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Zohreh Zarei Ghane 1 Article
Seroprevalence of Brucellosis in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infected Patients in Hamadan, Iran
Fariba Keramat, Mohammad Mehdi Majzobi, Jalal Poorolajal, Zohreh Zarei Ghane, Maryam Adabi
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017;8(4):282-288.   Published online August 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2017.8.4.09
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  • 19 Download
  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Brucellosis is a systemic disease with a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations. This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence of brucellosis in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients in Hamadan Province in the west of Iran.

Methods

A total of 157 HIV-infected patients were screened through standard serological tests, including Wright’s test, Coombs’ Wright test, and 2-mercaptoethanol Brucella agglutination test (2ME test), blood cultures in Castaneda media, and CD4 counting. Data were analyzed using Stata version 11.

Results

Wright and Coombs’ Wright tests were carried out, and only 5 (3.2%) patients had positive serological results. However, all patients had negative 2ME results, and blood cultures were negative for Brucella spp. Moreover, patients with positive serology and a mean CD4 count of 355.8 ± 203.11 cells/μL had no clinical manifestations of brucellosis, and, and the other patients had a mean CD4 count of 335.55 ± 261.71 cells/μL.

Conclusion

Results of this study showed that HIV infection is not a predisposing factor of acquiring brucellosis.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • A case of brucellosis concomitant with HIV infection in China
    Shuai-Bing Dong, Li-Ping Wang, Chao-Xue Wu, Fan Li, Yong Yue, Dong-Ri Piao, Hong-Yan Zhao, Hai Jiang
    Infectious Diseases of Poverty.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Investigation of Linc-MAF-4 expression as an effective marker in brucellosis
    Reza Gheitasi, Fariba Keramat, Ghasem Solgi, Mehrdad Hajilooi
    Molecular Immunology.2020; 123: 60.     CrossRef
  • Human Brucellosis: Risks and Prevalence among Iranian Blood Donors Residing in Endemic Areas
    Maryam Zadsar, Mohammad Reza Shirzadi, Mohammad Zeynali, Mahboubeh Rasouli, Gharib Karimi
    Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy.2020; 47(2): 103.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and risk factors of brucellosis among febrile patients attending a community hospital in south western Uganda
    Richard Migisha, Dan Nyehangane, Yap Boum, Anne-Laure Page, Amaia Zúñiga-Ripa, Raquel Conde-Álvarez, Fred Bagenda, Maryline Bonnet
    Scientific Reports.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives