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Age-differentiated Risk Factors of Suicidal Ideation among Young and Middle-aged Korean Adults
Ahra Jo, Minho Jeon, Heeyoung Oh
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017;8(3):201-210.   Published online June 30, 2017
  • 4,219 View
  • 37 Download
  • 17 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF

This study aimed to determine the prevalence of suicidal ideation among young and middle-aged adults, and explore the risk factors that affect suicidal ideation.


A descriptive study design was used for secondary data analysis. A total sample of 5,214 was drawn from two waves (2012–2013) of the 7th Korea Health Panel (KHP) survey. The KHP data were collected by a well-trained interviewer using the face-to-face method during home visits as well as self-report method. Descriptive statistics of frequency, percentage, chi-square test, and logistic regression analysis were performed using SPSS 22.0.


The prevalence of suicidal ideation in young and middle-aged adults was 4.4% and 5.6%, respectively. For young adults, suicidal ideation risk was higher among those with low income or heavy drinking habits. In middle-aged adults, low income, poor perceived health status, negative perception of peer-compared health status, and negative social perspective were the major risk factors.


There is considerable risk of suicidal ideation in adulthood. Opportunities for increased income, avoidance of heavy drinking, and the construction of positive subjective health status and social perspective should be considered in suicide prevention interventions for Korean young and middle-aged adults.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
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    Journal of Affective Disorders.2023; 329: 168.     CrossRef
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    Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies.2022; 17(2): 147.     CrossRef
  • Alcohol use and its association with suicide attempt, suicidal thoughts and non-suicidal self-harm in two successive, nationally representative English household samples
    Sarah Ledden, Paul Moran, David Osborn, Alexandra Pitman
    BJPsych Open.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Associations between Suicidal Ideation and Relatives’ Physical and Mental Health among Community Residents: Differences between Family Members and Lineal Consanguinity
    Caifeng Li, Zhen Wei, Yifan Wang, Long Sun
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2022; 19(23): 15997.     CrossRef
  • Factors affecting suicidal ideation among premenopausal and postmenopausal women
    Go‐Un Kim, Hae Kyoung Son, Mi‐Young Kim
    Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing.2021; 28(3): 356.     CrossRef
  • Depression and suicidal ideation among HIV seropositive patients attending the special treatment clinic of the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Nigeria
    Elvis Mbu Bisong, Chidi John Okafor, Agam Ebaji Ayuk, Udeme Essien Asibong, Henry Ohem Okpa
    Calabar Journal of Health Sciences.2021; 4: 64.     CrossRef
  • The role of ageing in the wish to be dead: disentangling age, period and cohort effects in suicide ideation in European population
    M. Cabello, L. A. Rico-Uribe, J. C. Martinez-Ávila, A. Sánchez-Niubò, F. F. Caballero, G. Borges, B. Mellor-Marsá, J. M. Haro, M. Prina, S. Koskinen, J. L. Ayuso-Mateos
    Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association Between Suicide Risk and Comorbidity of Mood Disorder and Alcohol Use Disorder: Using Common Data Model in Psychiatry
    Yong Hyuk Cho, Eunyoung Lee, Eun Sil Her, Gyubeom Hwang, Ki-Young Lim, Jai Sung Noh, Yunmi Shin, Chang Hyung Hong, Hyun Woong Roh, Dongyun Lee, Heirim Lee, Doyeop Kim, Rae Woong Park, Bumhee Park, Sang Joon Son
    Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association.2021; 60(3): 232.     CrossRef
  • Analysis of risk factors affecting suicidal ideation in South Korea by life cycle stage
    Ji-Young Hwang, Il-Su Park
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2021; 12(5): 314.     CrossRef
  • Association of chronic diseases and lifestyle factors with suicidal ideation among adults aged 18–69 years in Eswatini: evidence from a population-based survey
    Mfundi President Sebenele Motsa, Hung-Yi Chiou, Yi-Hua Chen
    BMC Public Health.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Cross-national prevalence and factors associated with suicide ideation and attempts in older and young-and-middle age people
    Maria Cabello, Marta Miret, José Luis Ayuso-Mateos, Felix Feliz Caballero, Somnath Chatterji, Beata Tobiasz-Adamczyk, Josep Maria Haro, Seppo Koskinen, Matilde Leonardi, Guilherme Borges
    Aging & Mental Health.2020; 24(9): 1533.     CrossRef
  • Characteristics, causality, and suicidal behavior: a qualitative study of family members with suicide history in Wonogiri, Indonesia
    Susana Nurtanti, Sri Handayani, Nita Yunianti Ratnasari, Putri Halimu Husna, Tantut Susanto
    Frontiers of Nursing.2020; 7(2): 169.     CrossRef
  • Risk Factors for Suicidal Ideation among Middle Class Korean: Focusing on Psychosocial Comparison - An Analysis of a Nationwide Survey of the 8th Korea Health Panel Data
    Ahra Jo, Bora Kang, Youngju Seo, Eunha Gil, Heeyoung Oh
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nurs.2018; 29(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • The Function of Personality in Suicidal Ideation from the Perspective of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide
    Marc Baertschi, Alessandra Costanza, Alessandra Canuto, Kerstin Weber
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2018; 15(4): 636.     CrossRef
  • To Be or Not to Be
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2017; 8(3): 157.     CrossRef
Prevalence and Risk Factors of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease among Nonsmokers: Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2010–2012)
Heeyoung Oh, Ye-Eun Lee
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(6):385-393.   Published online December 31, 2016
  • 3,198 View
  • 16 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of COPD among non-smoking adults, and to investigate the risk factors that affect disease occurrence.
The data from the 5th Korea national health and nutrition examination survey (KNHNES) has been used, and 5,489 non-smoking adults aged between 40 to 79 years with diagnosable FEV1/FVC were selected therefrom as the subjects of this study.
The prevalence of COPD in non-smokers was observed to be 6.9%. The development of the COPD showed statistically significant difference among groups; males showed about 2.54 times (95% CI: 1.410∼146.612) higher rates compared to females, subjects aged 70–79 showed about 3.08 times (95% CI: 1.823∼11.437) higher rates compared to those aged 40–49, subjects whose education level was elementary school or less showed about 5.36 times (95% CI: 1.341∼21.393) higher rates compared to those who are college or more, and subjects who are middle school showed about 4.72 times (95% CI: 1.374∼16.217) higher rates compared to the college or more.
It is confirmed that development of the COPD in non-smokers reach significance. For the prevention of the disease, there is a need to identify COPD-related risk factors in males and the elderly and provide appropriate nursing intervention, and to develop health-related education programs for those with low educational background to take in order to promote the improvement of lung health.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Estimating the global prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Nadia AL Wachami, Morad Guennouni, Younes Iderdar, Karima Boumendil, Maryem Arraji, Yassmine Mourajid, Fatima Zahra Bouchachi, Mohamed Barkaoui, Mohamed Lahbib Louerdi, Abderraouf Hilali, Mohamed Chahboune
    BMC Public Health.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and Risk Factors of COPD: A Scoping Review From 2011 to 2021
    Zhenggang Zhu, Ayu Suzailiana Muhamad, Norsuhana Omar, Foong Kiew Ooi, Xiaoyan Pan, Li Yin Ong Marilyn
    Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences.2023; 19(5): 345.     CrossRef
    Shilpa Anand Hakki
    Journal of Evidence Based Medicine and Healthcare.2018; 5(35): 2580.     CrossRef
  • What Affects Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Korea?
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2016; 7(6): 339.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives