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Bonhee Chung 1 Article
Evaluation of Hypertension Prevention and Control Programs in Lima, Peru
Bonhee Chung, Dohyeong Kim, Eun Woo Nam
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(1):36-41.   Published online December 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.1.07
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) established 4 health centers to provide hypertension screening and a health support program in a deprived urban area of Lima, Peru. This case report provides a mid-term evaluation of the KOICA’s hypertension prevention and control programs.

Methods

A follow up study was performed on 663 residents who were diagnosed with prehypertension or hypertension (Stage 1 and 2) in the 4 KOICA health centers. Patients participated in programs designed to prevent and control hypertension through education sessions over the course of 6 months. Using simple descriptive statistics and computer simulations, we evaluated the effect of hypertension prevention and control programs on the participants.

Results

The KOICA health programs appeared to significantly contribute to lowering the blood pressure (BP) of the participants. The total number of participants with normal BP increased from none to 109. Overall, the female and younger patients responded better to the KOICA programs than the male and older participants. In addition, the average systolic BP, diastolic BP, and body mass index of all participants was significantly reduced.

Conclusion

The KOICA programs were effective at lowering blood pressure, particularly amongst the prehypertension group than the Stage 1 and 2 hypertension groups. This suggests that providing an extensive screening service for adults with prehypertension will help control hypertension in the early stages.


PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives