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Jin Suk Ra 4 Articles
Sex differences in factors associated with prediabetes in Korean adults
Jin Suk Ra
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2022;13(2):142-152.   Published online April 22, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2022.0053
  • 1,144 View
  • 38 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Identifying the factors associated with prediabetes is necessary for the early detection and management of high-risk individuals with prediabetes. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors associated with prediabetes according to sex in Korean adults. Methods: Using the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2015 to 2019, a total of 13,595 adults (5,565 males and 8,030 females) aged ≥20 years were included in the data analysis. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the factors associated with prediabetes according to sex in Korean adults. Results: In both males and females, age and a family history of type 2 diabetes were associated with prediabetes. In males, current and past smoking habits were associated with increased prediabetes. In addition, low-intensity physical activity and prolonged sedentary behavior were associated with a higher prevalence of prediabetes. Females with a lower education level (less than middle school graduation) showed a higher risk of prediabetes. Conclusion: Sex-specific prevention strategies for prediabetes should be developed. In addition, older individuals and those with a family history of type 2 diabetes should be screened for prediabetes.
Risk Factors in Early Life for Preschool Children in Korea that are Associated with Being Overweight or Obese
Jin Suk Ra, Hyun Jung Yun
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(1):15-26.   Published online February 28, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.1.04
  • 4,215 View
  • 122 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The present study addressed the risk factors in early life for Korean preschool children that are associated with being overweight or obese.

Methods

A descriptive cross-sectional design was used to conduct this study, which included 507 mothers with preschool children aged 3–5 years, who attended daycare centers. Data were acquired via a self-administered questionnaire completed by the mothers. Of the 650 questionnaires that were distributed, 507 (78%) were completed and sent back. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify risk factors in early life, which may contribute to being overweight or obese in preschool children.

Results

Fifty-eight (11.4%) preschool children were overweight and 41 (8.1%) were obese. Multivariate logistic regression analysis with adjustment for covariates, revealed a significant association with the introduction of solid foods before 4 months of age [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 9.49, p = 0.029] and a nonresponsive feeding style (aOR = 2.80, p = 0.043) with being overweight or obese in preschool children.

Conclusion

The findings of this study highlighted the need for parenting education programs on feeding practices to increase their understanding of hunger and satiety cues in infants, and appropriate timing for the introduction of solid foods.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Systematic review and meta‐analysis of breastfeeding and later overweight or obesity expands on previous study for World Health Organization
    Bernardo Lessa Horta, Nigel Rollins, Mariane S. Dias, Valquiria Garcez, Rafael Pérez‐Escamilla
    Acta Paediatrica.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
Associated Factors of Ischemic Heart Disease Identified Among Post-Menopausal Women
Jin Suk Ra, Hye Sun Kim, Yeon-Hee Jeong
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(2):56-63.   Published online April 30, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.2.03
  • 5,255 View
  • 124 Download
  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study identifies associated factors of ischemic heart disease (IHD) among post-menopausal Korean women at the biomedical (age, family history of hypertension, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus, or cerebro-cardiovascular disease, body mass index, and metabolic syndrome), biosocial (socioeconomic status and educational level), and psychosocial levels (stress, depression, smoking, binge alcohol consumption, and physical activity).

Methods

This study used a cross-sectional design with secondary data analysis of the 2013–2016 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Data from 3,636 women were analyzed by logistic regression analysis using a complex sample procedure.

Results

Of the biomedical factors, older age [odds ratio (OR): 2.99, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.87–4.80, p < 0.001], family history (OR: 2.29, 95% CI: 1.44–3.65, p = 0.001), and metabolic syndrome (OR: 1.93, 95% CI: 1.27–2.95, p = 0.002) were associated with IHD in post-menopausal women. Of the psychosocial factors, depression (OR: 2.56, 95% CI: 1.66–3.96, p < 0.001) and smoking (OR: 1.92, CI: 1.04–3.55, p = 0.038) were associated with IHD in post-menopausal women.

Conclusion

These findings suggest that healthcare providers need to consider the contributing adverse effects of older age, family history, metabolic syndrome, depression and smoking when evaluating risk factors for IHD in post-menopausal women.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Vasomotor symptoms, cardiovascular risk factors, and cardiovascular disease risk among Chinese postmenopausal women in Hong Kong
    Sek Ying Chair, Sally Wai Sze Lo, Ho Yu Cheung, Janet Wing Hung Sit, Qun Wang, Huijing Zou
    Women & Health.2022; 62(7): 621.     CrossRef
  • Association of rheumatoid arthritis and high sodium intake with major adverse cardiovascular events: a cross-sectional study from the seventh Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Jeong-Hyeon Bae, Min-Young Shin, Eun Ha Kang, Yun Jong Lee, You-Jung Ha
    BMJ Open.2021; 11(12): e056255.     CrossRef
  • Comparison of early cardiovascular risk among Brazilian and African university students
    Ederson Laurindo Holanda de Sousa, Jânio Emanuel Andrade Cavalcante, Daniel Freire de Sousa, Jamile Magalhães Ferreira, Richard Rarison Cavalcante Meneses, Duaran Lopes Sousa, Allyson Jordan Xavier da Silva, Raimundo Rigoberto Barbosa Xavier Filho, Elias
    Clinical Biochemistry.2020; 75: 7.     CrossRef
  • Beneficial Effects of Breastfeeding on the Prevention of Metabolic Syndrome Among Postmenopausal Women
    Jin Suk Ra, Soon Ok Kim
    Asian Nursing Research.2020; 14(3): 173.     CrossRef
Sex-based Association between Depression and Metabolic Syndrome in Korean Middle-aged and Older Adults
Jin Suk Ra, Hye Sun Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017;8(2):130-137.   Published online April 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2017.8.2.05
  • 2,869 View
  • 44 Download
  • 9 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study aimed to identify the sex-based association between depression and the development of metabolic syndrome (Mets) among middle-aged and older Korean adults.

Methods

A cross-sectional design was used for the secondary analysis of the 2010–2014 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Data from 1,938 men and 2,404 women were analyzed. Mets was defined in accordance with the criteria used for clinical diagnosis. Depression was assessed with a question about having clinical depression. The association between depression and the development of Mets with or without adjustment for covariates was identified by conducting logistic regression analysis on weighted data using a complex sample procedure.

Results

More women than men had depression. Before covariate adjustment, depression was significantly associated with the development of Mets among women (odds ratio [OR], 1.586; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.152–2.183) and with a higher triglyceride level among men (OR, 1.679; 95% CI, 1.001–2.818). After covariate adjustment; depression was significantly associated with higher waist circumference among women (adjusted OR [AOR], 1.532; 95% CI, 1.046–2.245) and higher triglyceride level (AOR, 1.511; 95% CI, 1.029–2.219) than was Mets. Conversely, depression did not have significant effects on the development of Mets among men.

Conclusion

Depression was associated with the development of Mets among middle-aged and older Korean women. Healthcare providers in communities should assess women with depression for the presence of Mets components. Interventions for relieving depressive symptoms should also be provided to women at risk for Mets.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The relationship between lifestyle risk factors and depression in Korean older adults: a moderating effect of gender
    Shinuk Kim
    BMC Geriatrics.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Calorie restriction in combination with prebiotic supplementation in obese women with depression: effects on metabolic and clinical response
    Elnaz Vaghef-Mehrabany, Fatemeh Ranjbar, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi, Sonia Hosseinpour-Arjmand, Mehrangiz Ebrahimi-Mameghani
    Nutritional Neuroscience.2021; 24(5): 339.     CrossRef
  • The relationship between depression and risk of metabolic syndrome: a meta‐analysis of observational studies
    Yousef Moradi, Ahmed N Albatineh, Hassan Mahmoodi, Reza Ghanei Gheshlagh
    Clinical Diabetes and Endocrinology.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Relationship between Vitamin Intake and Health-Related Quality of Life in a Japanese Population: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the Shika Study
    Nobuhiko Narukawa, Hiromasa Tsujiguchi, Akinori Hara, Sakae Miyagi, Takayuki Kannon, Keita Suzuki, Yukari Shimizu, Thao Thi Thu Nguyen, Kim Oanh Pham, Fumihiko Suzuki, Atsushi Asai, Takashi Amatsu, Tomoko Kasahara, Masateru Miyagi, Masaharu Nakamura, Yohe
    Nutrients.2021; 13(3): 1023.     CrossRef
  • The Contribution of Material, Behavioral, Psychological, and Social-Relational Factors to Income-Related Disparities in Cardiovascular Risk Among Older Adults
    Chiyoung Lee, Qing Yang, Eun-Ok Im, Eleanor Schildwachter McConnell, Sin-Ho Jung, Hyeoneui Kim
    Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing.2021; 36(4): E38.     CrossRef
  • Depressive symptoms and 5-year incident metabolic syndrome among older adults
    Qian Wu, Yi-Ying Hua, Qing-Hua Ma, Yong Xu, Xing Chen, Chen-Wei Pan
    Scientific Reports.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Effect of Depression on Metabolic Syndrome and Its Components among Korean Adults
    Mee Young Im
    Korean Journal of Stress Research.2021; 29(4): 235.     CrossRef
  • Relationship between Vitamin Intake and Depressive Symptoms in Elderly Japanese Individuals: Differences with Gender and Body Mass Index
    Thao Nguyen, Hiromasa Tsujiguchi, Yasuhiro Kambayashi, Akinori Hara, Sakae Miyagi, Yohei Yamada, Haruki Nakamura, Yukari Shimizu, Daisuke Hori, Fumihiko Suzuki, Koichiro Hayashi, Hiroyuki Nakamura
    Nutrients.2017; 9(12): 1319.     CrossRef
  • Depression among Middle-aged Persons
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2017; 8(2): 105.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives