Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives

OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Author index

Page Path
HOME > Articles and issues > Author index
Search
Feda Anisah Makkiyah 1 Article
Psychological outcomes of the COVID-19 pandemic among pregnant women in Indonesia: a cross-sectional study
Rahmah Hida Nurrizka, Yuri Nurdiantami, Feda Anisah Makkiyah
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2021;12(2):80-87.   Published online April 29, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2021.12.2.05
  • 4,459 View
  • 214 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The objective of this study was to analyze the psychological outcomes of pregnant women during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in several areas that are epicenters for the spread of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in Indonesia.
Methods
This cross-sectional study used data obtained from an online survey administered to 120 women who were pregnant and gave birth during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. The psychological condition of pregnant women was measured using the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale-21 questionnaire which was modified for conditions experienced during the COVID-19 pandemic. We classified pregnant women into 2 groups according to their psychological condition: pregnant women who experienced anxiety and pregnant women who did not experience anxiety or felt normal. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was undertaken for the 2 groups. This study also used univariate analysis and bivariate analysis.
Results
The results of the ROC analysis resulted in a cutoff score of 3.56. The proportion of respondents who felt anxious was 53.3% and the proportion of respondents who did not feel anxious or felt normal was 46.7%. Anxiety was most common among pregnant women with high education levels, gestational age <19 weeks, and working pregnant women.
Conclusion
Maternal health services need to be performed with strict health protocols, complemented by pregnancy counseling services. This will provide a feeling of comfort and safety as pregnant women receive health services and give birth.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The prevalence of mental ill-health in women during pregnancy and after childbirth during the Covid-19 pandemic: a systematic review and Meta-analysis
    Gayathri Delanerolle, Mary McCauley, Martin Hirsch, Yutian Zeng, Xu Cong, Heitor Cavalini, Sana Sajid, Ashish Shetty, Shanaya Rathod, Jian Qing Shi, Dharani K. Hapangama, Peter Phiri
    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Risk factors for depression and anxiety in pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic: Evidence from meta-analysis
    Yupeng Luo, Kui Zhang, Mengxue Huang, Changjian Qiu, Ali Rostami
    PLOS ONE.2022; 17(3): e0265021.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives