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Jeong-Hee Kang 2 Articles
Relationship Between Catastrophic Health Expenditures and Income Quintile Decline
Jeong-Hee Kang, Chul-Woung Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(2):73-80.   Published online April 30, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.2.06
  • 2,717 View
  • 93 Download
  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The aims of this study were to investigate the proportion of households facing catastrophic health expenditures based on household income quintiles, and to analyze the relationship between expenditures and household income quintile decline.

Methods

Study data were obtained from an annually conducted survey of the 2012–2013 Korean health panel. There were 12,909 subjects aged 20–64 years from economically active households, whose income quintile remained unchanged or declined by more than one quintile from 2012 to 2013. Logistic regression analysis was performed to determine whether catastrophic health expenditures in 2012 were related to more than one quintile income decline in 2013.

Results

Households facing catastrophic health expenditures of ≥ 40%, ≥ 30%, and ≥ 10% of a household’s capacity to pay, were 1.58 times (p < 0.003), 1.75 times (p < 0.000), and 1.23 times (p < 0.001) more likely to face a decline in income quintile, respectively.

Conclusion

Over a 1 year period, the proportion of households facing more than one quintile income decline was 16.4%, while 2.1% to 2.5% of households in Korea faced catastrophic health expenditures. Catastrophic health expenditure experienced in 2012 was significantly associated with income quintile decline 1 year later. Therefore, lowering the proportion of households with catastrophic health expenditure may reduce the proportion of households with income quintiles decline.

Nurse-Perceived Patient Adverse Events depend on Nursing Workload
Jeong-Hee Kang, Chul-Woung Kim, Sang-Yi Lee
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(1):56-62.   Published online February 28, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2015.10.015
  • 1,259 View
  • 17 Download
  • 23 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between nursing workload and nurse-perceived patient adverse events.
Methods
A total of 1,816 nurses working in general inpatient units of 23 tertiary general hospitals in South Korea were surveyed, and collected data were analyzed through multilevel logistic regression analysis.
Results
Among variables related to nursing workload, the non-nursing task experience had an influence on all four types of patient adverse events. Nurses with non-nursing tasks experienced patient adverse events—falls [odds ratio (OR) = 1.31], nosocomial infections (OR = 1.23), pressure sores (OR = 1.16), and medication errors (OR = 1.23)—more often than occasionally. In addition, when the bed to nurse ratio was higher, nurses experienced cases of pressure sores more often (OR = 1.35). By contrast, nurses who said the nursing workforce is sufficient were less likely than others to experience cases of pressure sores (OR = 0.78). Hospitals with a relatively high proportion of nurses who perceived the nursing workforce to be sufficient showed a low rate of medication error (OR = 0.28).
Conclusion
The study suggested that the high level of nursing workload in South Korea increases the possibility of patient adverse events.

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives