 (n = 3,015). Participants included 1,532 men and 1,469 women aged 19–60 years. Questions included the number of times they drank in the last month, what they drank, and the volume drank. The amount of pure alcohol consumed was calculated. Drinking norms, motives, and types were determined in the survey questions.

Results

Solitary drinkers were more likely to be divorced or separated, less educated, and marginally employed. Solitary drinking peaked in those in their 30s (18.5%) and social drinkers in their 50s (68.1%). Solitary drinkers drank more frequently compared with social drinkers (6.1 vs. 3.6 times per month, p < 0.001), and consumed a significantly larger quantity of alcohol (69.5 g vs. 46.8 g per week). Solitary drinkers were more accepting of drinking-related behaviors in diverse situations compared with social drinkers. The regression analysis revealed that personal drinking motives were the most important factor influencing the frequency and quantity of alcohol consumption in both solitary and social drinking.

Conclusion

Solitary drinkers may be more vulnerable to alcohol abuse than social drinkers.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Modeling clustered count data using mixed effect discrete Weibull regression model with cubic splines
    Hanna Yoo
    Communications in Statistics - Simulation and Comp.2024; : 1.     CrossRef
  • Drinking as Leisure Activity among Working-Age Men
    Minhye Kim
    Journal of Social Science.2023; 34(1): 243.     CrossRef
  • Development and Validation of a Questionnaire for Assessing Drug Use Motives in the General Population in South Korea
    Joon-Yong Yang, Minhye Kim, Aeree Sohn
    Healthcare.2023; 12(1): 86.     CrossRef
  • Do Drinking Norms, Motives, and Drinking Behaviors Differ by Age Group among Korean Women?
    Aeree Sohn, Sarang Jang
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2022; 19(6): 3345.     CrossRef
  • Exploring Contributing Factors of Solitary Drinking among Hong Kong Chinese Adolescents and Young Adults: A Descriptive Phenomenology
    Ka-Yan Ho, Katherine-Ka-Wai Lam, Cynthia-Sau-Ting Wu, Man-Nok Tong, Lai-Ngo Tang, Yim-Wah Mak
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2022; 19(14): 8371.     CrossRef
Predictors Affecting the Elderly’s Use of Emergency Medical Services
Ju Moon Park, Aeree Sohn
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(4):209-215.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.4.10
  • 4,980 View
  • 77 Download
  • 3 Web of Science
  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Elderly adults are the demographic most likely to utilize emergency medical services (EMS). This study aimed to examine the difference in EMS utilization in subgroups of the elderly population by assessing the predictors for using EMS.

Methods

Using both descriptive and logistic regression analyses, this study analyses data from the 2014 Korean Health Panel Survey (n = 3,175).

Results

It was observed that certain predisposing factors such as age, sex, and marital status were significant predictors of EMS utilization. However, differences in EMS need do not fully account for the original differences observed between subgroups of elderly Koreans. While health status and disability were important predictors of elderly Koreans using EMS, place of residence did not account for subgroup differences. Nonetheless, place of residence remained particularly important predictors of EMS utilization for the elderly.

Conclusion

Emergency needs and resource availability are 2 main determinants for elderly Koreans using EMS. In addition, it was observed that the demographic subgroup profile of unmarried/divorced/separated/widowed men who were aged 75 and older was least likely to utilize EMS. Improving their resource availability to meet their EMS needs should be a top priority for national policy making to narrow elderly population subgroup differences.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Fatores associados às causas externas em idosos atendidos pelo serviço de atendimento móvel de urgência
    Ana Angélica Oliveira de Brito, Beatriz Barros de Vasconcelos, Ana Maria Ribeiro dos Santos, Débora de Oliveira Lima, Maria Zélia de Araújo Madeira, Guilherme Guarino de Moura Sá, Julyanne dos Santos Nolêto, Rouslanny Kelly Cipriano de Oliveira
    Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Factors associated with external causes in elderly attended by the mobile emergency care service
    Ana Angélica Oliveira de Brito, Beatriz Barros de Vasconcelos, Ana Maria Ribeiro dos Santos, Débora de Oliveira Lima, Maria Zélia de Araújo Madeira, Guilherme Guarino de Moura Sá, Julyanne dos Santos Nolêto, Rouslanny Kelly Cipriano de Oliveira
    Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Epidemiology of Adult Emergency Medical Services Use in Muğla
    Ömer Faruk Karakoyun, Kıvanç Karaman, Burcu Kaymak Golcuk, Yalcin Golcuk
    Paramedik ve Acil Sağlık Hizmetleri Dergisi.2024; 5(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Medical and social factors influencing the utilization of healthcare services among older adults in Israel during the COVID-19 lockdown
    Ohad Shaked, Liat Korn, Yair Shapiro, Moti Zwilling, Avi Zigdon
    Frontiers in Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Social Factors Contributing to Healthcare Service Requirements during the First COVID-19 Lockdown among Older Adults
    Ohad Shaked, Liat Korn, Yair Shapiro, Avi Zigdon
    Healthcare.2022; 10(10): 1854.     CrossRef
  • Socio-demographic characteristics and their relation to medical service consumption among elderly in Israel during the COVID-19 lockdown in 2020 as compared to the corresponding period in 2019
    Ohad Shaked, Liat Korn, Yair Shapiro, Gideon Koren, Avi Zigdon, Aviad Tur-Sinai
    PLOS ONE.2022; 17(12): e0278893.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives