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Jin-Hyun Lee 1 Article
Instability of Plasma and Serum Progastrin-Releasing Peptide During Repeated Freezing and Thawing
Jae-Eun Lee, Jin-Hyun Lee, Maria Hong, Seul-Ki Park, Ji-In Yu, So-Youn Shin, Shine Young Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(6):351-355.   Published online December 31, 2016
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Progastrin-releasing peptide (proGRP) is a promising biomarker for small cell lung cancer. However, not much is known about how sample processing and storage conditions affect the stability of proGRP. Here, we examined the effects of repeated freeze–thaw cycles on the stability of proGRP in plasma and serum.
Concentrations of proGRP were measured in plasma and serum samples exposed to two, three, or four freeze–thaw cycles and these were compared with values of corresponding samples exposed to one cycle (baseline). We also performed the area under the receiver-operating-characteristic curve (AUC) analysis to determine whether the differences of proGRP concentrations between each paired plasma and serum sample (ΔproGRP) can be used for identifying the samples that have been exposed to multiple freeze–thaw cycles.
Concentrations of proGRP gradually decreased in both plasma and serum samples with increasing numbers of freeze–thaw cycles. Reduction rates of proGRP concentrations were greater in serum than in plasma samples and serum proGRP levels declined with statistical significance (p < 0.001) up to 10.1% after four freeze–thaw cycles. The ΔproGRP measurement showed fair accuracy (AUC = 0.741) for identifying samples that had been through four freeze–thaw cycles. The sensitivity was 82.8% and specificity was 62.1% at an optimal cut-off point of > 4.9.
Our study shows that the stability of circulating proGRP is affected in both plasma and serum samples by repeated freezing and thawing. We also show that ΔproGRP could be used for identifying paired plasma and serum samples subjected to multiple freeze–thaw cycles.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Effect of Repeated Freeze–Thaw Cycles on Influenza Virus Antibodies
    Alessandro Torelli, Elena Gianchecchi, Martina Monti, Pietro Piu, Irene Barneschi, Carolina Bonifazi, Rosa Coluccio, Luisa Ganfini, Luciano Michele La Magra, Silvia Marconi, Ginevra Marzucchi, Ramona Pace, Laura Palladino, Bernardo Biagi, Emanuele Montomo
    Vaccines.2021; 9(3): 267.     CrossRef
  • The influence of different blood samples treatment methods on pro-gastrin-releasing peptide
    Huiqin Jiang, Ling Luo, Kang Xiong, Chengwen He, Huaizhou Wang, Yanghua Qin
    Medicine.2019; 98(26): e16130.     CrossRef

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