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Su Ok Lee 1 Article
Intra-Oral Factors Influencing Halitosis in Young Women
Ho Sun Shon, Kyoung Ok Kim, Jae Kwan Jung, Eun Jong Cha, Su Ok Lee, Kyung Ah Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(6):340-347.   Published online December 31, 2018
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AbstractAbstract PDF

The aim of this research was to determine intra-oral factors that affect halitosis in young women.


This study was performed between March 2014 to May 2014, and included 35 women in their 20s with good oral health. Correlation and logistic regression analyses were performed to investigate the change in halitosis immediately, and 1 hour after scaling.


In both oral gas (OG) and extraoral gas (EG) groups, halitosis was reduced after scaling compared to before scaling. The logistic regression analysis of oral state factors in OG showed that as oral fluid [odds ratio (OR) = 0.792, p = 0.045] and dental plaque (OR = 0.940, p = 0.016) decreased by 1 unit, the OR in the OG group decreased (> 50). In addition, as glucose levels in the oral cavity (OR = 1.245, p = 0.075) and tongue coating index (OR = 2.912, p = 0.064) increased by 1 unit, the OR in the OG group increased (> 50). Furthermore, in the EG group, as oral fluid (OR = 0.66, p = 0.01) and dental plaque (OR = 0.95, p = 0.04) decreased, the OR in the EG group decreased (> 50) significantly.


To control halitosis, it is necessary to increase oral fluid and decrease the amount of tongue plaque. Furthermore, maintaining a healthy oral environment, aided by regular scaling and removal of dental plaque, may significantly control halitosis.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Prevalence and associated factors of self‐reported halitosis among institutionalized adolescents: Cross‐sectional study
    Francisco Wilker Mustafa Gomes Muniz, Laura Barreto Moreno, Taciane Menezes da Silviera, Cassiano Kuchenbecker Rösing, Paulo Roberto Grafitti Colussi
    International Journal of Dental Hygiene.2023; 21(2): 409.     CrossRef
  • Validation of the Romanian Version of the Halitosis Associated Life-Quality Test (HALT) in a Cross-Sectional Study among Young Adults
    Raluca Briceag, Aureliana Caraiane, Gheorghe Raftu, Melania Lavinia Bratu, Roxana Buzatu, Liana Dehelean, Mariana Bondrescu, Felix Bratosin, Bogdan Andrei Bumbu
    Healthcare.2023; 11(19): 2660.     CrossRef
  • Role of Probiotics in Halitosis of Oral Origin: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Clinical Studies
    Nansi López-Valverde, Antonio López-Valverde, Bruno Macedo de Sousa, Cinthia Rodríguez, Ana Suárez, Juan Manuel Aragoneses
    Frontiers in Nutrition.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Microbiota in intra-oral halitosis – characteristics, effects of antibacterial mouth rinse treatment
    D. S. Vikina, I. N. Antonova, V. V. Tec, T. E. Lazareva
    Parodontologiya.2020; 25(1): 4.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives