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Chang-Ju Kim 1 Article
Neck Pain in Adults with Forward Head Posture: Effects of Craniovertebral Angle and Cervical Range of Motion
Dae-Hyun Kim, Chang-Ju Kim, Sung-Min Son
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(6):309-313.   Published online December 31, 2018
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AbstractAbstract PDF

The purpose of this study was to determine whether the cranial vertebral angle (CVA) and the range of motion (ROM) was different between participants with a forward head posture (FHP), with or without pain.


Forty-four participants who had FHP participated in this study. The FHP was assessed digitally by measuring a lateral view the CVA for each subject. A cervical ROM device measured the cervical ROM. The volunteers were allocated to either, with pain (n = 22), or without pain (n = 22) groups, and pain was evaluated using the Numeric Pain Rating Scale.


The FHP in the pain group showed a significant difference in the CVA, and the cervical ROM in both flexion and extension, compared with those in the FHP without pain group (p < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis indicated that the occurrence of cervical area pain was higher amongst subjects who had a decreased CVA and flexion motion.


This study suggested that decreased CVA and cervical flexion range, were predictive factors for the occurrence of pain in the cervical region.


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