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Ghasem Abedi 2 Articles
Prevalence of Enterobius vermicularis among Children in Iran: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Mahmood Moosazadeh, Ghasem Abedi, Mahdi Afshari, Seif Ali Mahdavi, Fereshteh Farshidi, Elham Kheradmand
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017;8(2):108-115.   Published online April 30, 2017
  • 3,682 View
  • 60 Download
  • 9 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF

Enterobius vermicularis is a parasitic disease that is common in crowded areas such as schools and kindergartens. Primary investigations of electronic evidence have reported different prevalences of E. vermicularis in Iran. Therefore, we aimed to estimate the total prevalence of this infection among Iranian children using a meta-analysis.


Relevant studies were identified in national and international databases. We selected eligible papers for meta-analysis after investigating titles, abstracts, and full texts; assessing study quality; and applying inclusion/exclusion criteria. Data were extracted by two independent researchers. The results were combined using a random effects model in Stata v. 11 software.


Among 19 eligible articles including 11,676 participants, the prevalences of E. vermicularis among all children, boys, and girls were 1.2%–66.1%, 2.3%–65.5%, and 1.7%–65.5%, respectively. Pooled prevalences (95% confidence interval) of E. vermicularis among all children, boys, and girls were 17.2% (12.6%–21.8%), 17.2% (12.6%–21.8%), and 16.9% (9.03%–24.8%), respectively.


This meta-analysis showed that a great majority of Iranian children are infected with E. vermicularis, possibly due to poor public health.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
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    Yuanjun Peng, Weitao He, Zhigang Zheng, Peijiang Pan, Yu Ju, Zhenwei Lu, Yanyan Liao, Hailong Wang, Chao Zhang, Jing Wang, Lina Jiang, Hao Liang, Minmei Chen, Li Ye
    BMC Infectious Diseases.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Enterobiasis and its risk factors in urban, rural and indigenous children of subtropical Argentina
    Maria Romina Rivero, Carlos De Angelo, Constanza Feliziani, Song Liang, Karina Tiranti, Martin Miguel Salas, Oscar Daniel Salomon
    Parasitology.2022; 149(3): 396.     CrossRef
  • Investigation of the Prevalence of Enterobius Vermicularis Infection and Risk Factors among Kindergartens in Hamadan, West of Iran, in 2019
    Mohammad Fallah, Mahdi Parsaei, Eissa Soleymani, Ali Jamshidizad, Afshin Azimi
    Avicenna Journal of Clinical Medicine.2022; 28(4): 253.     CrossRef
  • Epidemiologic Study of Enterobius vermicularis Infection among Schoolchildren in the Republic of Marshall Islands
    Chia-Kwung Fan, Pasaikou Sonko, Yueh-Lun Lee, Ai-Wen Yin, Ting-Wu Chuang, Ramson Kios, Ying-Ting Wang, Chia-Mei Chou, Shao-Lun Hsu, Mai-Szu Wu, Jia-Wei Lin, Chia-Ying Tu, Pedro P. Chieffi
    Journal of Tropical Medicine.2021; 2021: 1.     CrossRef
  • The neglected role of Enterobius vermicularis in appendicitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Ali Taghipour, Meysam Olfatifar, Ehsan Javanmard, Mojtaba Norouzi, Hamed Mirjalali, Mohammad Reza Zali, Paulo Lee Ho
    PLOS ONE.2020; 15(4): e0232143.     CrossRef
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    Antonia Ceccarelli, Victoria Ann Mifsud, Amna Dogar
    Journal of Clinical Neuroscience.2020; 76: 145.     CrossRef
  • Halk Sağlığı Uygulamalarının Enterobius Vermicularis’in Korunma ve Kontrolündeki Önemi
    Kamuran ÖZDİL, Nimet KARATAŞ, Handan ZİNCİR
    Nevşehir Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and genotype distribution of Enterobius vermicularis among kindergarteners in Shiraz and Khorramabad cities, Iran
    Atefeh Tavan, Fattaneh Mikaeili, SeyedMahmoud Sadjjadi, Sara Bajelan, Hossein Mahmoudvand, Meysam Sharifdini
    Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine.2020; 13(7): 308.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of Enterobius vermicularis in Prima-ry School Children of Bushehr, Iran in 2011
    Morad Ali Fouladvand, Ali Heydari, Afshin Barazesh
    Iranian South Medical Journal.2018; 21(2): 125.     CrossRef
Epidemiological and Clinical Features of People with Malta Fever in Iran: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Mahmood Moosazadeh, Roja Nikaeen, Ghasem Abedi, Motahareh Kheradmand, Saeid Safiri
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(3):157-167.   Published online June 30, 2016
  • 2,507 View
  • 21 Download
  • 13 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Numerous studies have reported the epidemiological and clinical features of Malta fever incidence in Iran. Review and synthesis of the related literature through meta-analysis can provide an appropriate measurement for aforementioned indices. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine the epidemiological and clinical features of people with Malta fever in Iran.
The required documents were obtained through searching national and international databases. In each study, standard deviation of the indices was calculated using binomial distribution formulas. Finally, the heterogeneity index was determined between studies using Cochran (Q) and I2 tests.
Combining the results of 47 articles in the meta-analysis indicated that 57.6% (55.02–60.1%) and 42.3% (49.8–44.9%) of the patients were male and female, respectively. Most of the patients lived in rural areas; 68.4% (63.6–73.2%) compared to 31.4% (26.7–36.3%). In addition, 20.8% (17.4–24.2%) of the patients were ranchers and farmers, 16.9% (14.5–19.4%) were students, and 31.6% (27–36.2%) were housewives. Of the patients studies, 50.5% (35.6–65.2%) experienced contact with animals and 57.1% (46.4–67.9%) used unpasteurized dairy products. Fever, joint pain, and sweating were detected among 65.7% (53.7–77.8%) and 55.3% (44.4–66.2%), respectively.
The present study revealed that the frequency of male patients with brucellosis was considerably more than that of female patients. The number of patients with Malta fever in rural areas was significantly more than in urban areas. High-risk behavior, unprotected contact with animals, and using unpasteurized dairy products were among the most significant factors affecting Malta fever incidence in Iran. Fever, joint pain, and sweating were detected among most of the patients with Malta fever.


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    Clinical Case Reports.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    BMC Public Health.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Forecasting the monthly incidence rate of brucellosis in west of Iran using time series and data mining from 2010 to 2019
    Hadi Bagheri, Leili Tapak, Manoochehr Karami, Zahra Hosseinkhani, Hamidreza Najari, Safdar Karimi, Zahra Cheraghi, Esteban Tlelo-Cuautle
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    Zoonoses and Public Health.2019; 66(7): 759.     CrossRef
  • Human brucellosis caused by raw dairy products: A review on the occurrence, major risk factors and prevention
    Maryam Dadar, Youcef Shahali, Adrian M. Whatmore
    International Journal of Food Microbiology.2019; 292: 39.     CrossRef
  • Epidemiological, Clinical and Paraclinical Evaluation of Recorded Cases with Brucellosis in Kermanshah Province Health Center 2012 - 2016
    Hossein Hatami, Ali Ramezankhani, Farahnaz Shekarchi
    Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Scienc.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Epidemiological, risk factors, clinical, and laboratory features of brucellosis in the Southwest of Iran within 2009–2015
    Mahmood Nabavi, Hossein Hatami, Hedayatollah Jamaliarand
    International Journal of Preventive Medicine.2019; 10(1): 108.     CrossRef
  • Meta-Analysis of the Changes of Peripheral Blood T Cell Subsets in Patients with Brucellosis
    Rongjiong Zheng, Songsong Xie, Shaniya Niyazi, Xiaobo Lu, Lihua Sun, Yan Zhou, Yuexin Zhang, Kai Wang
    Journal of Immunology Research.2018; 2018: 1.     CrossRef
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    Rongjiong Zheng, Songsong Xie, Xiaobo Lu, Lihua Sun, Yan Zhou, Yuexin Zhang, Kai Wang
    BioMed Research International.2018; 2018: 1.     CrossRef
  • The clinical features of 590 patients with brucellosis in Xinjiang, China with the emphasis on the treatment of complications
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    PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.2017; 11(5): e0005577.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives