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Minsung Sohn 2 Articles
The Moderating Role of Social Activity on Age Norms and Subjective Health Status of Older Adults: A Two-Stage Cluster Korea National Survey
Myungsuk Choi, Minsung Sohn, Sangsik Moon, Mankyu Choi
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(3):145-151.   Published online June 30, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.3.05
  • 2,171 View
  • 106 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study aimed to examine how social activity (SA) moderates the relationship between age norms (AN) and subjective health status (SHS) among older adults in Korea. Based on the theories of age-integrated structure and active aging, the proposed hypotheses were that SHS has a positive association with attitudes towards AN, and with the interactions between different types of AN and SA.

Methods

Cross-sectional data from a Korean national survey of older adults were analyzed. Participants were older adults N = 10,451, of whom 10,280 were used in the study sample. Multivariate linear regression including interaction terms, was used to examine the associations among SHS, AN, and SA.

Results

The results of multivariate linear regression examining learning (ß = 0.066, p < 0.001), working (ß = 0.063, p < 0.001), and remarriage (ß = 0.036, p < 0.001) showed that those who perceived AN more positively, were more likely to have a high SHS. With interaction terms, those who had a positive attitude towards AN for learning and volunteering (ß = 0.025, p < 0.05), and remarriage and engaged in friendship groups (ß = 0.032, p < 0.05) were more likely to have a high SHS.

Conclusion

SA serves as a great moderator between AN and SHS.

Factors Related to Healthcare Service Quality in Long-term Care Hospitals in South Korea: A Mixed-methods Study
Minsung Sohn, Mankyu Choi
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017;8(5):332-341.   Published online October 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2017.8.5.07
  • 1,863 View
  • 26 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The environment of long-term care hospitals (LTCHs) is critical to the management of the quality of their services and to patient safety, as highlighted by international studies. However, there is a lack of evidence on this topic in South Korea. This study aimed to examine the factors affecting healthcare quality in LTCHs and to explore the effectiveness of their quality management.

Methods

This study used a mixed methods approach with quantitative data collected in a national survey and qualitative data from semi-structured interviews with practice-based managers. The samples included 725 nationally representative LTCHs in South Korea for the quantitative analysis and 15 administrators for the in-depth interviews.

Results

A higher installation rate of patient-safety and hygiene-related facilities and staff with longer-tenures, especially nurses, were more likely to have better healthcare quality and education for both employees and patients.

Conclusion

The need for patient-safety- and hygiene-related facilities in LTCHs that serve older adults reflects their vulnerability to certain adverse events (e.g., infections). Consistent and skillful nursing care to improve the quality of LTCHs can be achieved by developing relevant educational programs for staff and patients, thereby strengthening the relationships between them.


PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives