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Kwanjun Park 2 Articles
Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors and Obesity Levels in Korean Adults: Results from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2007–2015
Kwanjun Park, Sunmi Lim, Yoonhyung Park, Woong Ju, Yoonhee Shin, Hansol Yeom
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(4):150-159.   Published online August 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.4.03
  • 3,677 View
  • 32 Download
  • 7 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The increase in the obesity rate in adult males in Korea is higher than countries in the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development and other Asian countries. We examined the trends and prevalence of major risk factors for cardiovascular disease by evaluating the weight status amongst adults from 2007 to 2015.

Methods

The study included 37,402 adults, who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The prevalence trends of cardiovascular disease risk factors were estimated for each body mass index group.

Results

From 2007 to 2015, significant increases in the prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, and hypercholesterolemia were observed in normal weight adults (0.03 percentage point (%p), 0.06%p, and 0.13%p, respectively). Amongst the overweight and obese adults, a significant increase in the prevalence of hypercholesterolemia was observed, During this period, the prevalence of smoking decreased amongst obese adults and no significant changes in drinking habits and physical activity were noted across all body mass index groups.

Conclusion

The prevalence of obesity in Korean adults is increasing, and it is necessary to implement interventions to prevent further weight gain and obesity-associated cardiovascular disease.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Thirty-six Year Trends in Mortality from Diseases of Circulatory System in Korea
    Jongmin Baek, Hokyou Lee, Hyeok-Hee Lee, Ji Eun Heo, So Mi Jemma Cho, Hyeon Chang Kim
    Korean Circulation Journal.2021; 51(4): 320.     CrossRef
  • The identification of established modifiable mid-life risk factors for cardiovascular disease which contribute to cognitive decline: Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA)
    Yebeen Ysabelle Boo, Otto-Emil Jutila, Meghan A. Cupp, Logan Manikam, Sung-Il Cho
    Aging Clinical and Experimental Research.2021; 33(9): 2573.     CrossRef
  • A Healthy Diet Rich in Calcium and Vitamin C Is Inversely Associated with Metabolic Syndrome Risk in Korean Adults from the KNHANES 2013–2017
    Sunmin Park, Kyungjin Kim, Byung-Kook Lee, Jaeouk Ahn
    Nutrients.2021; 13(4): 1312.     CrossRef
  • Classification and Prediction on the Effects of Nutritional Intake on Overweight/Obesity, Dyslipidemia, Hypertension and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Using Deep Learning Model: 4–7th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Hyerim Kim, Dong Hoon Lim, Yoona Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2021; 18(11): 5597.     CrossRef
  • Trends in cardiovascular disease risk factors by BMI category among adults in England, 2003‐2018
    Shaun Scholes, Linda Ng Fat, Jennifer S. Mindell
    Obesity.2021; 29(8): 1347.     CrossRef
  • Precision Medicine and Cardiovascular Health: Insights from Mendelian Randomization Analyses
    Wes Spiller, Keum Ji Jung, Ji-Young Lee, Sun Ha Jee
    Korean Circulation Journal.2020; 50(2): 91.     CrossRef
  • Association of the Healthy Eating Index with Estimated Cardiovascular Age in Adults from the KNHANES 2013–2017
    Sunmin Park, Kyungjin Kim, Byung-Kook Lee, Jaeouk Ahn
    Nutrients.2020; 12(10): 2912.     CrossRef
Association between Pollen Risk Indexes, Air Pollutants, and Allergic Diseases in Korea
Hoseob Kim, Yoonhyung Park, Kwanjun Park, Byoungin Yoo
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(3):172-179.   Published online June 30, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.04.003
  • 1,891 View
  • 21 Download
  • 14 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study, different from the past researches, has been conducted in all age groups to understand the association between air pollutants, pollen risk indexes, and outpatients with allergic rhinitis (AR), asthma, and atopic dermatitis (AD).
Methods
Data on air pollutants, pollen risk indexes, and outpatients with each disease were collected from 2003 through 2011 to verify the association between them. All data are time-series materials that have been observed by time (day) and region, and are in a nonlinear shape. In particular, the total number of outpatients per day is a count data that had a Poisson distribution as the response variable. SAS 9.3 was used to make a statistical model, generalized additive model, with lag effects for the analysis.
Results
For allergic diseases during spring (April–May) and fall (September-October), a significant association was shown between the variables of air pollutants, pollens, and the number of outpatients. Especially, the estimates of NO2 [AR (43.00967 ± 0.11284), asthma (52.01837 ± 0.06452), AD (52.01837 ± 0.06452), p < 0.001] in spring and SO2 [AR (43.00967 ± 0.11284), asthma (52.01837 ± 0.06452), AD (52.01837 ± 0.06452), p < 0.001] in fall were highly significant and showed a positive association with all diseases.
Conclusion
Domestically and even internationally, various studies on the allergic diseases are being conducted. However, not many studies related to similar studies. In the need of creating grounds to back up these efforts, additional studies on allergic diseases, as well as researches utilizing pollen data, air pollution data, and claims data provided by the Health Insurance Corporation that has no problem in the representativeness of the data that have close relationships to the allergic disease will be needed.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Associations of particulate matter with atopic dermatitis and chronic inflammatory skin diseases in South Korea
    T. H. Park, S. Park, M. K. Cho, S. Kim
    Clinical and Experimental Dermatology.2022; 47(2): 325.     CrossRef
  • Association between Concentration of Air Pollutants and Prevalence of Inflammatory Sinonasal Diseases: A Nationwide Cross-sectional Study
    Munsoo Han, Soo Jeong Choi, Yujin Jeong, Kijeong Lee, Tae Hoon Lee, Sang Hag Lee, Tae Hoon Kim
    American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy.2022; 36(5): 649.     CrossRef
  • Outdoor Air Pollution and Indoor Window Condensation Associated with Childhood Symptoms of Allergic Rhinitis to Pollen
    Yingjie Liu, Chan Lu, Yuguo Li, Dan Norbäck, Qihong Deng
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2022; 19(13): 8071.     CrossRef
  • Influence of environmental drivers on allergy to pollen grains in a case study in Spain (Madrid): meteorological factors, pollutants, and airborne concentration of aeroallergens
    Martha Cabrera, Javier Subiza, Enrique Fernández-Caldas, Belén Garzón García, Stella Moreno-Grau, José Luis Subiza
    Environmental Science and Pollution Research.2021; 28(38): 53614.     CrossRef
  • Short term physician visits and medication prescriptions for allergic disease associated with seasonal tree, grass, and weed pollen exposure across the United States
    Shubhayu Saha, Ambarish Vaidyanathan, Fiona Lo, Claudia Brown, Jeremy J. Hess
    Environmental Health.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Interactions Between Air Pollution and Pollen Season for Rhinitis Using Mobile Technology: A MASK-POLLAR Study
    Annabelle Bédard, Mikhail Sofiev, Sylvie Arnavielhe, Josep M. Antó, Judith Garcia-Aymerich, Michel Thibaudon, Karl Christian Bergmann, Ruta Dubakiene, Anna Bedbrook, Gabrielle L. Onorato, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Jean-Louis Pépin, Daniel Laune, Stéphane Z
    The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In.2020; 8(3): 1063.     CrossRef
  • Atmospheric pollutants and their association with olive and grass aeroallergen concentrations in Córdoba (Spain)
    Maria Pilar Plaza, Purificación Alcázar, José Oteros, Carmen Galán
    Environmental Science and Pollution Research.2020; 27(36): 45447.     CrossRef
  • The assessment of atmospheric conditions and constituents on allergenic pollen loads in Lithuania
    I. Sauliene, L. Sukiene, V. Kazlauskiene
    Journal of Environmental Management.2019; 250: 109469.     CrossRef
  • Luftverschmutzung und atopisches Ekzem
    Ursula Krämer, Heidrun Behrendt
    Der Hautarzt.2019; 70(3): 169.     CrossRef
  • Nasal epithelial barrier disruption by particulate matter ≤2.5 μm via tight junction protein degradation
    Renwu Zhao, Zhiqiang Guo, Ruxin Zhang, Congrui Deng, Jian Xu, Weiyang Dong, Zhicong Hong, Hongzhi Yu, Huiru Situ, Chunhui Liu, Guoshun Zhuang
    Journal of Applied Toxicology.2018; 38(5): 678.     CrossRef
  • The economics of urban afforestation: Insights from an integrated bioeconomic-health model
    Benjamin A. Jones, Shana M. McDermott
    Journal of Environmental Economics and Management.2018; 89: 116.     CrossRef
  • Urban Trees and Water Use in Arid Climates: Insights from an Integrated Bioeconomic-Health Model
    Benjamin A. Jones, John Fleck
    Water Economics and Policy.2018; 04(04): 1850022.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of pollen‐induced allergic rhinitis with high pollen exposure in grasslands of northern China
    X.‐Y. Wang, T.‐T. Ma, X.‐Y. Wang, Y. Zhuang, X.‐D. Wang, H.‐Y. Ning, H.‐Y. Shi, R.‐L. Yu, D. Yan, H.‐D. Huang, Y.‐F. Bai, G.‐L. Shan, B. Zhang, Q.‐K. Song, Y.‐F. Zhang, T.‐J. Zhang, D.‐Z. Jia, X.‐L. Liu, Z.‐X. Kang, W.‐J. Yan, B.‐T. Yang, X.‐Z. Bao, S.‐H.
    Allergy.2018; 73(6): 1232.     CrossRef
  • Decomposition Analysis of the Factors that Influence Energy Related Air Pollutant Emission Changes in China Using the SDA Method
    Shichun Xu, Wenwen Zhang, Qinbin Li, Bin Zhao, Shuxiao Wang, Ruyin Long
    Sustainability.2017; 9(10): 1742.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives