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Sunmi Lim 2 Articles
Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors and Obesity Levels in Korean Adults: Results from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2007–2015
Kwanjun Park, Sunmi Lim, Yoonhyung Park, Woong Ju, Yoonhee Shin, Hansol Yeom
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(4):150-159.   Published online August 31, 2018
  • 5,664 View
  • 38 Download
  • 9 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF

The increase in the obesity rate in adult males in Korea is higher than countries in the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development and other Asian countries. We examined the trends and prevalence of major risk factors for cardiovascular disease by evaluating the weight status amongst adults from 2007 to 2015.


The study included 37,402 adults, who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The prevalence trends of cardiovascular disease risk factors were estimated for each body mass index group.


From 2007 to 2015, significant increases in the prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, and hypercholesterolemia were observed in normal weight adults (0.03 percentage point (%p), 0.06%p, and 0.13%p, respectively). Amongst the overweight and obese adults, a significant increase in the prevalence of hypercholesterolemia was observed, During this period, the prevalence of smoking decreased amongst obese adults and no significant changes in drinking habits and physical activity were noted across all body mass index groups.


The prevalence of obesity in Korean adults is increasing, and it is necessary to implement interventions to prevent further weight gain and obesity-associated cardiovascular disease.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in middle-aged Lithuanian women in different body mass index and waist circumference groups
    Egidija Rinkūnienė, Emilija Petrulionytė, Vilma Dženkevičiūtė, Žaneta Petrulionienė, Augustė Senulytė, Roma Puronaitė, Aleksandras Laucevičius
    Primary Care Diabetes.2023; 17(1): 27.     CrossRef
  • The effect of a nutrition program based on the Health Behavior Interaction Model on primary school students’ nutritional attitudes and behaviors
    Ayşe Burcu Başçı, Oya Nuran Emiroğlu, Bilge Kalanlar
    Journal of Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Thirty-six Year Trends in Mortality from Diseases of Circulatory System in Korea
    Jongmin Baek, Hokyou Lee, Hyeok-Hee Lee, Ji Eun Heo, So Mi Jemma Cho, Hyeon Chang Kim
    Korean Circulation Journal.2021; 51(4): 320.     CrossRef
  • The identification of established modifiable mid-life risk factors for cardiovascular disease which contribute to cognitive decline: Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA)
    Yebeen Ysabelle Boo, Otto-Emil Jutila, Meghan A. Cupp, Logan Manikam, Sung-Il Cho
    Aging Clinical and Experimental Research.2021; 33(9): 2573.     CrossRef
  • A Healthy Diet Rich in Calcium and Vitamin C Is Inversely Associated with Metabolic Syndrome Risk in Korean Adults from the KNHANES 2013–2017
    Sunmin Park, Kyungjin Kim, Byung-Kook Lee, Jaeouk Ahn
    Nutrients.2021; 13(4): 1312.     CrossRef
  • Classification and Prediction on the Effects of Nutritional Intake on Overweight/Obesity, Dyslipidemia, Hypertension and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Using Deep Learning Model: 4–7th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Hyerim Kim, Dong Hoon Lim, Yoona Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2021; 18(11): 5597.     CrossRef
  • Trends in cardiovascular disease risk factors by BMI category among adults in England, 2003‐2018
    Shaun Scholes, Linda Ng Fat, Jennifer S. Mindell
    Obesity.2021; 29(8): 1347.     CrossRef
  • Precision Medicine and Cardiovascular Health: Insights from Mendelian Randomization Analyses
    Wes Spiller, Keum Ji Jung, Ji-Young Lee, Sun Ha Jee
    Korean Circulation Journal.2020; 50(2): 91.     CrossRef
  • Association of the Healthy Eating Index with Estimated Cardiovascular Age in Adults from the KNHANES 2013–2017
    Sunmin Park, Kyungjin Kim, Byung-Kook Lee, Jaeouk Ahn
    Nutrients.2020; 12(10): 2912.     CrossRef
Comparison of Consensus on Life-sustaining Treatment of the Elderly in Care Facilities and Family Member Dyad
Sunmi Lim, Seong Ae Hong, Hyun Sook Lee
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(2):126-132.   Published online April 30, 2015
  • 2,963 View
  • 18 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
The purpose of this study is to compare the agreement in opinion between the elderly in care facilities and their family members regarding the life-sustaining treatment at the deathbed and to find out if the intentions of the elderly are being properly reflected in their deathbed treatment.
Data were collected from 85 elderly individuals at five care facilities in Chunkcheongnam-do and 85 family members. The data were collected with a self-administered questionnaire from July 22, 2013 to August 15, 2014. A total of 170 cases were analyzed using SPSS version 21.
First, the family members' preference for life-sustaining treatment was higher than the patients' preference. The preference between the elderly and their family members regarding life-sustaining treatment was statistically significant with regards to oral nutrition, pain control through oral and anal administration, pain control through intravenous administration, transfusion, and admission to an intensive care unit. Second, looking at the agreement between elderly and guardians regarding life-sustaining treatment, there was significant concordance about general testing, oral nutrition, intravenous hydration, intravenous nutrition, antibiotic treatment for severe infection with low resiliency, admission to an intensive care unit, blood pressure increase medication use, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and tracheotomy.
It is essential for the medical staff to confirm agreement between the elderly and their family members regarding life-sustaining treatment, and if such a prior agreement is not feasible, the patient's intention should be considered more actionable than their family members.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Analysis of high-intensity care in intensive care units and its cost at the end of life among older people in South Korea between 2016 and 2019: a cross-sectional study of the health insurance review and assessment service national patient sample database
    Yunji Lee, Minjeong Jo, Taehwa Kim, Kyoungsun Yun
    BMJ Open.2021; 11(8): e049711.     CrossRef
  • Effect of the Contents in Advance Directives on Individuals’ Decision-Making
    Jae Yoon Park, Chi-Yeon Lim, Gloria Puurveen, Do Yeun Kim, Jae Hang Lee, Han Ho Do, Kyung Soo Kim, Kyung Don Yoo, Hyo Jin Kim, Yunmi Kim, Sung Joon Shin
    OMEGA - Journal of Death and Dying.2020; 81(3): 436.     CrossRef
  • Do medical oncology patients and their support persons agree about end‐of‐life issues?
    Amy Waller, Alix Hall, Rob Sanson‐Fisher, Nicholas Zdenkowski, Charles Douglas, Justin Walsh
    Internal Medicine Journal.2018; 48(1): 60.     CrossRef
  • Preferences of older inpatients and their family caregivers for life-sustaining treatments in South Korea
    Hyeyoung Hwang, Sook Ja Yang, Sarah Yeun-Sim Jeong
    Geriatric Nursing.2018; 39(4): 428.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives