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Changhyun Kang 1 Article
Impact of Community-Based Approach as Policy Tool: World Health Organization-Designated Safe Communities of Korea and Health Action Zones of the United Kingdom
Changhyun Kang, Jihyung Shin, Bob Matthews
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(1):36-42.   Published online February 28, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2015.10.005
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The aim of this study is to ascertain and identify the effectiveness of area-based initiatives as a policy tool mediated by societal and individual factors in the five World Health Organization (WHO)-designated Safe Communities of Korea and the Health Action Zones of the United Kingdom (UK).
Methods
The Korean National Hospital discharge in-depth injury survey from the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and causes of death statistics by the Statistics Korea were used for all analyses. The trend and changes in injury rate and mortality by external causes were compared among the five WHO-designated Safe Communities in Korea.
Results
The injury incident rates decreased at a greater level in the Safe Communities compared with the national average. Similar results were shown for the changes in unintentional injury incident rates. In comparison of changes in mortality rate by external causes between 2005 and 2011, the rate increase in Safe Communities was higher than the national average except for Jeju, where the mortality rate by external causes decreased.
Conclusion
When the Healthy Action Zones of the UK and the WHO Safe Communities of Korea were examined, the outcomes were interpreted differently among the compared index, regions, and time periods. Therefore, qualitative outcomes, such as bringing the residents' attention to the safety of the communities and promoting participation and coordination of stakeholders, should also be considered as important impacts of the community-based initiatives.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Working in partnership with communities to improve health and research outcomes. Comparisons and commonalities between the UK and South Africa
    Patricia Wilson, Azwihangwisi Helen Mavhandu-Mudzusi
    Primary Health Care Research & Development.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • THE SAFE COMMUNITY CONCEPT – A SUCCESSFUL TOOL FOR INJURY PREVENTION AND SAFETY PROMOTION
    Birutė Strukčinskienė, Sabine Distl, Sigitas Griškonis
    Visuomenės sveikata.2019; 28(7): 41.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives