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Volume 7(6); December 2016
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Editorial
What Affects Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Korea?
Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(6):339-340.   Published online December 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.12.001
  • 1,708 View
  • 32 Download
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Original Articles
Causal Effect of Self-esteem on Cigarette Smoking Stages in Adolescents: Coarsened Exact Matching in a Longitudinal Study
Ahmad Khosravi, Asghar Mohammadpoorasl, Kourosh Holakouie-Naieni, Mahmood Mahmoodi, Ali Akbar Pouyan, Mohammad Ali Mansournia
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(6):341-345.   Published online December 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.10.003
  • 2,211 View
  • 32 Download
  • 10 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Identification of the causal impact of self-esteem on smoking stages faces seemingly insurmountable problems in observational data, where self-esteem is not manipulable by the researcher and cannot be assigned randomly. The aim of this study was to find out if weaker self-esteem in adolescence is a risk factor of cigarette smoking in a longitudinal study in Iran.
Methods
In this longitudinal study, 4,853 students (14–18 years) completed a self-administered multiple-choice anonym questionnaire. The students were evaluated twice, 12 months apart. Students were matched based on coarsened exact matching on pretreatment variables, including age, gender, smoking stages at the first wave of study, socioeconomic status, general risk-taking behavior, having a smoker in the family, having a smoker friend, attitude toward smoking, and self-injury, to ensure statistically equivalent comparison groups. Self-esteem was measured using the Rosenberg 10-item questionnaire and were classified using a latent class analysis. After matching, the effect of self-esteem was evaluated using a multinomial logistic model.
Results
In the causal fitted model, for adolescents with weaker self-esteem relative to those with stronger self-esteem, the relative risk for experimenters and regular smokers relative to nonsmokers would be expected to increase by a factor of 2.2 (1.9–2.6) and 2.0 (1.5–2.6), respectively.
Conclusion
Using a causal approach, our study indicates that low self-esteem is consistently associated with progression in cigarette smoking stages.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The effect of the educational intervention on empowerment of male high school students in prevention of smoking
    Ali Khani Jeihooni, Amirhossein Mobaraei, Amin Kiani, Pooyan Afzali Harsini, Sajjad Karami Ghazi Khani
    Journal of Substance Use.2022; 27(2): 162.     CrossRef
  • “I am a little superhero!”: a pilot play-based group to enhance self-esteem of children from low-income families in Hong Kong
    Jessie Ming Sin Wong
    Social Work with Groups.2021; 44(2): 181.     CrossRef
  • Depressive Symptoms and Cigarette Smoking in Adolescents and Young Adults: Mediating Role of Friends Smoking
    Christian W Mendo, Marine Maurel, Isabelle Doré, Jennifer O’Loughlin, Marie-Pierre Sylvestre
    Nicotine & Tobacco Research.2021; 23(10): 1771.     CrossRef
  • Explaining the determinants of hookah smoking cessation among southern Iranian women: a qualitative study
    Sakineh Dadipoor, Gerjo Kok, Ali Heyrani, Teamur Aghamolaei, Mohtasham Ghaffari, Amin Ghanbarnezhad
    Journal of Substance Use.2020; 25(5): 469.     CrossRef
  • Impact of gender, age and smoking habits on the effectiveness of health warning messages on cigarette packets: research on a highly educated Turkish sample
    Murat Aktan
    International Journal of Health Promotion and Educ.2020; 58(4): 167.     CrossRef
  • The Price of Mission Complexity: A National Study of the Impact of Community College Baccalaureate Adoption on Tuition and Fees
    Justin C. Ortagus, Xiaodan Hu
    Educational Researcher.2019; 48(8): 504.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge and Attitudes of University Students Towards Hookah Smoking in Fasa, Iran
    Ali Khani Jeihooni, Zahra Khiyali, Seyyed Mansour Kashfi, Seyyed Hannan Kashfi, Mohammad Zakeri, Mehdi Amirkhani
    Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Scien.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of the Impact of Psychoactive Substances on Adolescents’ Self-Esteem Attending School in Kenitra, Morocco
    Ibtissam Cherkaoui El Malki, Imad Echerbaoui, Khaoula Mammad, Youssef El Madhi, Ahmed Omar Touhami Ahami
    Psychology.2018; 09(04): 705.     CrossRef
  • Cigarette and hookah smoking and their relationship with self-esteem and communication skills among high school students
    Masumeh Anbarlouei, Parvin Sarbakhsh, Hossein Dadashzadeh, Akbar Ghiasi, Maryam Ataieasl, Abbasali Dorosti, Asghar Mohammadpour Asl
    Health Promotion Perspectives.2018; 8(3): 230.     CrossRef
  • How gender- and violence-related norms affect self-esteem among adolescent refugee girls living in Ethiopia
    L. Stark, K. Asghar, I. Seff, B. Cislaghi, G. Yu, T. Tesfay Gessesse, J. Eoomkham, A. Assazenew Baysa, K. Falb
    Global Mental Health.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
Evaluation of Microbial Contamination and Chemical Qualities of Cream-filled Pastries in Confectioneries of Chaharmahal Va Bakhtiari Province (Southwestern Iran)
Ali Sharifzadeh, Mohammad Hajsharifi-Shahreza, Payam Ghasemi-Dehkordi
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(6):346-350.   Published online December 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.09.004
  • 2,040 View
  • 30 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
High consumption of bakery products such as cream-filled pastries may cause serious health risks and food poisoning to humans. Therefore, investigation of the microbial and chemical qualities of bakery products containing cream is necessary. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the chemical qualities and microbial contaminations of cream-filled pastries collected from confectioneries located in six cities in Chaharmahal Va Bakhtiari province (Southwestern Iran).
Methods
Microbial tests and chemical characteristics (fat and acidity level) were done on 228 cream-filled pastries samples that were collected randomly from various confectioneries.
Results
After microbial tests, it was found that 33.33% of all samples were contaminated by microbial agents. The microbial tests showed that Shahrekord (10.09%) and Broujen (9.21%) cities had high levels of contamination and in Koohrang (1.31%) it was low compared with the other four cities. High contamination of coliforms (61.84%), staphylococci (48.68%), and yeast (27.63%) were observed in almost all samples. The chemical analysis showed maximum amounts of fat content and titratable acidity in cream-filled pastry samples obtained from Lordegan and Shahrekord cities, respectively.
Conclusion
The findings of the present work demonstrated that the microbial contamination and chemical quality of cream-filled pastries produced in confectionaries of Chaharmahal Va Bakhtiari province were not in acceptable ranges. These problems may be related to fecal contamination of cream samples or lack of hygiene by handlers and it is necessary to observe the standards of hygiene and to develop safe food handling techniques and aseptic pastry manufacturing systems in some confectioneries of Chaharmahal Va Bakhtiari province.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Efficiency of a Herbal Liquid Extract Mixture for the Prevention of Salmonella Growth in Whipped Cream
    Özüm Özoğlu, Evrim Güneş Altuntaş
    Natural and Engineering Sciences.2019; 4(1): 65.     CrossRef
Instability of Plasma and Serum Progastrin-Releasing Peptide During Repeated Freezing and Thawing
Jae-Eun Lee, Jin-Hyun Lee, Maria Hong, Seul-Ki Park, Ji-In Yu, So-Youn Shin, Shine Young Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(6):351-355.   Published online December 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.11.004
  • 2,330 View
  • 19 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Progastrin-releasing peptide (proGRP) is a promising biomarker for small cell lung cancer. However, not much is known about how sample processing and storage conditions affect the stability of proGRP. Here, we examined the effects of repeated freeze–thaw cycles on the stability of proGRP in plasma and serum.
Methods
Concentrations of proGRP were measured in plasma and serum samples exposed to two, three, or four freeze–thaw cycles and these were compared with values of corresponding samples exposed to one cycle (baseline). We also performed the area under the receiver-operating-characteristic curve (AUC) analysis to determine whether the differences of proGRP concentrations between each paired plasma and serum sample (ΔproGRP) can be used for identifying the samples that have been exposed to multiple freeze–thaw cycles.
Results
Concentrations of proGRP gradually decreased in both plasma and serum samples with increasing numbers of freeze–thaw cycles. Reduction rates of proGRP concentrations were greater in serum than in plasma samples and serum proGRP levels declined with statistical significance (p < 0.001) up to 10.1% after four freeze–thaw cycles. The ΔproGRP measurement showed fair accuracy (AUC = 0.741) for identifying samples that had been through four freeze–thaw cycles. The sensitivity was 82.8% and specificity was 62.1% at an optimal cut-off point of > 4.9.
Conclusion
Our study shows that the stability of circulating proGRP is affected in both plasma and serum samples by repeated freezing and thawing. We also show that ΔproGRP could be used for identifying paired plasma and serum samples subjected to multiple freeze–thaw cycles.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Effect of Repeated Freeze–Thaw Cycles on Influenza Virus Antibodies
    Alessandro Torelli, Elena Gianchecchi, Martina Monti, Pietro Piu, Irene Barneschi, Carolina Bonifazi, Rosa Coluccio, Luisa Ganfini, Luciano Michele La Magra, Silvia Marconi, Ginevra Marzucchi, Ramona Pace, Laura Palladino, Bernardo Biagi, Emanuele Montomo
    Vaccines.2021; 9(3): 267.     CrossRef
  • The influence of different blood samples treatment methods on pro-gastrin-releasing peptide
    Huiqin Jiang, Ling Luo, Kang Xiong, Chengwen He, Huaizhou Wang, Yanghua Qin
    Medicine.2019; 98(26): e16130.     CrossRef
No Detection of Episomal or Integrated High-Risk Human Papillomavirus in Nonsmall Cell Lung Carcinomas among Korean Population
Jeong Eun Lee, Yong-Moon Lee, In-Ock Seong, Min-Woong Kang, Choong Sik Lee, Kyung-Hee Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(6):356-359.   Published online December 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.10.004
  • 2,320 View
  • 20 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
High-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) is known to be a representative cancer-causing agent in the genital and head and neck regions. Many studies have detected hrHPV DNA in nonsmall cell lung carcinoma. However, hrHPV–etiologic correlation in nonsmall cell lung carcinoma remains unclear. This study is designed to determine the prevalence of episomal or integrated hrHPV DNA in nonsmall cell lung carcinoma among the Korean population.
Methods
Surgically resected nonsmall cell lung carcinoma tissues, including 134 cases of squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC) and 99 cases of adenocarcinoma (ADC), were examined. In situ hybridization (ISH) for detecting episomal or integrated hrHPV DNA was performed using the INFORM HPV III Family 16 Probe (B) in the Ventana-validated assay. Anyplex II HPV28 detection kit based on real-time polymerase chain reaction was used for HPV DNA detection and genotyping.
Results
All members of the study population were of Korean ethnicity. Episomal or integrated hrHPV DNA ISH analysis result was negative in all 233 cases. One SqCC of 89 samples (42 SqCCs and 47 ADCs) was positive for an hrHPV genotype by Anyplex II HPV28 detection kit.
Conclusion
Our finding did not demonstrate hrHPV–etiologic correlation in primary lung SqCC and ADC in the Korean population.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • HPV and lung cancer: A systematic review and meta‐analysis
    Julia Karnosky, Wolfgang Dietmaier, Helge Knuettel, Viola Freigang, Myriam Koch, Franziska Koll, Florian Zeman, Christian Schulz
    Cancer Reports.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Presence and activity of HPV in primary lung cancer
    Talita Helena Araujo de Oliveira, Carolina Medeiros do Amaral, Bianca de França São Marcos, Kamylla Conceição Gomes Nascimento, Ana Carine de Miranda Rios, Dafne Carolina Alves Quixabeira, Maria Tereza Cartaxo Muniz, Jacinto da Costa Silva Neto, Antonio C
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology.2018; 144(12): 2367.     CrossRef
Epidemiology and Inequality in the Incidence and Mortality of Nasopharynx Cancer in Asia
Neda Mahdavifar, Mahshid Ghoncheh, Abdollah Mohammadian-Hafshejani, Bahman Khosravi, Hamid Salehiniya
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(6):360-372.   Published online December 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.11.002
  • 2,644 View
  • 19 Download
  • 37 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
One of the most common head and neck cancers is nasopharynx cancer. Knowledge about the incidence and mortality of this disease and its distribution in terms of geographical areas is necessary for further study and better planning. Therefore, this study was conducted with the aim of determining the incidence and mortality rates of nasopharynx cancer and its relationship with the Human Development Index (HDI) in Asia in 2012.
Methods
The aim of this ecologic study was to assess the correlation between age-specific incidence rate (ASIR) and age-specific mortality rate (ASMR) with HDI and its components, which include the following: life expectancy at birth, mean years of schooling, and gross national income per capita. Data about SIR and SMR for every Asian country for 2012 were obtained from the global cancer project. We used the correlation bivariate method for the assessment. Statistical significance was assumed if p < 0.05. All reported p values are two-sided. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS (Version 15.0, SPSS Inc.).
Results
A total of 68,272 cases (males, 71.02%; females, 28.97%; sex ratio, 2.45) and 40,530 mortalities (males, 71.63%; females, 28.36%; sex ratio, 2.52) were recorded in Asian countries in 2012. The five countries with the highest ASIR of nasopharynx cancer were Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Vietnam, and Brunei, and the five countries with the highest ASMR were Indonesia, Vietnam, Singapore, Malaysia, and Brunei. The correlation between HDI and ASIR was 0.097 (p = 0.520) [0.105 in men (p = 0.488) and 0.119 in women (p = 0.901)]. The correlation between HDI and ASMR was –0.102 (p = 0.502) [–0.072 in men (p = 0.633) and –0.224 in women (p = 0.134)].
Conclusion
Nasopharynx cancer is native to Southeast Asia. The highest incidence and mortality rates are found in Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Vietnam, and Brunei. No significant relation was found between the standardized incidence and mortality rates of nasopharynx cancer and the HDI components. Further studies are recommended in Southeast Asian countries in order to find the etiology of cancer, as well as its diagnosis and treatment.

Citations

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  • Circular RNA circ_0008450 regulates the proliferation, migration, invasion, apoptosis and chemosensitivity of CDDP-resistant nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells by the miR-338-3p/SMAD5 axis
    Lin Liu, Bin Lu, Yan Li
    Anti-Cancer Drugs.2022; 33(1): e260.     CrossRef
  • Hypermethylation of the RASSF1A gene promoter as the tumor DNA marker for nasopharyngeal carcinoma
    Thuan Duc Lao, Hue Hong Thieu, Dung Huu Nguyen, Thuy Ai Huyen Le
    The International Journal of Biological Markers.2022; 37(1): 31.     CrossRef
  • miR-135b-5p Targets SIRT1 to Inhibit Deacetylation of c-JUN and Increase MMP7 Expression to Promote Migration and Invasion of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Cells
    Yali Cheng
    Molecular Biotechnology.2022; 64(6): 693.     CrossRef
  • Trends in the Incidence of Nasopharyngeal Cancer in Saudi Arabia Across One Decade (2007 to 2016)
    Abdualrahman F Kabli, Khalil F Miyajan, Abdulmohsen S Alqurashi, Ammar K Mandili, Revan M Mujahed, Bayan F Hafiz, Roaa M Mandora, Ameen Z Herabi
    Cureus.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Causes of Death in Long-Term Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Survivors
    Shi-Ping Yang, Ming-Yue Rao, Qing-Shuang Chen, Ping Zhou, Chen-Lu Lian, San-Gang Wu
    Frontiers in Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) Is Mostly Latent and Clonal in Angioimmunoblastic T Cell Lymphoma (AITL)
    Racha Bahri, François Boyer, Mohamad Adnan Halabi, Alain Chaunavel, Jean Feuillard, Arnaud Jaccard, Sylvie Ranger-Rogez
    Cancers.2022; 14(12): 2899.     CrossRef
  • Study of Three Potential Diagnostic Biomarkers in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Samples from Guilan, North of Iran
    Saghi Jani Kargar Moghaddam, Amaneh Mohammadi Roushandeh, Mehryar Habibi Roudkenar, Shadman Nemati, Nima Najafi-Ghalehlou, Toofan Pakzad, Masoud Hamidi
    International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Ferroptosis-related gene ATG5 is a novel prognostic biomarker in nasopharyngeal carcinoma and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma
    Ming Shi, Jiangnan Du, Jingjing Shi, Yunchuanxiang Huang, Yan Zhao, Lan Ma
    Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Platelet to Lymphocytes Ratio to Predict Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Progressivity
    Goesti Yudistira, Yussy Afriani Dewi, Melati Sudiro
    Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences.2022; 10(B): 2189.     CrossRef
  • Skin sparing in intensity-modulated radiation therapy of nasopharyngeal carcinoma
    MisbaHamid Baba, BenoyK Singh, Shaq ulQamar Wani
    Journal of Medical Physics.2022; 47(3): 243.     CrossRef
  • Assessment of Response to Chemoradiation and Radiation Therapy in Patients with Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
    Sebastian Ario Susanto, Yussy Afriani Dewi, Raden Ayu Hardianti Saputri
    Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences.2022; 10(B): 2307.     CrossRef
  • Genetic variants in NKG2D axis and susceptibility to Epstein–Barr virus-induced nasopharyngeal carcinoma
    Nguyen Hoang Viet, Nguyen Quang Trung, Le Thanh Dong, Ly Quoc Trung, J. Luis Espinoza
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology.2021; 147(3): 713.     CrossRef
  • Corticosteroid Therapy in Optic Neuropathy Secondary to Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
    Zulaikha Wahab, Evelyn Tai, Wan-Hazabbah Wan Hitam, Khairy Shamel Sonny Teo
    Cureus.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Effect of Hispidulin, a Flavonoid from Salvia plebeia, on Human Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma CNE-2Z Cell Proliferation, Migration, Invasion, and Apoptosis
    Yiqun Dai, Xiaolong Sun, Bohan Li, Hui Ma, Pingping Wu, Yingping Zhang, Meilin Zhu, Hong-Mei Li, Minjian Qin, Cheng-Zhu Wu
    Molecules.2021; 26(6): 1604.     CrossRef
  • δ-Tocotrienol induces apoptosis and inhibits proliferation of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells
    Junjun Shen, Tao Yang, Yiping Tang, Tianyi Guo, Ting Guo, Tao Hu, Feijun Luo, Qinlu Lin
    Food & Function.2021; 12(14): 6374.     CrossRef
  • WNT8B as an Independent Prognostic Marker for Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
    Chawalit Ngernsombat, Pongphol Prattapong, Noppadol Larbcharoensub, Krittika Khotthong, Tavan Janvilisri
    Current Oncology.2021; 28(4): 2529.     CrossRef
  • Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma and Its Association with Epstein-Barr Virus
    Harish N. Vasudevan, Sue S. Yom
    Hematology/Oncology Clinics of North America.2021; 35(5): 963.     CrossRef
  • Association between stage and histopathological type of nasopharyngeal cancer on occurrence of postirradiation otitis media with effusion
    Lina Lasminingrum, Shinta Fitri Boesoeri, Sally Mahdiani, Eveline Sabrina Ranti
    International Journal of Surgery Open.2021; 36: 100376.     CrossRef
  • Current Status and Future Perspectives about Molecular Biomarkers of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
    Pui Yan Siak, Alan Soo-Beng Khoo, Chee Onn Leong, Boon-Peng Hoh, Shiau-Chuen Cheah
    Cancers.2021; 13(14): 3490.     CrossRef
  • Carcinomatous‑like mastitis due to axillary lymphadenopathy in a case of nasopharyngeal carcinoma: A case report
    Cristina Oprean, Nusa Segarceanu, Alexandra Stan, Cristian Suciu, Daciana Grujic, Ioana Rivis, Alis Liliana Dema, Ana Bredicean
    Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Dosimetric Comparison of Helical Tomotherapy, Volume-Modulated Arc Therapy, and Fixed-Field Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy in Locally Advanced Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
    Shan Lu, Huiqi Fan, Xueyuan Hu, Xin Li, Yingying Kuang, Deyang Yu, Shanshan Yang
    Frontiers in Oncology.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The dosimetric comparison between tomotherapy and RapidArc in normal tissue sparing for nasopharyngeal carcinoma
    Pubade Kaewpruk, Somvilai Chakrabandhu, Somsak Wanwilairat, Wannapha Nobnop
    Journal of Radiotherapy in Practice.2020; 19(3): 237.     CrossRef
  • Combination of Plasma MIF and VCA-IgA Improves the Diagnostic Specificity for Patients With Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
    Ning Xue, Shan Xing, Weiguo Ma, Jiahe Sheng, Zhiliang Huang, Qingxia Xu
    Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment.2020; 19: 153303382093577.     CrossRef
  • Pathological features of nasopharyngeal carcinoma: A single-center study in Vietnam
    Nguyen Cuong Pham, Thanh Xuan Nguyen, Nguyen Tuong Pham, Thanh Chinh Phan, Hai Thanh Phan
    Annals of Cancer Research and Therapy.2020; 28(2): 125.     CrossRef
  • Association between variant alleles of major histocompatibility complex class II regulatory genes and nasopharyngeal carcinoma susceptibility
    Ping Zhou, Sha Liu, Nan-Nan Ji, Shuang Zhang, Peng Wang, Bing Lin, Ping Yang, Xian-Tao Lin, Yi-Zheng Cai, Zi-Ming Wang, Han Zhou, Shi-Yao Sun, Xin-Bao Hao
    European Journal of Cancer Prevention.2020; 29(6): 531.     CrossRef
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    Hui-Meng Chang
    Case Reports in Neurology.2020; 12(Suppl. 1): 76.     CrossRef
  • Novel patterns of the Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen (EBNA-1) V-Val subtype in EBV-associated nasopharyngeal carcinoma from Vietnam
    LD Thuan, ND Kha, NT Minh, LHA Thuy
    Balkan Journal of Medical Genetics.2019; 22(1): 61.     CrossRef
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    Limin Huang, Chaoquan Hu, Hui Chao, Rongpin Wang, He Lu, Hong Li, Hui Chen
    Experimental Cell Research.2019; 378(1): 1.     CrossRef
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    Shanthi Sabarimurugan, Chellan Kumarasamy, Siddhartha Baxi, Arikketh Devi, Rama Jayaraj, Yukinori Takenaka
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    Thuan Duc Lao, Thuy Ai Huyen Le
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    Yangyang Ji, Hui Li, Fang Wang, Linglan Gu
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  • Pembrolizumab in Asia-Pacific patients with advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma: Analyses from KEYNOTE-012
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    Cancer Science.2018; 109(3): 771.     CrossRef
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     Mark Yoi Sun Soo
    International Journal of Pediatrics and Child Heal.2018; 6: 1.     CrossRef
  • KISS1gene suppresses metastasis of nasopharyngeal cancerviaactivation of the ERK1/2 pathway
    Tingting Li, Qian Sun, Yan Zhou, Zelai He, Hao Liu, Ping Xiang, Jin Xi, Xiazi Zhang, Hao Jiang
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Rapid Molecular Approach for Simultaneous Detection of Salmonella spp., Shigella spp., and Vibrio cholera
Reza Ranjbar, Ali Naghoni, Davoud Afshar, Farhad Nikkhahi, Mohsen Mohammadi
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(6):373-377.   Published online December 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.10.002
  • 2,333 View
  • 21 Download
  • 8 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Gastrointestinal tract infection is still one of the serious public health problems in many geographic areas and is endemic in most countries including Iran. Early detection of the gastrointestinal tract pathogens can be extremely important. The aim of the current study was to apply a shortened time-multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for rapid and simultaneous detection of Salmonella spp., Shigella spp., and Vibrio cholera.
Methods
The standard and clinical strains of Salmonella spp., Shigella spp., and V. cholerae were used in the assay. Multiplex PCR was performed and optimized based on amplification of invA, putative integrase, and ompW genes for detecting Salmonella spp., Shigella spp., and V. cholerae, respectively. The specificity of the assay was evaluated by testing 12 different bacterial species.
Results
Only Salmonella spp., Shigella spp., and V. cholerae strains had positive results when subjected to the assay using multiplex PCR. The assay showed a high sensitivity, and no amplification products were observed in multiplex PCR with any of the other microorganisms.
Conclusion
Our study indicated that the invA, putative integrase, and ompW-based multiplex PCR assay appears to be an efficient method for rapid and simultaneous detection of Salmonella spp., Shigella spp., and V. cholerae.

Citations

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  • Rapid and multiplexed quantification of Salmonella, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Shigella flexneri in ground beef using flow cytometry
    Ziquan Wang, Qian Xu, Siyuan Liu, Yingying Liu, Ying Gao, Meng Wang, Ling Zhang, Haiyan Chang, Qiang Wei, Zhiwei Sui
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    Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology.2022; 40(2): 231.     CrossRef
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Influence of Obesity on Postural Stability in Young Adults
Sung Min Son
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(6):378-381.   Published online December 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.10.001
  • 2,049 View
  • 17 Download
  • 21 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The purpose of this study was to determine whether obesity is associated with less postural stability in young adults, and whether it is influenced by anterior pelvic tilt angle and sensory dysfunction.
Methods
Center of gravity (COG) velocity and total sway distance with eyes open or eyes closed on firm or foam floors were determined in 12 obese individuals and 12 individuals with normal weight.
Results
On firm and foam floors with eyes closed, center of gravity velocity and total sway distance were significantly greater in the obese group than in the normal-weight group. However, on firm and foam floors with eyes open, center of gravity velocity and total sway distance were not significantly different in the two groups.
Conclusion
The clinical implication of our findings is that obese young adults exhibit poor postural stability. Our findings also suggested that postural instability in obese individuals is associated with increased lordosis due to abdominal fat and poor integration of plantar somatosensory input.

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    Natálie Cibulková, Klára Daďová, Kateřina Mašková, Andrew Busch, Alena Kobesová, Jitka Vařeková, Marcela Hašpicová, Martin Matoulek, Alessandro de Sire
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    Liangjie Guo, Junhui Kou, Mingyu Wu
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Time-varying Changes in Pulmonary Function with Exposure to Prolonged Sitting
Kyung Woo Kang, Sung Min Son, Yu Min Ko
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(6):382-384.   Published online December 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.11.005
  • 2,009 View
  • 18 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The purpose of this study was to quantify the time-varying changes in pulmonary function with exposure to prolonged sitting.
Methods
Twenty-one healthy volunteers were recruited. The pulmonary function of all participants was measured three times in order to assess changes over time; pulmonary function was measured before sitting, after participants had been seated for 1 hour, and after they had been seated for 2 hours. A spirometer was used to measure pulmonary function. The recorded values were forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in 1 second, ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 second to forced vital capacity (forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced vital capacity), and peak expiratory flow.
Results
All measured values were significantly different before sitting and after 1 hour of sitting. There were also significant differences between all measurements taken before sitting and after 2 hours of sitting. However, the measurements taken after 1 hour and 2 hours of sitting did not significantly differ.
Conclusion
These findings suggest that significant changes in pulmonary function occur relatively quickly when human beings are seated.

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  • Correlation of smartphone usage with functional capacity in young adults
    DiptiB Geete, Aashi Sethiya, JaimalaV Shetye, MohiniN Kamat, Saraswati Iyer
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    SungMin Son
    The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy.2020; 32(1): 34.     CrossRef
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Prevalence and Risk Factors of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease among Nonsmokers: Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2010–2012)
Heeyoung Oh, Ye-Eun Lee
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(6):385-393.   Published online December 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.11.006
  • 2,232 View
  • 15 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of COPD among non-smoking adults, and to investigate the risk factors that affect disease occurrence.
Methods
The data from the 5th Korea national health and nutrition examination survey (KNHNES) has been used, and 5,489 non-smoking adults aged between 40 to 79 years with diagnosable FEV1/FVC were selected therefrom as the subjects of this study.
Results
The prevalence of COPD in non-smokers was observed to be 6.9%. The development of the COPD showed statistically significant difference among groups; males showed about 2.54 times (95% CI: 1.410∼146.612) higher rates compared to females, subjects aged 70–79 showed about 3.08 times (95% CI: 1.823∼11.437) higher rates compared to those aged 40–49, subjects whose education level was elementary school or less showed about 5.36 times (95% CI: 1.341∼21.393) higher rates compared to those who are college or more, and subjects who are middle school showed about 4.72 times (95% CI: 1.374∼16.217) higher rates compared to the college or more.
Conclusion
It is confirmed that development of the COPD in non-smokers reach significance. For the prevention of the disease, there is a need to identify COPD-related risk factors in males and the elderly and provide appropriate nursing intervention, and to develop health-related education programs for those with low educational background to take in order to promote the improvement of lung health.

Citations

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  • STUDY OF PREVALENCE OF OBSTRUCTIVE LUNG DISEASE
    Shilpa Anand Hakki
    Journal of Evidence Based Medicine and Healthcare.2018; 5(35): 2580.     CrossRef
  • What Affects Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Korea?
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2016; 7(6): 339.     CrossRef
Illness Experience of Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C Participating in Clinical Trials
Hoo-Jeung Cho, Euna Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(6):394-399.   Published online December 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.11.001
  • 2,283 View
  • 18 Download
  • 5 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
To understand the illness experience of patients with chronic hepatitis C participating in clinical trials in the sociocultural context of Korea in an in-depth and comprehensive manner.
Methods
A focused ethnography approach was used to discover the pattern of illness experience of patients with chronic hepatitis C in the cultural background of Korea. Interviews were conducted with 11 patients with chronic hepatitis C participating in clinical trials and the collected data were analyzed with the domain analysis, taxonomical analysis, componential analysis, and theme analysis proposed by Spradley.
Results
With the cultural theme of “less-known illness, less-familiar illness,” four categories were derived: “my illness discovered by accident,” “shaken life,” “scary but inevitable treatment method,” and “precious life that can't be wasted,” along with 12 properties.
Conclusion
Public campaigns or education programs are needed to meet the needs for information on the disease for patients with chronic hepatitis C participating in clinical trials and help the general public acquire knowledge or change view on this disease.

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    Hoo Jeung CHO, Euna PARK
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Brief Report
Evaluation of Antiviral Activity of Zanthoxylum Species Against Picornaviruses
Hwa-Jung Choi
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(6):400-403.   Published online December 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.11.003
  • 1,918 View
  • 19 Download
  • 11 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Human rhinoviruses and enteroviruses (family Picornaviridae) infect millions of people worldwide each year, but little is known about effective therapeutical treatment for the infection caused by these viruses. We sought to determine whether or not Zanthoxylum (Rutaceae) species can exhibit antiviral activity against picornaviruses. The leaf parts of four Zanthoxylum species were extracted with methanol, and the extracts were investigated for their antiviral activity against picornaviruses using cytopathic effects by cytopathic effect reduction. Leaf extracts of Zanthoxylum piperitum among four Zanthoxylum species were found to possess only broad-spectrum antipicornavirus activity against human rhninovirus 2 with a 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) value of 59.48 μg/mL, human rhinovirus 3 with an IC50 value of 39.94 μg/mL, coxsackie A16 virus with an IC50 value of 45.80 μg/mL, coxsackie B3 virus with an IC50 value of 68.53 μg/mL, coxsackie B4 virus with an IC50 value of 93.58 μg/mL, and enterovirus 71 virus with an IC50 value of 4.48 μg/mL. However, ribavirin did not possess antiviral activity against human rhinovirus 3 and four enteroviruses. Therefore, leaves of Z. piperitum showed broad-spectrum antipicornavirus activity, and may be useful as a candidate for studying picornavirus agents and development of pharmaceuticals.

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PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives