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Insufficient weight management in pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus
Kyunghee Han, Dong Wook Kwak, Hyun Mee Ryu, Hyun-Young Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2022;13(4):242-251.   Published online August 31, 2022
  • 2,444 View
  • 93 Download
Graphical AbstractGraphical Abstract AbstractAbstract PDF
This study investigated whether weight was managed appropriately in pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and examined the association between insufficient gestational weight gain (GWG) and adverse pregnancy outcomes.
The study included 235 pregnant women with GDM from the Korean Pregnancy Outcome Study. GWG from the second to the third trimester (kg/wk) and total GWG (kg) were classified as insufficient, appropriate, or excessive according to the 2009 Institute of Medicine guidelines. Adverse pregnancy outcomes included maternal (hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, preterm birth, cesarean delivery, and delivery complications) and infant (low birth weight, high birth weight, neonatal intensive care unit admission, and congenital anomalies) outcomes.
The proportion of pregnant women with GDM who had insufficient GWG from the second to the third trimester was 52.3%, and that of participants with total insufficient GWG was 48.1%. There were no significant associations between insufficient GWG from the second to the third trimester and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Participants with total insufficient GWG had a significantly lower risk of preterm birth (odds ratio [OR], 0.17; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.05–0.60) and high birth weight (OR, 0.23; 95% CI, 0.07–0.80).
Our findings suggest the importance of appropriate weight management and the need for GWG guidelines for pregnant women with GDM.
Use of Menstrual Sanitary Products in Women of Reproductive Age: Korea Nurses’ Health Study
Hansol Choi, Nam-Kyoo Lim, Heeja Jung, Oksoo Kim, Hyun-Young Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2021;12(1):20-28.   Published online February 1, 2021
  • 9,562 View
  • 257 Download
  • 7 Web of Science
  • 11 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material

The use of menstrual hygiene products and its effect on women’s health remains under studied. Patterns of menstrual hygiene product use and the rationale behind choices among Korean women aged 18–45 years were examined.


This cross-sectional study was a part of the Korea Nurses’ Health Study. A total of 20,613 nurses participated, and 8,658 nurses participated in Module 7 which included a menstrual hygiene products-related survey. The data were collected through the mobile survey using a self-reported questionnaire. Participants’ use of menstrual hygiene products and related characteristics were analyzed using frequency (percentage) or mean (SD).


The most common types of menstrual hygiene products across all age groups were disposable menstrual pads (89.0%), followed by cloth menstrual pads (4.5%), tampons (4.2%), and only 1.6% used a menstrual cup. Disposable menstrual pads were the most common across all age groups, but in those aged under 30 years this was followed by tampon use (6%). The most important criteria when choosing a menstrual hygiene product was comfort for disposable menstrual pads (31.3%) and tampons (41.5%), natural ingredients or organic products for cloth menstrual pads (51.4%), and custom fit for the menstrual cup (50.7%). However, for all menstrual hygiene products (except cloth menstrual pads), there was a higher proportion of anxiety than perception of safety, and low awareness of toxic shock syndrome.


It is important for women to use menstrual hygiene products with confidence. More research is needed to better understand potential health effects of menstrual hygiene products.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • MIMA 2.0 - Compact and portable Multifunctional IoT integrated Menstrual Aid
    Kumar J. Jyothish, Shreya Shivangi, Amish Bibhu, Subhankar Mishra, Sulagna Saha
    Internet of Things.2024; 25: 101075.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge, attitude, and practice of menstrual hygiene at a medical and health sciences university ‎
    Rajani Dube, Huma Zaidi, Shehla Shafi Khan
    Journal of Advanced Pharmacy Education and Researc.2024; 14(1): 63.     CrossRef
  • Gynecological and Obstetric Crisis in Gaza Conflict Area: A Call for Action
    Ibraheem Alkhawaldeh, Hamza Alsalhi, Mostafa Moawad, Yasmeen Jamal Alabdallat
    JAP Academy Journal.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Reusable period products: use and perceptions among young people in Victoria, Australia
    Caitlin Ramsay, Julie Hennegan, Caitlin H. Douglass, Sarah Eddy, Alexandra Head, Megan S. C. Lim
    BMC Women's Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Exploratory systematic review and meta-analysis on period poverty
    Gayathri Delanerolle, Xiao-Jie Yang, Heitor Cavalini, Om P Kurmi, Camilla Mørk Røstvik, Ashish Shetty, Lucky Saraswat, Julie Taylor, Sana Sajid, Shanaya Rathod, Jian-Qing Shi, Peter Phiri
    World Journal of Meta-Analysis.2023; 11(5): 196.     CrossRef
  • Key findings on women’s reproductive health: the Korea Nurses’ Health Study
    Chiyoung Cha, Heeja Jung
    Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing.2023; 29(2): 81.     CrossRef
  • Nonconventional Menstrual Hygiene Products and its Usage among Reproductive age Group Women in India – A Cross-Sectional Study
    Dharmaraj Rock Britto, Neethu George, Abdul Malik Shagirunisha Rizvana, Josephin Shalini Ratchagar, Tamilarasan Muniyapillai, Karthikeyan Kulothungan
    Journal of Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Scienc.2023; 18(3): 357.     CrossRef
  • Assessment of knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding menstruation and menstrual hygiene among early-reproductive aged women in Bangladesh: a cross-sectional survey
    Abu Bakkar Siddique, Sudipto Deb Nath, Mahfuza Mubarak, Amena Akter, Sanjida Mehrin, Mst Jemi Hkatun, Antara Parvine Liza, M. Ziaul Amin
    Frontiers in Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Use and perceptions on reusable and non-reusable menstrual products in Spain: A mixed-methods study
    Laura Medina-Perucha, Tomàs López-Jiménez, Anna Sofie Holst, Constanza Jacques-Aviñó, Jordina Munrós-Feliu, Cristina Martínez-Bueno, Carme Valls-Llobet, Diana Pinzón Sanabria, Mª Mercedes Vicente-Hernández, Anna Berenguera, Muhammad Shahzad Aslam
    PLOS ONE.2022; 17(3): e0265646.     CrossRef
  • Women’s attitudes toward certification logos, labels, and advertisements for organic disposable sanitary pads: results from a multi-city cross-sectional survey
    Hayeon Kim, Jinyoung Jung, Yun-Kyoung Song, Taegwon Chang, Sungmin Park, Jiwon Park, Kyungim Kim
    BMC Women's Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Sanitation and hygiene practices of secondary school students from Mtwara town in Tanzania
    Obadia Kyetuza Bishoge, Ademola Kabir Aremu, Dickson Dare Ajayi, Sayoki Godfrey Mfinanga
    International Journal of Health Promotion and Educ.2022; : 1.     CrossRef
Increased Prevalence of low High-density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (HDL-C) Levels in Korean Adults: Analysis of the Three Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES 1998–2005)
Sun-Ja Choi, Sung-Hee Park, Hyun-Young Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2011;2(2):94-103.   Published online June 30, 2011
  • 3,152 View
  • 13 Download
  • 8 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases that has shown a remarkable increase, but little is known about the prevalence of low HDL-C in Korea. This study aimed to evaluate changing trends of low HDL-C prevalence, and indicate other risk factors associated with low HDL-C.
We selected subjects aged ≥20 years from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 1998, 2001, and 2005 (n = 7962, 6436, and 6412). The mean level of HDL-C and the prevalence of low HDL-C was calculated, and cardiovascular risk factors associated with low HDL-C, as well as demographic, anthropometric, lifestyle, and nutrition factors, were assessed using the KNHANES 2005 data.
Mean HDL-C levels in men and women between KNHANES 1998 and 2005 decreased significantly, from 48.1 to 42.3 and from 51.6 to 47.1 mg/dL, respectively (both p < 0.001). The decrease was slightly less for women compared with men for the same period, and women had higher HDL-C levels at all periods. Covariate-adjusted OR revealed that body mass index, waist circumference, and non-alcohol drinker in both men and women were associated with low HDL-C levels by KNHANES 2005, as were employed and light physical activity in men and low fat intake in women.
The prevalence of low HDL-C increased significantly from KNHANES 1998 to 2001 and 2005 (p < 0.001) in both men and women. body mass index, waist circumference, and non-alcohol drinker were identified as associated with low HDL-C in Korean adults.


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    Kyung-Hyun Cho, Hyo-Seon Nam, Seung-Hee Baek, Dae-Jin Kang, Hyejee Na, Tomohiro Komatsu, Yoshinari Uehara
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2023; 24(6): 5185.     CrossRef
  • Interactive effects of the low‐carbohydrate diet score and genetic risk score on Hypo‐HDL‐cholesterolemia among Korean adults: A cross‐sectional analysis from the Ansan and Ansung Study of the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study
    SoHyun Park, Min‐Jae Jang, Min Young Park, Jun‐Mo Kim, Sangah Shin
    Food Science & Nutrition.2022; 10(9): 3106.     CrossRef
  • Decrease in HDL-C is Associated with Age and Household Income in Adults from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2017: Correlation Analysis of Low HDL-C and Poverty
    Kyung-Hyun Cho, Hye-Jeong Park, Suk-Jeong Kim, Jae-Ryong Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2019; 16(18): 3329.     CrossRef
  • The association between lipid profiles and the neurologic outcome in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
    Hyoung Youn Lee, Dong Hun Lee, Byung Kook Lee, Kyung Woon Jeung, Yong Hun Jung, Jung Soo Park, Jin Hong Min, Yong Il Min
    Resuscitation.2019; 145: 26.     CrossRef
  • Differential association of dietary carbohydrate intake with metabolic syndrome in the US and Korean adults: data from the 2007–2012 NHANES and KNHANES
    Kyungho Ha, Kijoon Kim, Ock K. Chun, Hyojee Joung, YoonJu Song
    European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.2018; 72(6): 848.     CrossRef
  • The High Prevalence of Low HDL-Cholesterol Levels and Dyslipidemia in Rural Populations in Northwestern China
    Pengfei Ge, Caixia Dong, Xiaolan Ren, Elisabete Weiderpass, Chouji Zhang, Haoqiang Fan, Jing Zhang, Yongrui Zhang, Jinen Xi, Shahrad Taheri
    PLOS ONE.2015; 10(12): e0144104.     CrossRef
  • Treino de natação para pessoas sedentárias com lesão medular e concentração de colesterol-HDL
    Fabio Barreto Rodrigues, Carmen Silvia Grubert Campbell
    Revista Neurociências.2015; 23(2): 233.     CrossRef
  • Composition of Metabolic Syndrome Among Korean Adults in a Lifestyle Modification Intervention
    Nan-He Yoon, Seunghyun Yoo, Hyekyeong Kim
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2014; 5(6): 370.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives