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Volume 11(4); August 2020
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Editorial
We Cannot Go Back to the Old World, Before Global Pandemic Declaration of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Developing New Normal Practices in Society
Jong-Koo Lee
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(4):147-148.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.4.01
  • 3,531 View
  • 80 Download
  • 2 Citations
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Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Polish orthopedics, in particular on the level of stress among orthopedic surgeons and the education process
    Łukasz Kołodziej, Dawid Ciechanowicz, Hubert Rola, Szymon Wołyński, Hanna Wawrzyniak, Kamila Rydzewska, Konrad Podsiadło, Jianguo Wang
    PLOS ONE.2021; 16(9): e0257289.     CrossRef
  • The Role of Antigen Rapid Diagnostic Test in COVID-19 Diagnosis
    Ronni Mol Joji, Mohammad Shahid
    The Open COVID Journal.2021; 1(1): 108.     CrossRef
Review Articles
COVID-19: Weighing the Endeavors of Nations, with Time to Event Analysis
Shine Stephen, Alwin Issac, Jaison Jacob, VR Vijay, Rakesh Vadakkethil Radhakrishnan, Nadiya Krishnan
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(4):149-157.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.4.02
  • 4,551 View
  • 101 Download
  • 8 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF

The cataclysmic COVID-19 pandemic erupted silently causing colossal impact worldwide, the repercussions of which indicated a lackadaisical vigilance in preparation for such a pandemic. This review assessed the measures taken by nations to contain this pandemic. A literature review was conducted using Medline, Google Scholar, Science Direct, Scopus, and WHO website. There were 8 nations (selected from the GHS index list) appraised for containment strategies. This was achieved by using mortality rate (per million) as the primary endpoint. The nations which were proactive, initiated scientific strategies earlier with rigor, appeared to have succeeded in containing the pandemic, although it is still too early to arbitrate a verdict. The so called “pandemic war” mandates international, interdisciplinary, and interdepartmental collaboration. Furthermore, building trust and confidence between the government and the public, having transparent communication, information sharing, use of advanced research-technology, and plentiful resources are required in the fight against COVID-19.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Paediatric orthopaedic surgery during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. A safe and pragmatic approach to service provision
    Ibrar Majid, Tahani Fowzi Al Ali, M.A. Serour, Hisham M. Elsayed, Yousra Samir, Ajay Prashanth Dsouza, Hayder Saleh AlSaadi, Sattar Alshryda
    The Surgeon.2022; 20(6): e338.     CrossRef
  • An evidence-based nursing care guide for critically ill patients with COVID-19: A scoping Review
    Manju Dhandapani, Vijay VR, Nadiya Krishnan, Lakshmanan Gopichandran, Alwin Issac, Shine Stephen, Jaison Jacob, Thilaka Thilaka, Lakshmi Narayana Yaddanapudi, Sivashanmugam Dhandapani
    Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research.2022; : 144.     CrossRef
  • An examination of Thailand’s health care system and strategies during the management of the COVID-19 pandemic
    Alwin Issac, Rakesh Vadakkethil Radhakrishnan, VR Vijay, Shine Stephen, Nadiya Krishnan, Jaison Jacob, Sam Jose, SM Azhar, Anoop S Nair
    Journal of Global Health.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Somatoform Symptoms among Frontline Health-Care Providers during the COVID-19 Pandemic
    Jaison Jacob, VR Vijay, Alwin Issac, Shine Stephen, Manju Dhandapani, Nadiya Krishnan, VR Rakesh, Sam Jose, Anoop S. Nair, SM Azhar
    Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine.2021; 43(3): 272.     CrossRef
  • How the nations should gear up for future pandemics?
    Alwin Issac, VR Vijay, Nadiya Krishnan, Jaison Jacob, Shine Stephen, Rakesh Vadakkethil Radhakrishnan, Manju Dhandapani
    Journal of Global Health.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Determinants of Willingness for COVID-19 Vaccine: Implications for Enhancing the Proportion of Vaccination Among Indians
    Jaison Jacob, Shine Stephen, Alwin Issac, Nadiya Krishnan, Rakesh Vadakkethil Radhakrishnan, Vijay V R, Manju Dhandapani, Sam Jose, Azhar SM, Anoop S Nair
    Cureus.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • O Papel da Telessaúde na Pandemia Covid-19: Uma Experiência Brasileira
    Rodolfo Souza da Silva, Carlos André Aita Schmtiz, Erno Harzheim, Cynthia Goulart Molina-Bastos, Elise Botteselle de Oliveira, Rudi Roman, Roberto Nunes Umpierre, Marcelo Rodrigues Gonçalves
    Ciência & Saúde Coletiva.2021; 26(6): 2149.     CrossRef
  • Scrutiny of COVID-19 response strategies among severely affected European nations
    Shine Stephen, Alwin Issac, Rakesh Vadakkethil Radhakrishnan, Jaison Jacob, VR Vijay, Sam Jose, SM Azhar, Anoop S. Nair, Nadiya Krishnan, Rakesh Sharma, Manju Dhandapani
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2021; 12(4): 203.     CrossRef
COVID-19 Public Health Measures During National Assembly Elections of the Republic of Korea
Eun Young Kim, Eun Kyoung Kim, Minwon Lee, Hye Kyung Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(4):158-163.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.4.03
  • 3,573 View
  • 80 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF

The general elections for the 21st National Assembly in the Republic of Korea were scheduled for April 15th, 2020, which was during the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak. To ensure a safe election, the Korean Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC) recommended several public health measures. The KCDC developed key interventions after reviewing the general election strategy that targeted COVID-19 patients and individuals isolating at home. Four voters who participated in the election tested positive, but did not contract COVID-19 during voting. The results demonstrated that the KCDC minimized the spread of infection in the community during the election. The measures implemented by KCDC during the election held under a COVID-19 outbreak cannot be generalized to elections as a whole because cultural and national consciousness vary between countries. Nevertheless, it demonstrates that the systemic strategies and applications against the pandemic can minimize the possibility of viral spread.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Determinants of Preventive Behavioral Measures in Polling Stations during General Election in Indonesia
    Fajar Ariyanti, Mustakim Mustakim, Moch Thoriq Assegaf Al Ayubi, Muhammad Iqbal Nurmansyah, Mutia Maulidina, Dumilah Ayuningtyas
    Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences.2022; 10(E): 1294.     CrossRef
Original Articles
COVID-19 in Nursing Facilities: Experience in Republic of Korea
Rok Song, Hee-Sook Kim, Seok-Ju Yoo, Kwan Lee, Ji-Hyuk Park, Joon Ho Jang, Gyoung-Sook Ahn, Jun-Nyun Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(4):164-169.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.4.04
  • 5,046 View
  • 134 Download
  • 5 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreaks in nursing facilities can easily lead to a high rate of infection and fatality. A surge in newly infected cases in the first quarter of 2020 in Gyeongsan-si, in the Republic of Korea, was followed by several outbreaks in nursing facilities in the same area. The aim of this study is to report on the epidemiological investigation and the management to reduce the infection rate in nursing facilities for older adults.

Methods

The municipal government and the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention performed an epidemiological investigation into 5 nursing facilities that reported a high number of COVID-19 infection cases from February to May 2020. COVID-19 infected cases in the facilities were investigated to identify the infection routes, and the fatality rate of the 5 facilities.

Results

The 5 facilities had a combined fatality rate of 12.2% (9 deceased among the 74 infected cases). The median age of the deceased was 87 years old (range: 82–91). The infection was first identified on February 27th, 2020, peaked on March 6th, and was last detected on March 24th, 2020.

Conclusion

Difficulties specific to such facilities included the delay in the recognition of symptoms and limitation in distancing. Tailored strategies such as daily monitoring of symptoms and proactive COVID-19 screening of quarantined residents, contributed to a decline in the infections in the facilities.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Using Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions and High Isolation of Asymptomatic Carriers to Contain the Spread of SARS-CoV-2 in Nursing Homes
    Alec J. Schmidt, Yury García, Diego Pinheiro, Thomas A. Reichert, Miriam Nuño
    Life.2022; 12(2): 180.     CrossRef
  • An Experience of the Early Stage of COVID-19 Outbreak in Nursing Homes in Gyeonggi Province, Korea
    Gawon Choi, Na-young Kim, Seon-young Lee, Hae Deun Noh, Heeyoung Lee
    Korean Journal of Clinical Geriatrics.2022; 23(1): 27.     CrossRef
  • Epidemiology and clinical features of COVID-19 outbreaks in aged care facilities: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Mohammad Rashidul Hashan, Nicolas Smoll, Catherine King, Hannah Ockenden-Muldoon, Jacina Walker, Andre Wattiaux, Julieanne Graham, Robert Booy, Gulam Khandaker
    EClinicalMedicine.2021; 33: 100771.     CrossRef
  • The experience of executing preventive measures to protect a nursing home in Taiwan from a COVID-19 outbreak
    Chia-Yu Huang, Yu-Hung Kuo, Shu-Ting Chuang, Hung-Rong Yen, Sio-Ian Tou
    European Geriatric Medicine.2021; 12(3): 609.     CrossRef
  • Everyday life in a Swedish nursing home during the COVID-19 pandemic: a qualitative interview study with persons 85 to 100 years
    Qarin Lood, Maria Haak, Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff
    BMJ Open.2021; 11(6): e048503.     CrossRef
Educational Needs Associated with the Level of Complication and Comparative Risk Perceptions in People with Type 2 Diabetes
Youngji Hwang, Dongsuk Lee, Yeon Sook Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(4):170-176.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.4.05
  • 3,509 View
  • 143 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study aimed to identify the educational needs of people with type 2 diabetes according to risk perceptions and the level of severity of complications.

Methods

There were 177 study participants who were outpatients of the internal medicine department at a university hospital located in the Republic of Korea, who consented to participate in the survey from December 10, 2016 to February 10, 2017. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation, ANOVA with post-hoc comparison, and multiple regression analysis. Type 2 diabetes complications were classified into 3 groups: no complications, common complications, and severe complications.

Results

There were statistically significant positive correlations between educational needs and comparative risk perceptions, and the level of complication and comparative risk perception. Multiple regression analysis revealed that the factor predicting educational needs of type 2 diabetes people was their comparative risk perceptions, rather than the severity of diabetes complications or sociodemographic variables.

Conclusion

Since risk perception is the factor that indicates the educational needs of people with type 2 diabetes, there is a need to explore factors which increase risk perception, in order to meet educational needs. The findings suggest that a more specific and individualized educational program, which focuses on each person's risk perceptions, should be developed.

Epidemiological Characteristics of Field Tick-Borne Pathogens in Gwang-ju Metropolitan Area, South Korea, from 2014 to 2018
Jung Wook Park, Seung Hun Lee, Gi Seong Lee, Jin Jong Seo, Jae Keun Chung
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(4):177-184.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.4.06
  • 4,162 View
  • 86 Download
  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The importance of tick-borne diseases is increasing because of climate change, with a lack of long-term studies on tick-borne pathogens in South Korea. To understand the epidemiological characteristics of tick-borne diseases, the monthly distribution of field ticks throughout the year was studied in South Korea between May 2014 and April 2018 in a cross sectional study.

Methods

The presence of various tick-borne pathogens (Rickettsia species, Borrelia species, Anaplasma phagocytophilum) was confirmed by using polymerase chain reaction, to provide information for a prevention strategy against tick-borne pathogenic infections, through increased understanding of the relationship between seasonal variation and risk of infection with Rickettsia species. This was performed using logistic regression analysis (SPSS 20, IBM, USA) of the data obtained from the study.

Results

During the study period there were 11,717 ticks collected and 4 species identified. Haemapysalis longicornis was the most common species (n = 10,904, 93.1%), followed by Haemapysalis flava (n = 656, 5.6%), Ixodes nipponensis (n = 151, 1.3%), and Amblyomma testudinarium (n = 6, 0.05%) The results of this cross-sectional study showed that Haemapysalis flava carried a higher risk of transmission of Rickettsia species than other tick species (p < 0.05).

Conclusion

In conclusion, due attention should be paid to preventing tick-borne infections in humans whilst engaged in outdoor activities in Spring and Autumn, particularly in places where there is a high prevalence of ticks.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Molecular Detection of Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Ehrlichia Species in Ticks Removed from Humans in the Republic of Korea
    Yu-Jung Kim, Ji Ye Seo, Seong Yoon Kim, Hee Il Lee
    Microorganisms.2022; 10(6): 1224.     CrossRef
  • Molecular Detection and Phylogeny of Tick-Borne Pathogens in Ticks Collected from Dogs in the Republic of Korea
    A-Tai Truong, Jinhyeong Noh, Yeojin Park, Hyun-Ji Seo, Keun-Ho Kim, Subin Min, Jiyeon Lim, Mi-Sun Yoo, Heung-Chul Kim, Terry A. Klein, Hyunkyoung Lee, Soon-Seek Yoon, Yun Sang Cho
    Pathogens.2021; 10(5): 613.     CrossRef
  • iSeq 100 for metagenomic pathogen screening in ticks
    Ju Yeong Kim, Myung-hee Yi, Alghurabi Areej Sabri Mahdi, Tai-Soon Yong
    Parasites & Vectors.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Molecular Identification of Borrelia spp. from Ticks in Pastures Nearby Livestock Farms in Korea
    Haeseung Lee, Seung-Hun Lee, SungShik Shin, Dongmi Kwak
    Insects.2021; 12(11): 1011.     CrossRef
Impact of Cognitive Aging on Health-Related Quality of Life in Menopausal Women
Kyoung Suk Lee, Mi Sook Jung, Mijung Kim, Kyeongin Cha, Eunyoung Chung
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(4):185-193.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.4.07
  • 4,313 View
  • 92 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Menopause is a well-known risk factor for accelerating cognitive aging in women. This study aimed to assess differences in cognitive function and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) according to menopausal status to determine whether the menopause significantly affects the relationship between cognitive function and HRQOL.

Methods

This was a cross-sectional comparative study with a convenience sample of 178 Korean women including 89 naturally menopausal women (65 ± 10 years) and 89 non-menopausal women (45 ± 8 years) who met the eligibility criteria and completed neuropsychological tests and self-report questionnaires about their HRQOL, cognitive function, depression, and sleep quality. Multiple regression analyses were performed within and between groups according to menopausal status.

Results

Menopausal women had significantly worse scores on neuropsychological performance and HRQOL than non-menopausal women. A better neuropsychological performance (β = 0.34) was solely associated with a better HRQOL in menopausal women, whilst socioeconomic variables were associated with HRQOL in non-menopausal women.

Conclusion

Menopause is an important risk factor for HRQOL, and the association between cognition and HRQOL may differ according to menopausal status. When developing programs for target groups to improve daily functioning and HRQOL, healthcare professionals need to pay more attention to this relationship.

Health-Related Quality of Life Based on Comorbidities Among Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease
Jieun Cha, Dallong Han
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(4):194-200.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.4.08
  • 3,906 View
  • 85 Download
  • 8 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The aim of this study was to investigate comorbidities in patients with end-stage renal disease, and to compare health-related quality of life (HRQOL) according to the type, and number of comorbidities.

Methods

A total of 250 adults undergoing hemodialysis were recruited at local clinics. HRQOL was measured using the 12-item Medical Outcomes Study Short Form questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, analysis of variance, and t test.

Results

Around 70.8% of patients with end stage renal disease had 1 or more comorbidities, and the most common comorbidities were hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. HRQOL was significantly different based on the number of comorbidities (F = 9.83, p < 0.001). The effect of comorbidities on the scores for mental health domains of the HRQOL questionnaire was not conclusive compared with the scores for the physical domain which were conclusive. Among the comorbidities, diabetes was associated with a lower quality of life.

Conclusion

The customized management of diabetic and hypertensive patients is necessary for the early detection and prevention of chronic kidney disease, and slowing the progression of renal disease and managing cardiovascular risk factors is essential.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Health Literacy and Change in Health-Related Quality of Life in Dialysed Patients
    Ivana Skoumalova, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Jaroslav Rosenberger, Maria Majernikova, Peter Kolarcik, Daniel Klein, Andrea F. de Winter, Jitse P. van Dijk, Sijmen A. Reijneveld
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2022; 19(2): 620.     CrossRef
  • Physical Activity and Health-Related Quality of Life of Patients on Hemodialysis with Comorbidities: A Cross-Sectional Study
    Yu-Hui Wu, Yu-Juei Hsu, Wen-Chii Tzeng
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2022; 19(2): 811.     CrossRef
  • Disease Knowledge, Self-Efficacy, and Quality of Life in Patient With Hypertensive Nephropathy
    Yen-Yen Chen, Mei-Chen Lee, Shu-Fang Vivienne Wu, Yueh-Min Liu, Hui-Mei Chen
    Clinical Nursing Research.2022; 31(6): 1179.     CrossRef
  • The mediating effect of self‐efficacy in the relationship between mental health and quality of life in patients with hypertensive nephrology
    Mei‐Chen Lee, Yen‐Yen Chen, Chun‐Yi Tai, Shu‐Fang Vivienne Wu
    Journal of Advanced Nursing.2022; 78(9): 2827.     CrossRef
  • The relationship between grip strength with health-related quality of life and mortality in hemodialysis patients
    Clara S. A. Sugizaki, Hellen C. N. Rodrigues, Jéssica F. M. Ivo, Ana T. V. S. Freitas, Maria L. F. Stringhini, Sérgio A. R. Paiva, Marcos F. Minicucci, Maria R. G. Peixoto, Nara A. Costa
    Nutrire.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Factors Affecting Quality of Life in Hemodialysis Patients
    Ade Yonata, Nurul Islamy, Achmad Taruna, Lukman Pura
    International Journal of General Medicine.2022; Volume 15: 7173.     CrossRef
  • Health related quality of life of patients undergoing in-centre hemodialysis in Rwanda: a cross sectional study
    Gloria Shumbusho, Celestin Hategeka, Marianne Vidler, Jules Kabahizi, Marla McKnight
    BMC Nephrology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Short Form-6 Dimension (SF-6D) Validity and Reliability in Hemodialysis Patients
    Anisa Zulfa Fatihah, Tri Murti Andayani, Nanang Munif Yasin
    JURNAL FARMASI DAN ILMU KEFARMASIAN INDONESIA.2021; 8(2): 150.     CrossRef
Secondhand Smoking Among Children in Rural Households: A Community Based Cross-Sectional Study in Bangladesh
Rishad Choudhury Robin, Narongsak Noosorn, Sheikh Mohammad Alif
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(4):201-208.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.4.09
  • 5,348 View
  • 76 Download
  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study aimed to determine the factors associated with reducing exposure to secondhand smoke among children in households of rural Bangladesh.

Methods

A cross-sectional study of 410 smokers and non-smokers, in 6 villages of Munshigonj district was conducted. Data were collected randomly using a self-administrative questionnaire. Differences between variables were assessed using Chi-square or Fisher’s exact test (as appropriate). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to investigate associations. All results were presented as unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios with a 95% confidence interval. The level of statistical significance was reached when p < 0.05.

Results

A smoker in the household was determined to be a risk factor associated with exposure of other household members to secondhand smoke (p < 0.001). Higher education, strict implementation of household smoke-free rules, a higher influence of social norms and culture, as well as moderate knowledge on exposure to secondhand smoke were considered as preventive factors associated with exposure of others in the home to secondhand smoke.

Conclusion

Exposure to secondhand smoke is an extensive and preventable risk factor for children, and reducing exposure to secondhand smoke will have a largely positive effect in the community. An effective public health intervention model may reduce secondhand smoking.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Need for sensitization on serious threats of second-hand smoke: Findings from a national study in Mauritius, a small island developing state in the Indian Ocean
    Marie Chan Sun, Urmila D. Beeharry Panray, Jayrani Cheeneebash, Raj Gunesh
    Preventive Medicine Reports.2022; 25: 101667.     CrossRef
  • Muslim Communities Learning About Second-hand Smoke in Bangladesh (MCLASS II): a combined evidence and theory-based plus partnership intervention development approach
    Ian Kellar, Zunayed Al Azdi, Cath Jackson, Rumana Huque, Noreen Dadirai Mdege, Kamran Siddiqi
    Pilot and Feasibility Studies.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Second Hand Smoke Exposure among Children in Indian Homes: Findings from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey
    Jaya Prasad Tripathy
    Behavioral Medicine.2022; : 1.     CrossRef
  • Social measures for reducing exposure to secondhand smoke in migrant workers of sugarcane harvest in the lower northern region of Thailand
    Narongsak Noosorn, Anukool Manoton, Rishad Choudhury Robin
    Tobacco Induced Diseases.2021; 19(September): 1.     CrossRef
Predictors Affecting the Elderly’s Use of Emergency Medical Services
Ju Moon Park, Aeree Sohn
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(4):209-215.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.4.10
  • 3,205 View
  • 60 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Elderly adults are the demographic most likely to utilize emergency medical services (EMS). This study aimed to examine the difference in EMS utilization in subgroups of the elderly population by assessing the predictors for using EMS.

Methods

Using both descriptive and logistic regression analyses, this study analyses data from the 2014 Korean Health Panel Survey (n = 3,175).

Results

It was observed that certain predisposing factors such as age, sex, and marital status were significant predictors of EMS utilization. However, differences in EMS need do not fully account for the original differences observed between subgroups of elderly Koreans. While health status and disability were important predictors of elderly Koreans using EMS, place of residence did not account for subgroup differences. Nonetheless, place of residence remained particularly important predictors of EMS utilization for the elderly.

Conclusion

Emergency needs and resource availability are 2 main determinants for elderly Koreans using EMS. In addition, it was observed that the demographic subgroup profile of unmarried/divorced/separated/widowed men who were aged 75 and older was least likely to utilize EMS. Improving their resource availability to meet their EMS needs should be a top priority for national policy making to narrow elderly population subgroup differences.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Social Factors Contributing to Healthcare Service Requirements during the First COVID-19 Lockdown among Older Adults
    Ohad Shaked, Liat Korn, Yair Shapiro, Avi Zigdon
    Healthcare.2022; 10(10): 1854.     CrossRef
Profiling Virulence and Antimicrobial Resistance Markers of Enterovirulent Escherichia Coli from Fecal Isolates of Adult Patients with Enteric Infections in West Cameroon
Wiliane J. T. Marbou, Priyanka Jain, Sriparna Samajpati, Gourab Halder, Asish K. Mukhopadhyay, Shanta Dutta, Victor Kuete
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(4):216-230.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.4.11
  • 4,768 View
  • 95 Download
  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study aimed to identify virulent and antimicrobial resistant genes in fecal E. coli in Mbouda, Cameroon.

Methods

A total of 599 fecal samples were collected from patients with enteric infections who were ≥ 20 years old. E. coli was isolated on the MacConkey agar and virulent genes were detected by multiplex/simplex PCR. Isolates in which ≥ 1 virulent gene was detected were subjected to antibiotic susceptibility testing. The resulting resistant isolates were subjected to PCR, followed by sequencing for resistant genes detection.

Results

There were 119 enterovirulent E. coli identified, amongst which 47.05% were atypical enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC), 36.97% enterotoxigenic E. coli, 10.08% Shiga toxin producing E. coli (STEC) and 5.88% were enteroinvasive E. coli (EIEC). The occurrence of the eae gene (47.06%) was higher compared with CVD432 (33.61%), aaic (13.45%), stx2 (10.08%) and stx1 (0.84%). High resistance rates were noted for ampicillin (94.64% EPEC, 91.67% STEC, 59.09% EAEC, and 57.14% EIEC) and sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (100% EPEC and 83.33% STEC, 81.82% EAEC and 71.43% EIEC). sul2 (71.43%), tetB (64.71%), tetA (59.94%) and blaTEM (52.10%) were detected. A double mutation (S83L; D87N) was seen in gyrA and a single mutation (S80I) was observed in parC.

Conclusion

These findings suggested that measures should be taken to reduce the harm of E. coli to public health.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Methanol extract from the seeds of Persea americana displays antibacterial and wound healing activities in rat model
    Steve E. Ekom, Jean-De-Dieu Tamokou, Victor Kuete
    Journal of Ethnopharmacology.2022; 282: 114573.     CrossRef
  • Characterization of diarrhoeagenic Escherichia coli with special reference to antimicrobial resistance isolated from hospitalized diarrhoeal patients in Kolkata (2012–2019), India
    Debjani Ghosh, Goutam Chowdhury, Prosenjit Samanta, Sreeja Shaw, Alok K. Deb, Mainak Bardhan, Asis Manna, Shin‐ichi Miyoshi, Thandavarayan Ramamurthy, Shanta Dutta, Asish K. Mukhopadhyay
    Journal of Applied Microbiology.2022; 132(6): 4544.     CrossRef
  • Antibiotic resistomes and their chemical residues in aquatic environments in Africa
    Aemere Ogunlaja, Olumuyiwa O. Ogunlaja, Olumide D. Olukanni, Gloria O. Taylor, Chidinma G. Olorunnisola, Victorien T. Dougnon, Wassiyath Mousse, Despo Fatta-Kassinos, Titus A.M. Msagati, Emmanuel I. Unuabonah
    Environmental Pollution.2022; 312: 119783.     CrossRef
  • Antibacterial and Therapeutic Potentials of the Capsicum annuum Extract against Infected Wound in a Rat Model with Its Mechanisms of Antibacterial Action
    Steve Endeguele Ekom, Jean-De-Dieu Tamokou, Victor Kuete, Dorota Formanowicz
    BioMed Research International.2021; 2021: 1.     CrossRef
Relationship Between Assertion and Aggression with Addiction Potential: A Cross-Sectional Study in 2019
Mohammad Amiri, Zakieh Sadeghi, Elham Sadeghi, Ahmad Khosravi
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(4):231-238.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.4.12
  • 4,065 View
  • 71 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study aimed to determine the relationship between assertion and aggression with addiction potential among students in Shahroud University of Medical Sciences.

Methods

In this cross-sectional study conducted in 2019, 500 students of Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, were selected by multistage random sampling, for a study using the Addiction Potential Scale, and Assertion and Aggression Questionnaires. Data were analyzed using ANOVA, Chi-square, t test, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and the linear regression model.

Results

The mean scores of addiction potential, aggression, and assertion were 32.7 ± 17.2, 41.5 ± 12.9 and 139.4 ± 22.3, respectively. In this study, 38.8% (N = 194) of students had high aggression and 76.8% (N = 384) had high assertion. In the regression model, aggression, history of drug and addictive substances abuse, history of tobacco use, and history of alcohol abuse were significantly related to addiction potential (p ≤ 0.05). There was a negative relationship between assertion and addiction potential so that with one-unit increase in the assertion score, the addiction potential score decreased by −0.11.

Conclusion

Given the direct relationship between aggression and addiction potential, and since more than three-quarters of the students had moderate to high aggression, it is necessary to pay more attention to this issue. Interventions may play an important role in improving the current situation.

Citations

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  • From emotional intelligence to suicidality: a mediation analysis in patients with borderline personality disorder
    Mohsen Khosravi, Fahimeh Hassani
    BMC Psychiatry.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Addiction Potential and its Correlates Among Medical Students
    Mohammad Amiri, Ahmad Khosravi, Reza Chaman, Zakieh Sadeghi, Elham Sadeghi, Mehdi Raei
    The Open Public Health Journal.2021; 14(1): 32.     CrossRef
  • Exploring the Influence of Parenting Style on Adolescents’ Maladaptive Game Use through Aggression and Self-Control
    Hyeon Gyu Jeon, Sung Je Lee, Jeong Ae Kim, Gyoung Mo Kim, Eui Jun Jeong
    Sustainability.2021; 13(8): 4589.     CrossRef
Risk Assessment Program of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza with Deep Learning Algorithm
Hachung Yoon, Ah-Reum Jang, Chungsik Jung, Hunseok Ko, Kwang-Nyeong Lee, Eunesub Lee
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(4):239-244.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.4.13
  • 3,769 View
  • 56 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives

This study presents the development and validation of a risk assessment program of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI). This program was developed by the Korean government (Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency) and a private corporation (Korea Telecom, KT), using a national database (Korean animal health integrated system, KAHIS).

Methods

Our risk assessment program was developed using the multilayer perceptron method using R Language. HPAI outbreaks on 544 poultry farms (307 with H5N6, and 237 with H5N8) that had available visit records of livestock-related vehicles amongst the 812 HPAI outbreaks that were confirmed between January 2014 and June 2017 were involved in this study.

Results

After 140,000 iterations without drop-out, a model with 3 hidden layers and 10 nodes per layer, were selected. The activation function of the model was hyperbolic tangent. Precision and recall of the test gave F1 measures of 0.41, 0.68 and 0.51, respectively, at validation. The predicted risk values were higher for the “outbreak” (average ± SD, 0.20 ± 0.31) than “non-outbreak” (0.18 ± 0.30) farms (p < 0.001).

Conclusion

The risk assessment model developed was employed during the epidemics of 2016/2017 (pilot version) and 2017/2018 (complementary version). This risk assessment model enhanced risk management activities by enabling preemptive control measures to prevent the spread of diseases.

Citations

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  • Big data-based risk assessment of poultry farms during the 2020/2021 highly pathogenic avian influenza epidemic in Korea
    Hachung Yoon, Ilseob Lee, Hyeonjeong Kang, Kyung-Sook Kim, Eunesub Lee, Mathilde Richard
    PLOS ONE.2022; 17(6): e0269311.     CrossRef
  • Artificial Intelligence Models for Zoonotic Pathogens: A Survey
    Nisha Pillai, Mahalingam Ramkumar, Bindu Nanduri
    Microorganisms.2022; 10(10): 1911.     CrossRef
Factors Influencing Self-Rated Oral Health in Elderly People Residing in the Community: Results from the Korea Community Health Survey, 2016
Jong-Hoon Moon, Sung-Jin Heo, Jin-Hwa Jung
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(4):245-250.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.4.14
  • 3,883 View
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  • 5 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The aim of this study was to examine the factors influencing perceived oral health in elderly individuals residing in the community.

Methods

This study used raw data from the Korea community health survey, 2016. Of the 64,223 participants that were elderly (aged ≥ 65 years), 61,280 (95.4%) were included for analysis. Self-rated oral health was the dependent variable and 6 independent variables including age, gender, type of area of residence (metropolitan or provincial), educational level, income, and living status with spouse were assessed. Oral function was studied based on mastication, pronunciation, and use of dentures, and oral health behavior included brushing teeth after breakfast, after lunch, after dinner, and before sleep). The EQ-5D questionnaire measured health-related quality of life (mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression).

Results

Among the general characteristics, age, gender, educational level, income, and living status with spouse were the factors that affected self-rated oral health. Mastication, pronunciation, use of dentures, and brushing after lunch, dinner, and before sleep were the factors that influenced self-rated oral function. All domains of the EQ-5D (pain/discomfort, mobility, self-care, usual activities, and anxiety/depression) were factors that affected self-rated oral health.

Conclusion

The results of the current investigation suggest that the development of management and education strategies for oral health promotion in the elderly, should focus on improving oral function and oral health behavior, taking into account the socio-economic and demographic characteristics that have been shown to be associated with poor self-rated oral function.

Citations

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  • Oral health status and behavior in elderly Koreans with periodontal disease
    Sae‐Rom Lee, Mi Ah Han, Jong Park, So Yeon Ryu, So Yeong Kim
    Journal of Public Health Dentistry.2022; 82(4): 378.     CrossRef
  • Oral health-related quality of life, probable depression and probable anxiety: evidence from a representative survey in Germany
    André Hajek, Hans-Helmut König
    BMC Oral Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Factors Associated with Self‐reported Oral Health Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults in a Rural Province of Thailand
    Yaowapa Chantaraboot, Nithimar Sermsuti-anuwat
    Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare.2022; Volume 15: 2111.     CrossRef
  • Self-rated oral health among elderly patients attending a university dental hospital in Thailand: a telephone-based cross-sectional survey study
    Nithimar Sermsuti-anuwat, Narongrit Nampikul, Rawitsara Suwannimit, Weerachon Panthueng
    PeerJ.2022; 10: e14191.     CrossRef
  • Older adults’ perceptions of oral health and its influence on general health: A deductive direct content analysis
    Maria Snogren, Irene Eriksson, Maria Browall, Kristina Ek
    Nordic Journal of Nursing Research.2022; : 205715852211248.     CrossRef
Meta-Analysis of the Effects of Physical Modality Therapy and Exercise Therapy on Neck and Shoulder Myofascial Pain Syndrome
Chan-Myeong Kim, Ji-Won Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(4):251-258.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.4.15
  • 4,092 View
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  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The main purpose of this study was to identify the effects of physical therapy modalities and exercise therapy on myofascial pain syndrome by assessing the degree of effect size (ES) and related variables.

Methods

Related studies published between 1st January 2008 and 31st December 2019were retrieved from national [KCI, RISS, National Assembly Library and DBpia (n = 405)] and international [PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar and Cochrane library (n = 1,600)] databases. According to the selection criteria, 25 studies were selected for review.

Results

The degree of ES in the physical therapy and exercise therapy combined group (1.83) showed the largest mean ES. The size of the effect according to the number of people to be treated was 41 or more (1.64), and showed the largest mean ES. The size of the effect according to treatment period was 16 to 30 days (1.41). The size of the effect for 6 to 10 treatments (1.51) showed the largest mean ES. Trim and fill results showed that the calibration ES was 0.67.

Conclusion

Physical therapy modalities and exercise therapy had a great effect on myofascial pain syndrome in the neck and shoulders, and the effect differed according to the methods of intervention, and the methods of evaluation.

Citations

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  • Meta-Analysis of the Effects of Various Physical Therapy Method about Shoulder Adhesive Capsulitis: The Cases of Domestic Research
    Chan Myeong Kim
    The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy.2020; 32(5): 277.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives