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Original Article
Ingenol Protects Human T Cells From HIV-1 Infection
Kee-Jong Hong, Hak Sung Lee, Yeong-shik Kim, Sung Soon Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2011;2(2):109-114.   Published online June 30, 2011
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Many natural compounds have been investigated as drug candidates to prevent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) with low cytotoxicity. We tested whether ingenol from Euphorbia ingens exerts anti-HIV effects in human T cell lines.
and Results Ingenol effectively maintained high cell viability (CD50, >1 mM) in H9 and MT4 T cells. The efficacy of ingenol to inhibit HIV-1 infection was dose dependent. ED50 for 100 and 200 TCID50 of HIV-1 was 5.06 and 16.87 μM, respectively. Gag p24 antigen production in ingenol-treated MT4 cells was reduced by 24.5% on day 6 post-infection. While p24 antigen was reduced in ingenol-treated cells, levels of cytokines such as TNF-α and IL-6 and chemokines such as RANTES and MCP-1 were increased. dUTP level related to late apoptotic events was increased on day 2 post-infection of HIV by ingenol treatment, whereas expression of annexin V was unchanged. Reduced levels of iNOS and ZAP-70 after HIV infection were recovered by ingenol treatment.
Ingenol helps T cells to survive longer against viremia after HIV-1 infection, without exerting cytotoxic effects. Ingenol can be considered a safe and efficacious candidate for immune-boosting therapy for AIDS patients.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
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  • Biphasic Effects of Ingenol 3,20-Dibenzoate on the Erythropoietin Receptor: Synergism at Low Doses and Antagonism at High Doses
    Jin-Gyo Oh, Young-Won Chin, Sung-Jo Kim, Jong Min Choi, Sang Kyum Kim, Hee Eun Kang, Tae-Hwe Heo
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  • LC-MS2-Based dereplication of Euphorbia extracts with anti-Chikungunya virus activity
    Louis-Félix Nothias-Scaglia, Vincent Dumontet, Johan Neyts, Fanny Roussi, Jean Costa, Pieter Leyssen, Marc Litaudon, Julien Paolini
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  • Reactivation of latent HIV-1 by new semi-synthetic ingenol esters
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  • Dual Role of Novel Ingenol Derivatives from Euphorbia tirucalli in HIV Replication: Inhibition of De Novo Infection and Activation of Viral LTR
    Celina M. Abreu, Sarah L. Price, Erin N. Shirk, Rodrigo D. Cunha, Luiz F. Pianowski, Janice E. Clements, Amilcar Tanuri, Lucio Gama, Cheryl A. Stoddart
    PLoS ONE.2014; 9(5): e97257.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives