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Yuri Nurdiantami 1 Article
Psychological outcomes of the COVID-19 pandemic among pregnant women in Indonesia: a cross-sectional study
Rahmah Hida Nurrizka, Yuri Nurdiantami, Feda Anisah Makkiyah
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2021;12(2):80-87.   Published online April 29, 2021
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The objective of this study was to analyze the psychological outcomes of pregnant women during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in several areas that are epicenters for the spread of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in Indonesia.
This cross-sectional study used data obtained from an online survey administered to 120 women who were pregnant and gave birth during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. The psychological condition of pregnant women was measured using the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale-21 questionnaire which was modified for conditions experienced during the COVID-19 pandemic. We classified pregnant women into 2 groups according to their psychological condition: pregnant women who experienced anxiety and pregnant women who did not experience anxiety or felt normal. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was undertaken for the 2 groups. This study also used univariate analysis and bivariate analysis.
The results of the ROC analysis resulted in a cutoff score of 3.56. The proportion of respondents who felt anxious was 53.3% and the proportion of respondents who did not feel anxious or felt normal was 46.7%. Anxiety was most common among pregnant women with high education levels, gestational age <19 weeks, and working pregnant women.
Maternal health services need to be performed with strict health protocols, complemented by pregnancy counseling services. This will provide a feeling of comfort and safety as pregnant women receive health services and give birth.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Risk factors for depression and anxiety in pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic: Evidence from meta-analysis
    Yupeng Luo, Kui Zhang, Mengxue Huang, Changjian Qiu, Ali Rostami
    PLOS ONE.2022; 17(3): e0265021.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives