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Volume 5(4); August 2014
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Editorial
Summing Up Again
Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(4):177-178.   Published online August 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.07.001
  • 1,846 View
  • 14 Download
PDF
Review Article
Management of Hospital Infection Control in Iran: A Need for Implementation of Multidisciplinary Approach
Setareh Mamishi, Babak Pourakbari, Mostafa Teymuri, Abdolreza Babamahmoodi, Shima Mahmoudi
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(4):179-186.   Published online August 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.06.001
  • 2,258 View
  • 17 Download
  • 11 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Nosocomial, or hospital-acquired, infections are considered the most common complications affecting hospitalized patients. According to results obtained from studies conducted in the Children Medical Center Hospital, a teaching children's hospital and a tertiary care referral unit in Tehran, Iran, improvements in infection control practices in our hospital seem necessary. The aim of this study was to identify risk management and review potential hospital hazards that may pose a threat to the health as well as safety and welfare of patients in an Iranian referral hospital. Barriers to compliance and poor design of facilities, impractical guidelines and policies, lack of a framework for risk management, failure to apply behavioral-change theory, and insufficient obligation and enforcement by infection control personnel highlight the need of management systems in infection control in our hospital. In addition, surveillance and early reporting of infections, evaluation of risk-based interventions, and production of evidence-based guidelines in our country are recommended.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Three-year evaluation of the nosocomial infections in pediatrics: bacterial and fungal profile and antimicrobial resistance pattern
    Mehrnoush Afsharipour, Shima Mahmoudi, Hojatollahh Raji, Babak Pourakbari, Setareh Mamishi
    Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • SARS-CoV-2 Transmission Among Healthcare Workers in Iran: An Urgent Need for Early Identification and Management
    Mohammad Reza Abdolsalehi, Shima Mahmoudi, Reza Shervin Badv, Babak Pourakbari, Kayvan Mirnia, Yasmine Mahmoudieh, Setareh Mamishi
    Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Antimicrobial susceptibility and genotyping of microorganisms isolated from sputum culture of children with cystic fibrosis in an Iranian referral children’s hospital
    Setareh Mamishi, Arezu Akhlaghi, Babak Pourakbari, Mohammadreza Modaresi, Mohammad Taghi Haghi Ashtiani, Reihaneh Hosseinpour Sadeghi, Rohola Shirzadi, Zohreh Shalchi, Shima Mahmoudi
    Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Iranian children: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Farhad Sarrafzadeh, Seyed Mojtaba Sohrevardi, Hamid Abousaidi, Hossein Mirzaei
    Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics.2021; 64(8): 415.     CrossRef
  • Antimicrobial Resistance and Genotyping of Bacteria Isolated from Urinary Tract Infection in Children in an Iranian Referral Hospital


    Setareh Mamishi, Zohreh Shalchi, Shima Mahmoudi, Reihaneh Hosseinpour Sadeghi, Mohammad Taghi Haghi Ashtiani, Babak Pourakbari
    Infection and Drug Resistance.2020; Volume 13: 3317.     CrossRef
  • An Outbreak of ESBL-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in an Iranian Referral Hospital: Epidemiology and Molecular Typing
    Shima Mahmoudi, Babak Pourakbari, Aliakbar Rahbarimanesh, Mohammad Reza Abdosalehi, Keyghobad Ghadiri, Setareh Mamishi
    Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets.2019; 19(1): 46.     CrossRef
  • Model of Healthcare-Associated Infection Control in Primary Health Care Institutions: A Structural Equation Modeling
    Zi-nan Zhang, Xin-ping Zhang, Xiao-quan Lai
    Current Medical Science.2019; 39(1): 153.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from burn patients in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Mohammad Emaneini, Reza Beigverdi, Willem B. van Leeuwen, Hosseinali Rahdar, Morteza Karami-Zarandi, Faride Hosseinkhani, Fereshteh Jabalameli
    Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance.2018; 12: 202.     CrossRef
  • Health care-associated infections in Iran: A national update for the year 2015
    Babak Eshrati, Hossein Masoumi Asl, Shirin Afhami, Zahra Pezeshki, Arash Seifi
    American Journal of Infection Control.2018; 46(6): 663.     CrossRef
  • Molecular epidemiology of Staphylococcus aureus nasal colonization among patients and their parents /guardian in an Iranian referral hospital
    Babak Pourakbari, Mahmoud Khodabandeh, Shima Mahmoudi, Farah Sabouni, Alireza Aziz-Ahari, Abbas Bahador, Sepideh Keshavarz Valian, Reihaneh Hosseinpour Sadeghi, Setareh Mamishi
    Microbial Pathogenesis.2017; 107: 75.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus in Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    M. Emaneini, F. Hosseinkhani, F. Jabalameli, M. J. Nasiri, M. Dadashi, R. Pouriran, R. Beigverdi
    European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infect.2016; 35(9): 1387.     CrossRef
Original Articles
The Recency Period for Estimation of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Incidence by the AxSYM Avidity Assay and BED-Capture Enzyme Immunoassay in the Republic of Korea
Hye-Kyung Yu, Tae-Young Heo, Na-Young Kim, Jin-Sook Wang, Jae-Kyeong Lee, Sung Soon Kim, Mee-Kyung Kee
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(4):187-192.   Published online August 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.06.002
  • 1,952 View
  • 16 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Measurement of the incidence of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is very important for epidemiological studies. Here, we determined the recency period with the AxSYM avidity assay and the BED-capture enzyme immunoassay (BED-CEIA) in Korean seroconverters.
Methods
Two hundred longitudinal specimens from 81 seroconverters with incident HIV infections that had been collected at the Korea National Institute of Health were subjected to the AxSYM avidity assay (cutoff = 0.8) and BED-CEIA (cutoff = 0.8). The statistical method used to estimate the recency period in recent HIV infections was nonparametric survival analyses. Sensitivity and specificity were calculated for 10-day increments from 120 days to 230 days to determine the recency period.
Results
The mean recency period of the avidity assay and BED-CEIA using a survival method was 158 days [95% confidence interval (CI), 135–181 days] and 189 days (95% CI, 170–208 days), respectively. Based on the use of sensitivity and specificity, the mean recency period for the avidity assay and BED-CEIA was 150 days and 200 days, respectively.
Conclusion
We determined the recency period to estimate HIV incidence in Korea. These data showed that the nonparametric survival analysis often led to shorter recency periods than analysis of sensitivity and specificity as a new method. These findings suggest that more data from seroconverters and other methodologies are needed to determine the recency period for estimating HIV incidence.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Western Blot-Based Logistic Regression Model for the Identification of Recent HIV-1 Infection: A Promising HIV-1 Surveillance Approach for Resource-Limited Regions
    Jiegang Huang, Minlian Wang, Chunyuan Huang, Bingyu Liang, Junjun Jiang, Chuanyi Ning, Ning Zang, Hui Chen, Jie Liu, Rongfeng Chen, Yanyan Liao, Li Ye, Hao Liang
    BioMed Research International.2018; 2018: 1.     CrossRef
High Prevalence of Class 1 to 3 Integrons Among Multidrug-Resistant Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli in Southwest of Iran
Mohammad Kargar, Zahra Mohammadalipour, Abbas Doosti, Shahrokh Lorzadeh, Alireza Japoni-Nejad
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(4):193-198.   Published online August 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.06.003
  • 2,385 View
  • 22 Download
  • 36 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Horizontal transfer of integrons is one of the important factors that can contribute to the occurrence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of integrons among MDR Escherichia coli strains isolated from stool specimens and investigate the associations between the existence of integrons and MDR properties in the southwest of Iran.
Methods
There were 164 E. coli strains isolated from January 2012 to June 2012. Fecal specimens identified as E. coli by the conventional methods. Subsequently the antibiotic resistance was assessed using Clinical and Laboratory Standard Institute criteria. The presence of class 1–3 integrons and embedded gene cassettes was verified using specific primers by multiplex polymerase chain reaction assay.
Results
Among a total of 164 studied samples, 69 (42.07%) isolates were multidrug resistant. Class 1 and class 2 integrons were present in 78.26% and 76.81% MDR isolates, respectively. For the first time in Iran, class 3 integron was observed in 26.09% MDR isolates. Significant correlations were identified between: class 1 integron and resistance to amikacin, gentamicin, chloramphenicol, ampicillin, tetracycline, nalidixic acid, and co-trimoxazole; class 2 integron and resistance to aminoglycosides, co-trimoxazole, cefalexin, ampicillin, and chloramphenicol; and class 3 integron and resistance to gentamicin, kanamycin, and streptomycin.
Conclusion
Our results indicate that integrons are common among MDR isolates and they can be used as a marker for the identification of MDR isolates. Therefore, due to the possibility of a widespread outbreak of MDR isolates, molecular surveillance and sequencing of the integrons in other parts of the country is recommended.

Citations

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    Tsepo Ramatla, Kealeboga Mileng, Rendani Ndou, Nthabiseng Mphuti, Michelo Syakalima, Kgaugelo E. Lekota, Oriel M.M. Thekisoe
    Microorganisms.2022; 10(2): 313.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of the Integrons and ESBL Genes in Multidrug-Resistant Strains of Escherichia coli Isolated from Urinary Tract Infections, Ardabil, Iran
    Soheyla Barzegar, Mohsen Arzanlou, Amir Teimourpour, Majid Esmaelizad, Mehdi Yousefipour, Jafar MohammadShahi, Roghayeh Teimourpour
    Iranian Journal of Medical Microbiology.2022; 16(1): 56.     CrossRef
  • Migration of antibiotic resistance genes and evolution of flora structure in the Xenopus tropicalis intestinal tract with combined exposure to roxithromycin and oxytetracycline
    Xiaojun Lin, Yanbin Xu, Ruiqi Han, Wenshi Luo, Li Zheng
    Science of The Total Environment.2022; 820: 153176.     CrossRef
  • Investigation of class 1 integrons and biofilm formation in multi-drug resistance uropathogenic Escherichia coli isolated from patients with urinary tract infection in shohadaye qom hospital, Iran
    Ahmad Khorshidi, NadiaMohammad Zadeh, Azad Khaledi, GholamAbbas Moosavi, Ali Shakerimoghaddam, Azade Matinpur
    International Archives of Health Sciences.2022; 9(1): 47.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and characterisation of antimicrobial resistance genes and class 1 and 2 integrons in multiresistant Escherichia coli isolated from poultry production
    Przemysław Racewicz, Michał Majewski, Hanna Biesiada, Sebastian Nowaczewski, Jarosław Wilczyński, Danuta Wystalska, Magdalena Kubiak, Marcin Pszczoła, Zofia E. Madeja
    Scientific Reports.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of integrons in multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli isolates from waters and vegetables in Nsukka and Enugu, Southeast Nigeria
    Chinyere B. Chigor, Ini-Abasi I. Ibangha, Nkechinyere O. Nweze, Valentino C. Onuora, Chizoba A. Ozochi, Yinka Titilawo, Matthew C. Enebe, Tatyana N. Chernikova, Peter N. Golyshin, Vincent N. Chigor
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    Sangeeta Rao, Lyndsey Linke, Roberta Magnuson, Linzy Jauch, Doreene R. Hyatt
    One Health.2022; 15: 100407.     CrossRef
  • The Emergence of Carbapenem-Resistant Gram-Negative Bacteria in Mizoram, Northeast India
    Vanlalruati S. C. Ralte, Archana Loganathan, Prasanth Manohar, Christine Vanlalbiakdiki Sailo, Zothan Sanga, Lalremruata Ralte, John Zothanzama, Sebastian Leptihn, Ramesh Nachimuthu, Nachimuthu Senthil Kumar
    Microbiology Research.2022; 13(3): 342.     CrossRef
  • Common Etiological Agents in Adult Patients with Gastroenteritis from Central Iran
    Elnaz Abbasi, Alex van Belkum, Ehsanollah Ghaznavi-Rad
    Microbial Drug Resistance.2022; 28(11): 1043.     CrossRef
  • Antibiotic Resistance in Proteus mirabilis: Mechanism, Status, and Public Health Significance
    Ebtehal Alqurashi, Khaled Elbanna, Iqbal Ahmad, Hussein H. Abulreesh
    Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology.2022; 16(3): 1550.     CrossRef
  • Antibiotic Susceptibility Profiles and Resistance Mechanisms to β-Lactams and Polymyxins of Escherichia coli from Broilers Raised under Intensive and Extensive Production Systems
    Mariana Ferreira, Célia Leão, Lurdes Clemente, Teresa Albuquerque, Ana Amaro
    Microorganisms.2022; 10(10): 2044.     CrossRef
  • Antimicrobial Resistance, Integron Carriage, and Fluoroquinolone Resistance Genes in Acinetobacte baumannii Isolates
    Parastoo Ashouri, Jafar Mohammadshahi, Vajihe Sadat Nikbin, Hadi Peeridogaheh, Behnam Mohammadi-Ghalehbin, Soheila Refahi, Amir Teimourpour, Majid Esmaelizad, Hafez Mirzaneghad, Roghayeh Teimourpour
    Archives of Clinical Infectious Diseases.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Multidrug resistance-encoding gene in Citrobacter freundii isolated from healthy laying chicken in Blitar District, Indonesia
    Adiana Mutamsari Witaningrum, Freshinta Jellia Wibisono, Dian Ayu Permatasari, Mustofa Helmi Effendi, Emmanuel Nnabuike Ugbo
    International Journal of One Health.2022; : 161.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of Retail Meat as a Source of ESBL Escherichia coli in Tamaulipas, Mexico
    Ana Verónica Martínez-Vázquez, Antonio Mandujano, Eduardo Cruz-Gonzalez, Abraham Guerrero, Jose Vazquez, Wendy Lizeth Cruz-Pulido, Gildardo Rivera, Virgilio Bocanegra-García
    Antibiotics.2022; 11(12): 1795.     CrossRef
  • Characterization of Integrons and Quinolone Resistance in Clinical Escherichia coli Isolates in Mansoura City, Egypt
    Shaymaa H. Abdel-Rhman, Rehab M. Elbargisy, Dina E. Rizk, Ahmed Majeed Al-Shammari
    International Journal of Microbiology.2021; 2021: 1.     CrossRef
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    Lurdes Clemente, Célia Leão, Laura Moura, Teresa Albuquerque, Ana Amaro
    Antibiotics.2021; 10(11): 1333.     CrossRef
  • Association of phylogenetic distribution and presence of integrons with multidrug resistance in Escherichia coli clinical isolates from children with diarrhoea
    Yesmi Patricia Ahumada-Santos, María Elena Báez-Flores, Sylvia Páz Díaz-Camacho, Magdalena de Jesús Uribe-Beltrán, Carlos Alberto Eslava-Campos, Jesús Ricardo Parra-Unda, Francisco Delgado-Vargas
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    Mukhtar A. Al-Hammadi, Hassan A. Al-Shamahy, Abdulaziz Q. Ali, Mahfoudh A.M. Abdulghani, Hassan Pyar, Ibrahim AL-Suboal
    Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences.2020; 23(3): 231.     CrossRef
  • Occurrence, Phenotypic and Molecular Characterization of Extended-Spectrum- and AmpC- β-Lactamase Producing Enterobacteriaceae Isolated From Selected Commercial Spinach Supply Chains in South Africa
    Loandi Richter, Erika M. du Plessis, Stacey Duvenage, Lise Korsten
    Frontiers in Microbiology.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Raziey Parastan, Mohammad Kargar, Kavous Solhjoo, Farshid Kafilzadeh
    Gene Reports.2020; 20: 100739.     CrossRef
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    Shaqiu Zhang, Muhammad Abbas, Mujeeb Ur Rehman, Yahui Huang, Rui Zhou, Siyue Gong, Hong Yang, Shuling Chen, Mingshu Wang, Anchun Cheng
    Environmental Pollution.2020; 266: 115260.     CrossRef
  • Multi-Drug-Resistant Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli Pathotypes in Pediatric Patients with Gastroenteritis from Central Iran


    Elnaz Abbasi, Mahdieh mondanizadeh, Alex van Belkum, Ehsanollah Ghaznavi-Rad
    Infection and Drug Resistance.2020; Volume 13: 1387.     CrossRef
  • The Relationship of Class I Integron Gene Cassettes and the Multidrug-Resistance in Extended -Spectrum β-Lactamase Producing Isolates of Escherichia coli
    Alisha Akya, Roya Chegene Lorestani, Mosayeb Rostamian, Azam Elahi, Shokofe Baakhshii, Minoo Aliabadi, Keyghobad Ghadiri
    Archives of Pediatric Infectious Diseases.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Maryam Kohansal, Ali Ghanbari Asad
    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of Integrons and Insertion Sequences in ESBL-Producing E. coli Isolated from Different Sources in Navarra, Spain
    Lara Pérez-Etayo, Melibea Berzosa, David González, Ana Vitas
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2018; 15(10): 2308.     CrossRef
  • Frequency of antimicrobial resistance and integron gene cassettes in Escherichia coli isolated from giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) in China
    Wencheng Zou, Caiwu Li, Xin Yang, Yongxiang Wang, Guangyang Cheng, Jinxin Zeng, Xiuzhong Zhang, Yanpeng Chen, Run Cai, Qianru Huang, Lan Feng, Hongning Wang, Desheng Li, Guiquan Zhang, Yanxi Chen, Zhizhong Zhang, Heming Zhang
    Microbial Pathogenesis.2018; 116: 173.     CrossRef
  • Colistin-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae: Prevalence of Integrons and Synergistic Out Turn for Colistin-Meropenem
    Prasanth Manohar, Thamaraiselvan Shanthini, Pandey Ekta, Mahesan J B, Kodiveri Muthukaliannan Gothandam, Bulent Bozdogan, Nachimuthu Ramesh
    Archives of Clinical Infectious Diseases.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of integrons classes 1–3 in extended spectrum beta-lactamases and multi drug resistant Escherichia coli isolates in the North of Iran
    Shahla Asgharzadeh Kangachar, Ali Mojtahedi
    Gene Reports.2018; 12: 299.     CrossRef
  • Association of Glycerol Kinase Gene with Class 3 Integrons: A Novel Cassette Array within Escherichia coli
    Rajkumari Elizabeth, Debadatta Dhar Chanda, Atanu Chakravarty, Deepjyoti Paul, Shiela Chetri, Deepshikha Bhowmik, Jayalaxmi Wangkheimayum, Amitabha Bhattacharjee
    Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology.2018; 36(1): 104.     CrossRef
  • Emergence of class 1 to 3 integrons among members of Enterobacteriaceae in Egypt
    Dina E. Rizk, Areej M. El-Mahdy
    Microbial Pathogenesis.2017; 112: 50.     CrossRef
  • Detection of Class I and II integrons for the assessment of antibiotic and multidrug resistance amongEscherichia coliisolates from agricultural irrigation waters in Bulacan, Philippines
    Cielo Emar M. Paraoan, Windell L. Rivera, Pierangeli G. Vital
    Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part .2017; 52(5): 306.     CrossRef
  • Distribution of Integrons and Phylogenetic Groups among Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli Isolates from Children <5 Years of Age in Delhi, India
    Taru Singh, Shukla Das, V. G. Ramachandran, Sayim Wani, Dheeraj Shah, Khan A. Maroof, Aditi Sharma
    Frontiers in Microbiology.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The distribution of carbapenem- and colistin-resistance in Gram-negative bacteria from the Tamil Nadu region in India
    Prasanth Manohar, Thamaraiselvan Shanthini, Ramankannan Ayyanar, Bulent Bozdogan, Aruni Wilson, Ashok J. Tamhankar, Ramesh Nachimuthu, Bruno S. Lopes
    Journal of Medical Microbiology .2017; 66(7): 874.     CrossRef
  • Multidrug-Resistant Escherichia coli Strains Isolated from Patients Are Associated with Class 1 and 2 Integrons
    Hamid Lavakhamseh, Parviz Mohajeri, Samaneh Rouhi, Pegah Shakib, Rashid Ramazanzadeh, Afshin Rasani, Majid Mansouri
    Chemotherapy.2016; 61(2): 72.     CrossRef
  • Variability in gene cassette patterns of class 1 and 2 integrons associated with multi drug resistance patterns in Staphylococcus aureus clinical isolates in Tehran-Iran
    Mahdi Mostafa, Seyed Davar Siadat, Fereshteh Shahcheraghi, Farzam Vaziri, Alireza Japoni-Nejad, Jalil Vand Yousefi, Bahareh Rajaei, Elnaz Harifi Mood, Nayyereh Ebrahim zadeh, Arfa Moshiri, Seyed Alireza Seyed Siamdoust, Mohamad Rahbar
    BMC Microbiology.2015;[Epub]     CrossRef
Knowledge of Diabetes Mellitus: Does Gender Make a Difference?
Patrício Fernando Lemes dos Santos, Poliana Rodrigues dos Santos, Graziele Souza Lira Ferrari, Gisele Almeida Amaral Fonseca, Carlos Kusano Bucalen Ferrari
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(4):199-203.   Published online August 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.06.004
  • 2,282 View
  • 16 Download
  • 13 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objective Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease considered an important public health problem. In recent years, its prevalence has been exponentially rising in many developing countries. Chronic complications of DM are important causes of morbidity and mortality among patients, which impair their health and quality of life. Knowledge on disease prevention, etiology, and management is essential to deal with parents, patients, and caregivers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge regarding DM in an adult population from a Middle-western Brazilian city.
Methods
This was a cross-sectional study covering 178 adults, aged 18–64 years, who answered a diabetes knowledge questionnaire. In order to identify the difference between groups, analysis of variance was used.
Results
Higher knowledge scores were found regarding the role of sugars on DM causality, diabetic foot care, and the effects of DM on patients (blindness, impaired wound healing, and male sexual dysfunction). However, lower scores were found amongst types of DM, hyperglycemic symptoms, and normal blood glucose levels. Females tended to achieve better knowledge scores than males.
Conclusion
Women had better knowledge regarding types of DM, normal blood glucose values, and consequences of hyperglycemia revealed that diabetes education should be improved.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Psychometric properties of the revised Diabetes Knowledge Test using Rasch analysis
    Eun-Hyun Lee, Young Whee Lee, Hyun-Jung Kang
    Patient Education and Counseling.2022; 105(4): 851.     CrossRef
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    Kumarasan Roystonn, Jue Hua Lau, PV AshaRani, Fiona Devi Siva Kumar, Peizhi Wang, Chee Fang Sum, Eng Sing Lee, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
    BMJ Open.2022; 12(3): e050425.     CrossRef
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    Kuba Sękowski, Justyna Grudziąż-Sękowska, Jarosław Pinkas, Mateusz Jankowski
    Frontiers in Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Suin Park, Go-Un Kim, Hyunlye Kim
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    Angela Koipuram, Sandra Carroll, Zubin Punthakee, Diana Sherifali
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  • Small molecule IVQ, as a prodrug of gluconeogenesis inhibitor QVO, efficiently ameliorates glucose homeostasis in type 2 diabetic mice
    Ting-ting Zhou, Tong Zhao, Fei Ma, Yi-nan Zhang, Jing Jiang, Yuan Ruan, Qiu-ying Yan, Gai-hong Wang, Jin Ren, Xiao-wei Guan, Jun Guo, Yong-hua Zhao, Ji-ming Ye, Li-hong Hu, Jing Chen, Xu Shen
    Acta Pharmacologica Sinica.2019; 40(9): 1193.     CrossRef
  • Problematic drinking in the old and its association with muscle mass and muscle function in type II diabetes
    Nikolaus Buchmann, Dominik Spira, Maximilian König, Kristina Norman, Ilja Demuth, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen
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    Amulya Vijay, Priyadharshan Ranganathan, Balachandar Vellingiri
    Journal of Public Health.2019; 27(5): 581.     CrossRef
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    Somsak Thojampa
    International Journal of Africa Nursing Sciences.2019; 10: 1.     CrossRef
  • Acculturation and Dietary Intakes by Gender Among Mongolians in South Korea: Nutrition Education Implication for Multicultural Families
    Hae Ryun Park, Zuunnast Tserendejid, Joung Hee Lee, Young Suk Lim
    Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health.2017; 29(7): 608.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge of type 2 diabetic patients about their condition in Kimpese Hospital diabetic clinic, Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Patrick N. Ntontolo, Philippe N. Lukanu, Gboyega A. Ogunbanjo, Jean-Pierre L. Fina, Léon N.M. Kintaudi
    African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Me.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Assessment of Knowledge of Diabetes Mellitus in the Urban Areas of Klang District, Malaysia
    Sasikala Chinnappan, Palanisamy Sivanandy, Rajenthina Sagaran, Nagashekhara Molugulu
    Pharmacy.2017; 5(4): 11.     CrossRef
  • Affective Bond, Loneliness and Socioeconomic Aspects of an Elderly Population in Midwest, Brazil
    CKB Ferrari, GSL Ferrari, LD Nery, DF dos Santos, NS Pereira
    Archives of Nursing Practice and Care.2016; 2(1): 024.     CrossRef
Relationship between Serum Levels of Body Iron Parameters and Insulin Resistance and Metabolic Syndrome in Korean Children
Hye-Ja Lee, Han Byul Jang, Ji Eun Park, Kyung-Hee Park, Jae Heon Kang, Sang Ick Park, Jihyun Song
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(4):204-210.   Published online August 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.06.005
  • 2,083 View
  • 22 Download
  • 10 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
An increase in serum ferritin and levels of the cleaved soluble form of transferrin receptor (sTfR) are related to several metabolic conditions. We evaluated the relationship between body iron status indicators, including ferritin and sTfR, and insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Korean children.
Methods
A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1350 children in Korea. Anthropometrical parameters; lipid profiles; levels of glucose, insulin, and leptin; and iron status indicators, including sTfR, serum ferritin, serum iron, total iron-binding capacity (TIBC), and transferrin saturation (TS), were analyzed.
Results
Although serum sTfR levels were significantly higher in boys than in girls (2.20 vs. 2.06 mg/L, p < 0.0001), serum iron and TS were higher in girls than in boys (101.38 vs. 95.77 mg/L, p = 0.027 and 30.15 vs. 28.91%, p = 0.04, respectively). Waist circumference (WC) and leptin were most significantly associated with body iron indicators when adjusted for age and sex. After adjusting for age, sex, and WC, sTfR levels showed the strongest positive association with leptin levels (p = 0.0001). Children in the highest tertile for homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) had higher TIBC (p = 0.0005) and lower serum iron (p = 0.0341), and the lowest TS (p < 0.0001) after adjustment for confounders. Children with higher sTfR were most significantly associated with risk of MetS compared with those lower sTfR (p = 0.0077).
Conclusion
The associations of serum levels of iron metabolism markers with leptin levels, HOMA-IR, and MetS suggest that iron-related factors may involve insulin resistance and MetS.

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    Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición.2021; 70(3): 155.     CrossRef
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  • Biomarkers of iron metabolism are independently associated with impaired glucose metabolism and type 2 diabetes: the KORA F4 study
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A Novel Approach for Predicting Disordered Regions in A Protein Sequence
Meijing Li, Seong Beom Cho, Keun Ho Ryu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(4):211-218.   Published online August 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.06.006
  • 1,881 View
  • 18 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
A number of published predictors are based on various algorithms and disordered protein sequence properties. Although many predictors have been published, the study of protein disordered region prediction is ongoing because different prediction methods can find different disordered regions in a protein sequence.
Methods
Therefore we have used a new approach to find the more varying disordered regions for more efficient and accurate prediction of protein structures. In this study, we propose a novel approach called “emerging subsequence (ES) mining” without using the characteristics of the disordered protein. We first adapted the approach to generate emerging protein subsequences on public protein sequence data. Second, the disordered and ordered regions in a protein sequence were predicted by searching the generated emerging protein subsequence with a sliding window, which tends to overlap. Third, the scores of the overlapping regions were calculated based on support and growthrate values in both classes. Finally, the score of predicted regions in the target class were compared with the score of the source class, and the class having a higher score was selected.
Results
In this experiment, disordered sequence data and ordered sequence data was extracted from DisProt 6.02 and PDB respectively and used as training data. The test data come from CASP 9 and CASP 10 where disordered and ordered regions are known.
Conclusion
Comparing with several published predictors, the results of the experiment show higher accuracy rates than with other existing methods.

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    Patrycja A. Kobierecka, Barbara Olech, Monika Książek, Katarzyna Derlatka, Iwona Adamska, Paweł M. Majewski, Elżbieta K. Jagusztyn-Krynicka, Agnieszka K. Wyszyńska
    Frontiers in Microbiology.2016;[Epub]     CrossRef
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Dental Procedures, Oral Practices, and Associated Anxiety: A Study on Late-teenagers
Rahul Bhola, Reema Malhotra
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(4):219-232.   Published online August 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.06.007
  • 1,923 View
  • 12 Download
  • 6 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The study aims to determine the degree of anxiety pertaining to dental procedures and various oral hygiene practices among college teenagers.
Methods
Corah's Modified Dental Anxiety Scale was administered on a randomly chosen sample of 100 Indian college students (50 males and 50 females) of Delhi University, belonging to the age group of 17–20 years.
Results
Descriptive statistical computations revealed 12.14 years as the mean age of first dental visit, with moderately high levels of anxiety (60.75%) for various dental procedures among the Indian teenagers and 5% lying in the “phobic or extremely anxious” category. With merely 4.16% people going for regular consultations, general check-ups evoked 78.3% anxiety and having an injection or a tooth removed was perceived as the most threatening. The sample subgroup not using mouthwash and mouthspray, smokers, and alcohol drinkers with improper oral hygiene practices experienced much higher anxiety towards routine dental procedures.
Conclusion
The majority of the Indian youngsters had an evasive attitude of delaying dental treatment. The core problems lay in deficient health care knowledge, lack of patient-sensitive pedagogy to train dental professionals, inaccessibility of services, and a dismissive attitude towards medical help. The feelings of fear and anxiety prevalent among the Indian youth offer significant insights into causes and preventive measures for future research and practice. Methods of education and motivation could be developed to dissipate the anxiety amongst Indian teenagers that prevent routine dental visits and maintenance of adequate oral hygiene.

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A Differential Equation Model for the Dynamics of Youth Gambling
Tae Sug Do, Young S. Lee
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(4):233-241.   Published online August 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.06.008
  • 2,133 View
  • 12 Download
  • 7 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
We examine the dynamics of gambling among young people aged 16–24 years, how prevalence rates of at-risk gambling and problem gambling change as adolescents enter young adulthood, and prevention and control strategies.
Methods
A simple epidemiological model is created using ordinary nonlinear differential equations, and a threshold condition that spreads gambling is identified through stability analysis. We estimate all the model parameters using a longitudinal prevalence study by Winters, Stinchfield, and Botzet to run numerical simulations. Parameters to which the system is most sensitive are isolated using sensitivity analysis.
Results
Problem gambling is endemic among young people, with a steady prevalence of approximately 4–5%. The prevalence of problem gambling is lower in young adults aged 18–24 years than in adolescents aged 16–18 years. At-risk gambling among young adults has increased. The parameters to which the system is most sensitive correspond to primary prevention.
Conclusion
Prevention and control strategies for gambling should involve school education. A mathematical model that includes the effect of early exposure to gambling would be helpful if a longitudinal study can provide data in the future.

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    Murat Akçayır, Fiona Nicoll, David G. Baxter, Zachary S. Palmer
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    Oluwasegun M. Ibrahim, Daniel Okuonghae, Monday N.O. Ikhile
    Applied Mathematical Modelling.2022; 107: 39.     CrossRef
  • Emerging Gambling Problems and Suggested Interventions: A Systematic Review of Empirical Research
    Murat Akçayır, Fiona Nicoll, David G. Baxter
    Journal of Gambling Studies.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
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PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives