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Se-Yeon Park 1 Article
Comparison of Foot Structure, Function, Plantar Pressure and Balance Ability According to the Body Mass Index of Young Adults
Se-Yeon Park, Du-Jin Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(2):102-107.   Published online April 30, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.2.09
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  • 176 Download
  • 13 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study compared foot arch height, plantar fascia thickness, a range of motion assessments of the ankle joint, strength of the ankle joint, plantar pressure, and balance between obese and normal weight young adults.

Methods

Fifty-two participants were required for the present study design to achieve 80% power, 0.8 effect size (η2), and an alpha level of 0.05. The participants were categorized to normal weight or obese groups based on BMI (≤ 24 kg/m2 and ≥ 25 kg/m2, respectively). The foot and ankle disability index and Sport survey were completed by the participants before the measurements. Foot arch height was measured using the navicular drop test, and plantar fascia thickness was measured using ultrasound. Plantar pressure and balance tests were also conducted, followed by ankle joint range of motion and strength tests.

Results

Foot arch height and plantar fascia thickness was significantly higher in the obese group compared with the normal weight group (p < 0.01). There were significant differences in eversion of ankle strength, plantar pressure in the big toe and heel and anterior-posterior balance between normal and obese weight groups (p < 0.05).

Conclusion

Obese young adults had more abnormalities in the medial longitudinal arch, plantar fascia, and plantar pressure as well as weakened ankle eversion strength and balance problems compared with the normal weight group.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Characteristics of Plantar Pressure with Foot Postures and Lower Limb Pain Profiles in Taiwanese College Elite Rugby League Athletes
    Tong-Hsien Chow, Yih-Shyuan Chen, Chin-Chia Hsu, Chin-Hsien Hsu
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2022; 19(3): 1158.     CrossRef
  • Traceable Features of Static Plantar Pressure Characteristics and Foot Postures in College Students with Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy
    Tong-Hsien Chow
    Journal of Personalized Medicine.2022; 12(3): 394.     CrossRef
  • Elite Tennis Players Experiencing High-Arched Supination and Cuboids Dropped Foot Syndromes in Daily Normal Gait
    Tong-Hsien Chow, Chin-Chia Hsu
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2022; 19(15): 8897.     CrossRef
  • Association between flat foot prevalence and nutritional status in schoolchildren
    Sonja Susnjevic, Dragana Milijasevic, Dusica Maric, Olja Niciforovic-Surkovic, Vesna Mijatovic-Jovanovic, Snezana Ukropina
    Srpski arhiv za celokupno lekarstvo.2022; 150(1-2): 59.     CrossRef
  • Relationship between total weight-bearing response of the navicular and talus bones and weight-bearing response of hindfoot valgus in normal foot arch
    Masafumi Maruyama, Arito Yozu, Yoshikazu Okamoto, Hitoshi Shiraki
    The Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicin.2021; 10(2): 75.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Two Foot-Ankle Interventions on Foot Structure, Function, and Balance Ability in Obese People with Pes Planus
    Du-Jin Park, Kyung-Sun Lee, Se-Yeon Park
    Healthcare.2021; 9(6): 667.     CrossRef
  • An Investigation of Regional Plantar Soft Tissue Hardness and Its Potential Correlation with Plantar Pressure Distribution in Healthy Adults
    Maimaitirexiati Helili, Xiang Geng, Xin Ma, Wenming Chen, Chao Zhang, Jiazhang Huang, Xu Wang, Estefanía Peña
    Applied Bionics and Biomechanics.2021; 2021: 1.     CrossRef
  • Relationships between Plantar Pressure Distribution and Rearfoot Alignment in the Taiwanese College Athletes with Plantar Fasciopathy during Static Standing and Walking
    Tong-Hsien Chow, Yih-Shyuan Chen, Chin-Chia Hsu
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2021; 18(24): 12942.     CrossRef
  • Three-Dimensional Ankle Exercise with Combined Isotonic Technique for an Obese Subject with Plantar Fasciitis: A Case Study
    Kyung-Sun Lee, Du-Jin Park
    Medicina.2020; 56(4): 190.     CrossRef
  • Mixed factors affecting plantar pressures and center of pressure in obese children: Obesity and flatfoot
    Shiyang Yan, Ruoyi Li, Bi Shi, Ruoli Wang, Luming Yang
    Gait & Posture.2020; 80: 7.     CrossRef
  • Body weight-dependent foot loads, assessed in terms of BMI and adiposity, in school-aged children: a cross sectional study
    Beata Szczepanowska-Wolowiec, Paulina Sztandera, Ireneusz Kotela, Marek Zak
    Scientific Reports.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Impact of Overweight and Obesity on Plantar Pressure in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review
    Liliana Catan, Elena Amaricai, Roxana Ramona Onofrei, Calin Marius Popoiu, Emil Radu Iacob, Corina Maria Stanciulescu, Simona Cerbu, Delia Ioana Horhat, Oana Suciu
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2020; 17(18): 6600.     CrossRef
  • Standard reference values of weight and maximum pressure distribution in healthy adults aged 18–65 years in Germany
    D. Ohlendorf, K. Kerth, W. Osiander, F. Holzgreve, L. Fraeulin, H. Ackermann, D. A. Groneberg
    Journal of Physiological Anthropology.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives