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Short Communication
Percentage Body Fat is As a Good Indicator for Determining Adolescents Who Are Overweight or Obese: A Cross-Sectional Study in Vietnam
Le Thu Trang, Nguyen Nam Trung, Dinh-Toi Chu, Nguyen Thi Hong Hanh
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(2):108-114.   Published online April 30, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.2.10
  • 3,934 View
  • 53 Download
  • 9 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

To identify trends in percentage body fat (PBF) in adolescents to determine gender-specific classification thresholds for being overweight and obese.

Methods

A cross-sectional study of 899 adolescents (11 to 14.5 years) from Hanoi and Nam Dinh was conducted in Vietnam. PBF, subcutaneous fat and percentage of lean mass were measured directly using OMRON HBF 375 scales to measure bioelectrical impedance.

Results

PBF decreased in boys with increasing age (p < 0.001). The difference in PBF between boys and girls, significantly increased with age after 12.5 years (p < 0.001). There was a stronger correlation between PBF and fat content (Pearson’s r = 0.860, p < 0.0001) than that between (BMI) and fat content (Pearson’s r = 0.521, p < 0.0001). The prevalence of being overweight or obese in girls was similar when determined by PBF or BMI. Hanoi had higher rates of adolescents being overweight or obese compared with Nam Dinh.

Conclusion

PBF provides a more accurate body assessment for being overweight or obese in adolescents compared with BMI.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Associations Between Body Composition, Leptin, and Vitamin D Varied by the Body Fat Percentage in Adolescents
    Rapheeporn Khwanchuea, Chuchard Punsawad
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Psychiatric symptoms are not associated with circulating CRP concentrations after controlling for medical, social, and demographic factors
    Leandra K. Figueroa-Hall, Bohan Xu, Rayus Kuplicki, Bart N. Ford, Kaiping Burrows, T. Kent Teague, Sandip Sen, Hung-Wen Yeh, Michael R. Irwin, Jonathan Savitz, Martin P. Paulus
    Translational Psychiatry.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effects of School-Based Physical Activity Programs on Health-Related Physical Fitness of Korean Adolescents: A Preliminary Study
    Eui-Jae Lee, Wi-Young So, Hyun-Su Youn, Jooyoung Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2021; 18(6): 2976.     CrossRef
  • Bone Health and Its Positive Relationships with Body Composition in Malaysian Schoolchildren: Findings from a Cross-Sectional Study
    Hui Chin Koo, Geok Pei Lim, Satvinder Kaur, Kai Quin Chan, Keh En Chan, Casey Chung, Michelle Wong, Ugunesh Danaselvam
    Children.2021; 8(7): 569.     CrossRef
  • Obesity parameters in relation to lung function levels in a large Chinese rural adult population
    Xiang Zeng, Dongling Liu, Zhen An, Huijun Li, Jie Song, Weidong Wu
    Epidemiology and Health.2021; 43: e2021047.     CrossRef
  • Changes to cardiovascular risk factors over 7 years: a prospective cohort study of in situ urbanised residents in the Chaoyang District of Beijing
    Zhe Li, Shicheng Yu, Xiaoyan Han, Jianjun Liu, Hongyan Yao
    BMJ Open.2020; 10(3): e033548.     CrossRef
  • Effect of Body Fat Percentage on Muscle Damage Induced by High-Intensity Eccentric Exercise
    Eun-Jung Yoon, Jooyoung Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2020; 17(10): 3476.     CrossRef
  • Body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio misclassification of overweight and obesity in Chinese military personnel
    Qingqing Zhu, Binbin Huang, Qiaoli Li, Liqian Huang, Wenbo Shu, Lin Xu, Qiongying Deng, Ziliang Ye, Chunyan Li, Peng Liu
    Journal of Physiological Anthropology.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Identification of the most appropriate existing anthropometric index for home-based obesity screening in children and adolescents
    X.F. Ye, W. Dong, L.L. Tan, Z.R. Zhang, Y.L. Qiu, J. Zhang
    Public Health.2020; 189: 20.     CrossRef
Original Article
Childhood Obesity Is a High-risk Factor for Hypertriglyceridemia: A Case-control Study in Vietnam
Nguyen Thi Hong Hanh, Le Thi Tuyet, Duong Thi Anh Dao, Yang Tao, Dinh-Toi Chu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017;8(2):138-146.   Published online April 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2017.8.2.06
  • 2,913 View
  • 31 Download
  • 11 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

To investigate the relationship between dyslipidemia and obesity status among Viet-namese adolescents.

Methods

In this case-control study, 282 adolescents (6–11 years), including 88 obese cases and 194 normal-weight controls, were recruited from a population-based cross-sectional study from two provinces in Vietnam. The anthropometric, blood lipid, and other laboratory test results of the study subjects were analyzed.

Results

Obese children tended to have more visceral fat (Pearson’s r = 0.795, p < 0.0001) than subcutaneous fat (Pearson’s r = 0.754, p < 0.0001), and this difference was associated with an increase in blood triglyceride level (Pearson’s r = 0.232, p < 0.05) and a strikingly high rate of hypertriglyceridemia (38.6%). We also found that birth weight and parental body mass index were related to the status of obesity among the study subjects. However, only birth weight was significantly higher in the obese group than in the normal weight group. These findings indicate the effect of prenatal nutrition on childhood obesity. Furthermore, high-birth weight children had a surprisingly high rate of obesity.

Conclusion

Together, our data suggest that obesity increased the risk for hypertriglyceridemia, which was, at least partially, due to prenatal nutrition.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Patterns of Dyslipidemia in the Anemic and Nonanemic Hypertensive Saudi Population: A Cross-Sectional Study
    Mohammad A Alfhili, Jawaher Alsughayyir, Ahmed M Basudan, Hazem K Ghneim, Mohammed Alfaifi, Hassan S Alamri, Zuhier A Awan, Mohammed R Algethami
    International Journal of General Medicine.2022; Volume 15: 7895.     CrossRef
  • Eating Behaviors in Relation to Child Weight Status and Maternal Education
    Priscilla Ayine, Vaithinathan Selvaraju, Chandra M. K. Venkatapoorna, Yida Bao, Philippe Gaillard, Thangiah Geetha
    Children.2021; 8(1): 32.     CrossRef
  • Ranking of a wide multidomain set of predictor variables of children obesity by machine learning variable importance techniques
    Helena Marcos-Pasero, Gonzalo Colmenarejo, Elena Aguilar-Aguilar, Ana Ramírez de Molina, Guillermo Reglero, Viviana Loria-Kohen
    Scientific Reports.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Early childhood factors associated with obesity at age 8 in Vietnamese children: The Young Lives Cohort Study
    Tuyen Nguyen, Karen Sokal-Gutierrez, Maureen Lahiff, Lia Fernald, Susan L. Ivey
    BMC Public Health.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Changes in the prevalence of obesity and hypertension and demographic risk factor profiles in China over 10 years: two national cross-sectional surveys
    Yongze Li, Di Teng, Xiaoguang Shi, Xiaochun Teng, Weiping Teng, Zhongyan Shan, Yaxin Lai
    The Lancet Regional Health - Western Pacific.2021; 15: 100227.     CrossRef
  • Hypertension in a mountainous province of Vietnam: prevalence and risk factors
    Khanh Do Nam, Nhon Bui Van, Long Vo Hoang, Toan Pham Duc, Thu Tran Thi Ha, Viet Tran Tuan, Phong Phan Dinh, Huong Trinh Thi Thu, Pau Loke Show, Vu Thi Nga, Le Bui Minh, Dinh-Toi Chu
    Heliyon.2020; 6(2): e03383.     CrossRef
  • TheAPOA5‐rs662799 Polymorphism Is a Determinant of Dyslipidemia in Vietnamese Primary School Children
    Nguyen T. H. Hanh, Bui T. Nhung, Le T. Hop, Le T. Tuyet, Duong T. A. Dao, Nguyen T. T. Thu, Tran Quang Binh
    Lipids.2020; 55(6): 683.     CrossRef
  • An update on obesity: Mental consequences and psychological interventions
    Dinh-Toi Chu, Nguyen Thi Minh Nguyet, Vu Thi Nga, Nguyen Vu Thai Lien, Duc Duy Vo, Nguyen Lien, Vo Truong Nhu Ngoc, Le Hoang Son, Duc-Hau Le, Vu Bich Nga, Pham Van Tu, Ta Van To, Luu Song Ha, Yang Tao, Van-Huy Pham
    Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &.2019; 13(1): 155.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and Risk Factors of Hypertension in the Vietnamese Elderly
    Nhon Bui Van, Long Vo Hoang, Tung Bui Van, Hao Nguyen Si Anh, Hien Tran Minh, Khanh Do Nam, Tuan Ngo Tri, Pau Loke Show, Vu Thi Nga, Deepak B. Thimiri Govinda Raj, Dinh-Toi Chu
    High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention.2019; 26(3): 239.     CrossRef
  • Association between salivary amylase enzyme activity and obesity in Saudi Arabia
    Norah Mubarak Aldossari, Eman E. El Gabry, Gihan E.H. Gawish
    Medicine.2019; 98(23): e15878.     CrossRef
  • An update on physical health and economic consequences of overweight and obesity
    Dinh-Toi Chu, Nguyen Thi Minh Nguyet, Thien Chu Dinh, Nguyen Vu Thai Lien, Khanh-Hoang Nguyen, Vo Truong Nhu Ngoc, Yang Tao, Le Hoang Son, Duc-Hau Le, Vu Bich Nga, Adam Jurgoński, Quoc-Hung Tran, Pham Van Tu, Van-Huy Pham
    Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &.2018; 12(6): 1095.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives